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Author Sergio Escalera; Oriol Pujol; Petia Radeva edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Re-coding ECOCs without retraining Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 31 Issue 7 Pages 555–562  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A standard way to deal with multi-class categorization problems is by the combination of binary classifiers in a pairwise voting procedure. Recently, this classical approach has been formalized in the Error-Correcting Output Codes (ECOC) framework. In the ECOC framework, the one-versus-one coding demonstrates to achieve higher performance than the rest of coding designs. The binary problems that we train in the one-versus-one strategy are significantly smaller than in the rest of designs, and usually easier to be learnt, taking into account the smaller overlapping between classes. However, a high percentage of the positions coded by zero of the coding matrix, which implies a high sparseness degree, does not codify meta-class membership information. In this paper, we show that using the training data we can redefine without re-training, in a problem-dependent way, the one-versus-one coding matrix so that the new coded information helps the system to increase its generalization capability. Moreover, the new re-coding strategy is generalized to be applied over any binary code. The results over several UCI Machine Learning repository data sets and two real multi-class problems show that performance improvements can be obtained re-coding the classical one-versus-one and Sparse random designs compared to different state-of-the-art ECOC configurations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;HUPBA Approved no  
  Call Number BCNPCL @ bcnpcl @ EPR2010e Serial 1338  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oriol Pujol; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Fundamentals of Stop and Go active models Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication Image and Vision Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 23 Issue 8 Pages 681-691  
  Keywords Deformable models; Geodesic snakes; Region-based segmentation  
  Abstract An efficient snake formulation should conform to the idea of picking the smoothest curve among all the shapes approximating an object of interest. In current geodesic snakes, the regularizing curvature also affects the convergence stage, hindering the latter at concave regions. In the present work, we make use of characteristic functions to define a novel geodesic formulation that decouples regularity and convergence. This term decoupling endows the snake with higher adaptability to non-convex shapes. Convergence is ensured by splitting the definition of the external force into an attractive vector field and a repulsive one. In our paper, we propose to use likelihood maps as approximation of characteristic functions of object appearance. The better efficiency and accuracy of our decoupled scheme are illustrated in the particular case of feature space-based segmentation.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Butterworth-Heinemann Place of Publication Newton, MA, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0262-8856 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGR2005 Serial 1629  
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Author David Rotger; Misael Rosales; Jaume Garcia; Oriol Pujol ; J. Mauri; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Active Vessel: A New Multimedia Workstation for Intravascular Ultrasound and Angiography Fusion Type Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue Pages 65-68  
  Keywords  
  Abstract AcriveVessel is a new multimedia workstation which enables the visualization, acquisition and handling of both image modalities, on- and ofline. It enables DICOM v3.0 decompression and browsing, video acquisition,repmduction and storage for IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) and angiograms with their corresponding ECG,automatic catheter segmentation in angiography images (using fast marching algorithm). BSpline models definition for vessel layers on IVUS images sequence and an extensively validated tool to fuse information. This approach defines the correspondence of every IVUS image with its correspondent point in the angiogram and viceversa. The 3 0 reconstruction of the NUS catheterhessel enables real distance measurements as well as threedimensional visualization showing vessel tortuosity in the space.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RRG2003 Serial 1647  
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Author Pierluigi Casale; Oriol Pujol; Petia Radeva edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Personalization and User Verification in Wearable Systems using Biometric Walking Patterns Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Personal and Ubiquitous Computing Abbreviated Journal PUC  
  Volume 16 Issue 5 Pages 563-580  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this article, a novel technique for user’s authentication and verification using gait as a biometric unobtrusive pattern is proposed. The method is based on a two stages pipeline. First, a general activity recognition classifier is personalized for an specific user using a small sample of her/his walking pattern. As a result, the system is much more selective with respect to the new walking pattern. A second stage verifies whether the user is an authorized one or not. This stage is defined as a one-class classification problem. In order to solve this problem, a four-layer architecture is built around the geometric concept of convex hull. This architecture allows to improve robustness to outliers, modeling non-convex shapes, and to take into account temporal coherence information. Two different scenarios are proposed as validation with two different wearable systems. First, a custom high-performance wearable system is built and used in a free environment. A second dataset is acquired from an Android-based commercial device in a ‘wild’ scenario with rough terrains, adversarial conditions, crowded places and obstacles. Results on both systems and datasets are very promising, reducing the verification error rates by an order of magnitude with respect to the state-of-the-art technologies.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1617-4909 ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CPR2012 Serial 1706  
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Author Jose Seabra; Francesco Ciompi; Oriol Pujol; J. Mauri; Petia Radeva; Joao Sanchez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Rayleigh Mixture Model for Plaque Characterization in Intravascular Ultrasound Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering Abbreviated Journal TBME  
  Volume 58 Issue 5 Pages 1314-1324  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Vulnerable plaques are the major cause of carotid and coronary vascular problems, such as heart attack or stroke. A correct modeling of plaque echomorphology and composition can help the identification of such lesions. The Rayleigh distribution is widely used to describe (nearly) homogeneous areas in ultrasound images. Since plaques may contain tissues with heterogeneous regions, more complex distributions depending on multiple parameters are usually needed, such as Rice, K or Nakagami distributions. In such cases, the problem formulation becomes more complex, and the optimization procedure to estimate the plaque echomorphology is more difficult. Here, we propose to model the tissue echomorphology by means of a mixture of Rayleigh distributions, known as the Rayleigh mixture model (RMM). The problem formulation is still simple, but its ability to describe complex textural patterns is very powerful. In this paper, we present a method for the automatic estimation of the RMM mixture parameters by means of the expectation maximization algorithm, which aims at characterizing tissue echomorphology in ultrasound (US). The performance of the proposed model is evaluated with a database of in vitro intravascular US cases. We show that the mixture coefficients and Rayleigh parameters explicitly derived from the mixture model are able to accurately describe different plaque types and to significantly improve the characterization performance of an already existing methodology.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN (up) Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SCP2011 Serial 1712  
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