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Author Francesc Carreras; Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Sandra Pujadas; Chi ho Lion; R.Suarez-Arias; R.Leta; Xavier Alomar; Manuel Ballester; Guillem Pons-Llados edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Left ventricular torsion and longitudinal shortening: two fundamental components of myocardial mechanics assessed by tagged cine-MRI in normal subjects Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2012 Publication International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging Abbreviated Journal IJCI  
  Volume 28 Issue 2 Pages 273-284  
  Keywords Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Tagging MRI; Cardiac mechanics; Ventricular torsion  
  Abstract Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (Cardiac MRI) has become a gold standard diagnostic technique for the assessment of cardiac mechanics, allowing the non-invasive calculation of left ventric- ular long axis longitudinal shortening (LVLS) and absolute myocardial torsion (AMT) between basal and apical left ventricular slices, a movement directly related to the helicoidal anatomic disposition of the myocardial fibers. The aim of this study is to determine AMT and LVLS behaviour and normal values from a group of healthy subjects. A group of 21 healthy volunteers (15 males) (age: 23–55 y.o., mean:30.7 ± 7.5) were prospectively included in an obser- vational study by Cardiac MRI. Left ventricular rotation (degrees) was calculated by custom-made software (Harmonic Phase Flow) in consecutive LV short axis planes tagged cine-MRI sequences. AMT was determined from the difference between basal and apical planes LV rotations. LVLS (%) was determined from the LV longitudinal and horizontal axis cine-MRI images. All the 21 cases studied were interpretable, although in three cases the value of the LV apical rotation could not be determined. The mean rotation of the basal and apical planes at end-systole were -3.71° ± 0.84° and 6.73° ± 1.69° (n:18) respectively, resulting in a LV mean AMT of 10.48° ± 1.63° (n:18). End-systolic mean LVLS was 19.07 ± 2.71%. Cardiac MRI allows for the calculation of AMT and LVLS, fundamental functional components of the ventricular twist mechanics conditioned, in turn, by the anatomical helical layout of the myocardial fibers. These values provide complementary information about systolic ventricular function in relation to the traditional parameters used in daily practice.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Netherlands Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1569-5794 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ CGG2012 Serial 1496  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil ; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Error Analysis for Lucas-Kanade Based Schemes Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2012 Publication 9th International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7324 Issue I Pages 184-191  
  Keywords Optical flow, Confidence measure, Lucas-Kanade, Cardiac Magnetic Resonance  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in medical imaging sequences. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in medical sequences. This paper presents an error analysis of Lucas-Kanade schemes in terms of intrinsic design errors and numerical stability of the algorithm. Our analysis provides a confidence measure that is naturally correlated to the accuracy of the flow field. Our experiments show the higher predictive value of our confidence measure compared to existing measures.  
  Address Aveiro, Portugal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language english Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Campilho, Aurélio and Kamel, Mohamed Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-31294-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICIAR  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2012a Serial 1899  
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Author Patricia Marquez;Debora Gil;Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Complete Confidence Framework for Optical Flow Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2012 Publication 12th European Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops and Demonstrations Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7584 Issue 2 Pages 124-133  
  Keywords Optical flow, confidence measures, sparsification plots, error prediction plots  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs, exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Place of Publication Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012 Editor Andrea Fusiello, Vittorio Murino ,Rita Cucchiara  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-642-33867-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ECCVW  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2012b Serial 1991  
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Author Sergio Vera; Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; F. Javier Sanchez; Frederic Perez; Marius G. Linguraru; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Computation and Evaluation of Medial Surfaces for Shape Representation of Abdominal Organs Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2012 Publication Workshop on Computational and Clinical Applications in Abdominal Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7029 Issue Pages 223–230  
  Keywords medial manifolds, abdomen.  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D
objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial
manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our
method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs,
exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.
 
  Address Toronto; Canada;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Link Place of Publication Berlin Editor H. Yoshida et al  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-28556-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ABDI  
  Notes IAM;MV Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGB2012 Serial 1834  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sergio Vera; Debora Gil; Antonio Lopez; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Multilocal Creaseness Measure Type Journal
  Year (down) 2012 Publication The Insight Journal Abbreviated Journal IJ  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Ridges, Valley, Creaseness, Structure Tensor, Skeleton,  
  Abstract This document describes the implementation using the Insight Toolkit of an algorithm for detecting creases (ridges and valleys) in N-dimensional images, based on the Local Structure Tensor of the image. In addition to the filter used to calculate the creaseness image, a filter for the computation of the structure tensor is also included in this submission.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Alma IT Systems Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language english Summary Language english Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGL2012 Serial 1840  
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Author Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A medial map capturing the essential geometry of organs Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2012 Publication ISBI Workshop on Open Source Medical Image Analysis software Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1691 - 1694  
  Keywords Medial Surface Representation, Volume Reconstruction,Geometry , Image reconstruction , Liver , Manifolds , Shape , Surface morphology , Surface reconstruction  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Accurate computation of one pixel wide medial surfaces is mandatory. Those surfaces must represent faithfully the geometry of the volume. Although morphological methods produce excellent results in 2D, their complexity and quality drops across dimensions, due to a more complex description of pixel neighborhoods. This paper introduces a continuous operator for accurate and efficient computation of medial structures of arbitrary dimension. Our experiments show its higher performance for medical imaging applications in terms of simplicity of medial structures and capability for reconstructing the anatomical volume  
  Address Barcelona,Spain  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1945-7928 ISBN 978-1-4577-1857-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ISBI  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGG2012a Serial 1989  
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Author Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Optimal Medial Surface Generation for Anatomical Volume Representations Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2012 Publication Abdominal Imaging. Computational and Clinical Applications Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 7601 Issue Pages 265-273  
  Keywords Medial surface representation; volume reconstruction  
  Abstract Medial representations are a widely used technique in abdominal organ shape representation and parametrization. Those methods require good medial manifolds as a starting point. Any medial
surface used to parametrize a volume should be simple enough to allow an easy manipulation and complete enough to allow an accurate reconstruction of the volume. Obtaining good quality medial
surfaces is still a problem with current iterative thinning methods. This forces the usage of generic, pre-calculated medial templates that are adapted to the final shape at the cost of a drop in volume reconstruction.
This paper describes an operator for generation of medial structures that generates clean and complete manifolds well suited for their further use in medial representations of abdominal organ volumes. While being simpler than thinning surfaces, experiments show its high performance in volume reconstruction and preservation of medial surface main branching topology.
 
