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Author Raquel Justo; Leila Ben Letaifa; Cristina Palmero; Eduardo Gonzalez-Fraile; Anna Torp Johansen; Alain Vazquez; Gennaro Cordasco; Stephan Schlogl; Begoña Fernandez-Ruanova; Micaela Silva; Sergio Escalera; Mikel de Velasco; Joffre Tenorio-Laranga; Anna Esposito; Maria Korsnes; M. Ines Torres edit  url
openurl 
  Title Analysis of the Interaction between Elderly People and a Simulated Virtual Coach, Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing Abbreviated Journal AIHC  
  Volume 11 Issue 12 Pages 6125-6140  
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  Abstract The EMPATHIC project develops and validates new interaction paradigms for personalized virtual coaches (VC) to promote healthy and independent aging. To this end, the work presented in this paper is aimed to analyze the interaction between the EMPATHIC-VC and the users. One of the goals of the project is to ensure an end-user driven design, involving senior users from the beginning and during each phase of the project. Thus, the paper focuses on some sessions where the seniors carried out interactions with a Wizard of Oz driven, simulated system. A coaching strategy based on the GROW model was used throughout these sessions so as to guide interactions and engage the elderly with the goals of the project. In this interaction framework, both the human and the system behavior were analyzed. The way the wizard implements the GROW coaching strategy is a key aspect of the system behavior during the interaction. The language used by the virtual agent as well as his or her physical aspect are also important cues that were analyzed. Regarding the user behavior, the vocal communication provides information about the speaker’s emotional status, that is closely related to human behavior and which can be extracted from the speech and language analysis. In the same way, the analysis of the facial expression, gazes and gestures can provide information on the non verbal human communication even when the user is not talking. In addition, in order to engage senior users, their preferences and likes had to be considered. To this end, the effect of the VC on the users was gathered by means of direct questionnaires. These analyses have shown a positive and calm behavior of users when interacting with the simulated virtual coach as well as some difficulties of the system to develop the proposed coaching strategy.  
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  Notes HuPBA; no proj Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ JLP2020 Serial 3443  
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Author Razieh Rastgoo; Kourosh Kiani; Sergio Escalera edit  url
openurl 
  Title Hand pose aware multimodal isolated sign language recognition Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Multimedia Tools and Applications Abbreviated Journal MTAP  
  Volume 80 Issue Pages 127–163  
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  Abstract Isolated hand sign language recognition from video is a challenging research area in computer vision. Some of the most important challenges in this area include dealing with hand occlusion, fast hand movement, illumination changes, or background complexity. While most of the state-of-the-art results in the field have been achieved using deep learning-based models, the previous challenges are not completely solved. In this paper, we propose a hand pose aware model for isolated hand sign language recognition using deep learning approaches from two input modalities, RGB and depth videos. Four spatial feature types: pixel-level, flow, deep hand, and hand pose features, fused from both visual modalities, are input to LSTM for temporal sign recognition. While we use Optical Flow (OF) for flow information in RGB video inputs, Scene Flow (SF) is used for depth video inputs. By including hand pose features, we show a consistent performance improvement of the sign language recognition model. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that this discriminant spatiotemporal features, benefiting from the hand pose estimation features and multi-modal inputs, are fused for isolated hand sign language recognition. We perform a step-by-step analysis of the impact in terms of recognition performance of the hand pose features, different combinations of the spatial features, and different recurrent models, especially LSTM and GRU. Results on four public datasets confirm that the proposed model outperforms the current state-of-the-art models on Montalbano II, MSR Daily Activity 3D, and CAD-60 datasets with a relative accuracy improvement of 1.64%, 6.5%, and 7.6%. Furthermore, our model obtains a competitive results on isoGD dataset with only 0.22% margin lower than the current state-of-the-art model.  
