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Author Xavier Soria; Angel Sappa; Riad I. Hammoud edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Wide-Band Color Imagery Restoration for RGB-NIR Single Sensor Images Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 18 Issue 7 Pages 2059  
  Keywords RGB-NIR sensor; multispectral imaging; deep learning; CNNs  
  Abstract Multi-spectral RGB-NIR sensors have become ubiquitous in recent years. These sensors allow the visible and near-infrared spectral bands of a given scene to be captured at the same time. With such cameras, the acquired imagery has a compromised RGB color representation due to near-infrared bands (700–1100 nm) cross-talking with the visible bands (400–700 nm).
This paper proposes two deep learning-based architectures to recover the full RGB color images, thus removing the NIR information from the visible bands. The proposed approaches directly restore the high-resolution RGB image by means of convolutional neural networks. They are evaluated with several outdoor images; both architectures reach a similar performance when evaluated in different
scenarios and using different similarity metrics. Both of them improve the state of the art approaches.
 
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  Notes ADAS: MSIAU; 600.086; 600.130; 600.122; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ SSH2018 Serial 3145  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Victor Santos; Angel Sappa; Miguel Oliveira edit  openurl
  Title Special Issue on Autonomous Driving and Driver Assistance Systems Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Abbreviated Journal RAS  
  Volume 91 Issue Pages 208-209  
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  Notes ADAS; 600.086; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ SSO2017 Serial 2915  
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Author Gabriel Villalonga; Joost van de Weijer; Antonio Lopez edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Recognizing new classes with synthetic data in the loop: application to traffic sign recognition Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 20 Issue 3 Pages 583  
  Keywords  
  Abstract On-board vision systems may need to increase the number of classes that can be recognized in a relatively short period. For instance, a traffic sign recognition system may suddenly be required to recognize new signs. Since collecting and annotating samples of such new classes may need more time than we wish, especially for uncommon signs, we propose a method to generate these samples by combining synthetic images and Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) technology. In particular, the GAN is trained on synthetic and real-world samples from known classes to perform synthetic-to-real domain adaptation, but applied to synthetic samples of the new classes. Using the Tsinghua dataset with a synthetic counterpart, SYNTHIA-TS, we have run an extensive set of experiments. The results show that the proposed method is indeed effective, provided that we use a proper Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to perform the traffic sign recognition (classification) task as well as a proper GAN to transform the synthetic images. Here, a ResNet101-based classifier and domain adaptation based on CycleGAN performed extremely well for a ratio∼ 1/4 for new/known classes; even for more challenging ratios such as∼ 4/1, the results are also very positive.  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes LAMP; ADAS; no proj Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ VWL2020 Serial 3405  
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Author Jiaolong Xu; Sebastian Ramos; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Hierarchical Adaptive Structural SVM for Domain Adaptation Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 119 Issue 2 Pages 159-178  
  Keywords Domain Adaptation; Pedestrian Detection  
  Abstract A key topic in classification is the accuracy loss produced when the data distribution in the training (source) domain differs from that in the testing (target) domain. This is being recognized as a very relevant problem for many
computer vision tasks such as image classification, object detection, and object category recognition. In this paper, we present a novel domain adaptation method that leverages multiple target domains (or sub-domains) in a hierarchical adaptation tree. The core idea is to exploit the commonalities and differences of the jointly considered target domains.
Given the relevance of structural SVM (SSVM) classifiers, we apply our idea to the adaptive SSVM (A-SSVM), which only requires the target domain samples together with the existing source-domain classifier for performing the desired adaptation. Altogether, we term our proposal as hierarchical A-SSVM (HA-SSVM).
