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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; E.N.Nofrerias edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Anisotropic processing of image structures for adventitia detection in intravascular ultrasound images Type Conference Article
  Year 2004 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 31 Issue Pages 229-232  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The adventitia layer appears as a weak edge in IVUS images with a non-uniform grey level, which difficulties its detection. In order to enhance edges, we apply an anisotropic filter that homogenizes the grey level along the image significant structures (ridges, valleys and edges). A standard edge detector applied to the filtered image yields a set of candidate points prone to be unconnected. The final model is obtained by interpolating the former line segments along the tangent direction to the level curves of the filtered image with an anisotropic contour closing technique based on functional extension principles  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Chicago (USA) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2004 Serial 1555  
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Author Jaume Garcia; David Rotger; Francesc Carreras; R.Leta; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Contrast echography segmentation and tracking by trained deformable models Type Conference Article
  Year 2003 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue Pages 173-176  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The objective of this work is to segment the human left ventricle myocardium (LVM) in contrast echocardiography imaging and thus track it along a cardiac cycle in order to extract quantitative data about heart function. Ultrasound images are hard to work with due to their speckle appearance. To overcome this we report the combination of active contour models (ACM) or snakes and active shape models (ASM). The ability of ACM in giving closed and smooth curves in addition to the power of the ASM in producing shapes similar to the ones learned, evoke to a robust algorithm. Meanwhile the snake is attracted towards image main features, ASM acts as a correction factor. The algorithm was tested independently on 180 frames and satisfying results were obtained: in 95% the maximum difference between automatic and experts segmentation was less than 12 pixels.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Centre de Visió per Computador – Dept. Informàtica, UAB Edifici O – Campus UAB, 08193 Bellater Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0276-6547 ISBN 0-7803-8170-X Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2003 Serial 1512  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Sandra Pujades; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Variational Framework for Assessment of the Left Ventricle Motion Type Journal Article
  Year 2008 Publication International Journal Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue 6 Pages 76-100  
  Keywords Key words: Left Ventricle Dynamics, Ventricular Torsion, Tagged Magnetic Resonance, Motion Tracking, Variational Framework, Gabor Transform.  
  Abstract Impairment of left ventricular contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in left ventricle (LV) motion patterns. An abnormal change of torsion or long axis shortening LV values can help with the diagnosis and follow-up of LV dysfunction. Tagged Magnetic Resonance (TMR) is a widely spread medical imaging modality that allows estimation of the myocardial tissue local deformation. In this work, we introduce a novel variational framework for extracting the left ventricle dynamics from TMR sequences. A bi-dimensional representation space of TMR images given by Gabor filter banks is defined. Tracking of the phases of the Gabor response is combined using a variational framework which regularizes the deformation field just at areas where the Gabor amplitude drops, while restoring the underlying motion otherwise. The clinical applicability of the proposed method is illustrated by extracting normality models of the ventricular torsion from 19 healthy subjects.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGC2008a Serial 1058  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Shape Restoration via a Regularized Curvature Flow Type Journal Article
  Year 2004 Publication Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 21 Issue 3 Pages 205-223  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Any image filtering operator designed for automatic shape restoration should satisfy robustness (whatever the nature and degree of noise is) as well as non-trivial smooth asymptotic behavior. Moreover, a stopping criterion should be determined by characteristics of the evolved image rather than dependent on the number of iterations. Among the several PDE based techniques, curvature flows appear to be highly reliable for strongly noisy images compared to image diffusion processes.
In the present paper, we introduce a regularized curvature flow (RCF) that admits non-trivial steady states. It is based on a measure of the local curve smoothness that takes into account regularity of the curve curvature and serves as stopping term in the mean curvature flow. We prove that this measure decreases over the orbits of RCF, which endows the method with a natural stop criterion in terms of the magnitude of this measure. Further, in its discrete version it produces steady states consisting of piece-wise regular curves. Numerical experiments made on synthetic shapes corrupted with different kinds of noise show the abilities and limitations of each of the current geometric flows and the benefits of RCF. Finally, we present results on real images that illustrate the usefulness of the present approach in practical applications.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GiR2004c Serial 1532  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ernest Valveny; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A model for image generation and symbol recognition through the deformation of lineal shapes Type Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 24 Issue 15 Pages 2857-2867  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We describe a general framework for the recognition of distorted images of lineal shapes, which relies on three items: a model to represent lineal shapes and their deformations, a model for the generation of distorted binary images and the combination of both models in a common probabilistic framework, where the generation of deformations is related to an internal energy, and the generation of binary images to an external energy. Then, recognition consists in the minimization of a global energy function, performed by using the EM algorithm. This general framework has been applied to the recognition of hand-drawn lineal symbols in graphic documents.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Inc. Place of Publication New York, NY, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0167-8655 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VAM2003 Serial 1653  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Inhibition of false landmarks Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 27 Issue 9 Pages 1022-1030  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Corners and junctions are landmarks characterized by the lack of differentiability in the unit tangent to the image level curve. Detectors based on differential operators are not, by their own definition, the best posed as they require a higher degree of differentiability to yield a reliable response. We argue that a corner detector should be based on the degree of continuity of the tangent vector to the image level sets, work on the image domain and need no assumptions on neither the image local structure nor the particular geometry of the corner/junction. An operator measuring the degree of differentiability of the projection matrix on the image gradient fulfills the above requirements. Because using smoothing kernels leads to corner misplacement, we suggest an alternative fake response remover based on the receptive field inhibition of spurious details. The combination of both orientation discontinuity detection and noise inhibition produce our inhibition orientation energy (IOE) landmark locator.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Inc. Place of Publication New York, NY, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0167-8655 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GiR2006 Serial 1529  
