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Author Jaume Amores edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Multiple Instance Classification: review, taxonomy and comparative study Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Artificial Intelligence Abbreviated Journal AI  
  Volume 201 Issue Pages 81-105  
  Keywords Multi-instance learning; Codebook; Bag-of-Words  
  Abstract Multiple Instance Learning (MIL) has become an important topic in the pattern recognition community, and many solutions to this problemhave been proposed until now. Despite this fact, there is a lack of comparative studies that shed light into the characteristics and behavior of the different methods. In this work we provide such an analysis focused on the classification task (i.e.,leaving out other learning tasks such as regression). In order to perform our study, we implemented
fourteen methods grouped into three different families. We analyze the performance of the approaches across a variety of well-known databases, and we also study their behavior in synthetic scenarios in order to highlight their characteristics. As a result of this analysis, we conclude that methods that extract global bag-level information show a clearly superior performance in general. In this sense, the analysis permits us to understand why some types of methods are more successful than others, and it permits us to establish guidelines in the design of new MIL
methods.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd. Essex, UK Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-3702 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS; 601.042; 600.057 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Amo2013 Serial 2273  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Amores edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title MILDE: multiple instance learning by discriminative embedding Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Knowledge and Information Systems Abbreviated Journal KAIS  
  Volume 42 Issue 2 Pages 381-407  
  Keywords Multi-instance learning; Codebook; Bag of words  
  Abstract While the objective of the standard supervised learning problem is to classify feature vectors, in the multiple instance learning problem, the objective is to classify bags, where each bag contains multiple feature vectors. This represents a generalization of the standard problem, and this generalization becomes necessary in many real applications such as drug activity prediction, content-based image retrieval, and others. While the existing paradigms are based on learning the discriminant information either at the instance level or at the bag level, we propose to incorporate both levels of information. This is done by defining a discriminative embedding of the original space based on the responses of cluster-adapted instance classifiers. Results clearly show the advantage of the proposed method over the state of the art, where we tested the performance through a variety of well-known databases that come from real problems, and we also included an analysis of the performance using synthetically generated data.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer London Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0219-1377 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS; 601.042; 600.057; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Amo2015 Serial 2383  
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Author Javier Marin; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez; Jaume Amores; Ludmila I. Kuncheva edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Occlusion handling via random subspace classifiers for human detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (Part B) Abbreviated Journal TSMCB  
  Volume 44 Issue 3 Pages 342-354  
  Keywords Pedestriand Detection; occlusion handling  
  Abstract This paper describes a general method to address partial occlusions for human detection in still images. The Random Subspace Method (RSM) is chosen for building a classifier ensemble robust against partial occlusions. The component classifiers are chosen on the basis of their individual and combined performance. The main contribution of this work lies in our approach’s capability to improve the detection rate when partial occlusions are present without compromising the detection performance on non occluded data. In contrast to many recent approaches, we propose a method which does not require manual labelling of body parts, defining any semantic spatial components, or using additional data coming from motion or stereo. Moreover, the method can be easily extended to other object classes. The experiments are performed on three large datasets: the INRIA person dataset, the Daimler Multicue dataset, and a new challenging dataset, called PobleSec, in which a considerable number of targets are partially occluded. The different approaches are evaluated at the classification and detection levels for both partially occluded and non-occluded data. The experimental results show that our detector outperforms state-of-the-art approaches in the presence of partial occlusions, while offering performance and reliability similar to those of the holistic approach on non-occluded data. The datasets used in our experiments have been made publicly available for benchmarking purposes  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-2267 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS; 605.203; 600.057; 600.054; 601.042; 601.187; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ MVL2014 Serial 2213  
