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Author Marta Diez-Ferrer; Debora Gil; Cristian Tebe; Carles Sanchez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Positive Airway Pressure to Enhance Computed Tomography Imaging for Airway Segmentation for Virtual Bronchoscopic Navigation Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Respiration Abbreviated Journal RES  
  Volume 96 Issue 6 Pages 525-534  
  Keywords Multidetector computed tomography; Bronchoscopy; Continuous positive airway pressure; Image enhancement; Virtual bronchoscopic navigation  
  Abstract Abstract
RATIONALE:
Virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN) guidance to peripheral pulmonary lesions is often limited by insufficient segmentation of the peripheral airways.

OBJECTIVES:
To test the effect of applying positive airway pressure (PAP) during CT acquisition to improve segmentation, particularly at end-expiration.

METHODS:
CT acquisitions in inspiration and expiration with 4 PAP protocols were recorded prospectively and compared to baseline inspiratory acquisitions in 20 patients. The 4 protocols explored differences between devices (flow vs. turbine), exposures (within seconds vs. 15-min) and pressure levels (10 vs. 14 cmH2O). Segmentation quality was evaluated with the number of airways and number of endpoints reached. A generalized mixed-effects model explored the estimated effect of each protocol.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:
Patient characteristics and lung function did not significantly differ between protocols. Compared to baseline inspiratory acquisitions, expiratory acquisitions after 15 min of 14 cmH2O PAP segmented 1.63-fold more airways (95% CI 1.07-2.48; p = 0.018) and reached 1.34-fold more endpoints (95% CI 1.08-1.66; p = 0.004). Inspiratory acquisitions performed immediately under 10 cmH2O PAP reached 1.20-fold (95% CI 1.09-1.33; p < 0.001) more endpoints; after 15 min the increase was 1.14-fold (95% CI 1.05-1.24; p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:
CT acquisitions with PAP segment more airways and reach more endpoints than baseline inspiratory acquisitions. The improvement is particularly evident at end-expiration after 15 min of 14 cmH2O PAP. Further studies must confirm that the improvement increases diagnostic yield when using VBN to evaluate peripheral pulmonary lesions.
 
  Address  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ DGT2018 Serial 3135  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Marta Diez-Ferrer; Arturo Morales; Rosa Lopez Lisbona; Noelia Cubero; Cristian Tebe; Susana Padrones; Samantha Aso; Jordi Dorca; Debora Gil; Antoni Rosell edit  url
openurl 
  Title Ultrathin Bronchoscopy with and without Virtual Bronchoscopic Navigation: Influence of Segmentation on Diagnostic Yield Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication Respiration Abbreviated Journal RES  
  Volume 97 Issue 3 Pages 252-258  
  Keywords Lung cancer; Peripheral lung lesion; Diagnosis; Bronchoscopy; Ultrathin bronchoscopy; Virtual bronchoscopic navigation  
  Abstract Background: Bronchoscopy is a safe technique for diagnosing peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs), and virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN) helps guide the bronchoscope to PPLs. Objectives: We aimed to compare the diagnostic yield of VBN-guided and unguided ultrathin bronchoscopy (UTB) and explore clinical and technical factors associated with better results. We developed a diagnostic algorithm for deciding whether to use VBN to reach PPLs or choose an alternative diagnostic approach. Methods: We compared diagnostic yield between VBN-UTB (prospective cases) and unguided UTB (historical controls) and analyzed the VBN-UTB subgroup to identify clinical and technical variables that could predict the success of VBN-UTB. Results: Fifty-five cases and 110 controls were included. The overall diagnostic yield did not differ between the VBN-guided and unguided arms (47 and 40%, respectively; p = 0.354). Although the yield was slightly higher for PPLs ≤20 mm in the VBN-UTB arm, the difference was not significant (p = 0.069). No other clinical characteristics were associated with a higher yield in a subgroup analysis, but an 85% diagnostic yield was observed when segmentation was optimal and the PPL was endobronchial (vs. 30% when segmentation was suboptimal and 20% when segmentation was optimal but the PPL was extrabronchial). Conclusions: VBN-guided UTB is not superior to unguided UTB. A greater impact of VBN-guided over unguided UTB is highly dependent on both segmentation quality and an endobronchial location of the PPL. Segmentation quality should be considered before starting a procedure, when an alternative technique that may improve yield can be chosen, saving time and resources.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.145; 600.139 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ DML2019 Serial 3134  
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Author Antonio Esteban Lansaque edit  openurl
  Title 3D reconstruction and recognition using structured ligth Type Report
  Year 2014 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 179 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This work covers the problem of 3D reconstruction, recognition and 6DOF pose estimation. The goal of this project is to reconstruct a 3D scene and to align an object model of the industrial pieces onto the reconstructed scene. The reconstruction algorithm is based on stereo techniques and the recognition algorithm is based on SHOT descriptors computed on a set of uniform keypoints. Correspondences are used to estimate a first 6DOF transformation that maps the model onto the scene and then ICP algorithm is used to refine the transformation. In order to check the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, several experiments were performed. These experiments were conducted on a lab environment in order to get results under the same conditions in all of them. Although obtained results are not real time results, the proposed algorithm ends up with high rates of object recognition.  
  Address UAB; September 2014  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ Est2014 Serial 2578  
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Author Antonio Esteban Lansaque edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title An Endoscopic Navigation System for Lung Cancer Biopsy Type Book Whole
  Year 2019 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Lung cancer is one of the most diagnosed cancers among men and women. Actually,
lung cancer accounts for 13% of the total cases with a 5-year global survival
rate in patients. Although Early detection increases survival rate from 38% to 67%, accurate diagnosis remains a challenge. Pathological confirmation requires extracting a sample of the lesion tissue for its biopsy. The preferred procedure for tissue biopsy is called bronchoscopy. A bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique for the internal exploration of airways which facilitates the performance of minimal invasive interventions with low risk for the patient. Recent advances in bronchoscopic devices have increased their use for minimal invasive diagnostic and intervention procedures, like lung cancer biopsy sampling. Despite the improvement in bronchoscopic device quality, there is a lack of intelligent computational systems for supporting in-vivo clinical decision during examinations. Existing technologies fail to accurately reach the lesion due to several aspects at intervention off-line planning and poor intra-operative guidance at exploration time. Existing guiding systems radiate patients and clinical staff,might be expensive and achieve a suboptimlal 70% of yield boost. Diagnostic yield could be improved reducing radiation and costs by developing intra-operative support systems able to guide the bronchoscopist to the lesion during the intervention. The goal of this PhD thesis is to develop an image-based navigation systemfor intra-operative guidance of bronchoscopists to a target lesion across a path previously planned on a CT-scan. We propose a 3D navigation system which uses the anatomy of video bronchoscopy frames to locate the bronchoscope within the airways. Once the bronchoscope is located, our navigation system is able to indicate the bifurcation which needs to be followed to reach the lesion. In order to facilitate an off-line validation
as realistic as possible, we also present a method for augmenting simulated virtual bronchoscopies with the appearance of intra-operative videos. Experiments performed on augmented and intra-operative videos, prove that our algorithm can be speeded up for an on-line implementation in the operating room.
 
  Address October 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Debora Gil; Carles Sanchez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-121011-0-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.139; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ Est2019 Serial 3392  
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Author Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach; Jorge Bernal; Cristina Rodriguez de Miguel; Debora Gil; Fernando Vilariño; H.Cordova; Cristina Sanchez-Montes; I.Araujo ; Maria Lopez-Ceron; J.Llach; F. Javier Sanchez edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Colonic polyps are correctly identified by a computer vision method using wm-dova energy maps Type Conference Article
  Year 2015 Publication Proceedings of 23 United European- UEG Week 2015 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Abstract  
  Address  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference UEG  
  Notes MV; IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ FBR2015 Serial 2732  
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Author Debora Gil; Ruth Aris; Agnes Borras; Esmitt Ramirez; Rafael Sebastian; Mariano Vazquez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Influence of fiber connectivity in simulations of cardiac biomechanics Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Abbreviated Journal IJCAR  
  Volume 14 Issue 1 Pages 63–72  
  Keywords Cardiac electromechanical simulations; Diffusion tensor imaging; Fiber connectivity  
  Abstract PURPOSE:
Personalized computational simulations of the heart could open up new improved approaches to diagnosis and surgery assistance systems. While it is fully recognized that myocardial fiber orientation is central for the construction of realistic computational models of cardiac electromechanics, the role of its overall architecture and connectivity remains unclear. Morphological studies show that the distribution of cardiac muscular fibers at the basal ring connects epicardium and endocardium. However, computational models simplify their distribution and disregard the basal loop. This work explores the influence in computational simulations of fiber distribution at different short-axis cuts.

METHODS:
We have used a highly parallelized computational solver to test different fiber models of ventricular muscular connectivity. We have considered two rule-based mathematical models and an own-designed method preserving basal connectivity as observed in experimental data. Simulated cardiac functional scores (rotation, torsion and longitudinal shortening) were compared to experimental healthy ranges using generalized models (rotation) and Mahalanobis distances (shortening, torsion).

