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Author Esmitt Ramirez; Carles Sanchez; Agnes Borras; Marta Diez-Ferrer; Antoni Rosell; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Image-Based Bronchial Anatomy Codification for Biopsy Guiding in Video Bronchoscopy Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication OR 2.0 Context-Aware Operating Theaters, Computer Assisted Robotic Endoscopy, Clinical Image-Based Procedures, and Skin Image Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 11041 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Biopsy guiding; Bronchoscopy; Lung biopsy; Intervention guiding; Airway codification  
  Abstract Bronchoscopy examinations allow biopsy of pulmonary nodules with minimum risk for the patient. Even for experienced bronchoscopists, it is difficult to guide the bronchoscope to most distal lesions and obtain an accurate diagnosis. This paper presents an image-based codification of the bronchial anatomy for bronchoscopy biopsy guiding. The 3D anatomy of each patient is codified as a binary tree with nodes representing bronchial levels and edges labeled using their position on images projecting the 3D anatomy from a set of branching points. The paths from the root to leaves provide a codification of navigation routes with spatially consistent labels according to the anatomy observes in video bronchoscopy explorations. We evaluate our labeling approach as a guiding system in terms of the number of bronchial levels correctly codified, also in the number of labels-based instructions correctly supplied, using generalized mixed models and computer-generated data. Results obtained for three independent observers prove the consistency and reproducibility of our guiding system. We trust that our codification based on viewer’s projection might be used as a foundation for the navigation process in Virtual Bronchoscopy systems.  
  Address Granada; September 2018  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference MICCAIW  
  Notes IAM; 600.096; 600.075; 601.323; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RSB2018b Serial 3137  
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Author Marta Ligero; Guillermo Torres; Carles Sanchez; Katerine Diaz; Raquel Perez; Debora Gil edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Selection of Radiomics Features based on their Reproducibility Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 403-408  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Dimensionality reduction is key to alleviate machine learning artifacts in clinical applications with Small Sample Size (SSS) unbalanced datasets. Existing methods rely on either the probabilistic distribution of training data or the discriminant power of the reduced space, disregarding the impact of repeatability and uncertainty in features.In the present study is proposed the use of reproducibility of radiomics features to select features with high inter-class correlation coefficient (ICC). The reproducibility includes the variability introduced in the image acquisition, like medical scans acquisition parameters and convolution kernels, that affects intensity-based features and tumor annotations made by physicians, that influences morphological descriptors of the lesion.For the reproducibility of radiomics features three studies were conducted on cases collected at Vall Hebron Oncology Institute (VHIO) on responders to oncology treatment. The studies focused on the variability due to the convolution kernel, image acquisition parameters, and the inter-observer lesion identification. The features selected were those features with a ICC higher than 0.7 in the three studies.The selected features based on reproducibility were evaluated for lesion malignancy classification using a different database. Results show better performance compared to several state-of-the-art methods including Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Kernel Discriminant Analysis via QR decomposition (KDAQR), LASSO, and an own built Convolutional Neural Network.  
  Address Berlin; Alemanya; July 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference EMBC  
  Notes IAM; no menciona Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ LTS2019 Serial 3358  
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Author Debora Gil; Antonio Esteban Lansaque; Sebastian Stefaniga; Mihail Gaianu; Carles Sanchez edit  url
openurl 
  Title Data Augmentation from Sketch Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication International Workshop on Uncertainty for Safe Utilization of Machine Learning in Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 11840 Issue Pages 155-162  
  Keywords Data augmentation; cycleGANs; Multi-objective optimization  
  Abstract State of the art machine learning methods need huge amounts of data with unambiguous annotations for their training. In the context of medical imaging this is, in general, a very difficult task due to limited access to clinical data, the time required for manual annotations and variability across experts. Simulated data could serve for data augmentation provided that its appearance was comparable to the actual appearance of intra-operative acquisitions. Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are a powerful tool for artistic style transfer, but lack a criteria for selecting epochs ensuring also preservation of intra-operative content.

