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Author Ernest Valveny; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A model for image generation and symbol recognition through the deformation of lineal shapes Type Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 24 Issue 15 Pages 2857-2867  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We describe a general framework for the recognition of distorted images of lineal shapes, which relies on three items: a model to represent lineal shapes and their deformations, a model for the generation of distorted binary images and the combination of both models in a common probabilistic framework, where the generation of deformations is related to an internal energy, and the generation of binary images to an external energy. Then, recognition consists in the minimization of a global energy function, performed by using the EM algorithm. This general framework has been applied to the recognition of hand-drawn lineal symbols in graphic documents.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Inc. Place of Publication New York, NY, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0167-8655 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VAM2003 Serial 1653  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Inhibition of false landmarks Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 27 Issue 9 Pages 1022-1030  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Corners and junctions are landmarks characterized by the lack of differentiability in the unit tangent to the image level curve. Detectors based on differential operators are not, by their own definition, the best posed as they require a higher degree of differentiability to yield a reliable response. We argue that a corner detector should be based on the degree of continuity of the tangent vector to the image level sets, work on the image domain and need no assumptions on neither the image local structure nor the particular geometry of the corner/junction. An operator measuring the degree of differentiability of the projection matrix on the image gradient fulfills the above requirements. Because using smoothing kernels leads to corner misplacement, we suggest an alternative fake response remover based on the receptive field inhibition of spurious details. The combination of both orientation discontinuity detection and noise inhibition produce our inhibition orientation energy (IOE) landmark locator.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Inc. Place of Publication New York, NY, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0167-8655 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GiR2006 Serial 1529  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Mireia Brunat;Steven Jansen; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Structure-preserving smoothing of biomedical images Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 44 Issue 9 Pages 1842-1851  
  Keywords Non-linear smoothing; Differential geometry; Anatomical structures; segmentation; Cardiac magnetic resonance; Computerized tomography  
  Abstract Smoothing of biomedical images should preserve gray-level transitions between adjacent tissues, while restoring contours consistent with anatomical structures. Anisotropic diffusion operators are based on image appearance discontinuities (either local or contextual) and might fail at weak inter-tissue transitions. Meanwhile, the output of block-wise and morphological operations is prone to present a block structure due to the shape and size of the considered pixel neighborhood. In this contribution, we use differential geometry concepts to define a diffusion operator that restricts to image consistent level-sets. In this manner, the final state is a non-uniform intensity image presenting homogeneous inter-tissue transitions along anatomical structures, while smoothing intra-structure texture. Experiments on different types of medical images (magnetic resonance, computerized tomography) illustrate its benefit on a further process (such as segmentation) of images.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0031-3203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GHB2011 Serial 1526  
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Author Debora Gil; Sergio Vera; Agnes Borras; Albert Andaluz; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Anatomical Medial Surfaces with Efficient Resolution of Branches Singularities Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Medical Image Analysis Abbreviated Journal MIA  
  Volume 35 Issue Pages 390-402  
  Keywords Medial Representations; Shape Recognition; Medial Branching Stability ; Singular Points  
  Abstract Medial surfaces are powerful tools for shape description, but their use has been limited due to the sensibility existing methods to branching artifacts. Medial branching artifacts are associated to perturbations of the object boundary rather than to geometric features. Such instability is a main obstacle for a con dent application in shape recognition and description. Medial branches correspond to singularities of the medial surface and, thus, they are problematic for existing morphological and energy-based algorithms. In this paper, we use algebraic geometry concepts in an energy-based approach to compute a medial surface presenting a stable branching topology. We also present an ecient GPU-CPU implementation using standard image processing tools. We show the method computational eciency and quality on a custom made synthetic database. Finally, we present some results on a medical imaging application for localization of abdominal pathologies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier B.V. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.060; 600.096; 600.075; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GVB2017 Serial 2775  
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Author Misael Rosales; Petia Radeva;Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Modelling of image-catheter motion for 3-D IVUS Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Medical image analysis Abbreviated Journal MIA  
  Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 91-104  
  Keywords Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS); Motion estimation; Motion decomposition; Fourier  
  Abstract Three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) allows to visualize and obtain volumetric measurements of coronary lesions through an exploration of the cross sections and longitudinal views of arteries. However, the visualization and subsequent morpho-geometric measurements in IVUS longitudinal cuts are subject to distortion caused by periodic image/vessel motion around the IVUS catheter. Usually, to overcome the image motion artifact ECG-gating and image-gated approaches are proposed, leading to slowing the pullback acquisition or disregarding part of IVUS data. In this paper, we argue that the image motion is due to 3-D vessel geometry as well as cardiac dynamics, and propose a dynamic model based on the tracking of an elliptical vessel approximation to recover the rigid transformation and align IVUS images without loosing any IVUS data. We report an extensive validation with synthetic simulated data and in vivo IVUS sequences of 30 patients achieving an average reduction of the image artifact of 97% in synthetic data and 79% in real-data. Our study shows that IVUS alignment improves longitudinal analysis of the IVUS data and is a necessary step towards accurate reconstruction and volumetric measurements of 3-D IVUS.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RRR2009 Serial 1646  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jose Maria-Carazo; Roberto Marabini edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title On the nature of 2D crystal unbending Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Journal of Structural Biology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 156 Issue 3 Pages 546-555  
  Keywords Electron microscopy  