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Author David Geronimo; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez; Ramon Baldrich edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Traffic sign recognition for computer vision project-based learning Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication IEEE Transactions on Education Abbreviated Journal T-EDUC  
  Volume 56 Issue 3 Pages 364-371  
  Keywords traffic signs  
  Abstract This paper presents a graduate course project on computer vision. The aim of the project is to detect and recognize traffic signs in video sequences recorded by an on-board vehicle camera. This is a demanding problem, given that traffic sign recognition is one of the most challenging problems for driving assistance systems. Equally, it is motivating for the students given that it is a real-life problem. Furthermore, it gives them the opportunity to appreciate the difficulty of real-world vision problems and to assess the extent to which this problem can be solved by modern computer vision and pattern classification techniques taught in the classroom. The learning objectives of the course are introduced, as are the constraints imposed on its design, such as the diversity of students' background and the amount of time they and their instructors dedicate to the course. The paper also describes the course contents, schedule, and how the project-based learning approach is applied. The outcomes of the course are discussed, including both the students' marks and their personal feedback.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0018-9359 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS; CIC Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GSL2013; ADAS @ adas @ Serial 2160  
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Author Ferran Diego; Daniel Ponsa; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Video Alignment for Change Detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal TIP  
  Volume 20 Issue 7 Pages 1858-1869  
  Keywords video alignment  
  Abstract In this work, we address the problem of aligning two video sequences. Such alignment refers to synchronization, i.e., the establishment of temporal correspondence between frames of the first and second video, followed by spatial registration of all the temporally corresponding frames. Video synchronization and alignment have been attempted before, but most often in the relatively simple cases of fixed or rigidly attached cameras and simultaneous acquisition. In addition, restrictive assumptions have been applied, including linear time correspondence or the knowledge of the complete trajectories of corresponding scene points; to some extent, these assumptions limit the practical applicability of any solutions developed. We intend to solve the more general problem of aligning video sequences recorded by independently moving cameras that follow similar trajectories, based only on the fusion of image intensity and GPS information. The novelty of our approach is to pose the synchronization as a MAP inference problem on a Bayesian network including the observations from these two sensor types, which have been proved complementary. Alignment results are presented in the context of videos recorded from vehicles driving along the same track at different times, for different road types. In addition, we explore two applications of the proposed video alignment method, both based on change detection between aligned videos. One is the detection of vehicles, which could be of use in ADAS. The other is online difference spotting videos of surveillance rounds.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS; IF Approved no  
  Call Number DPS 2011; ADAS @ adas @ dps2011 Serial 1705  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fahad Shahbaz Khan; Jiaolong Xu; Muhammad Anwer Rao; Joost van de Weijer; Andrew Bagdanov; Antonio Lopez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Recognizing Actions through Action-specific Person Detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal TIP  
  Volume 24 Issue 11 Pages 4422-4432  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Action recognition in still images is a challenging problem in computer vision. To facilitate comparative evaluation independently of person detection, the standard evaluation protocol for action recognition uses an oracle person detector to obtain perfect bounding box information at both training and test time. The assumption is that, in practice, a general person detector will provide candidate bounding boxes for action recognition. In this paper, we argue that this paradigm is suboptimal and that action class labels should already be considered during the detection stage. Motivated by the observation that body pose is strongly conditioned on action class, we show that: 1) the existing state-of-the-art generic person detectors are not adequate for proposing candidate bounding boxes for action classification; 2) due to limited training examples, the direct training of action-specific person detectors is also inadequate; and 3) using only a small number of labeled action examples, the transfer learning is able to adapt an existing detector to propose higher quality bounding boxes for subsequent action classification. To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to investigate transfer learning for the task of action-specific person detection in still images. We perform extensive experiments on two benchmark data sets: 1) Stanford-40 and 2) PASCAL VOC 2012. For the action detection task (i.e., both person localization and classification of the action performed), our approach outperforms methods based on general person detection by 5.7% mean average precision (MAP) on Stanford-40 and 2.1% MAP on PASCAL