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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Extending anisotropic operators to recover smooth shapes Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Computer Vision and Image Understanding Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 99 Issue 1 Pages 110-125  
  Keywords Contour completion; Functional extension; Differential operators; Riemmanian manifolds; Snake segmentation  
  Abstract Anisotropic differential operators are widely used in image enhancement processes. Recently, their property of smoothly extending functions to the whole image domain has begun to be exploited. Strong ellipticity of differential operators is a requirement that ensures existence of a unique solution. This condition is too restrictive for operators designed to extend image level sets: their own functionality implies that they should restrict to some vector field. The diffusion tensor that defines the diffusion operator links anisotropic processes with Riemmanian manifolds. In this context, degeneracy implies restricting diffusion to the varieties generated by the vector fields of positive eigenvalues, provided that an integrability condition is satisfied. We will use that any smooth vector field fulfills this integrability requirement to design line connection algorithms for contour completion. As application we present a segmenting strategy that assures convergent snakes whatever the geometry of the object to be modelled is.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1077-3142 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GIR2005 Serial 1530  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jorge Bernal; F. Javier Sanchez; Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach; Debora Gil; Cristina Rodriguez de Miguel; Fernando Vilariño edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title WM-DOVA Maps for Accurate Polyp Highlighting in Colonoscopy: Validation vs. Saliency Maps from Physicians Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics Abbreviated Journal CMIG  
  Volume 43 Issue Pages 99-111  
  Keywords Polyp localization; Energy Maps; Colonoscopy; Saliency; Valley detection  
  Abstract We introduce in this paper a novel polyp localization method for colonoscopy videos. Our method is based on a model of appearance for polyps which defines polyp boundaries in terms of valley information. We propose the integration of valley information in a robust way fostering complete, concave and continuous boundaries typically associated to polyps. This integration is done by using a window of radial sectors which accumulate valley information to create WMDOVA1 energy maps related with the likelihood of polyp presence. We perform a double validation of our maps, which include the introduction of two new databases, including the first, up to our knowledge, fully annotated database with clinical metadata associated. First we assess that the highest value corresponds with the location of the polyp in the image. Second, we show that WM-DOVA energy maps can be comparable with saliency maps obtained from physicians' fixations obtained via an eye-tracker. Finally, we prove that our method outperforms state-of-the-art computational saliency results. Our method shows good performance, particularly for small polyps which are reported to be the main sources of polyp miss-rate, which indicates the potential applicability of our method in clinical practice.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0895-6111 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MV; IAM; 600.047; 600.060; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BSF2015 Serial 2609  
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Author Debora Gil; Ruth Aris; Agnes Borras; Esmitt Ramirez; Rafael Sebastian; Mariano Vazquez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Influence of fiber connectivity in simulations of cardiac biomechanics Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Abbreviated Journal IJCAR  
  Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 63–72  
  Keywords Cardiac electromechanical simulations; Diffusion tensor imaging; Fiber connectivity  
  Abstract PURPOSE:
Personalized computational simulations of the heart could open up new improved approaches to diagnosis and surgery assistance systems. While it is fully recognized that myocardial fiber orientation is central for the construction of realistic computational models of cardiac electromechanics, the role of its overall architecture and connectivity remains unclear. Morphological studies show that the distribution of cardiac muscular fibers at the basal ring connects epicardium and endocardium. However, computational models simplify their distribution and disregard the basal loop. This work explores the influence in computational simulations of fiber distribution at different short-axis cuts.

METHODS:
We have used a highly parallelized computational solver to test different fiber models of ventricular muscular connectivity. We have considered two rule-based mathematical models and an own-designed method preserving basal connectivity as observed in experimental data. Simulated cardiac functional scores (rotation, torsion and longitudinal shortening) were compared to experimental healthy ranges using generalized models (rotation) and Mahalanobis distances (shortening, torsion).

RESULTS:
The probability of rotation was significantly lower for ruled-based models [95% CI (0.13, 0.20)] in comparison with experimental data [95% CI (0.23, 0.31)]. The Mahalanobis distance for experimental data was in the edge of the region enclosing 99% of the healthy population.

