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Author Enrique Cabello; Cristina Conde; Angel Serrano; Licesio Rodriguez; David Vazquez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Empleo de sistemas biométricos para el reconocimiento de personas en aeropuertos Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication (up) Instituto Universitario de Investigación sobre Seguridad Interior (IUSI 2006) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Surveillance; Face detection; Face recognition  
  Abstract El presente proyecto se desarrolló a lo largo del año 2005, probando un prototipo de un sistema de verificación facial con imágenes extraídas de las cámaras de video vigilancia del aeropuerto de Barajas. Se diseñaron varios experimentos, agrupados en dos clases. En el primer tipo, el sistema es entrenado con imágenes obtenidas en condiciones de laboratorio y luego probado con imágenes extraídas de las cámaras de video vigilancia del aeropuerto de Barajas. En el segundo caso, tanto las imágenes de entrenamiento como las de prueba corresponden a imágenes extraídas de Barajas. Se ha desarrollado un sistema completo, que incluye adquisición y digitalización de las imágenes, localización y recorte de las caras en escena, verificación de sujetos y obtención de resultados. Los resultados muestran, que, en general, un sistema de verificación facial basado en imágenes puede ser una ayuda a un operario que deba estar vigilando amplias zonas.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes invisible;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ CCS2006a Serial 1672  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Antonio Lopez; Joan Serrat; Cristina Cañero; Felipe Lumbreras; T. Graf edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Robust lane markings detection and road geometry computation Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication (up) International Journal of Automotive Technology Abbreviated Journal IJAT  
  Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages 395–407  
  Keywords lane markings  
  Abstract Detection of lane markings based on a camera sensor can be a low-cost solution to lane departure and curve-over-speed warnings. A number of methods and implementations have been reported in the literature. However, reliable detection is still an issue because of cast shadows, worn and occluded markings, variable ambient lighting conditions, for example. We focus on increasing detection reliability in two ways. First, we employed an image feature other than the commonly used edges: ridges, which we claim addresses this problem better. Second, we adapted RANSAC, a generic robust estimation method, to fit a parametric model of a pair of lane lines to the image features, based on both ridgeness and ridge orientation. In addition, the model was fitted for the left and right lane lines simultaneously to enforce a consistent result. Four measures of interest for driver assistance applications were directly computed from the fitted parametric model at each frame: lane width, lane curvature, and vehicle yaw angle and lateral offset with regard the lane medial axis. We qualitatively assessed our method in video sequences captured on several road types and under very different lighting conditions. We also quantitatively assessed it on synthetic but realistic video sequences for which road geometry and vehicle trajectory ground truth are known.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1229-9138 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ LSC2010 Serial 1300  
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Author Jose Manuel Alvarez; Theo Gevers; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Learning photometric invariance for object detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication (up) International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 90 Issue 1 Pages 45-61  
  Keywords road detection  
  Abstract Impact factor: 3.508 (the last available from JCR2009SCI). Position 4/103 in the category Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence. Quartile
Color is a powerful visual cue in many computer vision applications such as image segmentation and object recognition. However, most of the existing color models depend on the imaging conditions that negatively affect the performance of the task at hand. Often, a reflection model (e.g., Lambertian or dichromatic reflectance) is used to derive color invariant models. However, this approach may be too restricted to model real-world scenes in which different reflectance mechanisms can hold simultaneously.
Therefore, in this paper, we aim to derive color invariance by learning from color models to obtain diversified color invariant ensembles. First, a photometrical orthogonal and non-redundant color model set is computed composed of both color variants and invariants. Then, the proposed method combines these color models to arrive at a diversified color ensemble yielding a proper balance between invariance (repeatability) and discriminative power (distinctiveness). To achieve this, our fusion method uses a multi-view approach to minimize the estimation error. In this way, the proposed method is robust to data uncertainty and produces properly diversified color invariant ensembles. Further, the proposed method is extended to deal with temporal data by predicting the evolution of observations over time.
Experiments are conducted on three different image datasets to validate the proposed method. Both the theoretical and experimental results show that the method is robust against severe variations in imaging conditions. The method is not restricted to a certain reflection model or parameter tuning, and outperforms state-of-the-art detection techniques in the field of object, skin and road recognition. Considering sequential data, the proposed method (extended to deal with future observations) outperforms the other methods
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ AGL2010c Serial 1451  
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Author Xavier Boix; Josep M. Gonfaus; Joost van de Weijer; Andrew Bagdanov; Joan Serrat; Jordi Gonzalez edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Harmony Potentials: Fusing Global and Local Scale for Semantic Image Segmentation Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication (up) International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 96 Issue 1 Pages 83-102  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The Hierarchical Conditional Random Field(HCRF) model have been successfully applied to a number of image labeling problems, including image segmentation. However, existing HCRF models of image segmentation do not allow multiple classes to be assigned to a single region, which limits their ability to incorporate contextual information across multiple scales.
At higher scales in the image, this representation yields an oversimpli ed model since multiple classes can be reasonably expected to appear within large regions. This simpli ed model particularly limits the impact of information at higher scales. Since class-label information at these scales is usually more reliable than at lower, noisier scales, neglecting this information is undesirable. To
address these issues, we propose a new consistency potential for image labeling problems, which we call the harmony potential. It can encode any possible combi-
nation of labels, penalizing only unlikely combinations of classes. We also propose an e ective sampling strategy over this expanded label set that renders tractable the underlying optimization problem. Our approach obtains state-of-the-art results on two challenging, standard benchmark datasets for semantic image segmentation: PASCAL VOC 2010, and MSRC-21.
