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Author Saad Minhas; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Shoaib Ehsan; Katerine Diaz; Ales Leonardis; Antonio Lopez; Klaus McDonald Maier edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title LEE: A photorealistic Virtual Environment for Assessing Driver-Vehicle Interactions in Self-Driving Mode Type Conference Article
  Year 2016 Publication 14th European Conference on Computer Vision Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 9915 Issue Pages 894-900  
  Keywords (up) Simulation environment; Automated Driving; Driver-Vehicle interaction  
  Abstract Photorealistic virtual environments are crucial for developing and testing automated driving systems in a safe way during trials. As commercially available simulators are expensive and bulky, this paper presents a low-cost, extendable, and easy-to-use (LEE) virtual environment with the aim to highlight its utility for level 3 driving automation. In particular, an experiment is performed using the presented simulator to explore the influence of different variables regarding control transfer of the car after the system was driving autonomously in a highway scenario. The results show that the speed of the car at the time when the system needs to transfer the control to the human driver is critical.  
  Address Amsterdam; The Netherlands; October 2016  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ECCVW  
  Notes ADAS;IAM; 600.085; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number MHE2016 Serial 2865  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Petia Radeva; Joan Serrat; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A snake for model-based segmentation Type Conference Article
  Year 1995 Publication Proc. Conf. Fifth Int Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 816-821  
  Keywords (up) snakes; elastic matching; model-based segmenta tion  
  Abstract Despite the promising results of numerous applications, the hitherto proposed snake techniques share some common problems: snake attraction by spurious edge points, snake degeneration (shrinking and attening), convergence and stability of the deformation process, snake initialization and local determination of the parameters of elasticity. We argue here that these problems can be solved only when all the snake aspects are considered. The snakes proposed here implement a new potential eld and external force in order to provide a deformation convergence, attraction by both near and far edges as well as snake behaviour selective according to the edge orientation. Furthermore, we conclude that in the case of model-based seg mentation, the internal force should include structural information about the expected snake shape. Experiments using this kind of snakes for segmenting bones in complex hand radiographs show a signi cant improvement.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;ADAS;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RSM1995 Serial 1634  
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Author Gemma Sanchez; Josep Llados; Enric Marti edit  url
openurl 
  Title Segmentation and analysis of linial texture in plans Type Conference Article
  Year 1997 Publication Intelligence Artificielle et Complexité. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords (up) Structural Texture, Voronoi, Hierarchical Clustering, String Matching.  
  Abstract The problem of texture segmentation and interpretation is one of the main concerns in the field of document analysis. Graphical documents often contain areas characterized by a structural texture whose recognition allows both the document understanding, and its storage in a more compact way. In this work, we focus on structural linial textures of regular repetition contained in plan documents. Starting from an atributed graph which represents the vectorized input image, we develop a method to segment textured areas and recognize their placement rules. We wish to emphasize that the searched textures do not follow a predefined pattern. Minimal closed loops of the input graph are computed, and then hierarchically clustered. In this hierarchical clustering, a distance function between two closed loops is defined in terms of their areas difference and boundary resemblance computed by a string matching procedure. Finally it is noted that, when the texture consists of isolated primitive elements, the same method can be used after computing a Voronoi Tesselation of the input graph.  
  Address Paris, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Paris Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference AERFAI  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ SLM1997 Serial 1649  
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Author Fernando Vilariño; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Novel FLDA Formulation for Numerical Stability Analysis Type Book Chapter
  Year 2004 Publication Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 113 Issue Pages 77-84  
  Keywords (up) Supervised Learning; Linear Discriminant Analysis; Numerical Stability; Computer Vision  
  Abstract Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis (FLDA) is one of the most popular techniques used in classification applying dimensional reduction. The numerical scheme involves the inversion of the within-class scatter matrix, which makes FLDA potentially ill-conditioned when it becomes singular. In this paper we present a novel explicit formulation of FLDA in terms of the eccentricity ratio and eigenvector orientations of the within-class scatter matrix. An analysis of this function will characterize those situations where FLDA response is not reliable because of numerical instability. This can solve common situations of poor classification performance in computer vision.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Editor J. Vitrià, P. Radeva and I. Aguiló  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-1-58603-466-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MV;IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGR2004 Serial 1663  
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Author Marta Diez-Ferrer; Debora Gil; Elena Carreño; Susana Padrones; Samantha Aso edit  url
openurl 
  Title Positive Airway Pressure-Enhanced CT to Improve Virtual Bronchoscopic Navigation Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Thoracic Oncology Abbreviated Journal JTO  
  Volume 12 Issue 1S Pages S596-S597  
  Keywords (up) Thorax CT; diagnosis; Peripheral Pulmonary Nodule  
  Abstract A main weakness of virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN) is unsuccessful segmentation of distal branches approaching peripheral pulmonary nodules (PPN). CT scan acquisition protocol is pivotal for segmentation covering the utmost periphery. We hypothesize that application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) during CT acquisition could improve visualization and segmentation of peripheral bronchi. The purpose of the present pilot study is to compare quality of segmentations under 4 CT acquisition modes: inspiration (INSP), expiration (EXP) and both with CPAP (INSP-CPAP and EXP-CPAP).  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.096; 600.075; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DGC2017a Serial 2883  
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Author Andrew Nolan; Daniel Serrano; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Daniel Ponsa; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Obstacle mapping module for quadrotors on outdoor Search and Rescue operations Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication International Micro Air Vehicle Conference and Flight Competition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords (up) UAV  
  Abstract Obstacle avoidance remains a challenging task for Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAV), due to their limited payload capacity to carry advanced sensors. Unlike larger vehicles, MAV can only carry light weight sensors, for instance a camera, which is our main assumption in this work. We explore passive monocular depth estimation and propose a novel method Position Aided Depth Estimation
(PADE). We analyse PADE performance and compare it against the extensively used Time To Collision (TTC). We evaluate the accuracy, robustness to noise and speed of three Optical Flow (OF) techniques, combined with both depth estimation methods. Our results show PADE is more accurate than TTC at depths between 0-12 meters and is less sensitive to noise. Our findings highlight the potential application of PADE for MAV to perform safe autonomous navigation in
unknown and unstructured environments.
