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Author Francesc Carreras; Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Sandra Pujadas; Chi ho Lion; R.Suarez-Arias; R.Leta; Xavier Alomar; Manuel Ballester; Guillem Pons-Llados edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Left ventricular torsion and longitudinal shortening: two fundamental components of myocardial mechanics assessed by tagged cine-MRI in normal subjects Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging Abbreviated Journal IJCI  
  Volume 28 Issue 2 Pages 273-284  
  Keywords Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Tagging MRI; Cardiac mechanics; Ventricular torsion  
  Abstract Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (Cardiac MRI) has become a gold standard diagnostic technique for the assessment of cardiac mechanics, allowing the non-invasive calculation of left ventric- ular long axis longitudinal shortening (LVLS) and absolute myocardial torsion (AMT) between basal and apical left ventricular slices, a movement directly related to the helicoidal anatomic disposition of the myocardial fibers. The aim of this study is to determine AMT and LVLS behaviour and normal values from a group of healthy subjects. A group of 21 healthy volunteers (15 males) (age: 23–55 y.o., mean:30.7 ± 7.5) were prospectively included in an obser- vational study by Cardiac MRI. Left ventricular rotation (degrees) was calculated by custom-made software (Harmonic Phase Flow) in consecutive LV short axis planes tagged cine-MRI sequences. AMT was determined from the difference between basal and apical planes LV rotations. LVLS (%) was determined from the LV longitudinal and horizontal axis cine-MRI images. All the 21 cases studied were interpretable, although in three cases the value of the LV apical rotation could not be determined. The mean rotation of the basal and apical planes at end-systole were -3.71° ± 0.84° and 6.73° ± 1.69° (n:18) respectively, resulting in a LV mean AMT of 10.48° ± 1.63° (n:18). End-systolic mean LVLS was 19.07 ± 2.71%. Cardiac MRI allows for the calculation of AMT and LVLS, fundamental functional components of the ventricular twist mechanics conditioned, in turn, by the anatomical helical layout of the myocardial fibers. These values provide complementary information about systolic ventricular function in relation to the traditional parameters used in daily practice.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Netherlands Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1569-5794 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ CGG2012 Serial 1496  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Paula Fritzsche; C.Roig; Ana Ripoll; Emilio Luque; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Performance Prediction Methodology for Data-dependent Parallel Applications Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-8  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The increase in the use of parallel distributed architectures in order to solve large-scale scientific problems has generated the need for performance prediction for both deterministic applications and non-deterministic applications. In particular, the performance prediction of data dependent programs is an extremely challenging problem because for a specific issue the input datasets may cause different execution times. Generally, a parallel application is characterized as a collection of tasks and their interrelations. If the application is time-critical it is not enough to work with only one value per task, and consequently knowledge of the distribution of task execution times is crucial. The development of a new prediction methodology to estimate the performance of data-dependent parallel applications is the primary target of this study. This approach makes it possible to evaluate the parallel performance of an application without the need of implementation. A real data-dependent arterial structure detection application model is used to apply the methodology proposed. The predicted times obtained using the new methodology for genuine datasets are compared with predicted times that arise from using only one execution value per task. Finally, the experimental study shows that the new methodology generates more precise predictions.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ FRR2006 Serial 1497  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gemma Sanchez; Josep Llados; Enric Marti edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A string-based method to recognize symbols and structural textures in architectural plans Type Conference Article
  Year 1997 Publication 2nd IAPR Workshop on Graphics Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper deals with the recognition of symbols and struc- tural textures in architectural plans using string matching techniques. A plan is represented by an attributed graph whose nodes represent characteristic points and whose edges represent segments. Symbols and textures can be seen as a set of regions, i.e. closed loops in the graph, with a particular arrangement. The search for a symbol involves a graph matching between the regions of a model graph and the regions of the graph representing the document. Discriminating a texture means a clus- tering of neighbouring regions of this graph. Both procedures involve a similarity measure between graph regions. A string codification is used to represent the sequence of outlining edges of a region. Thus, the simila- rity between two regions is defined in terms of the string edit distance between their boundary strings. The use of string matching allows the recognition method to work also under presence of distortion.  