  Address Nice, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor Yoshida, Hiroyuki and Hawkes, David and Vannier, MichaelW.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-33611-9 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference STACOM  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGG2012b Serial 1988  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; David Roche; Monica M. S. Matsumoto; Sergio S. Furuie edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Inferring the Performance of Medical Imaging Algorithms Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication 14th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6854 Issue Pages 520-528  
  Keywords Validation, Statistical Inference, Medical Imaging Algorithms.  
  Abstract Evaluation of the performance and limitations of medical imaging algorithms is essential to estimate their impact in social, economic or clinical aspects. However, validation of medical imaging techniques is a challenging task due to the variety of imaging and clinical problems involved, as well as, the difficulties for systematically extracting a reliable solely ground truth. Although specific validation protocols are reported in any medical imaging paper, there are still two major concerns: definition of standardized methodologies transversal to all problems and generalization of conclusions to the whole clinical data set.
We claim that both issues would be fully solved if we had a statistical model relating ground truth and the output of computational imaging techniques. Such a statistical model could conclude to what extent the algorithm behaves like the ground truth from the analysis of a sampling of the validation data set. We present a statistical inference framework reporting the agreement and describing the relationship of two quantities. We show its transversality by applying it to validation of two different tasks: contour segmentation and landmark correspondence.
 
  Address Sevilla  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Berlin Editor Pedro Real; Daniel Diaz-Pernil; Helena Molina-Abril; Ainhoa Berciano; Walter Kropatsch  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title L Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIP  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2011 Serial 1676  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Image-based Cardiac Phase Retrieval in Intravascular Ultrasound Sequences Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2011 Publication IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control Abbreviated Journal T-UFFC  
  Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 60-72  
  Keywords 3-D exploring; ECG; band-pass filter; cardiac motion; cardiac phase retrieval; coronary arteries; electrocardiogram signal; image intensity local mean evolution; image-based cardiac phase retrieval; in vivo pullbacks acquisition; intravascular ultrasound sequences; longitudinal motion; signal extrema; time 36 ms; band-pass filters; biomedical ultrasonics; cardiovascular system; electrocardiography; image motion analysis; image retrieval; image sequences; medical image processing; ultrasonic imaging  
  Abstract Longitudinal motion during in vivo pullbacks acquisition of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) sequences is a major artifact for 3-D exploring of coronary arteries. Most current techniques are based on the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal to obtain a gated pullback without longitudinal motion by using specific hardware or the ECG signal itself. We present an image-based approach for cardiac phase retrieval from coronary IVUS sequences without an ECG signal. A signal reflecting cardiac motion is computed by exploring the image intensity local mean evolution. The signal is filtered by a band-pass filter centered at the main cardiac frequency. Phase is retrieved by computing signal extrema. The average frame processing time using our setup is 36 ms. Comparison to manually sampled sequences encourages a deeper study comparing them to ECG signals.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0885-3010 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGG2011 Serial 1546  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Carles Sanchez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Tracheal ring detection in bronchoscopy Type Report
  Year (down) 2011 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 168 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Bronchoscopy, tracheal ring, segmentation  
  Abstract Endoscopy is the process in which a camera is introduced inside a human.
Given that endoscopy provides realistic images (in contrast to other modalities) and allows non-invase minimal intervention procedures (which can aid in diagnosis and surgical interventions), its use has spreaded during last decades.
In this project we will focus on bronchoscopic procedures, during which the camera is introduced through the trachea in order to have a diagnostic of the patient. The diagnostic interventions are focused on: degree of stenosis (reduction in tracheal area), prosthesis or early diagnosis of tumors. In the first case, assessment of the luminal area and the calculation of the diameters of the tracheal rings are required. A main limitation is that all the process is done by hand,
which means that the doctor takes all the measurements and decisions just by looking at the screen. As far as we know there is no computational framework for helping the doctors in the diagnosis.
This project will consist of analysing bronchoscopic videos in order to extract useful information for the diagnostic of the degree of stenosis. In particular we will focus on segmentation of the tracheal rings. As a result of this project several strategies (for detecting tracheal rings) had been implemented in order to compare their performance.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor Debora Gil, F.Javier Sanchez  
  Language english Summary Language english Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MV Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ San2011 Serial 1841  
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