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Author Patricia Marquez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Conditions Ensuring Accuracy of Local Optical Flow Schemes Type Report
  Year (down) 2010 Publication CVC Tehcnical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 157 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Accurate computation of optical flow is a key-point in many image processing fields. Detection of anomalous and unpredicted agents (such as pedestrians, bikers or cars) in urban scenes or pathology discrimination in medical imaging sequences, to mention just a two. The above kinds sequences present two main difficulties for standard optical flow techniques. On one hand, variability in acquisition conditions (illuminance, medical imaging modality, ...) force an alterantive representation for images fulfilling the britghtness constancy constrain. On the hand, current variational schemes produce oversmoothed fields unable to properly model discontinuous behaviours such as collisions or functionless pathological areas. This master project explores the abilities and limitations of local and global optical flow approaches. The master student will put especial emphasis in the theoretical grounds behind in order to design a variational framework combining the theoretical advantages of the considered techniques. In particular an optical flow based on Gabor phase tracking (developed in the group for medical imaging) will be generalized to urban scenes.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Mar2010 Serial 1582  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sergio Vera edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Finger joint modelling from hand X-ray images for assessing rheumatoid arthritis Type Report
  Year (down) 2010 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 164 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Rheumatoid arthritis; joint detection; X-ray; Van der Heijde score  
  Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune, systemic, inflammatory disorder that mainly af- fects bone joints. While there is no cure for this disease, continuous advances on palliative treatments require frequent verification of patient’s illness evolution. Such evolution is mea- sured through several available semi-quantitative methods that require evaluation of hand and foot X-ray images. Accurate assessment is a time consuming task that requires highly trained personnel. This hinders a generalized use in clinical practice for early diagnose and disease follow-up. In the context of the automatization of such evaluation methods we present a method for detection and characterization of finger joints in hand radiography images. Several measures for assessing the reduction of joint space width are proposed. We compare for the first time such measures to the Van der Heijde score, the gold standard method for rheumatoid arthritis assessment. The proposed method outperforms existing strategies with a detection rate above 95%. Our comparison to Van der Heijde index shows a promising correlation that encourages further research.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Bellaterra 01893, Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Ver2010 Serial 1661  
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Author Albert Andaluz edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title LV Contour Segmentation in TMR images using Semantic Description of Tissue and Prior Knowledge Correction Type Report
  Year (down) 2009 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 142 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Active Contour Models; Snakes; Active Shape Models; Deformable Templates; Left Ventricle Segmentation; Generalized Orthogonal Procrustes Analysis; Harmonic Phase Flow; Principal Component Analysis; Tagged Magnetic Resonance  
  Abstract The Diagnosis of Left Ventricle (LV) pathologies is related to regional wall motion analysis. Health indicator scores such as the rotation and the torsion are useful for the diagnose of the Left Ventricle (LV) function. However, this requires proper identification of LV segments. On one hand, manual segmentation is robust, but it is slow and requires medical expertise. On the other hand, the tag pattern in Tagged Magnetic Resonance (TMR) sequences is a problem for the automatic segmentation of the LV boundaries. Consequently, we propose a method based in the classical formulation of parametric Snakes, combined with Active Shape models. Our semantic definition of the LV is tagged tissue that experiences motion in the systolic cycle. This defines two energy potentials for the Snake convergence. Additionally, the mean shape corrects excessive deviation from the anatomical shape. We have validated our approach in 15 healthy volunteers and two short axis cuts. In this way, we have compared the automatic segmentations to manual shapes outlined by medical experts. Also, we have explored the accuracy of clinical scores computed using automatic contours. The results show minor divergence in the approximation and the manual segmentations as well as robust computation of clinical scores in all cases. From this we conclude that the proposed method is a promising support tool for clinical analysis.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ And2009 Serial 1667  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Exploring Arterial Dynamics and Structures in IntraVascular Ultrasound Sequences Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2009 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of death in developed countries. Most of them are caused by arterial (specially coronary) diseases, mainly caused by plaque accumulation. Such pathology narrows blood flow (stenosis) and affects artery bio- mechanical elastic properties (atherosclerosis). In the last decades, IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) has become a usual imaging technique for the diagnosis and follow up of arterial diseases. IVUS is a catheter-based imaging technique which shows a sequence of cross sections of the artery under study. Inspection of a single image gives information about the percentage of stenosis. Meanwhile, inspection of longitudinal views provides information about artery bio-mechanical properties, which can prevent a fatal outcome of the cardiovascular disease. On one hand, dynamics of arteries (due to heart pumping among others) is a major artifact for exploring tissue bio-mechanical properties. On the other one, manual stenosis measurements require a manual tracing of vessel borders, which is a time-consuming task and might suffer from inter-observer variations. This PhD thesis proposes several image processing tools for exploring vessel dy- namics and structures. We present a physics-based model to extract, analyze and correct vessel in-plane rigid dynamics and to retrieve cardiac phase. Furthermore, we introduce a deterministic-statistical method for automatic vessel borders detection. In particular, we address adventitia layer segmentation. An accurate validation pro- tocol to ensure reliable clinical applicability of the methods is a crucial step in any proposal of an algorithm. In this thesis we take special care in designing a valida- tion protocol for each approach proposed and we contribute to the in vivo dynamics validation with a quantitative and objective score to measure the amount of motion suppressed.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-937261-6-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Her2009 Serial 1543  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil;Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias;Petia Radeva; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Approaching Artery Rigid Dynamics in IVUS Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2009 Publication IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging Abbreviated Journal TMI  
  Volume 28 Issue 11 Pages 1670-1680  
  Keywords Fourier analysis; intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) dynamics; longitudinal motion; quality measures; tissue deformation.  