  Abstract Crystal unbending, the process that aims to recover a perfect crystal from experimental data, is one of the more important steps in electron crystallography image processing. The unbending process involves three steps: estimation of the unit cell displacements from their ideal positions, extension of the deformation field to the whole image and transformation of the image in order to recover an ideal crystal. In this work, we present a systematic analysis of the second step oriented to address two issues. First, whether the unit cells remain undistorted and only the distance between them should be changed (rigid case) or should be modified with the same deformation suffered by the whole crystal (elastic case). Second, the performance of different extension algorithms (interpolation versus approximation) is explored. Our experiments show that there is no difference between elastic and rigid cases or among the extension algorithms. This implies that the deformation fields are constant over large areas. Furthermore, our results indicate that the main source of error is the transformation of the crystal image.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1047-8477 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GCM2006 Serial 1519  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oriol Pujol; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Fundamentals of Stop and Go active models Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Image and Vision Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 23 Issue 8 Pages 681-691  
  Keywords Deformable models; Geodesic snakes; Region-based segmentation  
  Abstract An efficient snake formulation should conform to the idea of picking the smoothest curve among all the shapes approximating an object of interest. In current geodesic snakes, the regularizing curvature also affects the convergence stage, hindering the latter at concave regions. In the present work, we make use of characteristic functions to define a novel geodesic formulation that decouples regularity and convergence. This term decoupling endows the snake with higher adaptability to non-convex shapes. Convergence is ensured by splitting the definition of the external force into an attractive vector field and a repulsive one. In our paper, we propose to use likelihood maps as approximation of characteristic functions of object appearance. The better efficiency and accuracy of our decoupled scheme are illustrated in the particular case of feature space-based segmentation.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Butterworth-Heinemann Place of Publication Newton, MA, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0262-8856 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGR2005 Serial 1629  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Extending anisotropic operators to recover smooth shapes Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Computer Vision and Image Understanding Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 99 Issue 1 Pages 110-125  
  Keywords Contour completion; Functional extension; Differential operators; Riemmanian manifolds; Snake segmentation  
  Abstract Anisotropic differential operators are widely used in image enhancement processes. Recently, their property of smoothly extending functions to the whole image domain has begun to be exploited. Strong ellipticity of differential operators is a requirement that ensures existence of a unique solution. This condition is too restrictive for operators designed to extend image level sets: their own functionality implies that they should restrict to some vector field. The diffusion tensor that defines the diffusion operator links anisotropic processes with Riemmanian manifolds. In this context, degeneracy implies restricting diffusion to the varieties generated by the vector fields of positive eigenvalues, provided that an integrability condition is satisfied. We will use that any smooth vector field fulfills this integrability requirement to design line connection algorithms for contour completion. As application we present a segmenting strategy that assures convergent snakes whatever the geometry of the object to be modelled is.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1077-3142 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GIR2005 Serial 1530  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jorge Bernal; F. Javier Sanchez; Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach; Debora Gil; Cristina Rodriguez de Miguel; Fernando Vilariño edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title WM-DOVA Maps for Accurate Polyp Highlighting in Colonoscopy: Validation vs. Saliency Maps from Physicians Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics Abbreviated Journal CMIG  
  Volume 43 Issue Pages 99-111  
  Keywords Polyp localization; Energy Maps; Colonoscopy; Saliency; Valley detection  
  Abstract We introduce in this paper a novel polyp localization method for colonoscopy videos. Our method is based on a model of appearance for polyps which defines polyp boundaries in terms of valley information. We propose the integration of valley information in a robust way fostering complete, concave and continuous boundaries typically associated to polyps. This integration is done by using a window of radial sectors which accumulate valley information to create WMDOVA1 energy maps related with the likelihood of polyp presence. We perform a double validation of our maps, which include the introduction of two new databases, including the first, up to our knowledge, fully annotated database with clinical metadata associated. First we assess that the highest value corresponds with the location of the polyp in the image. Second, we show that WM-DOVA energy maps can be comparable with saliency maps obtained from physicians' fixations obtained via an eye-tracker. Finally, we prove that our method outperforms state-of-the-art computational saliency results. Our method shows good performance, particularly for small polyps which are reported to be the main sources of polyp miss-rate, which indicates the potential applicability of our method in clinical practice.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0895-6111 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MV; IAM; 600.047; 600.060; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BSF2015 Serial 2609  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Ruth Aris; Agnes Borras; Esmitt Ramirez; Rafael Sebastian; Mariano Vazquez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Influence of fiber connectivity in simulations of cardiac biomechanics Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Abbreviated Journal IJCAR  
  Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 63–72  
  Keywords Cardiac electromechanical simulations; Diffusion tensor imaging; Fiber connectivity  
  Abstract PURPOSE:
Personalized computational simulations of the heart could open up new improved approaches to diagnosis and surgery assistance systems. While it is fully recognized that myocardial fiber orientation is central for the construction of realistic computational models of cardiac electromechanics, the role of its overall architecture and connectivity remains unclear. Morphological studies show that the distribution of cardiac muscular fibers at the basal ring connects epicardium and endocardium. However, computational models simplify their distribution and disregard the basal loop. This work explores the influence in computational simulations of fiber distribution at different short-axis cuts.

METHODS:
We have used a highly parallelized computational solver to test different fiber models of ventricular muscular connectivity. We have considered two rule-based mathematical models and an own-designed method preserving basal connectivity as observed in experimental data. Simulated cardiac functional scores (rotation, torsion and longitudinal shortening) were compared to experimental healthy ranges using generalized models (rotation) and Mahalanobis distances (shortening, torsion).

RESULTS:
The probability of rotation was significantly lower for ruled-based models [95% CI (0.13, 0.20)] in comparison with experimental data [95% CI (0.23, 0.31)]. The Mahalanobis distance for experimental data was in the edge of the region enclosing 99% of the healthy population.

CONCLUSIONS:
Cardiac electromechanical simulations of the heart with fibers extracted from experimental data produce functional scores closer to healthy ranges than rule-based models disregarding architecture connectivity.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.096; 601.323; 600.139; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GAB2019a Serial 3133  
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