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Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Manifold parametrization of the left ventricle for a statistical modelling of its complete anatomy Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication 8th Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7623 Issue (up) 762304 Pages 304  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Distortion of Left Ventricle (LV) external anatomy is related to some dysfunctions, such as hypertrophy. The architecture of myocardial fibers determines LV electromechanical activation patterns as well as mechanics. Thus, their joined modelling would allow the design of specific interventions (such as peacemaker implantation and LV remodelling) and therapies (such as resynchronization). On one hand, accurate modelling of external anatomy requires either a dense sampling or a continuous infinite dimensional approach, which requires non-Euclidean statistics. On the other hand, computation of fiber models requires statistics on Riemannian spaces. Most approaches compute separate statistical models for external anatomy and fibers architecture. In this work we propose a general mathematical framework based on differential geometry concepts for computing a statistical model including, both, external and fiber anatomy. Our framework provides a continuous approach to external anatomy supporting standard statistics. We also provide a straightforward formula for the computation of the Riemannian fiber statistics. We have applied our methodology to the computation of complete anatomical atlas of canine hearts from diffusion tensor studies. The orientation of fibers over the average external geometry agrees with the segmental description of orientations reported in the literature.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher SPIE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference SPIE  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010a Serial 1522  
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Author Jaume Garcia edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Generalized Active Shape Models Applied to Cardiac Function Analysis Type Report
  Year 2004 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) 78 Pages  
  Keywords Cardiac Analysis; Deformable Models; Active Contour Models; Active Shape Models; Tagged MRI; HARP; Contrast Echocardiography.  
  Abstract Medical imaging is very useful in the assessment and treatment of many diseases. To deal with the great amount of data provided by imaging scanners and extract quantitative information that physicians can interpret, many analysis algorithms have been developed. Any process of analysis always consists of a first step of segmenting some particular structure. In medical imaging, structures are not always well defined and suffer from noise artifacts thus, ordinary segmentation methods are not well suited. The ones that seem to give better results are those based on deformable models. Nevertheless, despite their capability of mixing image features together with smoothness constraints that may compensate for image irregularities, these are naturally local methods, i. e., each node of the active contour evolve taking into account information about its neighbors and some other weak constraints about flexibility and smoothness, but not about the global shape that they should find. Due to the fact that structures to be segmented are the same for all cases but with some inter and intra-patient variation, the incorporation of a priori knowledge about shape in the segmentation method will provide robustness to it. Active Shape Models is an algorithm based on the creation of a shape model called Point Distribution Model. It performs a segmentation using only shapes similar than those previously learned from a training set that capture most of the variation presented by the structure. This algorithm works by updating shape nodes along a normal segment which often can be too restrictive. For this reason we propose a generalization of this algorithm that we call Generalized Active Shape Models and fully integrates the a priori knowledge given by the Point Distribution Model with deformable models or any other appropriate segmentation method. Two different applications to cardiac imaging of this generalized method are developed and promising results are shown.  