  Abstract Tissue biomechanical properties (like strain and stress) are playing an increasing role in diagnosis and long-term treatment of intravascular coronary diseases. Their assessment strongly relies on estimation of vessel wall deformation. Since intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) sequences allow visualizing vessel morphology and reflect its dynamics, this technique represents a useful tool for evaluation of tissue mechanical properties. Image misalignment introduced by vessel-catheter motion is a major artifact for a proper tracking of tissue deformation. In this work, we focus on compensating and assessing IVUS rigid in-plane motion due to heart beating. Motion parameters are computed by considering both the vessel geometry and its appearance in the image. Continuum mechanics laws serve to introduce a novel score measuring motion reduction in in vivo sequences. Synthetic experiments validate the proposed score as measure of motion parameters accuracy; whereas results in in vivo pullbacks show the reliability of the presented methodologies in clinical cases.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0278-0062 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGF2009 Serial 1545  
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Author Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Mireia Burnat; Steven Jansen; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Structure-Preserving Smoothing of Biomedical Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2009 Publication 13th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 5702 Issue Pages 427-434  
  Keywords non-linear smoothing; differential geometry; anatomical structures segmentation; cardiac magnetic resonance; computerized tomography.  
  Abstract Smoothing of biomedical images should preserve gray-level transitions between adjacent tissues, while restoring contours consistent with anatomical structures. Anisotropic diffusion operators are based on image appearance discontinuities (either local or contextual) and might fail at weak inter-tissue transitions. Meanwhile, the output of block-wise and morphological operations is prone to present a block structure due to the shape and size of the considered pixel neighborhood. In this contribution, we use differential geometry concepts to define a diffusion operator that restricts to image consistent level-sets. In this manner, the final state is a non-uniform intensity image presenting homogeneous inter-tissue transitions along anatomical structures, while smoothing intra-structure texture. Experiments on different types of medical images (magnetic resonance, computerized tomography) illustrate its benefit on a further process (such as segmentation) of images.  
  Address Münster, Germany  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-03766-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIP  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GHB2009 Serial 1527  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Jaume Garcia; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Houzeaux; Manuel Vazquez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A Riemmanian approach to cardiac fiber architecture modelling Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2009 Publication 1st International Conference on Mathematical & Computational Biomedical Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 59-62  
  Keywords cardiac fiber architecture; diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging; differential (Rie- mannian) geometry.  
  Abstract There is general consensus that myocardial fiber architecture should be modelled in order to fully understand the electromechanical properties of the Left Ventricle (LV). Diffusion Tensor magnetic resonance Imaging (DTI) is the reference image modality for rapid measurement of fiber orientations by means of the tensor principal eigenvectors. In this work, we present a mathematical framework for across subject comparison of the local geometry of the LV anatomy including the fiber architecture from the statistical analysis of DTI studies. We use concepts of differential geometry for defining a parametric domain suitable for statistical analysis of a low number of samples. We use Riemannian metrics to define a consistent computation of DTI principal eigenvector modes of variation. Our framework has been applied to build an atlas of the LV fiber architecture from 7 DTI normal canine hearts.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Swansea (UK) Editor Nithiarasu, R.L.R.V.L.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CMBE  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ FGA2009 Serial 1520  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti; Debora Gil; Marc Vivet; Carme Julia edit  openurl
  Title Aprendizaje Basado en Proyectos en la asignatura de Gráficos por Computador en Ingeniería Informática. Balance de cuatro años de experiencia Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2009 Publication 15th Jornadas de Enseñanza Universitaria de la Informatica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume 1 Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 978-84-692-2758-9 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference JENUI  
  Notes IAM;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGV2009 Serial 1596  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti; Debora Gil; Marc Vivet; Carme Julia edit  openurl
  Title Uso de recursos virtuales en Aprendizaje Basado en Proyectos. Una experiencia en la asignatura de Gráficos por Computador Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2009 Publication 15th Jornadas de Enseñanza Universitaria de la Informatica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Lleida Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Octava Jornada sobre Aprendizaje Cooperativo Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference JENUI  
  Notes IAM;ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MRG2009b Serial 1597  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti; Jaume Rocarias; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Jaume Garcia; Carme Julia; Marc Vivet edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Uso de recursos virtuales en Aprendizaje Basado en Proyectos. Una experiencia en la asignatura de Gráficos por Computador Type Miscellaneous
  Year (down) 2009 Publication I Congreso de Docencia Universitaria Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Aprendizaje Basado en Proyectos; Project Based Learning; Aprendizaje Cooperativo; Recursos Virtuales para el Aprendizaje Cooperativo; Moodle  
  Abstract Presentamos una experiencia en Aprendizaje Basado en Proyectos (ABP) realizada los últimos cuatro años en Gráficos por Computador 2, asignatura de Ingeniería Informática, de la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería (ETSE) de la Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB). Utilizamos un entorno Moodle adaptado por nosotros llamado Caronte para poder gestionar la documentación generada en ABP. Primero se presenta la asignatura, basada en dos itinerarios para cursarla: ABP y TPPE (Teoría, Problemas, Prácticas, Examen). El alumno debe escoger uno de ellos. Ambos itinerarios generan una cantidad importante de documentación (entregas de trabajos y prácticas, correcciones, ejercicios, etc.) a gestionar. En la comunicación presentamos los espacios electrónicos Moodle de ambos itinerarios. Finalmente, mostramos los resultados de encuestas realizadas a los alumnos para finalmente exponer las conclusiones de la experiencia en ABP y el uso de Moodle, así como plantear mejoras y temas de discusión.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Vigo (Spain) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MRG2009a Serial 1602  
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