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Author (up) Joan Serrat; Felipe Lumbreras; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Cost estimation of custom hoses from STL files and CAD drawings Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Computers in Industry Abbreviated Journal COMPUTIND  
  Volume 64 Issue 3 Pages 299-309  
  Keywords On-line quotation; STL format; Regression; Gaussian process  
  Abstract We present a method for the cost estimation of custom hoses from CAD models. They can come in two formats, which are easy to generate: a STL file or the image of a CAD drawing showing several orthogonal projections. The challenges in either cases are, first, to obtain from them a high level 3D description of the shape, and second, to learn a regression function for the prediction of the manufacturing time, based on geometric features of the reconstructed shape. The chosen description is the 3D line along the medial axis of the tube and the diameter of the circular sections along it. In order to extract it from STL files, we have adapted RANSAC, a robust parametric fitting algorithm. As for CAD drawing images, we propose a new technique for 3D reconstruction from data entered on any number of orthogonal projections. The regression function is a Gaussian process, which does not constrain the function to adopt any specific form and is governed by just two parameters. We assess the accuracy of the manufacturing time estimation by k-fold cross validation on 171 STL file models for which the time is provided by an expert. The results show the feasibility of the method, whereby the relative error for 80% of the testing samples is below 15%.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.057; 600.054; 605.203 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SLL2013; ADAS @ adas @ Serial 2161  
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Author (up) Joan Serrat; Felipe Lumbreras; Francisco Blanco; Manuel Valiente; Montserrat Lopez-Mesas edit  url
openurl 
  Title myStone: A system for automatic kidney stone classification Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Expert Systems with Applications Abbreviated Journal ESA  
  Volume 89 Issue Pages 41-51  
  Keywords Kidney stone; Optical device; Computer vision; Image classification  
  Abstract Kidney stone formation is a common disease and the incidence rate is constantly increasing worldwide. It has been shown that the classification of kidney stones can lead to an important reduction of the recurrence rate. The classification of kidney stones by human experts on the basis of certain visual color and texture features is one of the most employed techniques. However, the knowledge of how to analyze kidney stones is not widespread, and the experts learn only after being trained on a large number of samples of the different classes. In this paper we describe a new device specifically designed for capturing images of expelled kidney stones, and a method to learn and apply the experts knowledge with regard to their classification. We show that with off the shelf components, a carefully selected set of features and a state of the art classifier it is possible to automate this difficult task to a good degree. We report results on a collection of 454 kidney stones, achieving an overall accuracy of 63% for a set of eight classes covering almost all of the kidney stones taxonomy. Moreover, for more than 80% of samples the real class is the first or the second most probable class according to the system, being then the patient recommendations for the two top classes similar. This is the first attempt towards the automatic visual classification of kidney stones, and based on the current results we foresee better accuracies with the increase of the dataset size.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS: MSIAU; 603.046; 600.122; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SLB2017 Serial 3026  
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Author (up) Joan Serrat; Felipe Lumbreras; Idoia Ruiz edit  url
openurl 
  Title Learning to measure for preshipment garment sizing Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Measurement Abbreviated Journal MEASURE  
  Volume 130 Issue Pages 327-339  
  Keywords Apparel; Computer vision; Structured prediction; Regression  
  Abstract Clothing is still manually manufactured for the most part nowadays, resulting in discrepancies between nominal and real dimensions, and potentially ill-fitting garments. Hence, it is common in the apparel industry to manually perform measures at preshipment time. We present an automatic method to obtain such measures from a single image of a garment that speeds up this task. It is generic and extensible in the sense that it does not depend explicitly on the garment shape or type. Instead, it learns through a probabilistic graphical model to identify the different contour parts. Subsequently, a set of Lasso regressors, one per desired measure, can predict the actual values of the measures. We present results on a dataset of 130 images of jackets and 98 of pants, of varying sizes and styles, obtaining 1.17 and 1.22 cm of mean absolute error, respectively.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS: MSIAU; 600.122; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SLR2018 Serial 3128  
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Author (up) Joan Serrat; Ferran Diego; Felipe Lumbreras edit  openurl
  Title Los faros delanteros a traves del objetivo Type Journal
  Year 2008 Publication UAB Divulga, Revista de divulgacion cientifica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ SDL2008b Serial 1471  
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Author (up) Joan Serrat; Ferran Diego; Felipe Lumbreras; Jose Manuel Alvarez; Antonio Lopez; C. Elvira edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Dynamic Comparison of Headlights Type Journal
  Year 2008 Publication Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 222 Issue 5 Pages 643–656  
  Keywords video alignment  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ SDL2008a Serial 958  
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Author (up) Jose Carlos Rubio; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez; Daniel Ponsa edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Multiple target tracking for intelligent headlights control Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 594-605  
  Keywords Intelligent Headlights  
  Abstract Intelligent vehicle lighting systems aim at automatically regulating the headlights' beam to illuminate as much of the road ahead as possible while avoiding dazzling other drivers. A key component of such a system is computer vision software that is able to distinguish blobs due to vehicles' headlights and rear lights from those due to road lamps and reflective elements such as poles and traffic signs. In a previous work, we have devised a set of specialized supervised classifiers to make such decisions based on blob features related to its intensity and shape. Despite the overall good performance, there remain challenging that have yet to be solved: notably, faint and tiny blobs corresponding to quite distant vehicles. In fact, for such distant blobs, classification decisions can be taken after observing them during a few frames. Hence, incorporating tracking could improve the overall lighting system performance by enforcing the temporal consistency of the classifier decision. Accordingly, this paper focuses on the problem of constructing blob tracks, which is actually one of multiple-target tracking (MTT), but under two special conditions: We have to deal with frequent occlusions, as well as blob splits and merges. We approach it in a novel way by formulating the problem as a maximum a posteriori inference on a Markov random field. The qualitative (in video form) and quantitative evaluation of our new MTT method shows good tracking results. In addition, we will also see that the classification performance of the problematic blobs improves due to the proposed MTT algorithm.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1524-9050 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RLP2012; ADAS @ adas @ rsl2012g Serial 1877  
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Author (up) Jose Manuel Alvarez; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Road Detection Based on Illuminant Invariance Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages 184-193  
  Keywords road detection  
  Abstract By using an onboard camera, it is possible to detect the free road surface ahead of the ego-vehicle. Road detection is of high relevance for autonomous driving, road departure warning, and supporting driver-assistance systems such as vehicle and pedestrian detection. The key for vision-based road detection is the ability to classify image pixels as belonging or not to the road surface. Identifying road pixels is a major challenge due to the intraclass variability caused by lighting conditions. A particularly difficult scenario appears when the road surface has both shadowed and nonshadowed areas. Accordingly, we propose a novel approach to vision-based road detection that is robust to shadows. The novelty of our approach relies on using a shadow-invariant feature space combined with a model-based classifier. The model is built online to improve the adaptability of the algorithm to the current lighting and the presence of other vehicles in the scene. The proposed algorithm works in still images and does not depend on either road shape or temporal restrictions. Quantitative and qualitative experiments on real-world road sequences with heavy traffic and shadows show that the method is robust to shadows and lighting variations. Moreover, the proposed method provides the highest performance when compared with hue-saturation-intensity (HSI)-based algorithms.  
