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Author (up) Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Endowing Canonical Geometries to Cardiac Structures Type Book Chapter
  Year 2010 Publication Statistical Atlases And Computational Models Of The Heart Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6364 Issue Pages 124-133  
  Keywords  
  Abstract International conference on Cardiac electrophysiological simulation challenge
In this paper, we show that canonical (shape-based) geometries can be endowed to cardiac structures using tubular coordinates defined over their medial axis. We give an analytic formulation of these geometries by means of B-Splines. Since B-Splines present vector space structure PCA can be applied to their control points and statistical models relating boundaries and the interior of the anatomical structures can be derived. We demonstrate the applicability in two cardiac structures, the 3D Left Ventricular volume, and the 2D Left-Right ventricle set in 2D Short Axis view.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin / Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor Camara, O.; Pop, M.; Rhode, K.; Sermesant, M.; Smith, N.; Young, A.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010b Serial 1515  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Jaume Garcia; Petia Radeva; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Combining Spectral and Active Shape methods to Track Tagged MRI Type Book Chapter
  Year 2004 Publication Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 37-44  
  Keywords MR; tagged MR; ASM; LV segmentation; motion estimation.  
  Abstract Tagged magnetic resonance is a very usefull and unique tool that provides a complete local and global knowledge of the left ventricle (LV) motion. In this article we introduce a method capable of tracking and segmenting the LV. Spectral methods are applied in order to obtain the so called HARP images which encode information about movement and are the base for LV point-tracking. For segmentation we use Active Shapes (ASM) that model LV shape variation in order to overcome possible local misplacements of the boundary. We finally show experiments on both synthetic and real data which appear to be very promising.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CCIA  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2004 Serial 1488  
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Author (up) Josep Llados; Ernest Valveny; Gemma Sanchez; Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Symbol recognition: current advances and perspectives Type Book Chapter
  Year 2002 Publication Graphics Recognition Algorithms And Applications Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 2390 Issue Pages 104-128  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The recognition of symbols in graphic documents is an intensive research activity in the community of pattern recognition and document analysis. A key issue in the interpretation of maps, engineering drawings, diagrams, etc. is the recognition of domain dependent symbols according to a symbol database. In this work we first review the most outstanding symbol recognition methods from two different points of view: application domains and pattern recognition methods. In the second part of the paper, open and unaddressed problems involved in symbol recognition are described, analyzing their current state of art and discussing future research challenges. Thus, issues such as symbol representation, matching, segmentation, learning, scalability of recognition methods and performance evaluation are addressed in this work. Finally, we discuss the perspectives of symbol recognition concerning to new paradigms such as user interfaces in handheld computers or document database and WWW indexing by graphical content.  
  Address London, UK  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Place of Publication Editor Dorothea Blostein and Young- Bin Kwon  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 3-540-44066-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference GREC  
  Notes DAG; IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LVS2002 Serial 1572  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Josep Llados; Gemma Sanchez; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A string based method to recognize symbols and structural textures in architectural plans Type Book Chapter
  Year 1998 Publication Graphics Recognition Algorithms and Systems Second International Workshop, GREC' 97 Nancy, France, August 22–23, 1997 Selected Papers Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 1389 Issue 1998 Pages 91-103  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper deals with the recognition of symbols and structural textures in architectural plans using string matching techniques. A plan is represented by an attributed graph whose nodes represent characteristic points and whose edges represent segments. Symbols and textures can be seen as a set of regions, i.e. closed loops in the graph, with a particular arrangement. The search for a symbol involves a graph matching between the regions of a model graph and the regions of the graph representing the document. Discriminating a texture means a clustering of neighbouring regions of this graph. Both procedures involve a similarity measure between graph regions. A string codification is used to represent the sequence of outlining edges of a region. Thus, the similarity between two regions is defined in terms of the string edit distance between their boundary strings. The use of string matching allows the recognition method to work also under presence of distortion.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Link Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title LNCS Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ SLE1998 Serial 1573  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Josep Llados; Jaime Lopez-Krahe; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A system to understand hand-drawn floor plans using subgraph isomorphism and Hough transform Type Book Chapter
  Year 1997 Publication Machine Vision and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 10 Issue 3 Pages 150-158  
  Keywords Line drawings – Hough transform – Graph matching – CAD systems – Graphics recognition  
  Abstract Presently, man-machine interface development is a widespread research activity. A system to understand hand drawn architectural drawings in a CAD environment is presented in this paper. To understand a document, we have to identify its building elements and their structural properties. An attributed graph structure is chosen as a symbolic representation of the input document and the patterns to recognize in it. An inexact subgraph isomorphism procedure using relaxation labeling techniques is performed. In this paper we focus on how to speed up the matching. There is a building element, the walls, characterized by a hatching pattern. Using a straight line Hough transform (SLHT)-based method, we recognize this pattern, characterized by parallel straight lines, and remove from the input graph the edges belonging to this pattern. The isomorphism is then applied to the remainder of the input graph. When all the building elements have been recognized, the document is redrawn, correcting the inaccurate strokes obtained from a hand-drawn input.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LLM1997a Serial 1566  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Misael Rosales; Petia Radeva; Oriol Rodriguez; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Suppression of IVUS Image Rotation. A Kinematic Approach Type Book Chapter
  Year 2005 Publication Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 3504 Issue Pages 889-892  
  Keywords  
  Abstract IntraVascular Ultrasound (IVUS) is an exploratory technique used in interventional procedures that shows cross section images of arteries and provides qualitative information about the causes and severity of the arterial lumen narrowing. Cross section analysis as well as visualization of plaque extension in a vessel segment during the catheter imaging pullback are the technique main advantages. However, IVUS sequence exhibits a periodic rotation artifact that makes difficult the longitudinal lesion inspection and hinders any segmentation algorithm. In this paper we propose a new kinematic method to estimate and remove the image rotation of IVUS images sequences. Results on several IVUS sequences show good results and prompt some of the clinical applications to vessel dynamics study, and relation to vessel pathology.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin / Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor Frangi, Alejandro and Radeva, Petia and Santos, Andres and Hernandez, Monica  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume 3504 Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RRR2005 Serial 1645  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Ole Vilhelm-Larsen; Petia Radeva; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Guidelines for choosing optimal parameters of elasticity for snakes Type Book Chapter
  Year 1995 Publication Computer Analysis Of Images And Patterns Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 970 Issue Pages 106-113  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper proposes a guidance in the process of choosing and using the parameters of elasticity of a snake in order to obtain a precise segmentation. A new two step procedure is defined based on upper and lower bounds on the parameters. Formulas, by which these bounds can be calculated for real images where parts of the contour may be missing, are presented. Experiments on segmentation of bone structures in X-ray images have verified the usefulness of the new procedure.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LRM1995b Serial 1558  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Patricia Marquez edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Confidence Framework for the Assessment of Optical Flow Performance Type Book Whole
  Year 2015 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Optical Flow (OF) is the input of a wide range of decision support systems such as car driver assistance, UAV guiding or medical diagnose. In these real situations, the absence of ground truth forces to assess OF quality using quantities computed from either sequences or the computed optical flow itself. These quantities are generally known as Confidence Measures, CM. Even if we have a proper confidence measure we still need a way to evaluate its ability to discard pixels with an OF prone to have a large error. Current approaches only provide a descriptive evaluation of the CM performance but such approaches are not capable to fairly compare different confidence measures and optical flow algorithms. Thus, it is of prime importance to define a framework and a general road map for the evaluation of optical flow performance.

