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Author Oriol Ramos Terrades; Albert Berenguel; Debora Gil edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A Flexible Outlier Detector Based on a Topology Given by Graph Communities Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2022 Publication Big Data Research Abbreviated Journal BDR  
  Volume 29 Issue Pages 100332  
  Keywords Classification algorithms; Detection algorithms; Description of feature space local structure; Graph communities; Machine learning algorithms; Outlier detectors  
  Abstract Outlier detection is essential for optimal performance of machine learning methods and statistical predictive models. Their detection is especially determinant in small sample size unbalanced problems, since in such settings outliers become highly influential and significantly bias models. This particular experimental settings are usual in medical applications, like diagnosis of rare pathologies, outcome of experimental personalized treatments or pandemic emergencies. In contrast to population-based methods, neighborhood based local approaches compute an outlier score from the neighbors of each sample, are simple flexible methods that have the potential to perform well in small sample size unbalanced problems. A main concern of local approaches is the impact that the computation of each sample neighborhood has on the method performance. Most approaches use a distance in the feature space to define a single neighborhood that requires careful selection of several parameters, like the number of neighbors.
This work presents a local approach based on a local measure of the heterogeneity of sample labels in the feature space considered as a topological manifold. Topology is computed using the communities of a weighted graph codifying mutual nearest neighbors in the feature space. This way, we provide with a set of multiple neighborhoods able to describe the structure of complex spaces without parameter fine tuning. The extensive experiments on real-world and synthetic data sets show that our approach outperforms, both, local and global strategies in multi and single view settings.
 
  Address August 28, 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; IAM; 600.140; 600.121; 600.139; 600.145; 600.159 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3718  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Pau Riba; Lutz Goldmann; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Diede Rusticus; Alicia Fornes; Josep Llados edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Table detection in business document images by message passing networks Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2022 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 127 Issue Pages 108641  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Tabular structures in business documents offer a complementary dimension to the raw textual data. For instance, there is information about the relationships among pieces of information. Nowadays, digital mailroom applications have become a key service for workflow automation. Therefore, the detection and interpretation of tables is crucial. With the recent advances in information extraction, table detection and recognition has gained interest in document image analysis, in particular, with the absence of rule lines and unknown information about rows and columns. However, business documents usually contain sensitive contents limiting the amount of public benchmarking datasets. In this paper, we propose a graph-based approach for detecting tables in document images which do not require the raw content of the document. Hence, the sensitive content can be previously removed and, instead of using the raw image or textual content, we propose a purely structural approach to keep sensitive data anonymous. Our framework uses graph neural networks (GNNs) to describe the local repetitive structures that constitute a table. In particular, our main application domain are business documents. We have carefully validated our approach in two invoice datasets and a modern document benchmark. Our experiments demonstrate that tables can be detected by purely structural approaches.  
  Address July 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.162; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3729  
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Author Pau Torras; Arnau Baro; Alicia Fornes; Lei Kang edit  url
openurl 
  Title Improving Handwritten Music Recognition through Language Model Integration Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2022 Publication 4th International Workshop on Reading Music Systems (WoRMS2022) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 42-46  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Handwritten Music Recognition, especially in the historical domain, is an inherently challenging endeavour; paper degradation artefacts and the ambiguous nature of handwriting make recognising such scores an error-prone process, even for the current state-of-the-art Sequence to Sequence models. In this work we propose a way of reducing the production of statistically implausible output sequences by fusing a Language Model into a recognition Sequence to Sequence model. The idea is leveraging visually-conditioned and context-conditioned output distributions in order to automatically find and correct any mistakes that would otherwise break context significantly. We have found this approach to improve recognition results to 25.15 SER (%) from a previous best of 31.79 SER (%) in the literature.  