As proof of concept we use HA-SSVM for pedestrian detection, object category recognition and face recognition. In the former we apply HA-SSVM to the deformable partbased model (DPM) while in the rest HA-SSVM is applied to multi-category classifiers. We will show how HA-SSVM is effective in increasing the detection/recognition accuracy with respect to adaptation strategies that ignore the structure of the target data. Since, the sub-domains of the target data are not always known a priori, we shown how HA-SSVM can incorporate sub-domain discovery for object category recognition.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.085; 600.082; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ XRV2016 Serial 2669  
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Author Jiaolong Xu; Liang Xiao; Antonio Lopez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Self-supervised Domain Adaptation for Computer Vision Tasks Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication IEEE ACCESS Abbreviated Journal ACCESS  
  Volume 7 Issue Pages 156694 - 156706  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Recent progress of self-supervised visual representation learning has achieved remarkable success on many challenging computer vision benchmarks. However, whether these techniques can be used for domain adaptation has not been explored. In this work, we propose a generic method for self-supervised domain adaptation, using object recognition and semantic segmentation of urban scenes as use cases. Focusing on simple pretext/auxiliary tasks (e.g. image rotation prediction), we assess different learning strategies to improve domain adaptation effectiveness by self-supervision. Additionally, we propose two complementary strategies to further boost the domain adaptation accuracy on semantic segmentation within our method, consisting of prediction layer alignment and batch normalization calibration. The experimental results show adaptation levels comparable to most studied domain adaptation methods, thus, bringing self-supervision as a new alternative for reaching domain adaptation. The code is available at this link. https://github.com/Jiaolong/self-supervised-da.  
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  Notes ADAS; no proj Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ XXL2019 Serial 3302  
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Author Fei Yang; Luis Herranz; Joost van de Weijer; Jose Antonio Iglesias; Antonio Lopez; Mikhail Mozerov edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Variable Rate Deep Image Compression with Modulated Autoencoder Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication IEEE Signal Processing Letters Abbreviated Journal SPL  
  Volume 27 Issue Pages 331-335  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Variable rate is a requirement for flexible and adaptable image and video compression. However, deep image compression methods (DIC) are optimized for a single fixed rate-distortion (R-D) tradeoff. While this can be addressed by training multiple models for different tradeoffs, the memory requirements increase proportionally to the number of models. Scaling the bottleneck representation of a shared autoencoder can provide variable rate compression with a single shared autoencoder. However, the R-D performance using this simple mechanism degrades in low bitrates, and also shrinks the effective range of bitrates. To address these limitations, we formulate the problem of variable R-D optimization for DIC, and propose modulated autoencoders (MAEs), where the representations of a shared autoencoder are adapted to the specific R-D tradeoff via a modulation network. Jointly training this modulated autoencoder and the modulation network provides an effective way to navigate the R-D operational curve. Our experiments show that the proposed method can achieve almost the same R-D performance of independent models with significantly fewer parameters.  
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  Notes LAMP; ADAS; no menciona Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ YHW2020 Serial 3346  
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Author Miguel Oliveira; Victor Santos; Angel Sappa; P. Dias; A. Moreira edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Incremental Scenario Representations for Autonomous Driving using Geometric Polygonal Primitives Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Abbreviated Journal RAS  
  Volume 83 Issue Pages 312-325  
  Keywords Incremental scene reconstruction; Point clouds; Autonomous vehicles; Polygonal primitives  
  Abstract When an autonomous vehicle is traveling through some scenario it receives a continuous stream of sensor data. This sensor data arrives in an asynchronous fashion and often contains overlapping or redundant information. Thus, it is not trivial how a representation of the environment observed by the vehicle can be created and updated over time. This paper presents a novel methodology to compute an incremental 3D representation of a scenario from 3D range measurements. We propose to use macro scale polygonal primitives to model the scenario. This means that the representation of the scene is given as a list of large scale polygons that describe the geometric structure of the environment. Furthermore, we propose mechanisms designed to update the geometric polygonal primitives over time whenever fresh sensor data is collected. Results show that the approach is capable of producing accurate descriptions of the scene, and that it is computationally very efficient when compared to other reconstruction techniques.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier B.V. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.086, 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @OSS2016a Serial 2806  
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Author Angel Sappa; Cristhian A. Aguilera-Carrasco; Juan A. Carvajal Ayala; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis Romero; Boris Vintimilla; Ricardo Toledo edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Monocular visual odometry: A cross-spectral image fusion based approach Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Robotics and Autonomous Systems Abbreviated Journal RAS  
  Volume 85 Issue Pages 26-36  
  Keywords Monocular visual odometry; LWIR-RGB cross-spectral imaging; Image fusion  
  Abstract This manuscript evaluates the usage of fused cross-spectral images in a monocular visual odometry approach. Fused images are obtained through a Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) scheme, where the best setup is empirically obtained by means of a mutual information based evaluation metric. The objective is to have a flexible scheme where fusion parameters are adapted according to the characteristics of the given images. Visual odometry is computed from the fused monocular images using an off the shelf approach. Experimental results using data sets obtained with two different platforms are presented. Additionally, comparison with a previous approach as well as with monocular-visible/infrared spectra are also provided showing the advantages of the proposed scheme.  