  Address  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ AlL2011 Serial 1456  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Jose Manuel Alvarez; Antonio Lopez; Theo Gevers; Felipe Lumbreras edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Combining Priors, Appearance and Context for Road Detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 15 Issue 3 Pages 1168-1178  
  Keywords Illuminant invariance; lane markings; road detection; road prior; road scene understanding; vanishing point; 3-D scene layout  
  Abstract Detecting the free road surface ahead of a moving vehicle is an important research topic in different areas of computer vision, such as autonomous driving or car collision warning.
Current vision-based road detection methods are usually based solely on low-level features. Furthermore, they generally assume structured roads, road homogeneity, and uniform lighting conditions, constraining their applicability in real-world scenarios. In this paper, road priors and contextual information are introduced for road detection. First, we propose an algorithm to estimate road priors online using geographical information, providing relevant initial information about the road location. Then, contextual cues, including horizon lines, vanishing points, lane markings, 3-D scene layout, and road geometry, are used in addition to low-level cues derived from the appearance of roads. Finally, a generative model is used to combine these cues and priors, leading to a road detection method that is, to a large degree, robust to varying imaging conditions, road types, and scenarios.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1524-9050 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.076;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ ALG2014 Serial 2501  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Jose Manuel Alvarez; Theo Gevers; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Learning photometric invariance for object detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication International Journal of Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal IJCV  
  Volume 90 Issue 1 Pages 45-61  
  Keywords road detection  
  Abstract Impact factor: 3.508 (the last available from JCR2009SCI). Position 4/103 in the category Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence. Quartile
Color is a powerful visual cue in many computer vision applications such as image segmentation and object recognition. However, most of the existing color models depend on the imaging conditions that negatively affect the performance of the task at hand. Often, a reflection model (e.g., Lambertian or dichromatic reflectance) is used to derive color invariant models. However, this approach may be too restricted to model real-world scenes in which different reflectance mechanisms can hold simultaneously.
Therefore, in this paper, we aim to derive color invariance by learning from color models to obtain diversified color invariant ensembles. First, a photometrical orthogonal and non-redundant color model set is computed composed of both color variants and invariants. Then, the proposed method combines these color models to arrive at a diversified color ensemble yielding a proper balance between invariance (repeatability) and discriminative power (distinctiveness). To achieve this, our fusion method uses a multi-view approach to minimize the estimation error. In this way, the proposed method is robust to data uncertainty and produces properly diversified color invariant ensembles. Further, the proposed method is extended to deal with temporal data by predicting the evolution of observations over time.
Experiments are conducted on three different image datasets to validate the proposed method. Both the theoretical and experimental results show that the method is robust against severe variations in imaging conditions. The method is not restricted to a certain reflection model or parameter tuning, and outperforms state-of-the-art detection techniques in the field of object, skin and road recognition. Considering sequential data, the proposed method (extended to deal with future observations) outperforms the other methods
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0920-5691 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ AGL2010c Serial 1451  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Jose Manuel Alvarez; Theo Gevers; Ferran Diego; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Road Geometry Classification by Adaptative Shape Models Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 459-468  
  Keywords road detection  
  Abstract Vision-based road detection is important for different applications in transportation, such as autonomous driving, vehicle collision warning, and pedestrian crossing detection. Common approaches to road detection are based on low-level road appearance (e.g., color or texture) and neglect of the scene geometry and context. Hence, using only low-level features makes these algorithms highly depend on structured roads, road homogeneity, and lighting conditions. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to classify road geometries for road detection through the analysis of scene composition and temporal coherence. Road geometry classification is proposed by building corresponding models from training images containing prototypical road geometries. We propose adaptive shape models where spatial pyramids are steered by the inherent spatial structure of road images. To reduce the influence of lighting variations, invariant features are used. Large-scale experiments show that the proposed road geometry classifier yields a high recognition rate of 73.57% ± 13.1, clearly outperforming other state-of-the-art methods. Including road shape information improves road detection results over existing appearance-based methods. Finally, it is shown that invariant features and temporal information provide robustness against disturbing imaging conditions.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1524-9050 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ AGD2013;; ADAS @ adas @ Serial 2269  
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