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Author Marta Ligero; Guillermo Torres; Carles Sanchez; Katerine Diaz; Raquel Perez; Debora Gil edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Selection of Radiomics Features based on their Reproducibility Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages 403-408  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Dimensionality reduction is key to alleviate machine learning artifacts in clinical applications with Small Sample Size (SSS) unbalanced datasets. Existing methods rely on either the probabilistic distribution of training data or the discriminant power of the reduced space, disregarding the impact of repeatability and uncertainty in features.In the present study is proposed the use of reproducibility of radiomics features to select features with high inter-class correlation coefficient (ICC). The reproducibility includes the variability introduced in the image acquisition, like medical scans acquisition parameters and convolution kernels, that affects intensity-based features and tumor annotations made by physicians, that influences morphological descriptors of the lesion.For the reproducibility of radiomics features three studies were conducted on cases collected at Vall Hebron Oncology Institute (VHIO) on responders to oncology treatment. The studies focused on the variability due to the convolution kernel, image acquisition parameters, and the inter-observer lesion identification. The features selected were those features with a ICC higher than 0.7 in the three studies.The selected features based on reproducibility were evaluated for lesion malignancy classification using a different database. Results show better performance compared to several state-of-the-art methods including Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Kernel Discriminant Analysis via QR decomposition (KDAQR), LASSO, and an own built Convolutional Neural Network.  
  Address Berlin; Alemanya; July 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference EMBC  
  Notes IAM; no menciona Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ LTS2019 Serial 3358  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Antonio Esteban Lansaque; Sebastian Stefaniga; Mihail Gaianu; Carles Sanchez edit  url
openurl 
  Title Data Augmentation from Sketch Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication International Workshop on Uncertainty for Safe Utilization of Machine Learning in Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 11840 Issue (up) Pages 155-162  
  Keywords Data augmentation; cycleGANs; Multi-objective optimization  
  Abstract State of the art machine learning methods need huge amounts of data with unambiguous annotations for their training. In the context of medical imaging this is, in general, a very difficult task due to limited access to clinical data, the time required for manual annotations and variability across experts. Simulated data could serve for data augmentation provided that its appearance was comparable to the actual appearance of intra-operative acquisitions. Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are a powerful tool for artistic style transfer, but lack a criteria for selecting epochs ensuring also preservation of intra-operative content.

We propose a multi-objective optimization strategy for a selection of cycleGAN epochs ensuring a mapping between virtual images and the intra-operative domain preserving anatomical content. Our approach has been applied to simulate intra-operative bronchoscopic videos and chest CT scans from virtual sketches generated using simple graphical primitives.
 
  Address Shenzhen; China; October 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CLIP  
  Notes IAM; 600.145; 601.337 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GES2019 Serial 3359  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carles Sanchez; Miguel Viñas; Coen Antens; Agnes Borras; Debora Gil edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Back to Front Architecture for Diagnosis as a Service Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication 20th International Symposium on Symbolic and Numeric Algorithms for Scientific Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages 343-346  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Software as a Service (SaaS) is a cloud computing model in which a provider hosts applications in a server that customers use via internet. Since SaaS does not require to install applications on customers' own computers, it allows the use by multiple users of highly specialized software without extra expenses for hardware acquisition or licensing. A SaaS tailored for clinical needs not only would alleviate licensing costs, but also would facilitate easy access to new methods for diagnosis assistance. This paper presents a SaaS client-server architecture for Diagnosis as a Service (DaaS). The server is based on docker technology in order to allow execution of softwares implemented in different languages with the highest portability and scalability. The client is a content management system allowing the design of websites with multimedia content and interactive visualization of results allowing user editing. We explain a usage case that uses our DaaS as crowdsourcing platform in a multicentric pilot study carried out to evaluate the clinical benefits of a software for assessment of central airway obstruction.  
  Address Timisoara; Rumania; September 2018  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference SYNASC  
  Notes IAM; no menciona Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SVA2018 Serial 3360  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Antoni Rosell edit  openurl
  Title Advances in Artificial Intelligence – How Lung Cancer CT Screening Will Progress? Type Abstract
  Year 2019 Publication World Lung Cancer Conference Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Invited speaker  
  Address Barcelona; September 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference IASLC WCLC  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GiR2019 Serial 3361  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Antonio Esteban Lansaque edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title An Endoscopic Navigation System for Lung Cancer Biopsy Type Book Whole
  Year 2019 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Lung cancer is one of the most diagnosed cancers among men and women. Actually,
lung cancer accounts for 13% of the total cases with a 5-year global survival
rate in patients. Although Early detection increases survival rate from 38% to 67%, accurate diagnosis remains a challenge. Pathological confirmation requires extracting a sample of the lesion tissue for its biopsy. The preferred procedure for tissue biopsy is called bronchoscopy. A bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique for the internal exploration of airways which facilitates the performance of minimal invasive interventions with low risk for the patient. Recent advances in bronchoscopic devices have increased their use for minimal invasive diagnostic and intervention procedures, like lung cancer biopsy sampling. Despite the improvement in bronchoscopic device quality, there is a lack of intelligent computational systems for supporting in-vivo clinical decision during examinations. Existing technologies fail to accurately reach the lesion due to several aspects at intervention off-line planning and poor intra-operative guidance at exploration time. Existing guiding systems radiate patients and clinical staff,might be expensive and achieve a suboptimlal 70% of yield boost. Diagnostic yield could be improved reducing radiation and costs by developing intra-operative support systems able to guide the bronchoscopist to the lesion during the intervention. The goal of this PhD thesis is to develop an image-based navigation systemfor intra-operative guidance of bronchoscopists to a target lesion across a path previously planned on a CT-scan. We propose a 3D navigation system which uses the anatomy of video bronchoscopy frames to locate the bronchoscope within the airways. Once the bronchoscope is located, our navigation system is able to indicate the bifurcation which needs to be followed to reach the lesion. In order to facilitate an off-line validation
as realistic as possible, we also present a method for augmenting simulated virtual bronchoscopies with the appearance of intra-operative videos. Experiments performed on augmented and intra-operative videos, prove that our algorithm can be speeded up for an on-line implementation in the operating room.