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Author Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Mireia Brunat;Steven Jansen; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Structure-preserving smoothing of biomedical images Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 44 Issue 9 Pages 1842-1851  
  Keywords Non-linear smoothing; Differential geometry; Anatomical structures; segmentation; Cardiac magnetic resonance; Computerized tomography  
  Abstract Smoothing of biomedical images should preserve gray-level transitions between adjacent tissues, while restoring contours consistent with anatomical structures. Anisotropic diffusion operators are based on image appearance discontinuities (either local or contextual) and might fail at weak inter-tissue transitions. Meanwhile, the output of block-wise and morphological operations is prone to present a block structure due to the shape and size of the considered pixel neighborhood. In this contribution, we use differential geometry concepts to define a diffusion operator that restricts to image consistent level-sets. In this manner, the final state is a non-uniform intensity image presenting homogeneous inter-tissue transitions along anatomical structures, while smoothing intra-structure texture. Experiments on different types of medical images (magnetic resonance, computerized tomography) illustrate its benefit on a further process (such as segmentation) of images.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0031-3203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GHB2011 Serial 1526  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Sergio Vera; Agnes Borras; Albert Andaluz; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Anatomical Medial Surfaces with Efficient Resolution of Branches Singularities Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Medical Image Analysis Abbreviated Journal MIA  
  Volume 35 Issue Pages 390-402  
  Keywords Medial Representations; Shape Recognition; Medial Branching Stability ; Singular Points  
  Abstract Medial surfaces are powerful tools for shape description, but their use has been limited due to the sensibility existing methods to branching artifacts. Medial branching artifacts are associated to perturbations of the object boundary rather than to geometric features. Such instability is a main obstacle for a con dent application in shape recognition and description. Medial branches correspond to singularities of the medial surface and, thus, they are problematic for existing morphological and energy-based algorithms. In this paper, we use algebraic geometry concepts in an energy-based approach to compute a medial surface presenting a stable branching topology. We also present an ecient GPU-CPU implementation using standard image processing tools. We show the method computational eciency and quality on a custom made synthetic database. Finally, we present some results on a medical imaging application for localization of abdominal pathologies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier B.V. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.060; 600.096; 600.075; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GVB2017 Serial 2775  
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Author Misael Rosales; Petia Radeva;Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Modelling of image-catheter motion for 3-D IVUS Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Medical image analysis Abbreviated Journal MIA  
  Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 91-104  
  Keywords Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS); Motion estimation; Motion decomposition; Fourier  
  Abstract Three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) allows to visualize and obtain volumetric measurements of coronary lesions through an exploration of the cross sections and longitudinal views of arteries. However, the visualization and subsequent morpho-geometric measurements in IVUS longitudinal cuts are subject to distortion caused by periodic image/vessel motion around the IVUS catheter. Usually, to overcome the image motion artifact ECG-gating and image-gated approaches are proposed, leading to slowing the pullback acquisition or disregarding part of IVUS data. In this paper, we argue that the image motion is due to 3-D vessel geometry as well as cardiac dynamics, and propose a dynamic model based on the tracking of an elliptical vessel approximation to recover the rigid transformation and align IVUS images without loosing any IVUS data. We report an extensive validation with synthetic simulated data and in vivo IVUS sequences of 30 patients achieving an average reduction of the image artifact of 97% in synthetic data and 79% in real-data. Our study shows that IVUS alignment improves longitudinal analysis of the IVUS data and is a necessary step towards accurate reconstruction and volumetric measurements of 3-D IVUS.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RRR2009 Serial 1646  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jose Maria-Carazo; Roberto Marabini edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title On the nature of 2D crystal unbending Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Journal of Structural Biology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 156 Issue 3 Pages 546-555  
  Keywords Electron microscopy  
  Abstract Crystal unbending, the process that aims to recover a perfect crystal from experimental data, is one of the more important steps in electron crystallography image processing. The unbending process involves three steps: estimation of the unit cell displacements from their ideal positions, extension of the deformation field to the whole image and transformation of the image in order to recover an ideal crystal. In this work, we present a systematic analysis of the second step oriented to address two issues. First, whether the unit cells remain undistorted and only the distance between them should be changed (rigid case) or should be modified with the same deformation suffered by the whole crystal (elastic case). Second, the performance of different extension algorithms (interpolation versus approximation) is explored. Our experiments show that there is no difference between elastic and rigid cases or among the extension algorithms. This implies that the deformation fields are constant over large areas. Furthermore, our results indicate that the main source of error is the transformation of the crystal image.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1047-8477 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GCM2006 Serial 1519  
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