toggle visibility Search & Display Options

Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
  Records Links
Author Jaume Garcia edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Statistical Models of the Architecture and Function of the Left Ventricle Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2009 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiovascular Diseases, specially those affecting the Left Ventricle (LV), are the leading cause of death in developed countries with approximately a 30% of all global deaths. In order to address this public health concern, physicians focus on diagnosis and therapy planning. On one hand, early and accurate detection of Regional Wall Motion Abnormalities (RWMA) significantly contributes to a quick diagnosis and prevents the patient to reach more severe stages. On the other hand, a thouroughly knowledge of the normal gross anatomy of the LV, as well as, the distribution of its muscular fibers is crucial for designing specific interventions and therapies (such as pacemaker implanction). Statistical models obtained from the analysis of different imaging modalities allow the computation of the normal ranges of variation within a given population. Normality models are a valuable tool for the definition of objective criterions quantifying the degree of (anomalous) deviation of the LV function and anatomy for a given subject. The creation of statistical models involve addressing three main issues: extraction of data from images, definition of a common domain for comparison of data across patients and designing appropriate statistical analysis schemes. In this PhD thesis we present generic image processing tools for the creation of statistical models of the LV anatomy and function. On one hand, we use differential geometry concepts to define a computational framework (the Normalized Parametric Domain, NPD) suitable for the comparison and fusion of several clinical scores obtained over the LV. On the other hand, we present a variational approach (the Harmonic Phase Flow, HPF) for the estimation of myocardial motion that provides dense and continuous vector fields without overestimating motion at injured areas. These tools are used for the creation of statistical models. Regarding anatomy, we obtain an atlas jointly modelling, both, LV gross anatomy and fiber architecture. Regarding function, we compute normality patterns of scores characterizing the (global and local) LV function and explore, for the first time, the configuration of local scores better suited for RWMA detection.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Gar2009a Serial 1499  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Misael Rosales; Petia Radeva;Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Modelling of image-catheter motion for 3-D IVUS Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2009 Publication Medical image analysis Abbreviated Journal MIA  
  Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 91-104  
  Keywords Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS); Motion estimation; Motion decomposition; Fourier  
  Abstract Three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) allows to visualize and obtain volumetric measurements of coronary lesions through an exploration of the cross sections and longitudinal views of arteries. However, the visualization and subsequent morpho-geometric measurements in IVUS longitudinal cuts are subject to distortion caused by periodic image/vessel motion around the IVUS catheter. Usually, to overcome the image motion artifact ECG-gating and image-gated approaches are proposed, leading to slowing the pullback acquisition or disregarding part of IVUS data. In this paper, we argue that the image motion is due to 3-D vessel geometry as well as cardiac dynamics, and propose a dynamic model based on the tracking of an elliptical vessel approximation to recover the rigid transformation and align IVUS images without loosing any IVUS data. We report an extensive validation with synthetic simulated data and in vivo IVUS sequences of 30 patients achieving an average reduction of the image artifact of 97% in synthetic data and 79% in real-data. Our study shows that IVUS alignment improves longitudinal analysis of the IVUS data and is a necessary step towards accurate reconstruction and volumetric measurements of 3-D IVUS.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RRR2009 Serial 1646  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Agata Lapedriza; Jaume Garcia; Ernest Valveny; Robert Benavente; Miquel Ferrer; Gemma Sanchez edit  openurl
  Title Una experiencia de aprenentatge basada en projectes en el ambit de la informatica Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2008 Publication V Jornades d’Innovacio Docent (UAB) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 63  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address Bellaterra (Spain)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes OR; IAM; DAG; CiCCIC;MV Approved no  
  Call Number BCNPCL @ bcnpcl @ LGV2008 Serial 1030  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; David Rotger; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Image-based ECG sampling of IVUS sequences Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2008 Publication Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symp. IUS 2008 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1330-1333  
  Keywords Longitudinal Motion; Image-based ECG-gating; Fourier analysis  
  Abstract Longitudinal motion artifacts in IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) sequences hinders a properly 3D reconstruction and vessel measurements. Most of current techniques base on the ECG signal to obtain a gated pullback without the longitudinal artifact by using a specific hardware or the ECG signal itself. The potential of IVUS images processing for phase retrieval still remains little explored. In this paper, we present a fast forward image-based algorithm to approach ECG sampling. Inspired on the fact that maximum and minimum lumen areas are related to end-systole and end-diastole, our cardiac phase retrieval is based on the analysis of tissue density of mass along the sequence. The comparison between automatic and manual phase retrieval (0.07 ± 0.07 mm. of error) encourages a deep validation contrasting with ECG signals.  
  Address Beijing (China)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HRG2008 Serial 1553  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author C. Santa-Marta; Jaume Garcia; A. Bajo; J.J. Vaquero; M. Ledesma-Carbayo; Debora Gil edit  openurl
  Title Influence of the Temporal Resolution on the Quantification of Displacement Fields in Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Tagged Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2008 Publication XXVI Congreso Anual de la Sociedad Española de Ingenieria Biomedica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 352–353  
  Keywords  
  Abstract It is difficult to acquire tagged cardiac MR images with a high temporal and spatial resolution using clinical MR scanners. However, if such images are used for quantifying scores based on motion, it is essential a resolution as high as possibl e. This paper explores the influence of the temporal resolution of a tagged series on the quantification of myocardial dynamic parameters. To such purpose we have designed a SPAMM (Spatial Modulation of Magnetization) sequence allowing acquisition of sequences at simple and double temporal resolution. Sequences are processed to compute myocardial motion by an automatic technique based on the tracking of the harmonic phase of tagged images (the Harmonic Phase Flow, HPF). The results have been compared to manual tracking of myocardial tags. The error in displacement fields for double resolution sequences reduces 17%.  
  Address Valladolid  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor Roberto hornero, Saniel Abasolo  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CASEIB  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ SGB2008 Serial 1033  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Manuel Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2008 Publication 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8)/5th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering (ECCOMAS 2008) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Left Ventricle; Electromechanical Models; Image Processing; Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality . In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp. We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment. The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted. The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Venezia (Italia) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN B-31470-08 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008c Serial 1521  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Mariano Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guilleaume Houzeaux edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Patient-Sensitive Anatomic and Functional 3D Model of the Left Ventricle Function Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2008 Publication 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanichs (WCCM8) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Left Ventricle, Electromechanical Models, Image Processing, Magnetic Resonance.  
  Abstract Early diagnosis and accurate treatment of Left Ventricle (LV) dysfunction significantly increases the patient survival. Impairment of LV contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in its motion patterns. Recent advances in medical imaging, such as Magnetic Resonance (MR), have encouraged research on 3D simulation and modelling of the LV dynamics. Most of the existing 3D models [1] consider just the gross anatomy of the LV and restore a truncated ellipse which deforms along the cardiac cycle. The contraction mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fibers. It follows that such simplified models do not allow evaluation of the heart electro-mechanical function and coupling, which has recently risen as the key point for understanding the LV functionality [2]. In order to thoroughly understand the LV mechanics it is necessary to consider the complete anatomy of the LV given by the orientation of the myocardial fibres in 3D space as described by Torrent Guasp [3].
We propose developing a 3D patient-sensitive model of the LV integrating, for the first time, the ven- tricular band anatomy (fibers orientation), the LV gross anatomy and its functionality. Such model will represent the LV function as a natural consequence of its own ventricular band anatomy. This might be decisive in restoring a proper LV contraction in patients undergoing pace marker treatment.
The LV function is defined as soon as the propagation of the contractile electromechanical pulse has been modelled. In our experiments we have used the wave equation for the propagation of the electric pulse. The electromechanical wave moves on the myocardial surface and should have a conductivity tensor oriented along the muscular fibers. Thus, whatever mathematical model for electric pulse propa- gation [4] we consider, the complete anatomy of the LV should be extracted.
The LV gross anatomy is obtained by processing multi slice MR images recorded for each patient. Information about the myocardial fibers distribution can only be extracted by Diffusion Tensor Imag- ing (DTI), which can not provide in vivo information for each patient. As a first approach, we have
Figure 1: Scheme for the Left Ventricle Patient-Sensitive Model.
computed an average model of fibers from several DTI studies of canine hearts. This rough anatomy is the input for our electro-mechanical propagation model simulating LV dynamics. The average fiber orientation is updated until the simulated LV motion agrees with the experimental evidence provided by the LV motion observed in tagged MR (TMR) sequences. Experimental LV motion is recovered by applying image processing, differential geometry and interpolation techniques to 2D TMR slices [5]. The pipeline in figure 1 outlines the interaction between simulations and experimental data leading to our patient-tailored model.
 