  Address Nancy, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ SLE1997 Serial 1498  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Garcia edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Statistical Models of the Architecture and Function of the Left Ventricle Type Book Whole
  Year 2009 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiovascular Diseases, specially those affecting the Left Ventricle (LV), are the leading cause of death in developed countries with approximately a 30% of all global deaths. In order to address this public health concern, physicians focus on diagnosis and therapy planning. On one hand, early and accurate detection of Regional Wall Motion Abnormalities (RWMA) significantly contributes to a quick diagnosis and prevents the patient to reach more severe stages. On the other hand, a thouroughly knowledge of the normal gross anatomy of the LV, as well as, the distribution of its muscular fibers is crucial for designing specific interventions and therapies (such as pacemaker implanction). Statistical models obtained from the analysis of different imaging modalities allow the computation of the normal ranges of variation within a given population. Normality models are a valuable tool for the definition of objective criterions quantifying the degree of (anomalous) deviation of the LV function and anatomy for a given subject. The creation of statistical models involve addressing three main issues: extraction of data from images, definition of a common domain for comparison of data across patients and designing appropriate statistical analysis schemes. In this PhD thesis we present generic image processing tools for the creation of statistical models of the LV anatomy and function. On one hand, we use differential geometry concepts to define a computational framework (the Normalized Parametric Domain, NPD) suitable for the comparison and fusion of several clinical scores obtained over the LV. On the other hand, we present a variational approach (the Harmonic Phase Flow, HPF) for the estimation of myocardial motion that provides dense and continuous vector fields without overestimating motion at injured areas. These tools are used for the creation of statistical models. Regarding anatomy, we obtain an atlas jointly modelling, both, LV gross anatomy and fiber architecture. Regarding function, we compute normality patterns of scores characterizing the (global and local) LV function and explore, for the first time, the configuration of local scores better suited for RWMA detection.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Gar2009a Serial 1499  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; R.Leta edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Modelització 4-Dimensional de la Funció Siatólica del Ventricle Esquerre Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication XIX Congrés de la Societat Catalana de Cardiologia de Barcelona Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 133-134  
  Keywords  
  Abstract L’evolució tecnològica en el tractament de les imatges mèdiques permet reconstruir, amb el software apropiat, imatges tridimensionals de les estructures cardiovasculars i dotar-les de moviment. Les imatges 4D resultants faciliten l’estudi de la fisiopatologia de la insuficiència cardíaca en base als transtorns de l’activació electromecànica ventricular, el que pot ser d’interès en el procés de selecció de pacients candidats a teràpies de resincronització. Presentem els resultats preliminars de la reconstrucció 4D del ventricle esquerre (VE) a partir de les seqüències de tagging miocàrdic del VE.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGC2007 Serial 1505  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Luis Badiella; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Normalized Framework for the Design of Feature Spaces Assessing the Left Ventricular Function Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal TMI  
  Volume 29 Issue 3 Pages 733-745  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A through description of the left ventricle functionality requires combining complementary regional scores. A main limitation is the lack of multiparametric normality models oriented to the assessment of regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA). This paper covers two main topics involved in RWMA assessment. We propose a general framework allowing the fusion and comparison across subjects of different regional scores. Our framework is used to explore which combination of regional scores (including 2-D motion and strains) is better suited for RWMA detection. Our statistical analysis indicates that for a proper (within interobserver variability) identification of RWMA, models should consider motion and extreme strains.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0278-0062 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010b Serial 1507  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; A.Bajo; M.J.Ledesma-Carbayo; C.SantaMarta edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Influence of the temporal resolution on the quantification of displacement fields in cardiac magnetic resonance tagged images Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 35 Issue Pages 785-788  
  Keywords  
  Abstract It is difficult to acquire tagged cardiac MR images with a high temporal and spatial resolution using clinical MR scanners. However, if such images are used for quantifying scores based on motion, it is essential a resolution as high as possible. This paper explores the influence of the temporal resolution of a tagged series on the quantification of myocardial dynamic parameters. To such purpose we have designed a SPAMM (Spatial Modulation of Magnetization) sequence allowing acquisition of sequences at simple and double temporal resolution. Sequences are processed to compute myocardial motion by an automatic technique based on the tracking of the harmonic phase of tagged images (the Harmonic Phase Flow, HPF). The results have been compared to manual tracking of myocardial tags. The error in displacement fields for double resolution sequences reduces 17%.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor Alan Murray  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGB2008 Serial 1508  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Joel Barajas; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Characterization of ventricular torsion in healthy subjects using Gabor filters and a variational framework Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 877-880  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this work, we present a fully automated method for tissue deformation estimation in tagged magnetic resonance images (TMRI). Gabor filter banks, tuned independently for each left ventricle level, provide optimally filtered complex images which phase remains constant along the cardiac cycle. This fact can be thought as the brightness constancy condition required by classical optical flow (OF) methods. Pairs of these filtered sequences, together with a variational formulation are used in a second step to obtain dense continuous deformation maps that we call Harmonic Phase Flow. This method has been used to determine reference values of ventricular torsion (VT) in a set of 8 healthy volunteers. The results encourage the use of VT as a useful parameter for ventricular function assessment in clinical routine.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGB2006a Serial 1509  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Garcia; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Regional motion patterns for the Left Ventricle function assessment Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition ICPR 2008 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-4  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Regional scores (e.g. strain, perfusion) of the Left Ventricle (LV) functionality are playing an increasing role in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases. A main limitation is the lack of normality models for complementary scores oriented to assessment of the LV integrity. This paper introduces an original framework based on a parametrization of the LV domain, which allows comparison across subjects of local physiological measures of different nature. We compute regional normality patterns in a feature space characterizing the LV function. We show the consistency of the model for the regional motion on healthy and hypokinetic pathological cases  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GCP2008 Serial 1510  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Garcia; David Rotger; Francesc Carreras; R.Leta; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Contrast echography segmentation and tracking by trained deformable models Type Conference Article
  Year 2003 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue Pages 173-176  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The objective of this work is to segment the human left ventricle myocardium (LVM) in contrast echocardiography imaging and thus track it along a cardiac cycle in order to extract quantitative data about heart function. Ultrasound images are hard to work with due to their speckle appearance. To overcome this we report the combination of active contour models (ACM) or snakes and active shape models (ASM). The ability of ACM in giving closed and smooth curves in addition to the power of the ASM in producing shapes similar to the ones learned, evoke to a robust algorithm. Meanwhile the snake is attracted towards image main features, ASM acts as a correction factor. The algorithm was tested independently on 180 frames and satisfying results were obtained: in 95% the maximum difference between automatic and experts segmentation was less than 12 pixels.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Centre de Visió per Computador – Dept. Informàtica, UAB Edifici O – Campus UAB, 08193 Bellater Editor  
  Language (up) Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0276-6547 ISBN 0-7803-8170-X Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2003 Serial 1512  
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