We propose a multi-objective optimization strategy for a selection of cycleGAN epochs ensuring a mapping between virtual images and the intra-operative domain preserving anatomical content. Our approach has been applied to simulate intra-operative bronchoscopic videos and chest CT scans from virtual sketches generated using simple graphical primitives.
 
  Address Shenzhen; China; October 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CLIP  
  Notes IAM; 600.145; 601.337 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GES2019 Serial 3359  
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Author Carles Sanchez; Miguel Viñas; Coen Antens; Agnes Borras; Debora Gil edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Back to Front Architecture for Diagnosis as a Service Type Conference Article
  Year 2018 Publication 20th International Symposium on Symbolic and Numeric Algorithms for Scientific Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 343-346  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Software as a Service (SaaS) is a cloud computing model in which a provider hosts applications in a server that customers use via internet. Since SaaS does not require to install applications on customers' own computers, it allows the use by multiple users of highly specialized software without extra expenses for hardware acquisition or licensing. A SaaS tailored for clinical needs not only would alleviate licensing costs, but also would facilitate easy access to new methods for diagnosis assistance. This paper presents a SaaS client-server architecture for Diagnosis as a Service (DaaS). The server is based on docker technology in order to allow execution of softwares implemented in different languages with the highest portability and scalability. The client is a content management system allowing the design of websites with multimedia content and interactive visualization of results allowing user editing. We explain a usage case that uses our DaaS as crowdsourcing platform in a multicentric pilot study carried out to evaluate the clinical benefits of a software for assessment of central airway obstruction.  
  Address Timisoara; Rumania; September 2018  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference SYNASC  
  Notes IAM; no menciona Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SVA2018 Serial 3360  
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Author Jaume Garcia; David Rotger; Francesc Carreras; R.Leta; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Contrast echography segmentation and tracking by trained deformable models Type Conference Article
  Year 2003 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue Pages 173-176  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The objective of this work is to segment the human left ventricle myocardium (LVM) in contrast echocardiography imaging and thus track it along a cardiac cycle in order to extract quantitative data about heart function. Ultrasound images are hard to work with due to their speckle appearance. To overcome this we report the combination of active contour models (ACM) or snakes and active shape models (ASM). The ability of ACM in giving closed and smooth curves in addition to the power of the ASM in producing shapes similar to the ones learned, evoke to a robust algorithm. Meanwhile the snake is attracted towards image main features, ASM acts as a correction factor. The algorithm was tested independently on 180 frames and satisfying results were obtained: in 95% the maximum difference between automatic and experts segmentation was less than 12 pixels.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Centre de Visió per Computador – Dept. Informàtica, UAB Edifici O – Campus UAB, 08193 Bellater Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 0276-6547 ISBN 0-7803-8170-X Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2003 Serial 1512  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Monica Mitiko; Sergio Shiguemi; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title A validation protocol for assessing cardiac phase retrieval in IntraVascular UltraSound Type Conference Article
  Year 2010 Publication Computing in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 37 Issue Pages 899-902  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A good reliable approach to cardiac triggering is of utmost importance in obtaining accurate quantitative results of atherosclerotic plaque burden from the analysis of IntraVascular UltraSound. Although, in the last years, there has been an increase in research of methods for retrospective gating, there is no general consensus in a validation protocol. Many methods are based on quality assessment of longitudinal cuts appearance and those reporting quantitative numbers do not follow a standard protocol. Such heterogeneity in validation protocols makes faithful comparison across methods a difficult task. We propose a validation protocol based on the variability of the retrieved cardiac phase and explore the capability of several quality measures for quantifying such variability. An ideal detector, suitable for its application in clinical practice, should produce stable phases. That is, it should always sample the same cardiac cycle fraction. In this context, one should measure the variability (variance) of a candidate sampling with respect a ground truth (reference) sampling, since the variance would indicate how spread we are aiming a target. In order to quantify the deviation between the sampling and the ground truth, we have considered two quality scores reported in the literature: signed distance to the closest reference sample and distance to the right of each reference sample. We have also considered the residuals of the regression line of reference against candidate sampling. The performance of the measures has been explored on a set of synthetic samplings covering different cardiac cycle fractions and variabilities. From our simulations, we conclude that the metrics related to distances are sensitive to the shift considered while the residuals are robust against fraction and variabilities as far as one can establish a pair-wise correspondence between candidate and reference. We will further investigate the impact of false positive and negative detections in experimental data.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 0276-6547 ISBN 978-1-4244-7318-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CINC  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HSM2010 Serial 1551  
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Author Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Mireia Burnat; Steven Jansen; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Structure-Preserving Smoothing of Biomedical Images Type Conference Article
  Year 2009 Publication 13th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5702 Issue Pages 427-434  
  Keywords non-linear smoothing; differential geometry; anatomical structures segmentation; cardiac magnetic resonance; computerized tomography.  