 
  Address Toulouse; France; September 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference IMAV  
  Notes ADAS; 600.054; 600.057;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ NSH2013 Serial 2371  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Albert Teis edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title How Do Conservation Laws Define a Motion Suppression Score in In-Vivo Ivus Sequences? Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symp Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2231-2234  
  Keywords (up) validation standards; IVUS motion compensation; conservation laws.  
  Abstract Evaluation of arterial tissue biomechanics for diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases is an active research field in the biomedical imaging processing area. IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) is a unique tool for such assessment since it reflects tissue morphology and deformation. A proper quantification and visualization of both properties is hindered by vessel structures misalignments introduced by cardiac dynamics. This has encouraged development of IVUS motion compensation techniques. However, there is a lack of an objective evaluation of motion reduction ensuring a reliable clinical application This work reports a novel score, the Conservation of Density Rate (CDR), for validation of motion compensation in in-vivo pullbacks. Synthetic experiments validate the proposed score as measure of motion parameters accuracy; while results in in vivo pullbacks show its reliability in clinical cases.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HTG2007 Serial 1550  
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Author Debora Gil; Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Petia Radeva; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Assessing Artery Motion Compensation in IVUS Type Book Chapter
  Year 2007 Publication Computer Analysis Of Images And Patterns Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 4673 Issue Pages 213-220  
  Keywords (up) validation standards; quality measures; IVUS motion compensation; conservation laws; Fourier development  
  Abstract Cardiac dynamics suppression is a main issue for visual improvement and computation of tissue mechanical properties in IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS). Although in recent times several motion compensation techniques have arisen, there is a lack of objective evaluation of motion reduction in in vivo pullbacks. We consider that the assessment protocol deserves special attention for the sake of a clinical applicability as reliable as possible. Our work focuses on defining a quality measure and a validation protocol assessing IVUS motion compensation. On the grounds of continuum mechanics laws we introduce a novel score measuring motion reduction in in vivo sequences. Synthetic experiments validate the proposed score as measure of motion parameters accuracy; while results in in vivo pullbacks show its reliability in clinical cases.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springerlink Place of Publication Heidelberg Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-540-74271-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRR2007 Serial 1540  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; David Roche; Monica M. S. Matsumoto; Sergio S. Furuie edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Inferring the Performance of Medical Imaging Algorithms Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 14th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6854 Issue Pages 520-528  
  Keywords (up) Validation, Statistical Inference, Medical Imaging Algorithms.  
  Abstract Evaluation of the performance and limitations of medical imaging algorithms is essential to estimate their impact in social, economic or clinical aspects. However, validation of medical imaging techniques is a challenging task due to the variety of imaging and clinical problems involved, as well as, the difficulties for systematically extracting a reliable solely ground truth. Although specific validation protocols are reported in any medical imaging paper, there are still two major concerns: definition of standardized methodologies transversal to all problems and generalization of conclusions to the whole clinical data set.
We claim that both issues would be fully solved if we had a statistical model relating ground truth and the output of computational imaging techniques. Such a statistical model could conclude to what extent the algorithm behaves like the ground truth from the analysis of a sampling of the validation data set. We present a statistical inference framework reporting the agreement and describing the relationship of two quantities. We show its transversality by applying it to validation of two different tasks: contour segmentation and landmark correspondence.
 
  Address Sevilla  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Berlin Editor Pedro Real; Daniel Diaz-Pernil; Helena Molina-Abril; Ainhoa Berciano; Walter Kropatsch  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title L Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIP  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2011 Serial 1676  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carles Sanchez; Debora Gil; Antoni Rosell; Albert Andaluz; F. Javier Sanchez edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Segmentation of Tracheal Rings in Videobronchoscopy combining Geometry and Appearance Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue Pages 153--161  
  Keywords (up) Video-bronchoscopy, tracheal ring segmentation, trachea geometric and appearance model  
  Abstract Videobronchoscopy is a medical imaging technique that allows interactive navigation inside the respiratory pathways and minimal invasive interventions. Tracheal procedures are ordinary interventions that require measurement of the percentage of obstructed pathway for injury (stenosis) assessment. Visual assessment of stenosis in videobronchoscopic sequences requires high expertise of trachea anatomy and is prone to human error. Accurate detection of tracheal rings is the basis for automated estimation of the size of stenosed trachea. Processing of videobronchoscopic images acquired at the operating room is a challenging task due to the wide range of artifacts and acquisition conditions. We present a model of the geometric-appearance of tracheal rings for its detection in videobronchoscopic videos. Experiments on sequences acquired at the operating room, show a performance close to inter-observer variability  
  Address Barcelona; February 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher SciTePress Place of Publication Portugal Editor Sebastiano Battiato and José Braz  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-989-8565-47-1 Medium  
  Area 800 Expedition Conference VISAPP  
  Notes IAM;MV; 600.044; 600.047; 600.060; 605.203 Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ SGR2013 Serial 2123  
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