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Author L. Rothacker; Marçal Rusiñol; G.A. Fink edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Bag-of-Features HMMs for segmentation-free word spotting in handwritten documents Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1305 - 1309  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Recent HMM-based approaches to handwritten word spotting require large amounts of learning samples and mostly rely on a prior segmentation of the document. We propose to use Bag-of-Features HMMs in a patch-based segmentation-free framework that are estimated by a single sample. Bag-of-Features HMMs use statistics of local image feature representatives. Therefore they can be considered as a variant of discrete HMMs allowing to model the observation of a number of features at a point in time. The discrete nature enables us to estimate a query model with only a single example of the query provided by the user. This makes our method very flexible with respect to the availability of training data. Furthermore, we are able to outperform state-of-the-art results on the George Washington dataset.  
  Address Washington; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-5363 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RRF2013 Serial 2344  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Marçal Rusiñol; Josep Llados edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Boosting the Handwritten Word Spotting Experience by Including the User in the Loop Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 47 Issue 3 Pages 1063–1072  
  Keywords Handwritten word spotting; Query by example; Relevance feedback; Query fusion; Multidimensional scaling  
  Abstract In this paper, we study the effect of taking the user into account in a query-by-example handwritten word spotting framework. Several off-the-shelf query fusion and relevance feedback strategies have been tested in the handwritten word spotting context. The increase in terms of precision when the user is included in the loop is assessed using two datasets of historical handwritten documents and two baseline word spotting approaches both based on the bag-of-visual-words model. We finally present two alternative ways of presenting the results to the user that might be more attractive and suitable to the user's needs than the classic ranked list.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0031-3203 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.045; 600.061; 600.077 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RuL2013 Serial 2343  
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Author Marçal Rusiñol; Lluis Pere de las Heras; Oriol Ramos Terrades edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Flowchart Recognition for Non-Textual Information Retrieval in Patent Search Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Information Retrieval Abbreviated Journal IR  
  Volume 17 Issue 5-6 Pages 545-562  
  Keywords Flowchart recognition; Patent documents; Text/graphics separation; Raster-to-vector conversion; Symbol recognition  
  Abstract Relatively little research has been done on the topic of patent image retrieval and in general in most of the approaches the retrieval is performed in terms of a similarity measure between the query image and the images in the corpus. However, systems aimed at overcoming the semantic gap between the visual description of patent images and their conveyed concepts would be very helpful for patent professionals. In this paper we present a flowchart recognition method aimed at achieving a structured representation of flowchart images that can be further queried semantically. The proposed method was submitted to the CLEF-IP 2012 flowchart recognition task. We report the obtained results on this dataset.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1386-4564 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.077 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RHR2013 Serial 2342  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Thanh Ha Do; Salvatore Tabbone; Oriol Ramos Terrades edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title New Approach for Symbol Recognition Combining Shape Context of Interest Points with Sparse Representation Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 265-269  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper, we propose a new approach for symbol description. Our method is built based on the combination of shape context of interest points descriptor and sparse representation. More specifically, we first learn a dictionary describing shape context of interest point descriptors. Then, based on information retrieval techniques, we build a vector model for each symbol based on its sparse representation in a visual vocabulary whose visual words are columns in the learneddictionary. The retrieval task is performed by ranking symbols based on similarity between vector models. Evaluation of our method, using benchmark datasets, demonstrates the validity of our approach and shows that it outperforms related state-of-theart methods.  
  Address Washington; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-5363 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DTR2013b Serial 2331  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author R. Bertrand; P. Gomez-Krämer; Oriol Ramos Terrades; P. Franco; Jean-Marc Ogier edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A System Based On Intrinsic Features for Fraudulent Document Detection Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 106-110  
  Keywords paper document; document analysis; fraudulent document; forgery; fake  
  Abstract Paper documents still represent a large amount of information supports used nowadays and may contain critical data. Even though official documents are secured with techniques such as printed patterns or artwork, paper documents suffer froma lack of security.
However, the high availability of cheap scanning and printing hardware allows non-experts to easily create fake documents. As the use of a watermarking system added during the document production step is hardly possible, solutions have to be proposed to distinguish a genuine document from a forged one.
In this paper, we present an automatic forgery detection method based on document’s intrinsic features at character level. This method is based on the one hand on outlier character detection in a discriminant feature space and on the other hand on the detection of strictly similar characters. Therefore, a feature set iscomputed for all characters. Then, based on a distance between characters of the same class.
