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Author Jaume Garcia; Petia Radeva; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Combining Spectral and Active Shape methods to Track Tagged MRI Type Book Chapter
  Year 2004 Publication Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages 37-44  
  Keywords MR; tagged MR; ASM; LV segmentation; motion estimation.  
  Abstract Tagged magnetic resonance is a very usefull and unique tool that provides a complete local and global knowledge of the left ventricle (LV) motion. In this article we introduce a method capable of tracking and segmenting the LV. Spectral methods are applied in order to obtain the so called HARP images which encode information about movement and are the base for LV point-tracking. For segmentation we use Active Shapes (ASM) that model LV shape variation in order to overcome possible local misplacements of the boundary. We finally show experiments on both synthetic and real data which appear to be very promising.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CCIA  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2004 Serial 1488  
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Author Debora Gil; Jordi Gonzalez; Gemma Sanchez (eds) edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Computer Vision: Advances in Research and Development Type Book Whole
  Year 2007 Publication Proceedings of the 2nd CVC International Workshop Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher UAB Place of Publication Bellaterra (Spain) Editor Debora Gil; Jordi Gonzalez; Gemma Sanchez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title 2 Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-935251-4-9 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; ISE; DAG Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGS2007 Serial 1493  
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Author Jaume Garcia edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Statistical Models of the Architecture and Function of the Left Ventricle Type Book Whole
  Year 2009 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiovascular Diseases, specially those affecting the Left Ventricle (LV), are the leading cause of death in developed countries with approximately a 30% of all global deaths. In order to address this public health concern, physicians focus on diagnosis and therapy planning. On one hand, early and accurate detection of Regional Wall Motion Abnormalities (RWMA) significantly contributes to a quick diagnosis and prevents the patient to reach more severe stages. On the other hand, a thouroughly knowledge of the normal gross anatomy of the LV, as well as, the distribution of its muscular fibers is crucial for designing specific interventions and therapies (such as pacemaker implanction). Statistical models obtained from the analysis of different imaging modalities allow the computation of the normal ranges of variation within a given population. Normality models are a valuable tool for the definition of objective criterions quantifying the degree of (anomalous) deviation of the LV function and anatomy for a given subject. The creation of statistical models involve addressing three main issues: extraction of data from images, definition of a common domain for comparison of data across patients and designing appropriate statistical analysis schemes. In this PhD thesis we present generic image processing tools for the creation of statistical models of the LV anatomy and function. On one hand, we use differential geometry concepts to define a computational framework (the Normalized Parametric Domain, NPD) suitable for the comparison and fusion of several clinical scores obtained over the LV. On the other hand, we present a variational approach (the Harmonic Phase Flow, HPF) for the estimation of myocardial motion that provides dense and continuous vector fields without overestimating motion at injured areas. These tools are used for the creation of statistical models. Regarding anatomy, we obtain an atlas jointly modelling, both, LV gross anatomy and fiber architecture. Regarding function, we compute normality patterns of scores characterizing the (global and local) LV function and explore, for the first time, the configuration of local scores better suited for RWMA detection.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Gar2009a Serial 1499  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Endowing Canonical Geometries to Cardiac Structures Type Book Chapter
  Year 2010 Publication Statistical Atlases And Computational Models Of The Heart Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 6364 Issue Pages 124-133  
  Keywords  
  Abstract International conference on Cardiac electrophysiological simulation challenge
In this paper, we show that canonical (shape-based) geometries can be endowed to cardiac structures using tubular coordinates defined over their medial axis. We give an analytic formulation of these geometries by means of B-Splines. Since B-Splines present vector space structure PCA can be applied to their control points and statistical models relating boundaries and the interior of the anatomical structures can be derived. We demonstrate the applicability in two cardiac structures, the 3D Left Ventricular volume, and the 2D Left-Right ventricle set in 2D Short Axis view.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin / Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor Camara, O.; Pop, M.; Rhode, K.; Sermesant, M.; Smith, N.; Young, A.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010b Serial 1515  
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Author Debora Gil edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Geometric Differential Operators for Shape Modelling Type Book Whole
  Year 2004 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Medical imaging feeds research in many computer vision and image processing fields: image filtering, segmentation, shape recovery, registration, retrieval and pattern matching. Because of their low contrast changes and large variety of artifacts and noise, medical imaging processing techniques relying on an analysis of the geometry of image level sets rather than on intensity values result in more robust treatment. From the starting point of treatment of intravascular images, this PhD thesis ad- dresses the design of differential image operators based on geometric principles for a robust shape modelling and restoration. Among all fields applying shape recovery, we approach filtering and segmentation of image objects. For a successful use in real images, the segmentation process should go through three stages: noise removing, shape modelling and shape recovery. This PhD addresses all three topics, but for the sake of algorithms as automated as possible, techniques for image processing will be designed to satisfy three main principles: a) convergence of the iterative schemes to non-trivial states avoiding image degeneration to a constant image and representing smooth models of the originals; b) smooth asymptotic behav- ior ensuring stabilization of the iterative process; c) fixed parameter values ensuring equal (domain free) performance of the algorithms whatever initial images/shapes. Our geometric approach to the generic equations that model the different processes approached enables defining techniques satisfying all the former requirements. First, we introduce a new curvature-based geometric flow for image filtering achieving a good compromise between noise removing and resemblance to original images. Sec- ond, we describe a new family of diffusion operators that restrict their scope to image level curves and serve to restore smooth closed models from unconnected sets of points. Finally, we design a regularization of snake (distance) maps that ensures its smooth convergence towards any closed shape. Experiments show that performance of the techniques proposed overpasses that of state-of-the-art algorithms.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 84-933652-0-3 Medium prit  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GIL2004 Serial 1517  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Inhibition of False Landmarks Type Book Chapter
