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Author Joan M. Nuñez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Computer vision techniques for characterization of finger joints in X-ray image Type Report
  Year (down) 2011 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 165 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Rheumatoid arthritis, X-ray, Sharp Van der Heijde, joint characterization, sclerosis detection, bone detection, edge, ridge  
  Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory type of arthritis which mainly affects hands on its first stages. Though it is a chronic disease and there is no cure for it, treatments require an accurate assessment of illness evolution. Such assessment is based on evaluation of hand X-ray images by using one of the several available semi-quantitative methods. This task requires highly trained medical personnel. That is why the automation of the assessment would allow professionals to save time and effort. Two stages are involved in this task. Firstly, the joint detection, afterwards, the joint characterization. Unlike the little existing previous work, this contribution clearly separates those two stages and sets the foundations of a modular assessment system focusing on the characterization stage. A hand joint dataset is created and an accurate data analysis is achieved in order to identify relevant features. Since the sclerosis and the lower bone were decided to be the most important features, different computer vision techniques were used in order to develop a detector system for both of them. Joint space width measures are provided and their correlation with Sharp-Van der Heijde is verified  
  Address Bellaterra (Barcelona)  
  Corporate Author Computer Vision Center Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor Dr. Fernando Vilariño and Dra. Debora Gil  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MV;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Nuñ2011 Serial 1795  
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Author Mariano Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Hozeaux; R.Aubry; P.Villar;Jaume Garcia ; Debora Gil; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A massively parallel computational electrophysiology model of the heart Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering Abbreviated Journal IJNMBE  
  Volume 27 Issue Pages 1911-1929  
  Keywords computational electrophysiology; parallelization; finite element methods  
  Abstract This paper presents a patient-sensitive simulation strategy capable of using the most efficient way the high-performance computational resources. The proposed strategy directly involves three different players: Computational Mechanics Scientists (CMS), Image Processing Scientists and Cardiologists, each one mastering its own expertise area within the project. This paper describes the general integrative scheme but focusing on the CMS side presents a massively parallel implementation of computational electrophysiology applied to cardiac tissue simulation. The paper covers different angles of the computational problem: equations, numerical issues, the algorithm and parallel implementation. The proposed methodology is illustrated with numerical simulations testing all the different possibilities, ranging from small domains up to very large ones. A key issue is the almost ideal scalability not only for large and complex problems but also for medium-size meshes. The explicit formulation is particularly well suited for solving this highly transient problems, with very short time-scale.  
  Address Swansea (UK)  
  Corporate Author John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Thesis  
  Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VAH2011 Serial 1198  
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Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Confidence Measure for Assessing Optical Flow Accuracy in the Absence of Ground Truth Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2042-2049  
  Keywords IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in autonomous navigation systems. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in real world sequences. This paper introduces a measure of optical flow accuracy for Lucas-Kanade based flows in terms of the numerical stability of the data-term. We call this measure optical flow condition number. A statistical analysis over ground-truth data show a good statistical correlation between the condition number and optical flow error. Experiments on driving sequences illustrate its potential for autonomous navigation systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICCVW  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2011 Serial 1682  
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Author Sergio Vera; Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; F. Javier Sanchez; Frederic Perez; Marius G. Linguraru edit  openurl
  Title Computation and Evaluation of Medial Surfaces for Shape Representation of Abdominal Organs Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication Workshop on Computational and Clinical Applications in Abdominal Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7029 Issue Pages 223-230  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs, exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.  