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  Notes HUPBA; no menciona Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RKE2020 Serial 3524  
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Author Razieh Rastgoo; Kourosh Kiani; Sergio Escalera edit  url
openurl 
  Title Hand sign language recognition using multi-view hand skeleton Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Expert Systems With Applications Abbreviated Journal ESWA  
  Volume 150 Issue Pages 113336  
  Keywords Multi-view hand skeleton; Hand sign language recognition; 3DCNN; Hand pose estimation; RGB video; Hand action recognition  
  Abstract Hand sign language recognition from video is a challenging research area in computer vision, which performance is affected by hand occlusion, fast hand movement, illumination changes, or background complexity, just to mention a few. In recent years, deep learning approaches have achieved state-of-the-art results in the field, though previous challenges are not completely solved. In this work, we propose a novel deep learning-based pipeline architecture for efficient automatic hand sign language recognition using Single Shot Detector (SSD), 2D Convolutional Neural Network (2DCNN), 3D Convolutional Neural Network (3DCNN), and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) from RGB input videos. We use a CNN-based model which estimates the 3D hand keypoints from 2D input frames. After that, we connect these estimated keypoints to build the hand skeleton by using midpoint algorithm. In order to obtain a more discriminative representation of hands, we project 3D hand skeleton into three views surface images. We further employ the heatmap image of detected keypoints as input for refinement in a stacked fashion. We apply 3DCNNs on the stacked features of hand, including pixel level, multi-view hand skeleton, and heatmap features, to extract discriminant local spatio-temporal features from these stacked inputs. The outputs of the 3DCNNs are fused and fed to a LSTM to model long-term dynamics of hand sign gestures. Analyzing 2DCNN vs. 3DCNN using different number of stacked inputs into the network, we demonstrate that 3DCNN better capture spatio-temporal dynamics of hands. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that this multi-modal and multi-view set of hand skeleton features are applied for hand sign language recognition. Furthermore, we present a new large-scale hand sign language dataset, namely RKS-PERSIANSIGN, including 10′000 RGB videos of 100 Persian sign words. Evaluation results of the proposed model on three datasets, NYU, First-Person, and RKS-PERSIANSIGN, indicate that our model outperforms state-of-the-art models in hand sign language recognition, hand pose estimation, and hand action recognition.  
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  Notes HuPBA; no proj Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RKE2020a Serial 3411  
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Author Razieh Rastgoo; Kourosh Kiani; Sergio Escalera edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Video-based Isolated Hand Sign Language Recognition Using a Deep Cascaded Model Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2020 Publication Multimedia Tools and Applications Abbreviated Journal MTAP  
  Volume 79 Issue Pages 22965–22987  
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  Abstract In this paper, we propose an efficient cascaded model for sign language recognition taking benefit from spatio-temporal hand-based information using deep learning approaches, especially Single Shot Detector (SSD), Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM), from videos. Our simple yet efficient and accurate model includes two main parts: hand detection and sign recognition. Three types of spatial features, including hand features, Extra Spatial Hand Relation (ESHR) features, and Hand Pose (HP) features, have been fused in the model to feed to LSTM for temporal features extraction. We train SSD model for hand detection using some videos collected from five online sign dictionaries. Our model is evaluated on our proposed dataset (Rastgoo et al., Expert Syst Appl 150: 113336, 2020), including 10’000 sign videos for 100 Persian sign using 10 contributors in 10 different backgrounds, and isoGD dataset. Using the 5-fold cross-validation method, our model outperforms state-of-the-art alternatives in sign language recognition  
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  Notes HuPBA; no menciona Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RKE2020b Serial 3442  
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Author Shifeng Zhang; Ajian Liu; Jun Wan; Yanyan Liang; Guogong Guo; Sergio Escalera; Hugo Jair Escalante; Stan Z. Li edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title CASIA-SURF: A Dataset and Benchmark for Large-scale Multi-modal Face Anti-spoofing Type Journal
  Year (down) 2020 Publication IEEE Transactions on Biometrics, Behavior, and Identity Science Abbreviated Journal TTBIS  
  Volume 2 Issue 2 Pages 182 - 193  
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  Abstract Face anti-spoofing is essential to prevent face recognition systems from a security breach. Much of the progresses have been made by the availability of face anti-spoofing benchmark datasets in recent years. However, existing face anti-spoofing benchmarks have limited number of subjects (≤170) and modalities (≤2), which hinder the further development of the academic community. To facilitate face anti-spoofing research, we introduce a large-scale multi-modal dataset, namely CASIA-SURF, which is the largest publicly available dataset for face anti-spoofing in terms of both subjects and modalities. Specifically, it consists of 1,000 subjects with 21,000 videos and each sample has 3 modalities ( i.e. , RGB, Depth and IR). We also provide comprehensive evaluation metrics, diverse evaluation protocols, training/validation/testing subsets and a measurement tool, developing a new benchmark for face anti-spoofing. Moreover, we present a novel multi-modal multi-scale fusion method as a strong baseline, which performs feature re-weighting to select the more informative channel features while suppressing the less useful ones for each modality across different scales. Extensive experiments have been conducted on the proposed dataset to verify its significance and generalization capability. The dataset is available at https://sites.google.com/qq.com/face-anti-spoofing/welcome/challengecvpr2019?authuser=0  
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  Notes HuPBA; no proj Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ ZLW2020 Serial 3412  
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