 
  Address  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CAT;ISE;CIC;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BGW2012 Serial 1718  
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Author Fahad Shahbaz Khan; Muhammad Anwer Rao; Joost van de Weijer; Andrew Bagdanov; Antonio Lopez; Michael Felsberg edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Coloring Action Recognition in Still Images Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication (up) International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 105 Issue 3 Pages 205-221  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this article we investigate the problem of human action recognition in static images. By action recognition we intend a class of problems which includes both action classification and action detection (i.e. simultaneous localization and classification). Bag-of-words image representations yield promising results for action classification, and deformable part models perform very well object detection. The representations for action recognition typically use only shape cues and ignore color information. Inspired by the recent success of color in image classification and object detection, we investigate the potential of color for action classification and detection in static images. We perform a comprehensive evaluation of color descriptors and fusion approaches for action recognition. Experiments were conducted on the three datasets most used for benchmarking action recognition in still images: Willow, PASCAL VOC 2010 and Stanford-40. Our experiments demonstrate that incorporating color information considerably improves recognition performance, and that a descriptor based on color names outperforms pure color descriptors. Our experiments demonstrate that late fusion of color and shape information outperforms other approaches on action recognition. Finally, we show that the different color–shape fusion approaches result in complementary information and combining them yields state-of-the-art performance for action classification.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes CIC; ADAS; 600.057; 600.048 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ KRW2013 Serial 2285  
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Author Jiaolong Xu; Sebastian Ramos; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Hierarchical Adaptive Structural SVM for Domain Adaptation Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication (up) International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 119 Issue 2 Pages 159-178  
  Keywords Domain Adaptation; Pedestrian Detection  
  Abstract A key topic in classification is the accuracy loss produced when the data distribution in the training (source) domain differs from that in the testing (target) domain. This is being recognized as a very relevant problem for many
computer vision tasks such as image classification, object detection, and object category recognition. In this paper, we present a novel domain adaptation method that leverages multiple target domains (or sub-domains) in a hierarchical adaptation tree. The core idea is to exploit the commonalities and differences of the jointly considered target domains.
Given the relevance of structural SVM (SSVM) classifiers, we apply our idea to the adaptive SSVM (A-SSVM), which only requires the target domain samples together with the existing source-domain classifier for performing the desired adaptation. Altogether, we term our proposal as hierarchical A-SSVM (HA-SSVM).
As proof of concept we use HA-SSVM for pedestrian detection, object category recognition and face recognition. In the former we apply HA-SSVM to the deformable partbased model (DPM) while in the rest HA-SSVM is applied to multi-category classifiers. We will show how HA-SSVM is effective in increasing the detection/recognition accuracy with respect to adaptation strategies that ignore the structure of the target data. Since, the sub-domains of the target data are not always known a priori, we shown how HA-SSVM can incorporate sub-domain discovery for object category recognition.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.085; 600.082; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ XRV2016 Serial 2669  
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Author Adrien Gaidon; Antonio Lopez; Florent Perronnin edit  url
openurl 
  Title The Reasonable Effectiveness of Synthetic Visual Data Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication (up) International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 126 Issue 9 Pages 899–901  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GLP2018 Serial 3180  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carme Julia; Angel Sappa; Felipe Lumbreras; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Predicting Missing Ratings in Recommender Systems: Adapted Factorization Approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication (up) International Journal of Electronic Commerce Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 89-108  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The paper presents a factorization-based approach to make predictions in recommender systems. These systems are widely used in electronic commerce to help customers find products according to their preferences. Taking into account the customer's ratings of some products available in the system, the recommender system tries to predict the ratings the customer would give to other products in the system. The proposed factorization-based approach uses all the information provided to compute the predicted ratings, in the same way as approaches based on Singular Value Decomposition (SVD). The main advantage of this technique versus SVD-based approaches is that it can deal with missing data. It also has a smaller computational cost. Experimental results with public data sets are provided to show that the proposed adapted factorization approach gives better predicted ratings than a widely used SVD-based approach.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1086-4415 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ JSL2009b Serial 1237  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carme Julia; Felipe Lumbreras; Angel Sappa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A Factorization-based Approach to Photometric Stereo Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication (up) International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology Abbreviated Journal IJIST  
  Volume 21 Issue 1 Pages 115-119  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This article presents an adaptation of a factorization technique to tackle the photometric stereo problem. That is to recover the surface normals and reflectance of an object from a set of images obtained under different lighting conditions. The main contribution of the proposed approach is to consider pixels in shadow and saturated regions as missing data, in order to reduce their influence to the result. Concretely, an adapted Alternation technique is used to deal with missing data. Experimental results considering both synthetic and real images show the viability of the proposed factorization-based strategy. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Imaging Syst Technol, 21, 115–119, 2011.  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ JLS2011; ADAS @ adas @ Serial 1711  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Angel Sappa edit  openurl
  Title Splitting up Panoramic Range Images into Compact 2½D Representations Type Journal
  Year 2006 Publication (up) International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology, 16(3): 85–91 Abbreviated Journal  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ Sap2006b Serial 721  
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