  Year 2004 Publication Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages 233-244  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We argue that a corner detector should be based on the degree of continuity of the tangent vector to the image level sets, work on the image domain and need no assumptions on neither the image local structure nor the particular geometry of the corner/junction. An operator measuring the degree of differentiability of the projection matrix on the image gradient fulfills the above requirements. Its high sensitivity to changes in vector directions makes it suitable for landmark location in real images prone to need smoothing to reduce the impact of noise. Because using smoothing kernels leads to corner misplacement, we suggest an alternative fake response remover based on the receptive field inhibition of spurious details. The combination of both orientation discontinuity detection and noise inhibition produce our Inhibition Orientation Energy (IOE) landmark locator.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor al, J.V. et  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GiR2004a Serial 1533  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Exploring Arterial Dynamics and Structures in IntraVascular Ultrasound Sequences Type Book Whole
  Year 2009 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of death in developed countries. Most of them are caused by arterial (specially coronary) diseases, mainly caused by plaque accumulation. Such pathology narrows blood flow (stenosis) and affects artery bio- mechanical elastic properties (atherosclerosis). In the last decades, IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) has become a usual imaging technique for the diagnosis and follow up of arterial diseases. IVUS is a catheter-based imaging technique which shows a sequence of cross sections of the artery under study. Inspection of a single image gives information about the percentage of stenosis. Meanwhile, inspection of longitudinal views provides information about artery bio-mechanical properties, which can prevent a fatal outcome of the cardiovascular disease. On one hand, dynamics of arteries (due to heart pumping among others) is a major artifact for exploring tissue bio-mechanical properties. On the other one, manual stenosis measurements require a manual tracing of vessel borders, which is a time-consuming task and might suffer from inter-observer variations. This PhD thesis proposes several image processing tools for exploring vessel dy- namics and structures. We present a physics-based model to extract, analyze and correct vessel in-plane rigid dynamics and to retrieve cardiac phase. Furthermore, we introduce a deterministic-statistical method for automatic vessel borders detection. In particular, we address adventitia layer segmentation. An accurate validation pro- tocol to ensure reliable clinical applicability of the methods is a crucial step in any proposal of an algorithm. In this thesis we take special care in designing a valida- tion protocol for each approach proposed and we contribute to the in vivo dynamics validation with a quantitative and objective score to measure the amount of motion suppressed.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-937261-6-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Her2009 Serial 1543  
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Author Josep Llados; Jaime Lopez-Krahe; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A system to understand hand-drawn floor plans using subgraph isomorphism and Hough transform Type Book Chapter
  Year 1997 Publication Machine Vision and Applications Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume 10 Issue 3 Pages 150-158  
  Keywords Line drawings – Hough transform – Graph matching – CAD systems – Graphics recognition  
  Abstract Presently, man-machine interface development is a widespread research activity. A system to understand hand drawn architectural drawings in a CAD environment is presented in this paper. To understand a document, we have to identify its building elements and their structural properties. An attributed graph structure is chosen as a symbolic representation of the input document and the patterns to recognize in it. An inexact subgraph isomorphism procedure using relaxation labeling techniques is performed. In this paper we focus on how to speed up the matching. There is a building element, the walls, characterized by a hatching pattern. Using a straight line Hough transform (SLHT)-based method, we recognize this pattern, characterized by parallel straight lines, and remove from the input graph the edges belonging to this pattern. The isomorphism is then applied to the remainder of the input graph. When all the building elements have been recognized, the document is redrawn, correcting the inaccurate strokes obtained from a hand-drawn input.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LLM1997a Serial 1566  
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Author Enric Marti; Jordi Regincos; Juan Jose Villanueva; Jaime Lopez-Krahe edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Line drawing interpretation as polyhedral objects to man-machine interaction in CAD systems Type Book Chapter
  Year 1994 Publication Advances in Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages 158-169  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher World Scientific Pub. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 981-02-1872-9 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MRL1994 Serial 1609  
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Author Enric Marti; Jordi Vitria; Alberto Sanfeliu edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Reconocimiento de Formas y Análisis de Imágenes Type Book Whole
  Year 1998 Publication Asociación Española de Reconocimientos de Formas y Análisis de Imágenes Abbreviated Journal (up)  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Los sistemas actuales de reconocimiento automático del lenguaje oral se basan en dos etapas básicas de procesado: la parametrización, que extrae la evolución temporal de los parámetros que caracterizan la voz, y el reconocimiento propiamente dicho, que identifica la cadena de palabras de la elocución recibida con ayuda de los modelos que representan el conocimiento adquirido en la etapa de aprendizaje. Tomando como línea divisoria la palabra, dichos modelos son de tipo acústicofonético o gramatical. Los primeros caracterizan las palabras incluidas en el vocabulario de la aplicación o tarea a la que está orientado el sistema de reconocimiento, usando a menudo para ello modelos de unidades de habla de extensión inferior a la palabra, es decir, de unidades subléxicas. Por otro lado, la gramática incluye el conocimiento acerca de las combinaciones permitidas de palabras para formar las frases o su probabilidad. Queda fuera del esquema la denominada comprensión del habla, que utiliza adicionalmente el conocimiento semántico y pragmático para captar el significado de la elocución de entrada al sistema a partir de la cadena (o cadenas alternativas) de palabras que suministra el reconocedor.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher AERFAI Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 84–922529–4–4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;OR;MV Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MVS1998 Serial 1620  
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