RESULTS:
The probability of rotation was significantly lower for ruled-based models [95% CI (0.13, 0.20)] in comparison with experimental data [95% CI (0.23, 0.31)]. The Mahalanobis distance for experimental data was in the edge of the region enclosing 99% of the healthy population.

CONCLUSIONS:
Cardiac electromechanical simulations of the heart with fibers extracted from experimental data produce functional scores closer to healthy ranges than rule-based models disregarding architecture connectivity.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.096; 601.323; 600.139; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ GAB2019a Serial 3133  
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Author Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; Sergio Vera; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Validation Benchmark for Assessment of Medial Surface Quality for Medical Applications Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7963 Issue Pages 334-343  
  Keywords Medial Surfaces; Shape Representation; Medical Applications; Performance Evaluation  
  Abstract Confident use of medial surfaces in medical decision support systems requires evaluating their quality for detecting pathological deformations and describing anatomical volumes. Validation in the medical imaging field is a challenging task mainly due to the difficulties for getting consensual ground truth. In this paper we propose a validation benchmark for assessing medial surfaces in the context of medical applications. Our benchmark includes a home-made database of synthetic medial surfaces and volumes and specific scores for evaluating surface accuracy, its stability against volume deformations and its capabilities for accurate reconstruction of anatomical volumes.  
  Address Sant Petersburg; Russia; July 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-39401-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICVS  
  Notes IAM; 600.044; 600.060 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ GBV2013 Serial 2300  
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Author Debora Gil; Katerine Diaz; Carles Sanchez; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Early Screening of SARS-CoV-2 by Intelligent Analysis of X-Ray Images Type Abstract
  Year 2020 Publication Arxiv Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Future SARS-CoV-2 virus outbreak COVID-XX might possibly occur during the next years. However the pathology in humans is so recent that many clinical aspects, like early detection of complications, side effects after recovery or early screening, are currently unknown. In spite of the number of cases of COVID-19, its rapid spread putting many sanitary systems in the edge of collapse has hindered proper collection and analysis of the data related to COVID-19 clinical aspects. We describe an interdisciplinary initiative that integrates clinical research, with image diagnostics and the use of new technologies such as artificial intelligence and radiomics with the aim of clarifying some of SARS-CoV-2 open questions. The whole initiative addresses 3 main points: 1) collection of standardize data including images, clinical data and analytics; 2) COVID-19 screening for its early diagnosis at primary care centers; 3) define radiomic signatures of COVID-19 evolution and associated pathologies for the early treatment of complications. In particular, in this paper we present a general overview of the project, the experimental design and first results of X-ray COVID-19 detection using a classic approach based on HoG and feature selection. Our experiments include a comparison to some recent methods for COVID-19 screening in X-Ray and an exploratory analysis of the feasibility of X-Ray COVID-19 screening. Results show that classic approaches can outperform deep-learning methods in this experimental setting, indicate the feasibility of early COVID-19 screening and that non-COVID infiltration is the group of patients most similar to COVID-19 in terms of radiological description of X-ray. Therefore, an efficient COVID-19 screening should be complemented with other clinical data to better discriminate these cases.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.139; 600.145; 601.337 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ GDS2020 Serial 3474  
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Author Debora Gil; Antonio Esteban Lansaque; Agnes Borras; Carles Sanchez edit  url
openurl 
  Title Enhancing virtual bronchoscopy with intra-operative data using a multi-objective GAN Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery Abbreviated Journal IJCAR  
  Volume 7 Issue 1 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This manuscript has been withdrawn by bioRxiv due to upload of an incorrect version of the manuscript by the authors. Therefore, this manuscript should not be cited as reference for this project.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.139; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ GEB2019 Serial 3307  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Antonio Esteban Lansaque; Agnes Borras; Esmitt Ramirez; Carles Sanchez edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Intraoperative Extraction of Airways Anatomy in VideoBronchoscopy Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication IEEE ACCESS Abbreviated Journal ACCESS  
  Volume 8 Issue Pages 159696 - 159704  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A main bottleneck in bronchoscopic biopsy sampling is to efficiently reach the lesion navigating across bronchial levels. Any guidance system should be able to localize the scope position during the intervention with minimal costs and alteration of clinical protocols. With the final goal of an affordable image-based guidance, this work presents a novel strategy to extract and codify the anatomical structure of bronchi, as well as, the scope navigation path from videobronchoscopy. Experiments using interventional data show that our method accurately identifies the bronchial structure. Meanwhile, experiments using simulated data verify that the extracted navigation path matches the 3D route.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.139; 600.145 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ GEB2020 Serial 3467  
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