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Author Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Pau Torras; Jialuo Chen; Alicia Fornes edit  url
openurl 
  Title An Evaluation of Handwritten Text Recognition Methods for Historical Ciphered Manuscripts Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication 7th International Workshop on Historical Document Imaging and Processing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 7-12  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper investigates the effectiveness of different deep learning HTR families, including LSTM, Seq2Seq, and transformer-based approaches with self-supervised pretraining, in recognizing ciphered manuscripts from different historical periods and cultures. The goal is to identify the most suitable method or training techniques for recognizing ciphered manuscripts and to provide insights into the challenges and opportunities in this field of research. We evaluate the performance of these models on several datasets of ciphered manuscripts and discuss their results. This study contributes to the development of more accurate and efficient methods for recognizing historical manuscripts for the preservation and dissemination of our cultural heritage.  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference HIP  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ STC2023 Serial 3849  
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Author Pau Torras; Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Sanket Biswas; Alicia Fornes edit  url
openurl 
  Title Segmentation-Free Alignment of Arbitrary Symbol Transcripts to Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2023 Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14193 Issue Pages 83-93  
  Keywords Historical Manuscripts; Symbol Alignment  
  Abstract Developing arbitrary symbol recognition systems is a challenging endeavour. Even using content-agnostic architectures such as few-shot models, performance can be substantially improved by providing a number of well-annotated examples into training. In some contexts, transcripts of the symbols are available without any position information associated to them, which enables using line-level recognition architectures. A way of providing this position information to detection-based architectures is finding systems that can align the input symbols with the transcription. In this paper we discuss some symbol alignment techniques that are suitable for low-data scenarios and provide an insight on their perceived strengths and weaknesses. In particular, we study the usage of Connectionist Temporal Classification models, Attention-Based Sequence to Sequence models and we compare them with the results obtained on a few-shot recognition system.  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ TSS2023 Serial 3850  
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Author Marwa Dhiaf; Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Kai Wang; Yuyang Liu; Yousri Kessentini; Alicia Fornes; Ahmed Cheikh Rouhou edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title CSSL-MHTR: Continual Self-Supervised Learning for Scalable Multi-script Handwritten Text Recognition Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2023 Publication Arxiv Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Abstract Self-supervised learning has recently emerged as a strong alternative in document analysis. These approaches are now capable of learning high-quality image representations and overcoming the limitations of supervised methods, which require a large amount of labeled data. However, these methods are unable to capture new knowledge in an incremental fashion, where data is presented to the model sequentially, which is closer to the realistic scenario. In this paper, we explore the potential of continual self-supervised learning to alleviate the catastrophic forgetting problem in handwritten text recognition, as an example of sequence recognition. Our method consists in adding intermediate layers called adapters for each task, and efficiently distilling knowledge from the previous model while learning the current task. Our proposed framework is efficient in both computation and memory complexity. To demonstrate its effectiveness, we evaluate our method by transferring the learned model to diverse text recognition downstream tasks, including Latin and non-Latin scripts. As far as we know, this is the first application of continual self-supervised learning for handwritten text recognition. We attain state-of-the-art performance on English, Italian and Russian scripts, whilst adding only a few parameters per task. The code and trained models will be publicly available.  
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  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DSW2023 Serial 3851  
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Author Mickael Coustaty; Alicia Fornes edit  url
openurl 
  Title Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2023 Workshops Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2023 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2023 Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14194 Issue 2 Pages  
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  Abstract  
  Address San Jose; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CoF2023 Serial 3852  
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Author Francesc Net; Marc Folia; Pep Casals; Lluis Gomez edit  url
openurl 
  Title Transductive Learning for Near-Duplicate Image Detection in Scanned Photo Collections Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication 17th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14191 Issue Pages 3-17  
  Keywords Image deduplication; Near-duplicate images detection; Transductive Learning; Photographic Archives; Deep Learning  
  Abstract This paper presents a comparative study of near-duplicate image detection techniques in a real-world use case scenario, where a document management company is commissioned to manually annotate a collection of scanned photographs. Detecting duplicate and near-duplicate photographs can reduce the time spent on manual annotation by archivists. This real use case differs from laboratory settings as the deployment dataset is available in advance, allowing the use of transductive learning. We propose a transductive learning approach that leverages state-of-the-art deep learning architectures such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and Vision Transformers (ViTs). Our approach involves pre-training a deep neural network on a large dataset and then fine-tuning the network on the unlabeled target collection with self-supervised learning. The results show that the proposed approach outperforms the baseline methods in the task of near-duplicate image detection in the UKBench and an in-house private dataset.  