  Abstract Smoothing of biomedical images should preserve gray-level transitions between adjacent tissues, while restoring contours consistent with anatomical structures. Anisotropic diffusion operators are based on image appearance discontinuities (either local or contextual) and might fail at weak inter-tissue transitions. Meanwhile, the output of block-wise and morphological operations is prone to present a block structure due to the shape and size of the considered pixel neighborhood. In this contribution, we use differential geometry concepts to define a diffusion operator that restricts to image consistent level-sets. In this manner, the final state is a non-uniform intensity image presenting homogeneous inter-tissue transitions along anatomical structures, while smoothing intra-structure texture. Experiments on different types of medical images (magnetic resonance, computerized tomography) illustrate its benefit on a further process (such as segmentation) of images.  
  Address Münster, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-03766-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIP  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GHB2009 Serial 1527  
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Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil ; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Error Analysis for Lucas-Kanade Based Schemes Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication 9th International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7324 Issue I Pages 184-191  
  Keywords Optical flow, Confidence measure, Lucas-Kanade, Cardiac Magnetic Resonance  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in medical imaging sequences. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in medical sequences. This paper presents an error analysis of Lucas-Kanade schemes in terms of intrinsic design errors and numerical stability of the algorithm. Our analysis provides a confidence measure that is naturally correlated to the accuracy of the flow field. Our experiments show the higher predictive value of our confidence measure compared to existing measures.  
  Address Aveiro, Portugal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language english Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Campilho, Aurélio and Kamel, Mohamed Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-31294-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICIAR  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2012a Serial 1899  
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Author Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Validation Benchmark for Assessment of Medial Surface Quality for Medical Applications Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7963 Issue Pages 334-343  
  Keywords Medial Surfaces; Shape Representation; Medical Applications; Performance Evaluation  
  Abstract Confident use of medial surfaces in medical decision support systems requires evaluating their quality for detecting pathological deformations and describing anatomical volumes. Validation in the medical imaging field is a challenging task mainly due to the difficulties for getting consensual ground truth. In this paper we propose a validation benchmark for assessing medial surfaces in the context of medical applications. Our benchmark includes a home-made database of synthetic medial surfaces and volumes and specific scores for evaluating surface accuracy, its stability against volume deformations and its capabilities for accurate reconstruction of anatomical volumes.  
  Address Sant Petersburg; Russia; July 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-39401-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICVS  
  Notes IAM; 600.044; 600.060 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GBV2013 Serial 2300  
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Author Ferran Poveda; Debora Gil;Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Multi-resolution DT-MRI cardiac tractography Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication Statistical Atlases And Computational Models Of The Heart: Imaging and Modelling Challenges Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7746 Issue Pages 270-277  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Even using objective measures from DT-MRI no consensus about myocardial architecture has been achieved so far. Streamlining provides good reconstructions at low level of detail, but falls short to give global abstract interpretations. In this paper, we present a multi-resolution methodology that is able to produce simplified representations of cardiac architecture. Our approach produces a reduced set of tracts that are representative of the main geometric features of myocardial anatomical structure. Experiments show that fiber geometry is preserved along reductions, which validates the simplified model for interpretation of cardiac architecture.  
  Address Nice, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN (up) 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-36960-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference STACOM  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGM2012 Serial 1986  
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