 
  Address Washington; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-5363 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.061 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BGR2013a Serial 2332  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jon Almazan; Albert Gordo; Alicia Fornes; Ernest Valveny edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Handwritten Word Spotting with Corrected Attributes Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 15th IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1017-1024  
  Keywords  
  Abstract We propose an approach to multi-writer word spotting, where the goal is to find a query word in a dataset comprised of document images. We propose an attributes-based approach that leads to a low-dimensional, fixed-length representation of the word images that is fast to compute and, especially, fast to compare. This approach naturally leads to an unified representation of word images and strings, which seamlessly allows one to indistinctly perform query-by-example, where the query is an image, and query-by-string, where the query is a string. We also propose a calibration scheme to correct the attributes scores based on Canonical Correlation Analysis that greatly improves the results on a challenging dataset. We test our approach on two public datasets showing state-of-the-art results.  
  Address Sydney; Australia; December 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1550-5499 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICCV  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ AGF2013 Serial 2327  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Francisco Cruz; Oriol Ramos Terrades edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Handwritten Line Detection via an EM Algorithm Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 718-722  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper we present a handwritten line segmentation method devised to work on documents composed of several paragraphs with multiple line orientations. The method is based on a variation of the EM algorithm for the estimation of a set of regression lines between the connected components that compose the image. We evaluated our method on the ICDAR2009 handwriting segmentation contest dataset with promising results that overcome most of the presented methods. In addition, we prove the usability of the presented method by performing line segmentation on the George Washington database obtaining encouraging results.  
  Address Washington; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-5363 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CrT2013 Serial 2329  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jon Almazan; Alicia Fornes; Ernest Valveny edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Deformable HOG-based Shape Descriptor Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1022-1026  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper we deal with the problem of recognizing handwritten shapes. We present a new deformable feature extraction method that adapts to the shape to be described, dealing in this way with the variability introduced in the handwriting domain. It consists in a selection of the regions that best define the shape to be described, followed by the computation of histograms of oriented gradients-based features over these points. Our results significantly outperform other descriptors in the literature for the task of hand-drawn shape recognition and handwritten word retrieval  
  Address Washington; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-5363 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ AFV2013 Serial 2326  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lluis Pere de las Heras; David Fernandez; Ernest Valveny; Josep Llados; Gemma Sanchez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Unsupervised wall detector in architectural floor plan Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1245-1249  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Wall detection in floor plans is a crucial step in a complete floor plan recognition system. Walls define the main structure of buildings and convey essential information for the detection of other structural elements. Nevertheless, wall segmentation is a difficult task, mainly because of the lack of a standard graphical notation. The existing approaches are restricted to small group of similar notations or require the existence of pre-annotated corpus of input images to learn each new notation. In this paper we present an automatic wall segmentation system, with the ability to handle completely different notations without the need of any annotated dataset. It only takes advantage of the general knowledge that walls are a repetitive element, naturally distributed within the plan and commonly modeled by straight parallel lines. The method has been tested on four datasets of real floor plans with different notations, and compared with the state-of-the-art. The results show its suitability for different graphical notations, achieving higher recall rates than the rest of the methods while keeping a high average precision.  
  Address Washington; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-5363 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.061; 600.056; 600.045 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ HFV2013 Serial 2319  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lluis Pere de las Heras; David Fernandez; Alicia Fornes; Ernest Valveny; Gemma Sanchez;Josep Llados edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Perceptual retrieval of architectural floor plans Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 10th IAPR International Workshop on Graphics Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper proposes a runlength histogram signature as a percetual descriptor of architectural plans in a retrieval scenario. The style of an architectural drawing is characterized by the perception of lines, shapes and texture. Such visual stimuli are the basis for defining semantic concepts as space properties, symmetry, density, etc. We propose runlength histograms extracted in vertical, horizontal and diagonal directions as a characterization of line and space properties in floorplans, so it can be roughly associated to a description of walls and room structure. A retrieval application illustrates the performance of the proposed approach, where given a plan as a query,
similar ones are obtained from a database. A ground truth based on human observation has been constructed to validate the hypothesis. Preliminary results show the interest of the proposed approach and opens a challenging research line in graphics recognition.
 
  Address Bethlehem; PA; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference GREC  
  Notes DAG; 600.045; 600.056; 600.061 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ HFF2013a Serial 2320  
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