  Address Venice; Italy  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9788496736559 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGV2008b Serial 993  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Petia Radeva; Josepa Mauri edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Myocardial Perfusion Characterization From Contrast Angiography Spectral Distribution Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2008 Publication IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 27 Issue 5 Pages 641-649  
  Keywords Contrast angiography; myocardial perfusion; spectral analysis.  
  Abstract Despite recovering a normal coronary flow after acute myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention does not guarantee a proper perfusion (irrigation) of the infarcted area. This damage in microcirculation integrity may detrimentally affect the patient survival. Visual assessment of the myocardium opacification in contrast angiography serves to define a subjective score of the microcirculation integrity myocardial blush analysis (MBA). Although MBA correlates with patient prognosis its visual assessment is a very difficult task that requires of a highly expertise training in order to achieve a good intraobserver and interobserver agreement. In this paper, we provide objective descriptors of the myocardium staining pattern by analyzing the spectrum of the image local statistics. The descriptors proposed discriminate among the different phenomena observed in the angiographic sequence and allow defining an objective score of the myocardial perfusion.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRR2008 Serial 1541  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti edit  openurl
  Title Aplicació de la metodología d’Aprenentatge basat en Proyectes en l’assignatura de Gràfics per Computador d’enginyeria Informàtica. Balanç de Quatre anys d’experiència Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2008 Publication revista EINES Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6 Issue Pages 85-99  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MAR2008b Serial 1585  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti edit  openurl
  Title Project Based Learning in engineering Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2008 Publication Simposium on Problem Based learning (PBL) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Lleida Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MAR2008a Serial 1586  
Permanent link to this record
Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details

Save Citations:
Export Records: