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Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Confidence Measure for Assessing Optical Flow Accuracy in the Absence of Ground Truth Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2042-2049  
  Keywords (up) IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in autonomous navigation systems. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in real world sequences. This paper introduces a measure of optical flow accuracy for Lucas-Kanade based flows in terms of the numerical stability of the data-term. We call this measure optical flow condition number. A statistical analysis over ground-truth data show a good statistical correlation between the condition number and optical flow error. Experiments on driving sequences illustrate its potential for autonomous navigation systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICCVW  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2011 Serial 1682  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jorge Bernal; Debora Gil; Carles Sanchez; F. Javier Sanchez edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Discarding Non Informative Regions for Efficient Colonoscopy Image Analysis Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication 1st MICCAI Workshop on Computer-Assisted and Robotic Endoscopy Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 8899 Issue Pages 1-10  
  Keywords (up) Image Segmentation; Polyps, Colonoscopy; Valley Information; Energy Maps  
  Abstract In this paper we present a novel polyp region segmentation method for colonoscopy videos. Our method uses valley information associated to polyp boundaries in order to provide an initial segmentation. This first segmentation is refined to eliminate boundary discontinuities caused by image artifacts or other elements of the scene. Experimental results over a publicly annotated database show that our method outperforms both general and specific segmentation methods by providing more accurate regions rich in polyp content. We also prove how image preprocessing is needed to improve final polyp region segmentation.  
  Address Boston; USA; September 2014  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer International Publishing Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-319-13409-3 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CARE  
  Notes MV; IAM; 600.044; 600.047; 600.060; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BGS2014b Serial 2503  
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Author Antoni Gurgui; Debora Gil; Enric Marti; Vicente Grau edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Left-Ventricle Basal Region Constrained Parametric Mapping to Unitary Domain Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication 7th International Workshop on Statistical Atlases & Computational Modelling of the Heart Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 10124 Issue Pages 163-171  
  Keywords (up) Laplacian; Constrained maps; Parameterization; Basal ring  
  Abstract Due to its complex geometry, the basal ring is often omitted when putting different heart geometries into correspondence. In this paper, we present the first results on a new mapping of the left ventricle basal rings onto a normalized coordinate system using a fold-over free approach to the solution to the Laplacian. To guarantee correspondences between different basal rings, we imposed some internal constrained positions at anatomical landmarks in the normalized coordinate system. To prevent internal fold-overs, constraints are handled by cutting the volume into regions defined by anatomical features and mapping each piece of the volume separately. Initial results presented in this paper indicate that our method is able to handle internal constrains without introducing fold-overs and thus guarantees one-to-one mappings between different basal ring geometries.  
  Address Athens; October 2016  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference STACOM  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GGM2016 Serial 2884  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Mariano Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guilleaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords (up) Left Ventricle, Electromechanical Models, Image Processing, Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models [1] consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality [2]. In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp [3].
We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment.
The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted.
The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have
Figure 1: Scheme for the Left Ventricle Patient-Sensitive Model.
computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.
 
  Address Venice; Italy  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9788496736559 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008b Serial 993  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Manuel Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8)/5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2008) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords (up) Left Ventricle; Electromechanical Models; Image Processing; Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality . In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp. We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment. The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted. The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Venezia (Italia) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN B-31470-08 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008c Serial 1521  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; David Rotger; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Image-based ECG sampling of IVUS sequences Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symp. IUS 2008 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1330-1333  
  Keywords (up) Longitudinal Motion; Image-based ECG-gating; Fourier analysis  
  Abstract Longitudinal motion artifacts in IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) sequences hinders a properly 3D reconstruction and vessel measurements. Most of current techniques base on the ECG signal to obtain a gated pullback without the longitudinal artifact by using a specific hardware or the ECG signal itself. The potential of IVUS images processing for phase retrieval still remains little explored. In this paper, we present a fast forward image-based algorithm to approach ECG sampling. Inspired on the fact that maximum and minimum lumen areas are related to end-systole and end-diastole, our cardiac phase retrieval is based on the analysis of tissue density of mass along the sequence. The comparison between automatic and manual phase retrieval (0.07 ± 0.07 mm. of error) encourages a deep validation contrasting with ECG signals.  