 
  Address October 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Debora Gil; Carles Sanchez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-121011-0-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Est2019 Serial 3392  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Extending anisotropic operators to recover smooth shapes Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Computer Vision and Image Understanding Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 99 Issue (up) 1 Pages 110-125  
  Keywords Contour completion; Functional extension; Differential operators; Riemmanian manifolds; Snake segmentation  
  Abstract Anisotropic differential operators are widely used in image enhancement processes. Recently, their property of smoothly extending functions to the whole image domain has begun to be exploited. Strong ellipticity of differential operators is a requirement that ensures existence of a unique solution. This condition is too restrictive for operators designed to extend image level sets: their own functionality implies that they should restrict to some vector field. The diffusion tensor that defines the diffusion operator links anisotropic processes with Riemmanian manifolds. In this context, degeneracy implies restricting diffusion to the varieties generated by the vector fields of positive eigenvalues, provided that an integrability condition is satisfied. We will use that any smooth vector field fulfills this integrability requirement to design line connection algorithms for contour completion. As application we present a segmenting strategy that assures convergent snakes whatever the geometry of the object to be modelled is.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1077-3142 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GIR2005 Serial 1530  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Image-based Cardiac Phase Retrieval in Intravascular Ultrasound Sequences Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control Abbreviated Journal T-UFFC  
  Volume 58 Issue (up) 1 Pages 60-72  
  Keywords 3-D exploring; ECG; band-pass filter; cardiac motion; cardiac phase retrieval; coronary arteries; electrocardiogram signal; image intensity local mean evolution; image-based cardiac phase retrieval; in vivo pullbacks acquisition; intravascular ultrasound sequences; longitudinal motion; signal extrema; time 36 ms; band-pass filters; biomedical ultrasonics; cardiovascular system; electrocardiography; image motion analysis; image retrieval; image sequences; medical image processing; ultrasonic imaging  
  Abstract Longitudinal motion during in vivo pullbacks acquisition of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) sequences is a major artifact for 3-D exploring of coronary arteries. Most current techniques are based on the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal to obtain a gated pullback without longitudinal motion by using specific hardware or the ECG signal itself. We present an image-based approach for cardiac phase retrieval from coronary IVUS sequences without an ECG signal. A signal reflecting cardiac motion is computed by exploring the image intensity local mean evolution. The signal is filtered by a band-pass filter centered at the main cardiac frequency. Phase is retrieved by computing signal extrema. The average frame processing time using our setup is 36 ms. Comparison to manually sampled sequences encourages a deeper study comparing them to ECG signals.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0885-3010 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGG2011 Serial 1546  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti; Debora Gil; Carme Julia edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A PBL experience in the teaching of Computer Graphics Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication EUROGRAPHICS Proceedings Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5 Issue (up) 1 Pages 95-103  
  Keywords project-based learning; computer graphics education; Open GL; rendering techniques; computer animation techniques; Graphics packages; Hierarchy and geometric transformations; Animation; Color; shading; shadowing and texture; fractals; hidden line/surface removal; Problem Based Learning  
  Abstract Project-Based Learning (PBL) is an educational strategy to improve student’s learning capability that, in recent years, has had a progressive acceptance in undergraduate studies. This methodology is based on solving a problem or project in a student working group. In this way, PBL focuses on learning the necessary tools to correctly find a solution to given problems. Since the learning initiative is transferred to the student, the PBL method promotes students own abilities. This allows a better assessment of the true workload that carries out the student in the subject. It follows that the methodology conforms to the guidelines of the Bologna document, which quantifies the student workload in a subject by means of the European credit transfer system (ECTS). PBL is currently applied in undergraduate studies needing strong practical training such as medicine, nursing or law sciences. Although this is also the case in engineering studies, amazingly, few experiences have been reported. In this paper we propose to use PBL in the educational organization of the Computer Graphics subjects in the Computer Science degree. Our PBL project focuses in the development of a C++ graphical environment based on the OpenGL libraries for visualization and handling of different graphical objects. The starting point is a basic skeleton that already includes lighting functions, perspective projection with mouse interaction to change the point of view and three predefined objects. Students have to complete this skeleton by adding their own functions to solve the project. A total number of 10 projects have been proposed and successfully solved. The exercises range from human face rendering to articulated objects, such as robot arms or puppets. In the present paper we extensively report the statement and educational objectives for two of the projects: solar system visualization and a chess game. We report our earlier educational experience based on the standard classroom theoretical, problem and practice sessions and the reasons that motivated searching for other learning methods. We have mainly chosen PBL because it improves the student learning initiative. We have applied the PBL educational model since the beginning of the second semester. The student’s feedback increases in his interest for the subject. We present a comparative study of the teachers’ and students’ workload between PBL and the classic teaching approach, which suggests that the workload increase in PBL is not as high as it seems.  