  Address Nice, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor In H. Yoshida et al  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ABDI  
  Notes IAM; MV Approved no  
  Call Number VGB2011 Serial 2036  
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Author Albert Andaluz; Francesc Carreras; Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Una aplicació amigable pel càlcul de indicadors clínics del ventricle esquerre Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2010 Publication Forum Biocat 2010 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address Lonja de Mar,Barcelona (Spain)  
  Corporate Author CVC Thesis  
  Publisher Biocat Place of Publication Barcelona Editor  
  Language Catalan Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ ACG2010 Serial 1483  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Monica Mitiko; Sergio Shiguemi; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title A validation protocol for assessing cardiac phase retrieval in IntraVascular UltraSound Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2010 Publication Computing in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 37 Issue Pages 899-902  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A good reliable approach to cardiac triggering is of utmost importance in obtaining accurate quantitative results of atherosclerotic plaque burden from the analysis of IntraVascular UltraSound. Although, in the last years, there has been an increase in research of methods for retrospective gating, there is no general consensus in a validation protocol. Many methods are based on quality assessment of longitudinal cuts appearance and those reporting quantitative numbers do not follow a standard protocol. Such heterogeneity in validation protocols makes faithful comparison across methods a difficult task. We propose a validation protocol based on the variability of the retrieved cardiac phase and explore the capability of several quality measures for quantifying such variability. An ideal detector, suitable for its application in clinical practice, should produce stable phases. That is, it should always sample the same cardiac cycle fraction. In this context, one should measure the variability (variance) of a candidate sampling with respect a ground truth (reference) sampling, since the variance would indicate how spread we are aiming a target. In order to quantify the deviation between the sampling and the ground truth, we have considered two quality scores reported in the literature: signed distance to the closest reference sample and distance to the right of each reference sample. We have also considered the residuals of the regression line of reference against candidate sampling. The performance of the measures has been explored on a set of synthetic samplings covering different cardiac cycle fractions and variabilities. From our simulations, we conclude that the metrics related to distances are sensitive to the shift considered while the residuals are robust against fraction and variabilities as far as one can establish a pair-wise correspondence between candidate and reference. We will further investigate the impact of false positive and negative detections in experimental data.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0276-6547 ISBN 978-1-4244-7318-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CINC  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HSM2010 Serial 1551  
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Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Manifold parametrization of the left ventricle for a statistical modelling of its complete anatomy Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2010 Publication 8th Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7623 Issue 762304 Pages 304  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Distortion of Left Ventricle (LV) external anatomy is related to some dysfunctions, such as hypertrophy. The architecture of myocardial fibers determines LV electromechanical activation patterns as well as mechanics. Thus, their joined modelling would allow the design of specific interventions (such as peacemaker implantation and LV remodelling) and therapies (such as resynchronization). On one hand, accurate modelling of external anatomy requires either a dense sampling or a continuous infinite dimensional approach, which requires non-Euclidean statistics. On the other hand, computation of fiber models requires statistics on Riemannian spaces. Most approaches compute separate statistical models for external anatomy and fibers architecture. In this work we propose a general mathematical framework based on differential geometry concepts for computing a statistical model including, both, external and fiber anatomy. Our framework provides a continuous approach to external anatomy supporting standard statistics. We also provide a straightforward formula for the computation of the Riemannian fiber statistics. We have applied our methodology to the computation of complete anatomical atlas of canine hearts from diffusion tensor studies. The orientation of fibers over the average external geometry agrees with the segmental description of orientations reported in the literature.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher SPIE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference SPIE  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010a Serial 1522  
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Author Ferran Poveda; Jaume Garcia; Enric Marti; Debora Gil edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Validation of the myocardial architecture in DT-MRI tractography Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2010 Publication Medical Image Computing in Catalunya: Graduate Student Workshop Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 29-30  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Deep understanding of myocardial structure may help to link form and funcion of the heart unraveling crucial knowledge for medical and surgical clinical procedures and studies. In this work we introduce two visualization techniques based on DT-MRI streamlining able to decipher interesting properties of the architectural organization of the heart.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Girona (Spain) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference MICCAT  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGM2010 Serial 1626  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Albert Andaluz; Debora Gil; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Decoupled External Forces in a Predictor-Corrector Segmentation Scheme for LV Contours in Tagged MR Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2010 Publication 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 4805-4808  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Computation of functional regional scores requires proper identification of LV contours. On one hand, manual segmentation is robust, but it is time consuming and requires high expertise. On the other hand, the tag pattern in TMR sequences is a problem for automatic segmentation of LV boundaries. We propose a segmentation method based on a predictorcorrector (Active Contours – Shape Models) scheme. Special stress is put in the definition of the AC external forces. First, we introduce a semantic description of the LV that discriminates myocardial tissue by using texture and motion descriptors. Second, in order to ensure convergence regardless of the initial contour, the external energy is decoupled according to the orientation of the edges in the image potential. We have validated the model in terms of error in segmented contours and accuracy of regional clinical scores.  
  Address Buenos Aires (Argentina)  
  Corporate Author IEEE EMB Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1557-170X ISBN 978-1-4244-4123-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference EMBC  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GAG2010 Serial 1514  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Endowing Canonical Geometries to Cardiac Structures Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2010 Publication Statistical Atlases And Computational Models Of The Heart Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6364 Issue Pages 124-133  
  Keywords  
  Abstract International conference on Cardiac electrophysiological simulation challenge
In this paper, we show that canonical (shape-based) geometries can be endowed to cardiac structures using tubular coordinates defined over their medial axis. We give an analytic formulation of these geometries by means of B-Splines. Since B-Splines present vector space structure PCA can be applied to their control points and statistical models relating boundaries and the interior of the anatomical structures can be derived. We demonstrate the applicability in two cardiac structures, the 3D Left Ventricular volume, and the 2D Left-Right ventricle set in 2D Short Axis view.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin / Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor Camara, O.; Pop, M.; Rhode, K.; Sermesant, M.; Smith, N.; Young, A.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGH2010b Serial 1515  
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