  Address Beijing (China)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HRG2008 Serial 1553  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carles Sanchez; Jorge Bernal; Debora Gil; F. Javier Sanchez edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title On-line lumen centre detection in gastrointestinal and respiratory endoscopy Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication Second International Workshop Clinical Image-Based Procedures Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 8361 Issue Pages 31-38  
  Keywords (up) Lumen centre detection; Bronchoscopy; Colonoscopy  
  Abstract We present in this paper a novel lumen centre detection for gastrointestinal and respiratory endoscopic images. The proposed method is based on the appearance and geometry of the lumen, which we defined as the darkest image region which centre is a hub of image gradients. Experimental results validated on the first public annotated gastro-respiratory database prove the reliability of the method for a wide range of images (with precision over 95 %).  
  Address Nagoya; Japan; September 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer International Publishing Place of Publication Editor Erdt, Marius and Linguraru, Marius George and Oyarzun Laura, Cristina and Shekhar, Raj and Wesarg, Stefan and González Ballester, Miguel Angel and Drechsler, Klaus  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-319-05665-4 Medium  
  Area 800 Expedition Conference CLIP  
  Notes MV; IAM; 600.047; 600.044; 600.060 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SBG2013 Serial 2302  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Antonio Esteban Lansaque; Carles Sanchez; Agnes Borras; Marta Diez-Ferrer; Antoni Rosell; Debora Gil edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Stable Anatomical Structure Tracking for video-bronchoscopy Navigation Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication 19th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords (up) Lung cancer diagnosis; video-bronchoscopy; airway lumen detection; region tracking  
  Abstract Bronchoscopy allows to examine the patient airways for detection of lesions and sampling of tissues without surgery. A main drawback in lung cancer diagnosis is the diculty to check whether the exploration is following the correct path to the nodule that has to be biopsied. The most extended guidance uses uoroscopy which implies repeated radiation of clinical sta and patients. Alternatives such as virtual bronchoscopy or electromagnetic navigation are very expensive and not completely robust to blood, mocus or deformations as to be extensively used. We propose a method that extracts and tracks stable lumen regions at di erent levels of the bronchial tree. The tracked regions are stored in a tree that encodes the anatomical structure of the scene which can be useful to retrieve the path to the lesion that the clinician should follow to do the biopsy. We present a multi-expert validation of our anatomical landmark extraction in 3 intra-operative ultrathin explorations.  
  Address Athens; Greece; October 2016  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference MICCAI-W  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ LSB2016b Serial 2857  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A medial map capturing the essential geometry of organs Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication ISBI Workshop on Open Source Medical Image Analysis software Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1691 - 1694  
  Keywords (up) Medial Surface Representation, Volume Reconstruction,Geometry , Image reconstruction , Liver , Manifolds , Shape , Surface morphology , Surface reconstruction  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Accurate computation of one pixel wide medial surfaces is mandatory. Those surfaces must represent faithfully the geometry of the volume. Although morphological methods produce excellent results in 2D, their complexity and quality drops across dimensions, due to a more complex description of pixel neighborhoods. This paper introduces a continuous operator for accurate and efficient computation of medial structures of arbitrary dimension. Our experiments show its higher performance for medical imaging applications in terms of simplicity of medial structures and capability for reconstructing the anatomical volume  
  Address Barcelona,Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1945-7928 ISBN 978-1-4577-1857-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ISBI  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGG2012a Serial 1989  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Validation Benchmark for Assessment of Medial Surface Quality for Medical Applications Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7963 Issue Pages 334-343  
  Keywords (up) Medial Surfaces; Shape Representation; Medical Applications; Performance Evaluation  
  Abstract Confident use of medial surfaces in medical decision support systems requires evaluating their quality for detecting pathological deformations and describing anatomical volumes. Validation in the medical imaging field is a challenging task mainly due to the difficulties for getting consensual ground truth. In this paper we propose a validation benchmark for assessing medial surfaces in the context of medical applications. Our benchmark includes a home-made database of synthetic medial surfaces and volumes and specific scores for evaluating surface accuracy, its stability against volume deformations and its capabilities for accurate reconstruction of anatomical volumes.  
  Address Sant Petersburg; Russia; July 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-39401-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICVS  
  Notes IAM; 600.044; 600.060 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GBV2013 Serial 2300  
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