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Author Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Alicia Fornes; Y.Kessentini; C.Tudor edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Few-shot Learning Approach for Historical Encoded Manuscript Recognition Type Conference Article
  Year 2021 Publication 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 5413-5420  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Encoded (or ciphered) manuscripts are a special type of historical documents that contain encrypted text. The automatic recognition of this kind of documents is challenging because: 1) the cipher alphabet changes from one document to another, 2) there is a lack of annotated corpus for training and 3) touching symbols make the symbol segmentation difficult and complex. To overcome these difficulties, we propose a novel method for handwritten ciphers recognition based on few-shot object detection. Our method first detects all symbols of a given alphabet in a line image, and then a decoding step maps the symbol similarity scores to the final sequence of transcribed symbols. By training on synthetic data, we show that the proposed architecture is able to recognize handwritten ciphers with unseen alphabets. In addition, if few labeled pages with the same alphabet are used for fine tuning, our method surpasses existing unsupervised and supervised HTR methods for ciphers recognition.  
  Address Virtual; January 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICPR  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.140 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SFK2021 Serial 3449  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lluis Gomez; Y. Patel; Marçal Rusiñol; C.V. Jawahar; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Self‐supervised learning of visual features through embedding images into text topic spaces Type Conference Article
  Year 2017 Publication 30th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) End-to-end training from scratch of current deep architectures for new computer vision problems would require Imagenet-scale datasets, and this is not always possible. In this paper we present a method that is able to take advantage of freely available multi-modal content to train computer vision algorithms without human supervision. We put forward the idea of performing self-supervised learning of visual features by mining a large scale corpus of multi-modal (text and image) documents. We show that discriminative visual features can be learnt efficiently by training a CNN to predict the semantic context in which a particular image is more probable to appear as an illustration. For this we leverage the hidden semantic structures discovered in the text corpus with a well-known topic modeling technique. Our experiments demonstrate state of the art performance in image classification, object detection, and multi-modal retrieval compared to recent self-supervised or natural-supervised approaches.  
  Address Honolulu; Hawaii; July 2017  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CVPR  
  Notes DAG; 600.084; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GPR2017 Serial 2889  
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Author Ali Furkan Biten; Lluis Gomez; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Let there be a clock on the beach: Reducing Object Hallucination in Image Captioning Type Conference Article
  Year 2022 Publication Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1381-1390  
  Keywords Measurement; Training; Visualization; Analytical models; Computer vision; Computational modeling; Training data  
  Abstract (up) Explaining an image with missing or non-existent objects is known as object bias (hallucination) in image captioning. This behaviour is quite common in the state-of-the-art captioning models which is not desirable by humans. To decrease the object hallucination in captioning, we propose three simple yet efficient training augmentation method for sentences which requires no new training data or increase
in the model size. By extensive analysis, we show that the proposed methods can significantly diminish our models’ object bias on hallucination metrics. Moreover, we experimentally demonstrate that our methods decrease the dependency on the visual features. All of our code, configuration files and model weights are available online.
 
  Address Virtual; Waikoloa; Hawai; USA; January 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference WACV  
  Notes DAG; 600.155; 302.105 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BGK2022 Serial 3662  
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Author Andreas Fischer; Volkmar Frinken; Horst Bunke; Ching Y. Suen edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Improving HMM-Based Keyword Spotting with Character Language Models Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 506-510  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Facing high error rates and slow recognition speed for full text transcription of unconstrained handwriting images, keyword spotting is a promising alternative to locate specific search terms within scanned document images. We have previously proposed a learning-based method for keyword spotting using character hidden Markov models that showed a high performance when compared with traditional template image matching. In the lexicon-free approach pursued, only the text appearance was taken into account for recognition. In this paper, we integrate character n-gram language models into the spotting system in order to provide an additional language context. On the modern IAM database as well as the historical George Washington database, we demonstrate that character language models significantly improve the spotting performance.  
  Address Washington; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-5363 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.045; 605.203 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ FFB2013 Serial 2295  
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Author Youssef El Rhabi; Simon Loic; Brun Luc edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Estimation de la pose d’une caméra à partir d’un flux vidéo en s’approchant du temps réel Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication 15ème édition d'ORASIS, journées francophones des jeunes chercheurs en vision par ordinateur ORASIS2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Augmented Reality; SFM; SLAM; real time pose computation; 2D/3D registration  
  Abstract (up) Finding a way to estimate quickly and robustly the pose of an image is essential in augmented reality. Here we will discuss the approach we chose in order to get closer to real time by using SIFT points [4]. We propose a method based on filtering both SIFT points and images on which to focus on. Hence we will focus on relevant data.  
  Address Amiens; France; June 2015  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ORASIS  
  Notes DAG; 600.077 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RLL2015 Serial 2626  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Pau Riba edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Distilling Structure from Imagery: Graph-based Models for the Interpretation of Document Images Type Book Whole
  Year 2020 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) From its early stages, the community of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision has considered the importance of leveraging the structural information when understanding images. Usually, graphs have been proposed as a suitable model to represent this kind of information due to their flexibility and representational power able to codify both, the components, objects, or entities and their pairwise relationship. Even though graphs have been successfully applied to a huge variety of tasks, as a result of their symbolic and relational nature, graphs have always suffered from some limitations compared to statistical approaches. Indeed, some trivial mathematical operations do not have an equivalence in the graph domain. For instance, in the core of many pattern recognition applications, there is a need to compare two objects. This operation, which is trivial when considering feature vectors defined in \(\mathbb{R}^n\), is not properly defined for graphs.


