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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; A.Bajo; M.J.Ledesma-Carbayo; C.SantaMarta edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Influence of the temporal resolution on the quantification of displacement fields in cardiac magnetic resonance tagged images Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 35 Issue Pages 785-788  
  Keywords  
  Abstract It is difficult to acquire tagged cardiac MR images with a high temporal and spatial resolution using clinical MR scanners. However, if such images are used for quantifying scores based on motion, it is essential a resolution as high as possible. This paper explores the influence of the temporal resolution of a tagged series on the quantification of myocardial dynamic parameters. To such purpose we have designed a SPAMM (Spatial Modulation of Magnetization) sequence allowing acquisition of sequences at simple and double temporal resolution. Sequences are processed to compute myocardial motion by an automatic technique based on the tracking of the harmonic phase of tagged images (the Harmonic Phase Flow, HPF). The results have been compared to manual tracking of myocardial tags. The error in displacement fields for double resolution sequences reduces 17%.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor Alan Murray  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGB2008 Serial 1508  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Joel Barajas; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Characterization of ventricular torsion in healthy subjects using Gabor filters and a variational framework Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 877-880  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this work, we present a fully automated method for tissue deformation estimation in tagged magnetic resonance images (TMRI). Gabor filter banks, tuned independently for each left ventricle level, provide optimally filtered complex images which phase remains constant along the cardiac cycle. This fact can be thought as the brightness constancy condition required by classical optical flow (OF) methods. Pairs of these filtered sequences, together with a variational formulation are used in a second step to obtain dense continuous deformation maps that we call Harmonic Phase Flow. This method has been used to determine reference values of ventricular torsion (VT) in a set of 8 healthy volunteers. The results encourage the use of VT as a useful parameter for ventricular function assessment in clinical routine.  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGB2006a Serial 1509  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Regional motion patterns for the Left Ventricle function assessment Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition ICPR 2008 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-4  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Regional scores (e.g. strain, perfusion) of the Left Ventricle (LV) functionality are playing an increasing role in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases. A main limitation is the lack of normality models for complementary scores oriented to assessment of the LV integrity. This paper introduces an original framework based on a parametrization of the LV domain, which allows comparison across subjects of local physiological measures of different nature. We compute regional normality patterns in a feature space characterizing the LV function. We show the consistency of the model for the regional motion on healthy and hypokinetic pathological cases  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GCP2008 Serial 1510  
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Author Jaume Garcia; David Rotger; Francesc Carreras; R.Leta; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Contrast echography segmentation and tracking by trained deformable models Type Conference Article
  Year 2003 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue Pages 173-176  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The objective of this work is to segment the human left ventricle myocardium (LVM) in contrast echocardiography imaging and thus track it along a cardiac cycle in order to extract quantitative data about heart function. Ultrasound images are hard to work with due to their speckle appearance. To overcome this we report the combination of active contour models (ACM) or snakes and active shape models (ASM). The ability of ACM in giving closed and smooth curves in addition to the power of the ASM in producing shapes similar to the ones learned, evoke to a robust algorithm. Meanwhile the snake is attracted towards image main features, ASM acts as a correction factor. The algorithm was tested independently on 180 frames and satisfying results were obtained: in 95% the maximum difference between automatic and experts segmentation was less than 12 pixels.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Centre de Visió per Computador – Dept. Informàtica, UAB Edifici O – Campus UAB, 08193 Bellater Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0276-6547 ISBN 0-7803-8170-X Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2003 Serial 1512  
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Author M.Gomez; Josefina Mauri; Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias; Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Carme Julia; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit  openurl
  Title Reconstrucción de un modelo espacio-temporal de la luz del vaso a partir de secuencias de ecografía intracoronaria Type Conference Article
  Year 2002 Publication XXXVIII Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Abbreviated Journal  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM;ADAS;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GMF2002d Serial 1516  
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Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Manuel Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8)/5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2008) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Left Ventricle; Electromechanical Models; Image Processing; Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality . In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp. We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment. The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted. The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Venezia (Italia) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN B-31470-08 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008c Serial 1521  
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Author Debora Gil; Oriol Rodriguez; Josepa Mauri; Petia Radeva edit  openurl
  Title Statistical descriptors of the Myocardial perfusion in angiographic images Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 677-680  
  Keywords Anisotropic processing; intravascular ultrasound (IVUS); vessel border segmentation; vessel structure classification.  
  Abstract Restoration of coronary flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction does not always correlate with adequate myocardial perfusion. Recently, coronary angiography has been used to assess microcirculation integrity (Myocardial BlushAnalysis, MBA). Although MBA correlates with patient prognosis there are few image processing methods addressing objective perfusion quantification. The goal of this work is to develop statistical descriptors of the myocardial dyeing pattern allowing objective assessment of myocardial perfusion. Experiments on healthy right coronary arteries show that our approach allows reliable measurements without any specific image acquisition protocol.  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRR2006 Serial 1528  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Josefina Mauri edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Ivus Segmentation Via a Regularized Curvature Flow Type Conference Article
  Year 2002 Publication X Congreso Anual de la Sociedad Española de Ingeniería Biomédica CASEIB 2002 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 133-136  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiac diseases are diagnosed and treated through a study of the morphology and dynamics of cardiac arteries. In- travascular Ultrasound (IVUS) imaging is of high interest to physicians since it provides both information. At the current state-of-the-art in image segmentation, a robust detection of the arterial lumen in IVUS demands manual intervention or ECG-gating. Manual intervention is a tedious and time consuming task that requires experienced observers, meanwhile ECG-gating is an acquisition technique not available in all clinical centers. We introduce a parametric algorithm that detects the arterial luminal border in in vivo sequences. The method consist in smoothing the sequences’ level surfaces under a regularized mean curvature flow that admits non-trivial steady states. The flow is based on a measure of the surface local smoothness that takes into account regularity of the surface curvature.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Saragossa, Espanya Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRM2002 Serial 1536  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Jordi Saludes; Josefina Mauri edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Automatic Segmentation of Artery Wall in Coronary IVUS Images: A Probabilistic Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2000 Publication International Conference on Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue Pages 352-355  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Intravascular ultrasound images represent a unique tool to analyze the morphology of arteries and vessels (plaques, restenosis, etc). The poor quality of these images makes unsupervised segmentation based on traditional segmentation algorithms (such as edge or ridge/valley detection) fail to achieve the expected results. In this paper we present a probabilistic flexible template to separate different regions in the image. In particular, we use elliptic templates to model and detect the shape of the vessel inner wall in IVUS images. We present the results of successful segmentation obtained from patients undergoing stent treatment. A physician team has validated these results.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRS2000a Serial 1537  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Fernando Vilariño edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Anisotropic Contour Completion Type Conference Article
  Year 2003 Publication Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper we introduce a novel application of the diffusion tensor for anisotropic image processing. The Anisotropic Contour Completion (ACC) we suggest consists in extending the characteristic function of the open curve by means of a degenerated diffusion tensor that prevents any diffusion in the normal direction. We show that ACC is equivalent to a dilation with a continuous elliptic structural element that takes into account the local orientation of the contours to be closed. Experiments on contours extracted from real images show that ACC produces shapes able to adapt to any curve in an active contour framework. 1.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 0-7803-7751-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference (up)  
  Notes IAM;MV;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRV2003 Serial 1539  
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