This thesis provides a framework able to decide which pairs “ optical flow – confidence measure” (OF-CM) are best suited for optical flow error bounding given a confidence level determined by a decision support system. To design this framework we cover the following points:

Descriptive scores. As a first step, we summarize and analyze the sources of inaccuracies in the output of optical flow algorithms. Second, we present several descriptive plots that visually assess CM capabilities for OF error bounding. In addition to the descriptive plots, given a plot representing OF-CM capabilities to bound the error, we provide a numeric score that categorizes the plot according to its decreasing profile, that is, a score assessing CM performance.
Statistical framework. We provide a comparison framework that assesses the best suited OF-CM pair for error bounding that uses a two stage cascade process. First of all we assess the predictive value of the confidence measures by means of a descriptive plot. Then, for a sample of descriptive plots computed over training frames, we obtain a generic curve that will be used for sequences with no ground truth. As a second step, we evaluate the obtained general curve and its capabilities to really reflect the predictive value of a confidence measure using the variability across train frames by means of ANOVA.

The presented framework has shown its potential in the application on clinical decision support systems. In particular, we have analyzed the impact of the different image artifacts such as noise and decay to the output of optical flow in a cardiac diagnose system and we have improved the navigation inside the bronchial tree on bronchoscopy.
 
  Address July 2015  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-943427-2-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Mar2015 Serial 2687  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Sergio Vera edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Anatomic Registration based on Medial Axis Parametrizations Type Book Whole
  Year 2015 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Image registration has been for many years the gold standard method to bring two images into correspondence. It has been used extensively in the eld of medical imaging in order to put images of di erent patients into a common overlapping spatial position. However, medical image registration is a slow, iterative optimization process, where many variables and prone to fall into the pit traps local minima.
A coordinate system parameterizing the interior of organs is a powerful tool for a systematic localization of injured tissue. If the same coordinate values are assigned to speci c anatomical sites, parameterizations ensure integration of data across different medical image modalities. Harmonic mappings have been used to produce parametric meshes over the surface of anatomical shapes, given their ability to set values at speci c locations through boundary conditions. However, most of the existing implementations in medical imaging restrict to either anatomical surfaces, or the depth coordinate with boundary conditions is given at discrete sites of limited geometric diversity.
The medial surface of the shape can be used to provide a continuous basis for the de nition of a depth coordinate. However, given that di erent methods for generation of medial surfaces generate di erent manifolds, not all of them are equally suited to be the basis of radial coordinate for a parameterization. It would be desirable that the medial surface will be smooth, and robust to surface shape noise, with low number of spurious branches or surfaces.
In this thesis we present methods for computation of smooth medial manifolds and apply them to the generation of for anatomical volumetric parameterization that extends current harmonic parameterizations to the interior anatomy using information provided by the volume medial surface. This reference system sets a solid base for creating anatomical models of the anatomical shapes, and allows comparing several patients in a common framework of reference.
 
  Address November 2015  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Debora Gil; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-943427-8-3 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Ver2015 Serial 2708  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Sergio Vera; Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; F. Javier Sanchez; Frederic Perez; Marius G. Linguraru ; Miguel A. Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Computation and Evaluation of Medial Surfaces for Shape Representation of Abdominal Organs Type Book Chapter
  Year 2012 Publication Workshop on Computational and Clinical Applications in Abdominal Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7029 Issue Pages 223–230  
  Keywords medial manifolds, abdomen.  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D
objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial
manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our
method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs,
exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.
 
  Address Toronto; Canada;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Link Place of Publication Berlin Editor H. Yoshida et al  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-28556-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ABDI  
  Notes IAM;MV Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGB2012 Serial 1834  
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