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  Publisher Elsevier B.V. Place of Publication Editor  
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  Notes ADAS;600.086; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @SAC2016 Serial 2811  
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Author Angel Sappa; P. Carvajal; Cristhian A. Aguilera-Carrasco; Miguel Oliveira; Dennis Romero; Boris Vintimilla edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Wavelet based visible and infrared image fusion: a comparative study Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 16 Issue 6 Pages 1-15  
  Keywords Image fusion; fusion evaluation metrics; visible and infrared imaging; discrete wavelet transform  
  Abstract This paper evaluates different wavelet-based cross-spectral image fusion strategies adopted to merge visible and infrared images. The objective is to find the best setup independently of the evaluation metric used to measure the performance. Quantitative performance results are obtained with state of the art approaches together with adaptations proposed in the current work. The options evaluated in the current work result from the combination of different setups in the wavelet image decomposition stage together with different fusion strategies for the final merging stage that generates the resulting representation. Most of the approaches evaluate results according to the application for which they are intended for. Sometimes a human observer is selected to judge the quality of the obtained results. In the current work, quantitative values are considered in order to find correlations between setups and performance of obtained results; these correlations can be used to define a criteria for selecting the best fusion strategy for a given pair of cross-spectral images. The whole procedure is evaluated with a large set of correctly registered visible and infrared image pairs, including both Near InfraRed (NIR) and Long Wave InfraRed (LWIR).  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.086; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @SCA2016 Serial 2807  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ferran Diego; Daniel Ponsa; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Video Alignment for Change Detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication IEEE Transactions on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal TIP  
  Volume 20 Issue 7 Pages 1858-1869  
  Keywords video alignment  
  Abstract In this work, we address the problem of aligning two video sequences. Such alignment refers to synchronization, i.e., the establishment of temporal correspondence between frames of the first and second video, followed by spatial registration of all the temporally corresponding frames. Video synchronization and alignment have been attempted before, but most often in the relatively simple cases of fixed or rigidly attached cameras and simultaneous acquisition. In addition, restrictive assumptions have been applied, including linear time correspondence or the knowledge of the complete trajectories of corresponding scene points; to some extent, these assumptions limit the practical applicability of any solutions developed. We intend to solve the more general problem of aligning video sequences recorded by independently moving cameras that follow similar trajectories, based only on the fusion of image intensity and GPS information. The novelty of our approach is to pose the synchronization as a MAP inference problem on a Bayesian network including the observations from these two sensor types, which have been proved complementary. Alignment results are presented in the context of videos recorded from vehicles driving along the same track at different times, for different road types. In addition, we explore two applications of the proposed video alignment method, both based on change detection between aligned videos. One is the detection of vehicles, which could be of use in ADAS. The other is online difference spotting videos of surveillance rounds.  
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  Notes ADAS; IF Approved no  
  Call Number (up) DPS 2011; ADAS @ adas @ dps2011 Serial 1705  
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