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Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Mariano Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guilleaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication (up) 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Left Ventricle, Electromechanical Models, Image Processing, Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models [1] consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality [2]. In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp [3].
We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment.
The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted.
The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have
Figure 1: Scheme for the Left Ventricle Patient-Sensitive Model.
computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.
 
  Address Venice; Italy  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9788496736559 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008b Serial 993  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Manuel Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication (up) 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8)/5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2008) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Left Ventricle; Electromechanical Models; Image Processing; Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality . In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp. We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment. The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted. The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Venezia (Italia) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN B-31470-08 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008c Serial 1521  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Validation Benchmark for Assessment of Medial Surface Quality for Medical Applications Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication (up) 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7963 Issue Pages 334-343  
  Keywords Medial Surfaces; Shape Representation; Medical Applications; Performance Evaluation  
  Abstract Confident use of medial surfaces in medical decision support systems requires evaluating their quality for detecting pathological deformations and describing anatomical volumes. Validation in the medical imaging field is a challenging task mainly due to the difficulties for getting consensual ground truth. In this paper we propose a validation benchmark for assessing medial surfaces in the context of medical applications. Our benchmark includes a home-made database of synthetic medial surfaces and volumes and specific scores for evaluating surface accuracy, its stability against volume deformations and its capabilities for accurate reconstruction of anatomical volumes.  
  Address Sant Petersburg; Russia; July 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-39401-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICVS  
  Notes IAM; 600.044; 600.060 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GBV2013 Serial 2300  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Daniel Kondermann edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title When Is A Confidence Measure Good Enough? Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication (up) 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7963 Issue Pages 344-353  
  Keywords Optical flow, confidence measure, performance evaluation  
  Abstract Confidence estimation has recently become a hot topic in image processing and computer vision.Yet, several definitions exist of the term “confidence” which are sometimes used interchangeably. This is a position paper, in which we aim to give an overview on existing definitions,
thereby clarifying the meaning of the used terms to facilitate further research in this field. Based on these clarifications, we develop a theory to compare confidence measures with respect to their quality.
 
  Address St Petersburg; Russia; July 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Link Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-39401-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICVS  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; 600.044; 600.057; 600.060; 601.145 Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2013a Serial 2218  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; R.Mester; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Local Analysis of Confidence Measures for Optical Flow Quality Evaluation Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication (up) 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue Pages 450-457  
  Keywords Optical Flow; Confidence Measure; Performance Evaluation.  
  Abstract Optical Flow (OF) techniques facing the complexity of real sequences have been developed in the last years. Even using the most appropriate technique for our specific problem, at some points the output flow might fail to achieve the minimum error required for the system. Confidence measures computed from either input data or OF output should discard those points where OF is not accurate enough for its further use. It follows that evaluating the capabilities of a confidence measure for bounding OF error is as important as the definition
itself. In this paper we analyze different confidence measures and point out their advantages and limitations for their use in real world settings. We also explore the agreement with current tools for their evaluation of confidence measures performance.
 
  Address Lisboa; January 2014  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference VISAPP  
  Notes IAM; ADAS; 600.044; 600.060; 600.057; 601.145; 600.076; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MGM2014 Serial 2432  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil ; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Error Analysis for Lucas-Kanade Based Schemes Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication (up) 9th International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7324 Issue I Pages 184-191  
  Keywords Optical flow, Confidence measure, Lucas-Kanade, Cardiac Magnetic Resonance  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in medical imaging sequences. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in medical sequences. This paper presents an error analysis of Lucas-Kanade schemes in terms of intrinsic design errors and numerical stability of the algorithm. Our analysis provides a confidence measure that is naturally correlated to the accuracy of the flow field. Our experiments show the higher predictive value of our confidence measure compared to existing measures.  
  Address Aveiro, Portugal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language english Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Campilho, Aurélio and Kamel, Mohamed Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-31294-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICIAR  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2012a Serial 1899  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Garcia; Joel Barajas; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title An intuitive validation technique to compare local versus global tagged MRI analysis Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication (up) Computers In Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 32 Issue Pages 29–32  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Myocardium appears as a uniform tissue that seen in convectional Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) shows just the contractile part of its movement. MR Tagging is a unique imaging technique that prints a grid over the tissue which moves according to the underlying movement of the myocardium revealing the true deformation of the cardiac muscle. Optical flow techniques based on spectral information estimate tissue displacement by analyzing information encoded in the phase maps which can be obtained using, local (Gabor) and global (HARP) methods. In this paper we compare both in synthetic and real Tagged MR sequences. We conclude that local method is slightly more accurate than the global one. On the other hand, global method is more efficient as it is much faster and less parameters have to be taken into account  
  Address Lyon (France)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 0-7803-9337-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GBC2005 Serial 639  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Monica Mitiko; Sergio Shiguemi; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title A validation protocol for assessing cardiac phase retrieval in IntraVascular UltraSound Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication (up) Computing in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 37 Issue Pages 899-902  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A good reliable approach to cardiac triggering is of utmost importance in obtaining accurate quantitative results of atherosclerotic plaque burden from the analysis of IntraVascular UltraSound. Although, in the last years, there has been an increase in research of methods for retrospective gating, there is no general consensus in a validation protocol. Many methods are based on quality assessment of longitudinal cuts appearance and those reporting quantitative numbers do not follow a standard protocol. Such heterogeneity in validation protocols makes faithful comparison across methods a difficult task. We propose a validation protocol based on the variability of the retrieved cardiac phase and explore the capability of several quality measures for quantifying such variability. An ideal detector, suitable for its application in clinical practice, should produce stable phases. That is, it should always sample the same cardiac cycle fraction. In this context, one should measure the variability (variance) of a candidate sampling with respect a ground truth (reference) sampling, since the variance would indicate how spread we are aiming a target. In order to quantify the deviation between the sampling and the ground truth, we have considered two quality scores reported in the literature: signed distance to the closest reference sample and distance to the right of each reference sample. We have also considered the residuals of the regression line of reference against candidate sampling. The performance of the measures has been explored on a set of synthetic samplings covering different cardiac cycle fractions and variabilities. From our simulations, we conclude that the metrics related to distances are sensitive to the shift considered while the residuals are robust against fraction and variabilities as far as one can establish a pair-wise correspondence between candidate and reference. We will further investigate the impact of false positive and negative detections in experimental data.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0276-6547 ISBN 978-1-4244-7318-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CINC  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HSM2010 Serial 1551  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josefina Mauri; Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias; B. Garcia del Blanco; E. Iraculis; J.A. Gomez-Hospital; J. Comin; M.A. Sanchez Corral; F. Jara; A. Cequier; E. Esplugas; Debora Gil; J. Saludes; Petia Radeva; Ricardo Toledo; Juan J.Villanueva edit  openurl
  Title Moviment del vas en l anàlisi d imatges d ecografia intracoronària: un model matemàtic Type Conference Article
  Year 2000 Publication (up) Congrés de la Societat Catalana de Cardiologia. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;RV;ISE;MILAB;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MNG2000 Serial 1621  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josefina Mauri; Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias; J. Comin; B. Garcia del Blanco; E. Iraculis; J.A. Gomez-Hospital; P. Valdovinos; F. Jara; A. Cequier; E. Esplugas; Oriol Pujol; Cristina Cañero; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Ricardo Toledo edit  openurl
  Title Avaluació del Conjunt Stent/Artèria mitjançant ecografia intracoronària: lentorn informàtic Type Conference Article
  Year 2000 Publication (up) Congrés de la Societat Catalana de Cardiologia. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;RV;MILAB;ADAS;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MNC2000 Serial 1622  
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