CONCLUSIONS:
Cardiac electromechanical simulations of the heart with fibers extracted from experimental data produce functional scores closer to healthy ranges than rule-based models disregarding architecture connectivity.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.096; 601.323; 600.139; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GAB2019a Serial 3133  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carles Sanchez; Jorge Bernal; F. Javier Sanchez; Antoni Rosell; Marta Diez-Ferrer; Debora Gil edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Towards On-line Quantification of Tracheal Stenosis from Videobronchoscopy Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Abbreviated Journal IJCAR  
  Volume 10 Issue 6 Pages 935-945  
  Keywords  
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  Address  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MV; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SBS2015a Serial 2611  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; David Roche; Agnes Borras; Jesus Giraldo edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Terminating Evolutionary Algorithms at their Steady State Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Computational Optimization and Applications Abbreviated Journal COA  
  Volume 61 Issue 2 Pages 489-515  
  Keywords Evolutionary algorithms; Termination condition; Steady state; Differential evolution  
  Abstract Assessing the reliability of termination conditions for evolutionary algorithms (EAs) is of prime importance. An erroneous or weak stop criterion can negatively affect both the computational effort and the final result. We introduce a statistical framework for assessing whether a termination condition is able to stop an EA at its steady state, so that its results can not be improved anymore. We use a regression model in order to determine the requirements ensuring that a measure derived from EA evolving population is related to the distance to the optimum in decision variable space. Our framework is analyzed across 24 benchmark test functions and two standard termination criteria based on function fitness value in objective function space and EA population decision variable space distribution for the differential evolution (DE) paradigm. Results validate our framework as a powerful tool for determining the capability of a measure for terminating EA and the results also identify the decision variable space distribution as the best-suited for accurately terminating DE in real-world applications.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0926-6003 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.044; 605.203; 600.060; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GRB2015 Serial 2560  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josep Llados; Jaime Lopez-Krahe; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A system to understand hand-drawn floor plans using subgraph isomorphism and Hough transform Type Book Chapter
  Year 1997 Publication Machine Vision and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 10 Issue 3 Pages 150-158  
  Keywords Line drawings – Hough transform – Graph matching – CAD systems – Graphics recognition  
  Abstract Presently, man-machine interface development is a widespread research activity. A system to understand hand drawn architectural drawings in a CAD environment is presented in this paper. To understand a document, we have to identify its building elements and their structural properties. An attributed graph structure is chosen as a symbolic representation of the input document and the patterns to recognize in it. An inexact subgraph isomorphism procedure using relaxation labeling techniques is performed. In this paper we focus on how to speed up the matching. There is a building element, the walls, characterized by a hatching pattern. Using a straight line Hough transform (SLHT)-based method, we recognize this pattern, characterized by parallel straight lines, and remove from the input graph the edges belonging to this pattern. The isomorphism is then applied to the remainder of the input graph. When all the building elements have been recognized, the document is redrawn, correcting the inaccurate strokes obtained from a hand-drawn input.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LLM1997a Serial 1566  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author David Roche; Debora Gil; Jesus Giraldo edit  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Mathematical modeling of G protein-coupled receptor function: What can we learn from empirical and mechanistic models? Type Book Chapter
  Year 2014 Publication G Protein-Coupled Receptors – Modeling and Simulation Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 796 Issue 3 Pages 159-181  
  Keywords β-arrestin; biased agonism; curve fitting; empirical modeling; evolutionary algorithm; functional selectivity; G protein; GPCR; Hill coefficient; intrinsic efficacy; inverse agonism; mathematical modeling; mechanistic modeling; operational model; parameter optimization; receptor dimer; receptor oligomerization; receptor constitutive activity; signal transduction; two-state model  
  Abstract Empirical and mechanistic models differ in their approaches to the analysis of pharmacological effect. Whereas the parameters of the former are not physical constants those of the latter embody the nature, often complex, of biology. Empirical models are exclusively used for curve fitting, merely to characterize the shape of the E/[A] curves. Mechanistic models, on the contrary, enable the examination of mechanistic hypotheses by parameter simulation. Regretfully, the many parameters that mechanistic models may include can represent a great difficulty for curve fitting, representing, thus, a challenge for computational method development. In the present study some empirical and mechanistic models are shown and the connections, which may appear in a number of cases between them, are analyzed from the curves they yield. It may be concluded that systematic and careful curve shape analysis can be extremely useful for the understanding of receptor function, ligand classification and drug discovery, thus providing a common language for the communication between pharmacologists and medicinal chemists.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Netherlands Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0065-2598 ISBN 978-94-007-7422-3 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RGG2014 Serial 2197  
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Author Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Validation Benchmark for Assessment of Medial Surface Quality for Medical Applications Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7963 Issue Pages 334-343  
  Keywords Medial Surfaces; Shape Representation; Medical Applications; Performance Evaluation  
  Abstract Confident use of medial surfaces in medical decision support systems requires evaluating their quality for detecting pathological deformations and describing anatomical volumes. Validation in the medical imaging field is a challenging task mainly due to the difficulties for getting consensual ground truth. In this paper we propose a validation benchmark for assessing medial surfaces in the context of medical applications. Our benchmark includes a home-made database of synthetic medial surfaces and volumes and specific scores for evaluating surface accuracy, its stability against volume deformations and its capabilities for accurate reconstruction of anatomical volumes.  
  Address Sant Petersburg; Russia; July 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-39401-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICVS  
  Notes IAM; 600.044; 600.060 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GBV2013 Serial 2300  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ferran Poveda; Debora Gil;Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Multi-resolution DT-MRI cardiac tractography Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication Statistical Atlases And Computational Models Of The Heart: Imaging and Modelling Challenges Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7746 Issue Pages 270-277  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Even using objective measures from DT-MRI no consensus about myocardial architecture has been achieved so far. Streamlining provides good reconstructions at low level of detail, but falls short to give global abstract interpretations. In this paper, we present a multi-resolution methodology that is able to produce simplified representations of cardiac architecture. Our approach produces a reduced set of tracts that are representative of the main geometric features of myocardial anatomical structure. Experiments show that fiber geometry is preserved along reductions, which validates the simplified model for interpretation of cardiac architecture.  
  Address Nice, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-36960-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference STACOM  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGM2012 Serial 1986  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil;Agnes Borras;Ruth Aris;Mariano Vazquez;Pierre Lafortune; Guillame Houzeaux edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title What a difference in biomechanics cardiac fiber makes Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication Statistical Atlases And Computational Models Of The Heart: Imaging and Modelling Challenges Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7746 Issue Pages 253-260  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Computational simulations of the heart are a powerful tool for a comprehensive understanding of cardiac function and its intrinsic relationship with its muscular architecture. Cardiac biomechanical models require a vector field representing the orientation of cardiac fibers. A wrong orientation of the fibers can lead to a
non-realistic simulation of the heart functionality. In this paper we explore the impact of the fiber information on the simulated biomechanics of cardiac muscular anatomy. We have used the John Hopkins database to perform a biomechanical simulation using both a synthetic benchmark fiber distribution and the data obtained experimentally from DTI. Results illustrate how differences in fiber orientation affect heart deformation along cardiac cycle.
 
  Address Nice, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-36960-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference STACOM  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GBA2012 Serial 1987  
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