  Address CVC (UAB)  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Gar2004 Serial 1513  
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Author Maurizio Mencuccini; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta; Josep Piñol; Lasse Loepfe; Mireia Burnat ; Xavier Alvarez; Juan Camacho; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A quantitative and statistically robust method for the determination of xylem conduit spatial distribution Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication American Journal of Botany Abbreviated Journal AJB  
  Volume 97 Issue (up) 8 Pages 1247-1259  
  Keywords Geyer; hydraulic conductivity; point pattern analysis; Ripley; Spatstat; vessel clusters; xylem anatomy; xylem network  
  Abstract Premise of the study: Because of their limited length, xylem conduits need to connect to each other to maintain water transport from roots to leaves. Conduit spatial distribution in a cross section plays an important role in aiding this connectivity. While indices of conduit spatial distribution already exist, they are not well defined statistically. * Methods: We used point pattern analysis to derive new spatial indices. One hundred and five cross-sectional images from different species were transformed into binary images. The resulting point patterns, based on the locations of the conduit centers-of-area, were analyzed to determine whether they departed from randomness. Conduit distribution was then modeled using a spatially explicit stochastic model. * Key results: The presence of conduit randomness, uniformity, or aggregation depended on the spatial scale of the analysis. The large majority of the images showed patterns significantly different from randomness at least at one spatial scale. A strong phylogenetic signal was detected in the spatial variables. * Conclusions: Conduit spatial arrangement has been largely conserved during evolution, especially at small spatial scales. Species in which conduits were aggregated in clusters had a lower conduit density compared to those with uniform distribution. Statistically sound spatial indices must be employed as an aid in the characterization of distributional patterns across species and in models of xylem water transport. Point pattern analysis is a very useful tool in identifying spatial patterns.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MMG2010 Serial 1623  
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Author Oriol Pujol; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Fundamentals of Stop and Go active models Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Image and Vision Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 23 Issue (up) 8 Pages 681-691  
  Keywords Deformable models; Geodesic snakes; Region-based segmentation  
  Abstract An efficient snake formulation should conform to the idea of picking the smoothest curve among all the shapes approximating an object of interest. In current geodesic snakes, the regularizing curvature also affects the convergence stage, hindering the latter at concave regions. In the present work, we make use of characteristic functions to define a novel geodesic formulation that decouples regularity and convergence. This term decoupling endows the snake with higher adaptability to non-convex shapes. Convergence is ensured by splitting the definition of the external force into an attractive vector field and a repulsive one. In our paper, we propose to use likelihood maps as approximation of characteristic functions of object appearance. The better efficiency and accuracy of our decoupled scheme are illustrated in the particular case of feature space-based segmentation.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Butterworth-Heinemann Place of Publication Newton, MA, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0262-8856 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGR2005 Serial 1629  
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Author Petia Radeva; Amir Amini; Jintao Huang; Enric Marti edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Deformable B-Solids: application for localization and tracking of MRI-SPAMM data Type Report
  Year 1996 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) 8 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract To date, MRI-SPAMM data from different image slices have been analyzed independently. In this paper, we propose an approach for 3D tag localization and tracking of SPAMM data by a novel deformable B-solid. The solid is defined in terms of a 3D tensor product B-spline. The isoparametric curves of the B-spline solid have special importance. These are termed implicit snakes as they deform under image forces from tag lines in different image slices. The localization and tracking of tag lines is performed under constraints of continuity and smoothness of the B-solid. The framework unifies the problems of localization, and displacement fitting and interpolation into the same procedure utilizing B-spline bases for interpolation. To track motion from boundaries and restrict image forces to the myocardium, a volumetric model is employed as a pair of coupled endocardial and epicardial B-spline surfaces. To recover deformations in the LV an energy-minimization problem is posed where both tag and ...  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher CVC (UAB) Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RHM1996 Serial 1631  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Automatic adventitia segmentation in IntraVascular UltraSound images Type Report
  Year 2005 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) 85 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A usual tool in cardiac disease diagnosis is vessel plaque assessment by analysis of IVUS sequences. Manual detection of lumen-intima, intima-media and media-adventitia vessel borders is the main activity of physicians in the process of plaque quantification. Large variety in vessel border descriptors, as well as, shades, artifacts and blurred response due to ultrasound physical properties troubles automated media-adventitia segmentation. This experimental work presents a solution to such a complex problem. The process blends advanced anisotropic filtering operators and statistic classification techniques, achieving an efficient vessel border modelling strategy. First of all, we introduce the theoretic base of the method. After that, we show the steps of the algorithm, validating the method with statistics that show that the media-adventitia border detection achieves an accuracy in the range of inter-observer variability regardless of plaque nature, vessel geometry and incomplete vessel borders. Finally, we present a little Matlab application to the automatic media-adventitia border.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Her2005 Serial 1544  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A Deterministic-Statistical Strategy for Adventitia Segmentation in IVUS images Type Report
