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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; David Roche; Monica M. S. Matsumoto; Sergio S. Furuie edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Inferring the Performance of Medical Imaging Algorithms Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication 14th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6854 Issue Pages 520-528  
  Keywords Validation, Statistical Inference, Medical Imaging Algorithms.  
  Abstract Evaluation of the performance and limitations of medical imaging algorithms is essential to estimate their impact in social, economic or clinical aspects. However, validation of medical imaging techniques is a challenging task due to the variety of imaging and clinical problems involved, as well as, the difficulties for systematically extracting a reliable solely ground truth. Although specific validation protocols are reported in any medical imaging paper, there are still two major concerns: definition of standardized methodologies transversal to all problems and generalization of conclusions to the whole clinical data set.
We claim that both issues would be fully solved if we had a statistical model relating ground truth and the output of computational imaging techniques. Such a statistical model could conclude to what extent the algorithm behaves like the ground truth from the analysis of a sampling of the validation data set. We present a statistical inference framework reporting the agreement and describing the relationship of two quantities. We show its transversality by applying it to validation of two different tasks: contour segmentation and landmark correspondence.
 
  Address Sevilla  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Berlin Editor Pedro Real; Daniel Diaz-Pernil; Helena Molina-Abril; Ainhoa Berciano; Walter Kropatsch  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title L Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIP  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2011 Serial 1676  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author David Roche; Debora Gil; Jesus Giraldo edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title An inference model for analyzing termination conditions of Evolutionary Algorithms Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication 14th Congrès Català en Intel·ligencia Artificial Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 216-225  
  Keywords Evolutionary Computation Convergence, Termination Conditions, Statistical Inference  
  Abstract In real-world problems, it is mandatory to design a termination condition for Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) ensuring stabilization close to the unknown optimum. Distribution-based quantities are good candidates as far as suitable parameters are used. A main limitation for application to real-world problems is that such parameters strongly depend on the topology of the objective function, as well as, the EA paradigm used.
We claim that the termination problem would be fully solved if we had a model measuring to what extent a distribution-based quantity asymptotically behaves like the solution accuracy. We present a regression-prediction model that relates any two given quantities and reports if they can be statistically swapped as termination conditions. Our framework is applied to two issues. First, exploring if the parameters involved in the computation of distribution-based quantities influence their asymptotic behavior. Second, to what extent existing distribution-based quantities can be asymptotically exchanged for the accuracy of the EA solution.
 
  Address Lleida, Catalonia (Spain)  
  Corporate Author Associació Catalana Intel·ligència Artificial Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-1-60750-841-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CCIA  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RGG2011a Serial 1677  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author David Roche; Debora Gil; Jesus Giraldo edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Using statistical inference for designing termination conditions ensuring convergence of Evolutionary Algorithms Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication 11th European Conference on Artificial Life Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A main challenge in Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs) is determining a termination condition ensuring stabilization close to the optimum in real-world applications. Although for known test functions distribution-based quantities are good candidates (as far as suitable parameters are used), in real-world problems an open question still remains unsolved. How can we estimate an upper-bound for the termination condition value ensuring a given accuracy for the (unknown) EA solution?
We claim that the termination problem would be fully solved if we defined a quantity (depending only on the EA output) behaving like the solution accuracy. The open question would be, then, satisfactorily answered if we had a model relating both quantities, since accuracy could be predicted from the alternative quantity. We present a statistical inference framework addressing two topics: checking the correlation between the two quantities and defining a regression model for predicting (at a given confidence level) accuracy values from the EA output.
 