In this thesis, we have investigated the importance of the structural information from two perspectives, the traditional graph-based methods and the new advances on Geometric Deep Learning. On the one hand, we explore the problem of defining a graph representation and how to deal with it on a large scale and noisy scenario. On the other hand, Graph Neural Networks are proposed to first redefine a Graph Edit Distance methodologies as a metric learning problem, and second, to apply them in a real use case scenario for the detection of repetitive patterns which define tables in invoice documents. As experimental framework, we have validated the different methodological contributions in the domain of Document Image Analysis and Recognition.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Josep Llados;Alicia Fornes  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-121011-6-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Rib20 Serial 3478  
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Author Andrea Gemelli; Sanket Biswas; Enrico Civitelli; Josep Llados; Simone Marinai edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Doc2Graph: A Task Agnostic Document Understanding Framework Based on Graph Neural Networks Type Conference Article
  Year 2022 Publication 17th European Conference on Computer Vision Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 13804 Issue Pages 329–344  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Geometric Deep Learning has recently attracted significant interest in a wide range of machine learning fields, including document analysis. The application of Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) has become crucial in various document-related tasks since they can unravel important structural patterns, fundamental in key information extraction processes. Previous works in the literature propose task-driven models and do not take into account the full power of graphs. We propose Doc2Graph, a task-agnostic document understanding framework based on a GNN model, to solve different tasks given different types of documents. We evaluated our approach on two challenging datasets for key information extraction in form understanding, invoice layout analysis and table detection.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-031-25068-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ECCV-TiE  
  Notes DAG; 600.162; 600.140; 110.312 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GBC2022 Serial 3795  
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Author Miquel Ferrer; Ernest Valveny; F. Serratosa edit  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Median Graph Computation by means of a Genetic Approach Based on Minimum Common Supergraph and Maximum Common Subraph Type Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication 4th Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5524 Issue Pages 346–353  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Given a set of graphs, the median graph has been theoretically presented as a useful concept to infer a representative of the set. However, the computation of the median graph is a highly complex task and its practical application has been very limited up to now. In this work we present a new genetic algorithm for the median graph computation. A set of experiments on real data, where none of the existing algorithms for the median graph computation could be applied up to now due to their computational complexity, show that we obtain good approximations of the median graph. Finally, we use the median graph in a real nearest neighbour classification showing that it leaves the box of the only-theoretical concepts and demonstrating, from a practical point of view, that can be a useful tool to represent a set of graphs.  
  Address Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-02171-8 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference IbPRIA  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number DAG @ dag @ FVS2009c Serial 1174  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Miquel Ferrer; Ernest Valveny; F. Serratosa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Median Graphs: A Genetic Approach based on New Theoretical Properties Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 42 Issue 9 Pages 2003–2012  
  Keywords Median graph; Genetic search; Maximum common subgraph; Graph matching; Structural pattern recognition  
  Abstract (up) Given a set of graphs, the median graph has been theoretically presented as a useful concept to infer a representative of the set. However, the computation of the median graph is a highly complex task and its practical application has been very limited up to now. In this work we present two major contributions. On one side, and from a theoretical point of view, we show new theoretical properties of the median graph. On the other side, using these new properties, we present a new approximate algorithm based on the genetic search, that improves the computation of the median graph. Finally, we perform a set of experiments on real data, where none of the existing algorithms for the median graph computation could be applied up to now due to their computational complexity. With these results, we show how the concept of the median graph can be used in real applications and leaves the box of the only-theoretical concepts, demonstrating, from a practical point of view, that can be a useful tool to represent a set of graphs.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number DAG @ dag @ FVS2009b Serial 1167  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Pau Riba; Andreas Fischer; Josep Llados; Alicia Fornes edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Learning Graph Distances with Message Passing Neural Networks Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication 24th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2239-2244  
  Keywords ★Best Paper Award★  
  Abstract (up) Graph representations have been widely used in pattern recognition thanks to their powerful representation formalism and rich theoretical background. A number of error-tolerant graph matching algorithms such as graph edit distance have been proposed for computing a distance between two labelled graphs. However, they typically suffer from a high
computational complexity, which makes it difficult to apply
these matching algorithms in a real scenario. In this paper, we propose an efficient graph distance based on the emerging field of geometric deep learning. Our method employs a message passing neural network to capture the graph structure and learns a metric with a siamese network approach. The performance of the proposed graph distance is validated in two application cases, graph classification and graph retrieval of handwritten words, and shows a promising performance when compared with
(approximate) graph edit distance benchmarks.
 
  Address Beijing; China; August 2018  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICPR  
  Notes DAG; 600.097; 603.057; 601.302; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RFL2018 Serial 3168  
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