  Address San Jose; CA; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ NFC2023 Serial 3859  
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Author Khanh Nguyen; Ali Furkan Biten; Andres Mafla; Lluis Gomez; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit  url
openurl 
  Title Show, Interpret and Tell: Entity-Aware Contextualised Image Captioning in Wikipedia Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 37th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 37 Issue 2 Pages 1940-1948  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Humans exploit prior knowledge to describe images, and are able to adapt their explanation to specific contextual information given, even to the extent of inventing plausible explanations when contextual information and images do not match. In this work, we propose the novel task of captioning Wikipedia images by integrating contextual knowledge. Specifically, we produce models that jointly reason over Wikipedia articles, Wikimedia images and their associated descriptions to produce contextualized captions. The same Wikimedia image can be used to illustrate different articles, and the produced caption needs to be adapted to the specific context allowing us to explore the limits of the model to adjust captions to different contextual information. Dealing with out-of-dictionary words and Named Entities is a challenging task in this domain. To address this, we propose a pre-training objective, Masked Named Entity Modeling (MNEM), and show that this pretext task results to significantly improved models. Furthermore, we verify that a model pre-trained in Wikipedia generalizes well to News Captioning datasets. We further define two different test splits according to the difficulty of the captioning task. We offer insights on the role and the importance of each modality and highlight the limitations of our model.  
  Address Washington; USA; February 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference AAAI  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ NBM2023 Serial 3860  
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Author Ayan Banerjee; Sanket Biswas; Josep Llados; Umapada Pal edit  url
openurl 
  Title SwinDocSegmenter: An End-to-End Unified Domain Adaptive Transformer for Document Instance Segmentation Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication 17th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14187 Issue Pages 307–325  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Instance-level segmentation of documents consists in assigning a class-aware and instance-aware label to each pixel of the image. It is a key step in document parsing for their understanding. In this paper, we present a unified transformer encoder-decoder architecture for en-to-end instance segmentation of complex layouts in document images. The method adapts a contrastive training with a mixed query selection for anchor initialization in the decoder. Later on, it performs a dot product between the obtained query embeddings and the pixel embedding map (coming from the encoder) for semantic reasoning. Extensive experimentation on competitive benchmarks like PubLayNet, PRIMA, Historical Japanese (HJ), and TableBank demonstrate that our model with SwinL backbone achieves better segmentation performance than the existing state-of-the-art approaches with the average precision of 93.72, 54.39, 84.65 and 98.04 respectively under one billion parameters. The code is made publicly available at: github.com/ayanban011/SwinDocSegmenter .  
  Address San Jose; CA; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BBL2023 Serial 3893  
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Author Wenwen Yu; Chengquan Zhang; Haoyu Cao; Wei Hua; Bohan Li; Huang Chen; Mingyu Liu; Mingrui Chen; Jianfeng Kuang; Mengjun Cheng; Yuning Du; Shikun Feng; Xiaoguang Hu; Pengyuan Lyu; Kun Yao; Yuechen Yu; Yuliang Liu; Wanxiang Che; Errui Ding; Cheng-Lin Liu; Jiebo Luo; Shuicheng Yan; Min Zhang; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Xing Sun; Jingdong Wang; Xiang Bai edit  url
openurl 
  Title ICDAR 2023 Competition on Structured Text Extraction from Visually-Rich Document Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication 17th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14188 Issue Pages 536–552  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Structured text extraction is one of the most valuable and challenging application directions in the field of Document AI. However, the scenarios of past benchmarks are limited, and the corresponding evaluation protocols usually focus on the submodules of the structured text extraction scheme. In order to eliminate these problems, we organized the ICDAR 2023 competition on Structured text extraction from Visually-Rich Document images (SVRD). We set up two tracks for SVRD including Track 1: HUST-CELL and Track 2: Baidu-FEST, where HUST-CELL aims to evaluate the end-to-end performance of Complex Entity Linking and Labeling, and Baidu-FEST focuses on evaluating the performance and generalization of Zero-shot/Few-shot Structured Text extraction from an end-to-end perspective. Compared to the current document benchmarks, our two tracks of competition benchmark enriches the scenarios greatly and contains more than 50 types of visually-rich document images (mainly from the actual enterprise applications). The competition opened on 30th December, 2022 and closed on 24th March, 2023. There are 35 participants and 91 valid submissions received for Track 1, and 15 participants and 26 valid submissions received for Track 2. In this report we will presents the motivation, competition datasets, task definition, evaluation protocol, and submission summaries. According to the performance of the submissions, we believe there is still a large gap on the expected information extraction performance for complex and zero-shot scenarios. It is hoped that this competition will attract many researchers in the field of CV and NLP, and bring some new thoughts to the field of Document AI.  