  Address Paris, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ECAL  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RGG2011b Serial 1678  
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Author Ferran Poveda; Debora Gil ;Albert Andaluz ;Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Multiscale Tractography for Representing Heart Muscular Architecture Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication In MICCAI 2011 Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Deep understanding of myocardial structure of the heart would unravel crucial knowledge for clinical and medical procedures. Although the muscular architecture of the heart has been debated by countless researchers, the controversy is still alive. Diffusion Tensor MRI, DT-MRI, is a unique imaging technique for computational validation of the muscular structure of the heart. By the complex arrangement of myocites, existing techniques can not provide comprehensive descriptions of the global muscular architecture. In this paper we introduce a multiresolution reconstruction technique based on DT-MRI streamlining for simplified global myocardial model generation. Our reconstructions can restore the most complex myocardial structures and indicate a global helical organization  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language english Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CDRMI  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGA2011 Serial 1681  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Confidence Measure for Assessing Optical Flow Accuracy in the Absence of Ground Truth Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2042-2049  
  Keywords IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in autonomous navigation systems. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in real world sequences. This paper introduces a measure of optical flow accuracy for Lucas-Kanade based flows in terms of the numerical stability of the data-term. We call this measure optical flow condition number. A statistical analysis over ground-truth data show a good statistical correlation between the condition number and optical flow error. Experiments on driving sequences illustrate its potential for autonomous navigation systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICCVW  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2011 Serial 1682  
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Author Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; Manuel Ballester; Francesc Carreras; Ruth Aris; Manuel Vazquez; Enric Marti; Ferran Poveda edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title MIOCARDIA: Integrating cardiac function and muscular architecture for a better diagnosis Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication 14th International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Deep understanding of myocardial structure of the heart would unravel crucial knowledge for clinical and medical procedures. The MIOCARDIA project is a multidisciplinary project in cooperation with l'Hospital de la Santa Creu i de Sant Pau, Clinica la Creu Blanca and Barcelona Supercomputing Center. The ultimate goal of this project is defining a computational model of the myocardium. The model takes into account the deep interrelation between the anatomy and the mechanics of the heart. The paper explains the workflow of the MIOCARDIA project. It also introduces a multiresolution reconstruction technique based on DT-MRI streamlining for simplified global myocardial model generation. Our reconstructions can restore the most complex myocardial structures and provides evidences of a global helical organization.  
  Address Barcelona; Spain  
  Corporate Author Association for Computing Machinery Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona, Spain Editor Association for Computing Machinery  
  Language english Summary Language english Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-1-4503-0913-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ISABEL  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGB2011 Serial 1691  
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Author Sergio Vera; Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; F. Javier Sanchez; Frederic Perez; Marius G. Linguraru edit  openurl
  Title Computation and Evaluation of Medial Surfaces for Shape Representation of Abdominal Organs Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication Workshop on Computational and Clinical Applications in Abdominal Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7029 Issue Pages 223-230  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs, exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.  
  Address Nice, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor In H. Yoshida et al  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ABDI  
  Notes IAM; MV Approved no  
  Call Number VGB2011 Serial 2036  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Albert Andaluz; Debora Gil; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Decoupled External Forces in a Predictor-Corrector Segmentation Scheme for LV Contours in Tagged MR Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2010 Publication 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 4805-4808  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Computation of functional regional scores requires proper identification of LV contours. On one hand, manual segmentation is robust, but it is time consuming and requires high expertise. On the other hand, the tag pattern in TMR sequences is a problem for automatic segmentation of LV boundaries. We propose a segmentation method based on a predictorcorrector (Active Contours – Shape Models) scheme. Special stress is put in the definition of the AC external forces. First, we introduce a semantic description of the LV that discriminates myocardial tissue by using texture and motion descriptors. Second, in order to ensure convergence regardless of the initial contour, the external energy is decoupled according to the orientation of the edges in the image potential. We have validated the model in terms of error in segmented contours and accuracy of regional clinical scores.  
  Address Buenos Aires (Argentina)  
  Corporate Author IEEE EMB Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1557-170X ISBN 978-1-4244-4123-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference EMBC  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GAG2010 Serial 1514  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Manifold parametrization of the left ventricle for a statistical modelling of its complete anatomy Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2010 Publication 8th Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7623 Issue 762304 Pages 304  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Distortion of Left Ventricle (LV) external anatomy is related to some dysfunctions, such as hypertrophy. The architecture of myocardial fibers determines LV electromechanical activation patterns as well as mechanics. Thus, their joined modelling would allow the design of specific interventions (such as peacemaker implantation and LV remodelling) and therapies (such as resynchronization). On one hand, accurate modelling of external anatomy requires either a dense sampling or a continuous infinite dimensional approach, which requires non-Euclidean statistics. On the other hand, computation of fiber models requires statistics on Riemannian spaces. Most approaches compute separate statistical models for external anatomy and fibers architecture. In this work we propose a general mathematical framework based on differential geometry concepts for computing a statistical model including, both, external and fiber anatomy. Our framework provides a continuous approach to external anatomy supporting standard statistics. We also provide a straightforward formula for the computation of the Riemannian fiber statistics. We have applied our methodology to the computation of complete anatomical atlas of canine hearts from diffusion tensor studies. The orientation of fibers over the average external geometry agrees with the segmental description of orientations reported in the literature.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher SPIE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference SPIE  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010a Serial 1522  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Monica Mitiko; Sergio Shiguemi; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title A validation protocol for assessing cardiac phase retrieval in IntraVascular UltraSound Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2010 Publication Computing in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 37 Issue Pages 899-902  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A good reliable approach to cardiac triggering is of utmost importance in obtaining accurate quantitative results of atherosclerotic plaque burden from the analysis of IntraVascular UltraSound. Although, in the last years, there has been an increase in research of methods for retrospective gating, there is no general consensus in a validation protocol. Many methods are based on quality assessment of longitudinal cuts appearance and those reporting quantitative numbers do not follow a standard protocol. Such heterogeneity in validation protocols makes faithful comparison across methods a difficult task. We propose a validation protocol based on the variability of the retrieved cardiac phase and explore the capability of several quality measures for quantifying such variability. An ideal detector, suitable for its application in clinical practice, should produce stable phases. That is, it should always sample the same cardiac cycle fraction. In this context, one should measure the variability (variance) of a candidate sampling with respect a ground truth (reference) sampling, since the variance would indicate how spread we are aiming a target. In order to quantify the deviation between the sampling and the ground truth, we have considered two quality scores reported in the literature: signed distance to the closest reference sample and distance to the right of each reference sample. We have also considered the residuals of the regression line of reference against candidate sampling. The performance of the measures has been explored on a set of synthetic samplings covering different cardiac cycle fractions and variabilities. From our simulations, we conclude that the metrics related to distances are sensitive to the shift considered while the residuals are robust against fraction and variabilities as far as one can establish a pair-wise correspondence between candidate and reference. We will further investigate the impact of false positive and negative detections in experimental data.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0276-6547 ISBN 978-1-4244-7318-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CINC  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HSM2010 Serial 1551  
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