  Address November 18, 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference WoRMS  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.162; 602.230 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3735  
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Author S.K. Jemni; Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Yousri Kessentini; Alicia Fornes edit  url
openurl 
  Title Enhance to Read Better: A Multi-Task Adversarial Network for Handwritten Document Image Enhancement Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2022 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 123 Issue Pages 108370  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Handwritten document images can be highly affected by degradation for different reasons: Paper ageing, daily-life scenarios (wrinkles, dust, etc.), bad scanning process and so on. These artifacts raise many readability issues for current Handwritten Text Recognition (HTR) algorithms and severely devalue their efficiency. In this paper, we propose an end to end architecture based on Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) to recover the degraded documents into a and form. Unlike the most well-known document binarization methods, which try to improve the visual quality of the degraded document, the proposed architecture integrates a handwritten text recognizer that promotes the generated document image to be more readable. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to use the text information while binarizing handwritten documents. Extensive experiments conducted on degraded Arabic and Latin handwritten documents demonstrate the usefulness of integrating the recognizer within the GAN architecture, which improves both the visual quality and the readability of the degraded document images. Moreover, we outperform the state of the art in H-DIBCO challenges, after fine tuning our pre-trained model with synthetically degraded Latin handwritten images, on this task.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.124; 600.121; 602.230 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ JSK2022 Serial 3613  
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Author Adria Molina; Pau Riba; Lluis Gomez; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Josep Llados edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Date Estimation in the Wild of Scanned Historical Photos: An Image Retrieval Approach Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12822 Issue Pages 306-320  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents a novel method for date estimation of historical photographs from archival sources. The main contribution is to formulate the date estimation as a retrieval task, where given a query, the retrieved images are ranked in terms of the estimated date similarity. The closer are their embedded representations the closer are their dates. Contrary to the traditional models that design a neural network that learns a classifier or a regressor, we propose a learning objective based on the nDCG ranking metric. We have experimentally evaluated the performance of the method in two different tasks: date estimation and date-sensitive image retrieval, using the DEW public database, overcoming the baseline methods.  
  Address Lausanne; Suissa; September 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.140; 110.312 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MRG2021b Serial 3571  
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Author Albert Suso; Pau Riba; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Josep Llados edit  url
openurl 
  Title A Self-supervised Inverse Graphics Approach for Sketch Parametrization Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12916 Issue Pages 28-42  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The study of neural generative models of handwritten text and human sketches is a hot topic in the computer vision field. The landmark SketchRNN provided a breakthrough by sequentially generating sketches as a sequence of waypoints, and more recent articles have managed to generate fully vector sketches by coding the strokes as Bézier curves. However, the previous attempts with this approach need them all a ground truth consisting in the sequence of points that make up each stroke, which seriously limits the datasets the model is able to train in. In this work, we present a self-supervised end-to-end inverse graphics approach that learns to embed each image to its best fit of Bézier curves. The self-supervised nature of the training process allows us to train the model in a wider range of datasets, but also to perform better after-training predictions by applying an overfitting process on the input binary image. We report qualitative an quantitative evaluations on the MNIST and the Quick, Draw! datasets.  
  Address Lausanne; Suissa; September 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SRR2021 Serial 3675  
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Author Andres Mafla; Rafael S. Rezende; Lluis Gomez; Diana Larlus; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title StacMR: Scene-Text Aware Cross-Modal Retrieval Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2219-2229  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address Virtual; January 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference WACV  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MRG2021a Serial 3492  
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Author Andres Mafla; Ruben Tito; Sounak Dey; Lluis Gomez; Marçal Rusiñol; Ernest Valveny; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit  url
openurl 
  Title Real-time Lexicon-free Scene Text Retrieval Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 110 Issue Pages 107656  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this work, we address the task of scene text retrieval: given a text query, the system returns all images containing the queried text. The proposed model uses a single shot CNN architecture that predicts bounding boxes and builds a compact representation of spotted words. In this way, this problem can be modeled as a nearest neighbor search of the textual representation of a query over the outputs of the CNN collected from the totality of an image database. Our experiments demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms previous state-of-the-art, while offering a significant increase in processing speed and unmatched expressiveness with samples never seen at training time. Several experiments to assess the generalization capability of the model are conducted in a multilingual dataset, as well as an application of real-time text spotting in videos.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.129; 601.338 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MTD2021 Serial 3493  
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Author Andres Mafla; Sounak Dey; Ali Furkan Biten; Lluis Gomez; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Multi-modal reasoning graph for scene-text based fine-grained image classification and retrieval Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 4022-4032  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address Virtual; January 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference WACV  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MDB2021 Serial 3491  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Arka Ujal Dey; Suman Ghosh; Ernest Valveny; Gaurav Harit edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Beyond Visual Semantics: Exploring the Role of Scene Text in Image Understanding Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 149 Issue Pages 164-171  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Images with visual and scene text content are ubiquitous in everyday life. However, current image interpretation systems are mostly limited to using only the visual features, neglecting to leverage the scene text content. In this paper, we propose to jointly use scene text and visual channels for robust semantic interpretation of images. We do not only extract and encode visual and scene text cues, but also model their interplay to generate a contextual joint embedding with richer semantics. The contextual embedding thus generated is applied to retrieval and classification tasks on multimedia images, with scene text content, to demonstrate its effectiveness. In the retrieval framework, we augment our learned text-visual semantic representation with scene text cues, to mitigate vocabulary misses that may have occurred during the semantic embedding. To deal with irrelevant or erroneous recognition of scene text, we also apply query-based attention to our text channel. We show how the multi-channel approach, involving visual semantics and scene text, improves upon state of the art.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DGV2021 Serial 3364  
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