  Address Dublin; Ireland; September 2005  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference EUROGRAPHICS  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGJ2005 Serial 1593  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti; Carme Julia; Debora Gil edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A PBL Experience in the Teaching of Computer Graphics Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication XVII Congreso Español de Informàtica Gráfica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 25 Issue (up) 1 Pages 95-103  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Project-Based Learning (PBL) is an educational strategy to improve student’s learning capability that, in recent years, has had a progressive acceptance in undergraduate studies. This methodology is based on solving a problem or project in a student working group. In this way, PBL focuses on learning the necessary tools to correctly find a solution to given problems. Since the learning initiative is transferred to the student, the PBL method promotes students own abilities. This allows a better assessment of the true workload that carries out the student in the subject. It follows that the methodology conforms to the guidelines of the Bologna document, which quantifies the student workload in a subject by means of the European credit transfer system (ECTS). PBL is currently applied in undergraduate studies needing strong practical training such as medicine, nursing or law sciences. Although this is also the case in engineering studies, amazingly, few experiences have been reported. In this paper we propose to use PBL in the educational organization of the Computer Graphics subjects in the Computer Science degree. Our PBL project focuses in the development of a C++ graphical environment based on the OpenGL libraries for visualization and handling of different graphical objects. The starting point is a basic skeleton that already includes lighting functions, perspective projection with mouse interaction to change the point of view and three predefined objects. Students have to complete this skeleton by adding their own functions to solve the project. A total number of 10 projects have been proposed and successfully solved. The exercises range from human face rendering to articulated objects, such as robot arms or puppets. In the present paper we extensively report the statement and educational objectives for two of the projects: solar system visualization and a chess game. We report our earlier educational experience based on the standard classroom theoretical, problem and practice sessions and the reasons that motivated searching for other learning methods. We have mainly chosen PBL because it improves the student learning initiative. We have applied the PBL educational model since the beginning of the second semester. The student’s feedback increases in his interest for the subject. We present a comparative study of the teachers’ and students’ workload between PBL and the classic teaching approach, which suggests that the workload increase in PBL is not as high as it seems.  
  Address Zaragoza; September 2007  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CEDI  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MJG2007a Serial 1603  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti; Carme Julia; Debora Gil edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A PBL Experience in the Teaching of Computer Graphics Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Computer Graphics Forum Abbreviated Journal CGF  
  Volume 25 Issue (up) 1 Pages 95-103  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Project-Based Learning (PBL) is an educational strategy to improve student’s learning capability that, in recent years, has had a progressive acceptance in undergraduate studies. This methodology is based on solving a problem or project in a student working group. In this way, PBL focuses on learning the necessary tools to correctly find a solution to given problems. Since the learning initiative is transferred to the student, the PBL method promotes students own abilities. This allows a better assessment of the true workload that carries out the student in the subject. It follows that the methodology conforms to the guidelines of the Bologna document, which quantifies the student workload in a subject by means of the European credit transfer system (ECTS). PBL is currently applied in undergraduate studies needing strong practical training such as medicine, nursing or law sciences. Although this is also the case in engineering studies, amazingly, few experiences have been reported. In this paper we propose to use PBL in the educational organization of the Computer Graphics subjects in the Computer Science degree. Our PBL project focuses in the development of a C++ graphical environment based on the OpenGL libraries for visualization and handling of different graphical objects. The starting point is a basic skeleton that already includes lighting functions, perspective projection with mouse interaction to change the point of view and three predefined objects. Students have to complete this skeleton by adding their own functions to solve the project. A total number of 10 projects have been proposed and successfully solved. The exercises range from human face rendering to articulated objects, such as robot arms or puppets. In the present paper we extensively report the statement and educational objectives for two of the projects: solar system visualization and a chess game. We report our earlier educational experience based on the standard classroom theoretical, problem and practice sessions and the reasons that motivated searching for other learning methods. We have mainly chosen PBL because it improves the student learning initiative. We have applied the PBL educational model since the beginning of the second semester. The student’s feedback increases in his interest for the subject. We present a comparative study of the teachers’ and students’ workload between PBL and the classic teaching approach, which suggests that the workload increase in PBL is not as high as it seems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Computer Graphics Forum Place of Publication Computer Vision CenterComputer Science Department Escola Tcnica Superior d’Enginyeria (UAB), Edifi Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MJG2006a Serial 1607  
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