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Author David Aldavert; Marçal Rusiñol; Ricardo Toledo; Josep Llados edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A Study of Bag-of-Visual-Words Representations for Handwritten Keyword Spotting Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal IJDAR  
  Volume 18 Issue 3 Pages 223-234  
  Keywords Bag-of-Visual-Words; Keyword spotting; Handwritten documents; Performance evaluation  
  Abstract The Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoVW) framework has gained popularity among the document image analysis community, specifically as a representation of handwritten words for recognition or spotting purposes. Although in the computer vision field the BoVW method has been greatly improved, most of the approaches in the document image analysis domain still rely on the basic implementation of the BoVW method disregarding such latest refinements. In this paper, we present a review of those improvements and its application to the keyword spotting task. We thoroughly evaluate their impact against a baseline system in the well-known George Washington dataset and compare the obtained results against nine state-of-the-art keyword spotting methods. In addition, we also compare both the baseline and improved systems with the methods presented at the Handwritten Keyword Spotting Competition 2014.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1433-2833 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.055; 600.061; 601.223; 600.077; 600.097 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ ART2015 Serial (down) 2679  
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Author Jiaolong Xu; Sebastian Ramos; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Hierarchical Adaptive Structural SVM for Domain Adaptation Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 119 Issue 2 Pages 159-178  
  Keywords Domain Adaptation; Pedestrian Detection  
  Abstract A key topic in classification is the accuracy loss produced when the data distribution in the training (source) domain differs from that in the testing (target) domain. This is being recognized as a very relevant problem for many
computer vision tasks such as image classification, object detection, and object category recognition. In this paper, we present a novel domain adaptation method that leverages multiple target domains (or sub-domains) in a hierarchical adaptation tree. The core idea is to exploit the commonalities and differences of the jointly considered target domains.
Given the relevance of structural SVM (SSVM) classifiers, we apply our idea to the adaptive SSVM (A-SSVM), which only requires the target domain samples together with the existing source-domain classifier for performing the desired adaptation. Altogether, we term our proposal as hierarchical A-SSVM (HA-SSVM).
As proof of concept we use HA-SSVM for pedestrian detection, object category recognition and face recognition. In the former we apply HA-SSVM to the deformable partbased model (DPM) while in the rest HA-SSVM is applied to multi-category classifiers. We will show how HA-SSVM is effective in increasing the detection/recognition accuracy with respect to adaptation strategies that ignore the structure of the target data. Since, the sub-domains of the target data are not always known a priori, we shown how HA-SSVM can incorporate sub-domain discovery for object category recognition.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.085; 600.082; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ XRV2016 Serial (down) 2669  
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Author Fahad Shahbaz Khan; Jiaolong Xu; Muhammad Anwer Rao; Joost van de Weijer; Andrew Bagdanov; Antonio Lopez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Recognizing Actions through Action-specific Person Detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal TIP  
  Volume 24 Issue 11 Pages 4422-4432  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Action recognition in still images is a challenging problem in computer vision. To facilitate comparative evaluation independently of person detection, the standard evaluation protocol for action recognition uses an oracle person detector to obtain perfect bounding box information at both training and test time. The assumption is that, in practice, a general person detector will provide candidate bounding boxes for action recognition. In this paper, we argue that this paradigm is suboptimal and that action class labels should already be considered during the detection stage. Motivated by the observation that body pose is strongly conditioned on action class, we show that: 1) the existing state-of-the-art generic person detectors are not adequate for proposing candidate bounding boxes for action classification; 2) due to limited training examples, the direct training of action-specific person detectors is also inadequate; and 3) using only a small number of labeled action examples, the transfer learning is able to adapt an existing detector to propose higher quality bounding boxes for subsequent action classification. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to investigate transfer learning for the task of action-specific person detection in still images. We perform extensive experiments on two benchmark data sets: 1) Stanford-40 and 2) PASCAL VOC 2012. For the action detection task (i.e., both person localization and classification of the action performed), our approach outperforms methods based on general person detection by 5.7% mean average precision (MAP) on Stanford-40 and 2.1% MAP on PASCAL VOC 2012. Our approach also significantly outperforms the state of the art with a MAP of 45.4% on Stanford-40 and 31.4% on PASCAL VOC 2012. We also evaluate our action detection approach for the task of action classification (i.e., recognizing actions without localizing them). For this task, our approach, without using any ground-truth person localization at test tim- , outperforms on both data sets state-of-the-art methods, which do use person locations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1057-7149 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; LAMP; 600.076; 600.079 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ KXR2015 Serial (down) 2668  
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Author Mohammad Rouhani; Angel Sappa edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title The Richer Representation the Better Registration Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal TIP  
  Volume 22 Issue 12 Pages 5036-5049  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper, the registration problem is formulated as a point to model distance minimization. Unlike most of the existing works, which are based on minimizing a point-wise correspondence term, this formulation avoids the correspondence search that is time-consuming. In the first stage, the target set is described through an implicit function by employing a linear least squares fitting. This function can be either an implicit polynomial or an implicit B-spline from a coarse to fine representation. In the second stage, we show how the obtained implicit representation is used as an interface to convert point-to-point registration into point-to-implicit problem. Furthermore, we show that this registration distance is smooth and can be minimized through the Levengberg-Marquardt algorithm. All the formulations presented for both stages are compact and easy to implement. In addition, we show that our registration method can be handled using any implicit representation though some are coarse and others provide finer representations; hence, a tradeoff between speed and accuracy can be set by employing the right implicit function. Experimental results and comparisons in 2D and 3D show the robustness and the speed of convergence of the proposed approach.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1057-7149 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RoS2013 Serial (down) 2665  
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Author Enric Marti; J.Roncaries; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Antoni Gurgui; Ferran Poveda edit  doi
openurl 
  Title PBL On Line: A proposal for the organization, part-time monitoring and assessment of PBL group activities Type Journal
  Year 2015 Publication Journal of Technology and Science Education Abbreviated Journal JOTSE  
  Volume 5 Issue 2 Pages 87-96  
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  Notes IAM; ADAS; 600.076; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MRG2015 Serial (down) 2608  
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Author Meysam Madadi; Sergio Escalera; Jordi Gonzalez; Xavier Roca; Felipe Lumbreras edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Multi-part body segmentation based on depth maps for soft biometry analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 56 Issue Pages 14-21  
  Keywords 3D shape context; 3D point cloud alignment; Depth maps; Human body segmentation; Soft biometry analysis  
  Abstract This paper presents a novel method extracting biometric measures using depth sensors. Given a multi-part labeled training data, a new subject is aligned to the best model of the dataset, and soft biometrics such as lengths or circumference sizes of limbs and body are computed. The process is performed by training relevant pose clusters, defining a representative model, and fitting a 3D shape context descriptor within an iterative matching procedure. We show robust measures by applying orthogonal plates to body hull. We test our approach in a novel full-body RGB-Depth data set, showing accurate estimation of soft biometrics and better segmentation accuracy in comparison with random forest approach without requiring large training data.  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes HuPBA; ISE; ADAS; 600.076;600.049; 600.063; 600.054; 302.018;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MEG2015 Serial (down) 2588  
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Author Fahad Shahbaz Khan; Muhammad Anwer Rao; Joost van de Weijer; Michael Felsberg; J.Laaksonen edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Compact color texture description for texture classification Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 51 Issue Pages 16-22  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Describing textures is a challenging problem in computer vision and pattern recognition. The classification problem involves assigning a category label to the texture class it belongs to. Several factors such as variations in scale, illumination and viewpoint make the problem of texture description extremely challenging. A variety of histogram based texture representations exists in literature.