  Address San Jose; CA; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ YZC2023 Serial 3896  
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Author Wenwen Yu; Mingyu Liu; Mingrui Chen; Ning Lu; Yinlong We; Yuliang Liu; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Xiang Bai edit  url
openurl 
  Title ICDAR 2023 Competition on Reading the Seal Title Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication 17th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14188 Issue Pages 522–535  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Reading seal title text is a challenging task due to the variable shapes of seals, curved text, background noise, and overlapped text. However, this important element is commonly found in official and financial scenarios, and has not received the attention it deserves in the field of OCR technology. To promote research in this area, we organized ICDAR 2023 competition on reading the seal title (ReST), which included two tasks: seal title text detection (Task 1) and end-to-end seal title recognition (Task 2). We constructed a dataset of 10,000 real seal data, covering the most common classes of seals, and labeled all seal title texts with text polygons and text contents. The competition opened on 30th December, 2022 and closed on 20th March, 2023. The competition attracted 53 participants and received 135 submissions from academia and industry, including 28 participants and 72 submissions for Task 1, and 25 participants and 63 submissions for Task 2, which demonstrated significant interest in this challenging task. In this report, we present an overview of the competition, including the organization, challenges, and results. We describe the dataset and tasks, and summarize the submissions and evaluation results. The results show that significant progress has been made in the field of seal title text reading, and we hope that this competition will inspire further research and development in this important area of OCR technology.  
  Address San Jose; CA; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ YLC2023 Serial 3897  
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Author Weijia Wu; Yuzhong Zhao; Zhuang Li; Jiahong Li; Mike Zheng Shou; Umapada Pal; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Xiang Bai edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title ICDAR 2023 Competition on Video Text Reading for Dense and Small Text Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2023 Publication 17th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14188 Issue Pages 405–419  
  Keywords Video Text Spotting; Small Text; Text Tracking; Dense Text  
  Abstract Recently, video text detection, tracking and recognition in natural scenes are becoming very popular in the computer vision community. However, most existing algorithms and benchmarks focus on common text cases (e.g., normal size, density) and single scenario, while ignore extreme video texts challenges, i.e., dense and small text in various scenarios. In this competition report, we establish a video text reading benchmark, named DSText, which focuses on dense and small text reading challenge in the video with various scenarios. Compared with the previous datasets, the proposed dataset mainly include three new challenges: 1) Dense video texts, new challenge for video text spotter. 2) High-proportioned small texts. 3) Various new scenarios, e.g., ‘Game’, ‘Sports’, etc. The proposed DSText includes 100 video clips from 12 open scenarios, supporting two tasks (i.e., video text tracking (Task 1) and end-to-end video text spotting (Task2)). During the competition period (opened on 15th February, 2023 and closed on 20th March, 2023), a total of 24 teams participated in the three proposed tasks with around 30 valid submissions, respectively. In this article, we describe detailed statistical information of the dataset, tasks, evaluation protocols and the results summaries of the ICDAR 2023 on DSText competition. Moreover, we hope the benchmark will promise the video text research in the community.  
  Address San Jose; CA; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ WZL2023 Serial 3898  
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