  Year 2005 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) 89 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A useful tool for some specific studies in cardiac disease diagnosis is vessel plaque assessment by analysis of IVUS sequences. Manual detection of luminal (inner) and media-adventitia (external) vessel borders is the main activity of physicians in the process of lumen narrowing (plaque) quantification. Difficult definition of vessel border descriptors, as well as, shades, artifacts and blurred signal response due to ultrasound physical properties troubles automated adventitia segmentation. In order to efficiently approach such a complex problem, we propose blending advanced anisotropic filtering operators and statistical classification techniques into a vessel border modelling strategy. Our systematic statistical analysis shows that the reported adventitia detection achieves an accuracy in the range of inter-observer variability regardless of plaque nature, vessel geometry and incomplete vessel borders.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2005a Serial 1548  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Mireia Brunat;Steven Jansen; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Structure-preserving smoothing of biomedical images Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 44 Issue (up) 9 Pages 1842-1851  
  Keywords Non-linear smoothing; Differential geometry; Anatomical structures; segmentation; Cardiac magnetic resonance; Computerized tomography  
  Abstract Smoothing of biomedical images should preserve gray-level transitions between adjacent tissues, while restoring contours consistent with anatomical structures. Anisotropic diffusion operators are based on image appearance discontinuities (either local or contextual) and might fail at weak inter-tissue transitions. Meanwhile, the output of block-wise and morphological operations is prone to present a block structure due to the shape and size of the considered pixel neighborhood. In this contribution, we use differential geometry concepts to define a diffusion operator that restricts to image consistent level-sets. In this manner, the final state is a non-uniform intensity image presenting homogeneous inter-tissue transitions along anatomical structures, while smoothing intra-structure texture. Experiments on different types of medical images (magnetic resonance, computerized tomography) illustrate its benefit on a further process (such as segmentation) of images.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0031-3203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GHB2011 Serial 1526  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Inhibition of false landmarks Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 27 Issue (up) 9 Pages 1022-1030  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Corners and junctions are landmarks characterized by the lack of differentiability in the unit tangent to the image level curve. Detectors based on differential operators are not, by their own definition, the best posed as they require a higher degree of differentiability to yield a reliable response. We argue that a corner detector should be based on the degree of continuity of the tangent vector to the image level sets, work on the image domain and need no assumptions on neither the image local structure nor the particular geometry of the corner/junction. An operator measuring the degree of differentiability of the projection matrix on the image gradient fulfills the above requirements. Because using smoothing kernels leads to corner misplacement, we suggest an alternative fake response remover based on the receptive field inhibition of spurious details. The combination of both orientation discontinuity detection and noise inhibition produce our inhibition orientation energy (IOE) landmark locator.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Inc. Place of Publication New York, NY, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0167-8655 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GiR2006 Serial 1529  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti edit  openurl
  Title Análisis de elementos gráficos en documentos Type Report
  Year 1996 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue (up) 9 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract En este texto se presenta un estudio sobre las t’ecnicas y aplicaciones de an’alisis de documentos, y más concretamente abordando la problem’atica del an’alisis de de entidades gr’aficas. El ’area de an’alisis de documentos tiene como objetivo la interpretaci’on de documentos impresos sobre papel por m’etodos computacionales, para obtener una descripci’on con un alto nivel de abstracci’on, que permita su posterior tratamiento y archivo por m’etodos inform’aticos. Este objetivo, junto a los trabajos realizados hasta el momento, le otorgan a esta ’area un amplio ’ambito de aplicaciones para la manipulaci’on y archivo de documentos sobre papel, que puede llegar a significar un salto cualitativo importante (del papel al disco ’optico) en el uso de soportes de informaci’on, debido a las importantes prestaciones de acceso y capacidad de archivo que suponen los medios inform’aticos. Generalmente los documentos son introducidos en los sistemas de an’alisis de documentos mediante scanner, obt...  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Computer Vision Centre Place of Publication CVC UAB Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Mar1996 Serial 1587  
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