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Author Fadi Dornaika; Angel Sappa edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title (down) A Featureless and Stochastic Approach to On-board Stereo Vision System Pose Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Image and Vision Computing Abbreviated Journal IMAVIS  
  Volume 27 Issue 9 Pages 1382–1393  
  Keywords On-board stereo vision system; Pose estimation; Featureless approach; Particle filtering; Image warping  
  Abstract This paper presents a direct and stochastic technique for real-time estimation of on-board stereo head’s position and orientation. Unlike existing works which rely on feature extraction either in the image domain or in 3D space, our proposed approach directly estimates the unknown parameters from the stream of stereo pairs’ brightness. The pose parameters are tracked using the particle filtering framework which implicitly enforces the smoothness constraints on the estimated parameters. The proposed technique can be used with a driver assistance applications as well as with augmented reality applications. Extended experiments on urban environments with different road geometries are presented. Comparisons with a 3D data-based approach are presented. Moreover, we provide a performance study aiming at evaluating the accuracy of the proposed approach.  
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  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ DoS2009b Serial 1152  
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Author Carme Julia; Felipe Lumbreras; Angel Sappa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title (down) A Factorization-based Approach to Photometric Stereo Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology Abbreviated Journal IJIST  
  Volume 21 Issue 1 Pages 115-119  
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  Abstract This article presents an adaptation of a factorization technique to tackle the photometric stereo problem. That is to recover the surface normals and reflectance of an object from a set of images obtained under different lighting conditions. The main contribution of the proposed approach is to consider pixels in shadow and saturated regions as missing data, in order to reduce their influence to the result. Concretely, an adapted Alternation technique is used to deal with missing data. Experimental results considering both synthetic and real images show the viability of the proposed factorization-based strategy. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Imaging Syst Technol, 21, 115–119, 2011.  
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  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ JLS2011; ADAS @ adas @ Serial 1711  
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Author David Vazquez; Jorge Bernal; F. Javier Sanchez; Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach; Antonio Lopez; Adriana Romero; Michal Drozdzal; Aaron Courville edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title (down) A Benchmark for Endoluminal Scene Segmentation of Colonoscopy Images Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Healthcare Engineering Abbreviated Journal JHCE  
  Volume Issue Pages 2040-2295  
  Keywords Colonoscopy images; Deep Learning; Semantic Segmentation  
  Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third cause of cancer death world-wide. Currently, the standard approach to reduce CRC-related mortality is to perform regular screening in search for polyps and colonoscopy is the screening tool of choice. The main limitations of this screening procedure are polyp miss- rate and inability to perform visual assessment of polyp malignancy. These drawbacks can be reduced by designing Decision Support Systems (DSS) aim- ing to help clinicians in the different stages of the procedure by providing endoluminal scene segmentation. Thus, in this paper, we introduce an extended benchmark of colonoscopy image segmentation, with the hope of establishing a new strong benchmark for colonoscopy image analysis research. The proposed dataset consists of 4 relevant classes to inspect the endolumninal scene, tar- geting different clinical needs. Together with the dataset and taking advantage of advances in semantic segmentation literature, we provide new baselines by training standard fully convolutional networks (FCN). We perform a compar- ative study to show that FCN significantly outperform, without any further post-processing, prior results in endoluminal scene segmentation, especially with respect to polyp segmentation and localization.  
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  Notes ADAS; MV; 600.075; 600.085; 600.076; 601.281; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number VBS2017b Serial 2940  
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Author Daniel Hernandez; Antonio Espinosa; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez; Juan C. Moure edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title (down) 3D Perception With Slanted Stixels on GPU Type Journal Article
  Year 2021 Publication IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems Abbreviated Journal TPDS  
  Volume 32 Issue 10 Pages 2434-2447  
  Keywords Daniel Hernandez-Juarez; Antonio Espinosa; David Vazquez; Antonio M. Lopez; Juan C. Moure  
  Abstract This article presents a GPU-accelerated software design of the recently proposed model of Slanted Stixels, which represents the geometric and semantic information of a scene in a compact and accurate way. We reformulate the measurement depth model to reduce the computational complexity of the algorithm, relying on the confidence of the depth estimation and the identification of invalid values to handle outliers. The proposed massively parallel scheme and data layout for the irregular computation pattern that corresponds to a Dynamic Programming paradigm is described and carefully analyzed in performance terms. Performance is shown to scale gracefully on current generation embedded GPUs. We assess the proposed methods in terms of semantic and geometric accuracy as well as run-time performance on three publicly available benchmark datasets. Our approach achieves real-time performance with high accuracy for 2048 × 1024 image sizes and 4 × 4 Stixel resolution on the low-power embedded GPU of an NVIDIA Tegra Xavier.  
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  Notes ADAS; 600.124; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ HEV2021 Serial 3561  
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Author David Geronimo; Angel Sappa; Daniel Ponsa; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title (down) 2D-3D based on-board pedestrian detection system Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Computer Vision and Image Understanding Abbreviated Journal CVIU  
  Volume 114 Issue 5 Pages 583–595  
  Keywords Pedestrian detection; Advanced Driver Assistance Systems; Horizon line; Haar wavelets; Edge orientation histograms  
  Abstract During the next decade, on-board pedestrian detection systems will play a key role in the challenge of increasing traffic safety. The main target of these systems, to detect pedestrians in urban scenarios, implies overcoming difficulties like processing outdoor scenes from a mobile platform and searching for aspect-changing objects in cluttered environments. This makes such systems combine techniques in the state-of-the-art Computer Vision. In this paper we present a three module system based on both 2D and 3D cues. The first module uses 3D information to estimate the road plane parameters and thus select a coherent set of regions of interest (ROIs) to be further analyzed. The second module uses Real AdaBoost and a combined set of Haar wavelets and edge orientation histograms to classify the incoming ROIs as pedestrian or non-pedestrian. The final module loops again with the 3D cue in order to verify the classified ROIs and with the 2D in order to refine the final results. According to the results, the integration of the proposed techniques gives rise to a promising system.  
  Address Computer Vision and Image Understanding (Special Issue on Intelligent Vision Systems), Vol. 114(5):583-595  
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  ISSN 1077-3142 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ GSP2010 Serial 1341  
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