VOC 2012. Our approach also significantly outperforms the state of the art with a MAP of 45.4% on Stanford-40 and 31.4% on PASCAL VOC 2012. We also evaluate our action detection approach for the task of action classification (i.e., recognizing actions without localizing them). For this task, our approach, without using any ground-truth person localization at test tim- , outperforms on both data sets state-of-the-art methods, which do use person locations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1057-7149 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS; LAMP; 600.076; 600.079 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ KXR2015 Serial 2668  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author David Vazquez; Jorge Bernal; F. Javier Sanchez; Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach; Antonio Lopez; Adriana Romero; Michal Drozdzal; Aaron Courville edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title A Benchmark for Endoluminal Scene Segmentation of Colonoscopy Images Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Healthcare Engineering Abbreviated Journal JHCE  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Colonoscopy images; Deep Learning; Semantic Segmentation  
  Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third cause of cancer death world-wide. Currently, the standard approach to reduce CRC-related mortality is to perform regular screening in search for polyps and colonoscopy is the screening tool of choice. The main limitations of this screening procedure are polyp miss- rate and inability to perform visual assessment of polyp malignancy. These drawbacks can be reduced by designing Decision Support Systems (DSS) aim- ing to help clinicians in the different stages of the procedure by providing endoluminal scene segmentation. Thus, in this paper, we introduce an extended benchmark of colonoscopy image segmentation, with the hope of establishing a new strong benchmark for colonoscopy image analysis research. The proposed dataset consists of 4 relevant classes to inspect the endolumninal scene, tar- geting different clinical needs. Together with the dataset and taking advantage of advances in semantic segmentation literature, we provide new baselines by training standard fully convolutional networks (FCN). We perform a compar- ative study to show that FCN significantly outperform, without any further post-processing, prior results in endoluminal scene segmentation, especially with respect to polyp segmentation and localization.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS; MV; 600.075; 600.085; 600.076; 601.281; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number VBS2017b Serial 2940  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author P. Ricaurte ; C. Chilan; Cristhian A. Aguilera-Carrasco; Boris Vintimilla; Angel Sappa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Feature Point Descriptors: Infrared and Visible Spectra Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 14 Issue 2 Pages 3690-3701  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This manuscript evaluates the behavior of classical feature point descriptors when they are used in images from long-wave infrared spectral band and compare them with the results obtained in the visible spectrum. Robustness to changes in rotation, scaling, blur, and additive noise are analyzed using a state of the art framework. Experimental results using a cross-spectral outdoor image data set are presented and conclusions from these experiments are given.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS;600.055; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RCA2014a Serial 2474  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Angel Sappa; Cristhian A. Aguilera-Carrasco; Juan A. Carvajal Ayala; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis Romero; Boris Vintimilla; Ricardo Toledo edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Monocular visual odometry: A cross-spectral image fusion based approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Abbreviated Journal RAS  
  Volume 85 Issue Pages 26-36  
  Keywords Monocular visual odometry; LWIR-RGB cross-spectral imaging; Image fusion  
  Abstract This manuscript evaluates the usage of fused cross-spectral images in a monocular visual odometry approach. Fused images are obtained through a Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) scheme, where the best setup is empirically obtained by means of a mutual information based evaluation metric. The objective is to have a flexible scheme where fusion parameters are adapted according to the characteristics of the given images. Visual odometry is computed from the fused monocular images using an off the shelf approach. Experimental results using data sets obtained with two different platforms are presented. Additionally, comparison with a previous approach as well as with monocular-visible/infrared spectra are also provided showing the advantages of the proposed scheme.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier B.V. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS;600.086; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @SAC2016 Serial 2811  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Antonio Lopez; Ernest Valveny; Juan J. Villanueva edit  url
openurl 
  Title Real-time quality control of surgical material packaging by artificial vision Type Journal
  Year 2005 Publication Assembly Automation 25(3): 223–229 (IF: 0.061) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes (up) ADAS;DAG Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ LVV2005 Serial 552  
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