However, combining multiple texture descriptors and assessing their complementarity is still an open research problem. In this paper, we first show that combining multiple local texture descriptors significantly improves the recognition performance compared to using a single best method alone. This
gain in performance is achieved at the cost of high-dimensional final image representation. To counter this problem, we propose to use an information-theoretic compression technique to obtain a compact texture description without any significant loss in accuracy. In addition, we perform a comprehensive
evaluation of pure color descriptors, popular in object recognition, for the problem of texture classification. Experiments are performed on four challenging texture datasets namely, KTH-TIPS-2a, KTH-TIPS-2b, FMD and Texture-10. The experiments clearly demonstrate that our proposed compact multi-texture approach outperforms the single best texture method alone. In all cases, discriminative color names outperforms other color features for texture classification. Finally, we show that combining discriminative color names with compact texture representation outperforms state-of-the-art methods by 7:8%, 4:3% and 5:0% on KTH-TIPS-2a, KTH-TIPS-2b and Texture-10 datasets respectively.
 
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes LAMP; 600.068; 600.079;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ KRW2015a Serial (down) 2587  
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Author Lluis Pere de las Heras; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Sergi Robles; Gemma Sanchez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title CVC-FP and SGT: a new database for structural floor plan analysis and its groundtruthing tool Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal IJDAR  
  Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 15-30  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Recent results on structured learning methods have shown the impact of structural information in a wide range of pattern recognition tasks. In the field of document image analysis, there is a long experience on structural methods for the analysis and information extraction of multiple types of documents. Yet, the lack of conveniently annotated and free access databases has not benefited the progress in some areas such as technical drawing understanding. In this paper, we present a floor plan database, named CVC-FP, that is annotated for the architectural objects and their structural relations. To construct this database, we have implemented a groundtruthing tool, the SGT tool, that allows to make specific this sort of information in a natural manner. This tool has been made for general purpose groundtruthing: It allows to define own object classes and properties, multiple labeling options are possible, grants the cooperative work, and provides user and version control. We finally have collected some of the recent work on floor plan interpretation and present a quantitative benchmark for this database. Both CVC-FP database and the SGT tool are freely released to the research community to ease comparisons between methods and boost reproducible research.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1433-2833 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.061; 600.076; 600.077 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ HRR2015 Serial (down) 2567  
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Author Francisco Blanco; Felipe Lumbreras; Joan Serrat; Roswitha Siener; Silvia Serranti; Giuseppe Bonifazi; Montserrat Lopez Mesas; Manuel Valiente edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Taking advantage of Hyperspectral Imaging classification of urinary stones against conventional IR Spectroscopy Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Journal of Biomedical Optics Abbreviated Journal JBiO  
  Volume 19 Issue 12 Pages 126004-1 - 126004-9  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The analysis of urinary stones is mandatory for the best management of the disease after the stone passage in order to prevent further stone episodes. Thus the use of an appropriate methodology for an individualized stone analysis becomes a key factor for giving the patient the most suitable treatment. A recently developed hyperspectral imaging methodology, based on pixel-to-pixel analysis of near-infrared spectral images, is compared to the reference technique in stone analysis, infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The developed classification model yields >90% correct classification rate when compared to IR and is able to precisely locate stone components within the structure of the stone with a 15 µm resolution. Due to the little sample pretreatment, low analysis time, good performance of the model, and the automation of the measurements, they become analyst independent; this methodology can be considered to become a routine analysis for clinical laboratories.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BLS2014 Serial (down) 2563  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author M. Olivera; Angel Sappa; Victor Santos edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A probabilistic approach for color correction in image mosaicking applications Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal TIP  
  Volume 14 Issue 2 Pages 508 - 523  
  Keywords Color correction; image mosaicking; color transfer; color palette mapping functions  
  Abstract Image mosaicking applications require both geometrical and photometrical registrations between the images that compose the mosaic. This paper proposes a probabilistic color correction algorithm for correcting the photometrical disparities. First, the image to be color corrected is segmented into several regions using mean shift. Then, connected regions are extracted using a region fusion algorithm. Local joint image histograms of each region are modeled as collections of truncated Gaussians using a maximum likelihood estimation procedure. Then, local color palette mapping functions are computed using these sets of Gaussians. The color correction is performed by applying those functions to all the regions of the image. An extensive comparison with ten other state of the art color correction algorithms is presented, using two different image pair data sets. Results show that the proposed approach obtains the best average scores in both data sets and evaluation metrics and is also the most robust to failures.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1057-7149 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ OSS2015b Serial (down) 2554  
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