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Author Sergio Escalera; Jordi Gonzalez; Xavier Baro; Jamie Shotton edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Guest Editor Introduction to the Special Issue on Multimodal Human Pose Recovery and Behavior Analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence Abbreviated Journal TPAMI  
  Volume 28 Issue Pages 1489 - 1491  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The sixteen papers in this special section focus on human pose recovery and behavior analysis (HuPBA). This is one of the most challenging topics in computer vision, pattern analysis, and machine learning. It is of critical importance for application areas that include gaming, computer interaction, human robot interaction, security, commerce, assistive technologies and rehabilitation, sports, sign language recognition, and driver assistance technology, to mention just a few. In essence, HuPBA requires dealing with the articulated nature of the human body, changes in appearance due to clothing, and the inherent problems of clutter scenes, such as background artifacts, occlusions, and illumination changes. These papers represent the most recent research in this field, including new methods considering still images, image sequences, depth data, stereo vision, 3D vision, audio, and IMUs, among others.  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes HuPBA; ISE;MV; Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ Serial 2851  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Julio C. S. Jacques Junior; Yagmur Gucluturk; Marc Perez; Umut Guçlu; Carlos Andujar; Xavier Baro; Hugo Jair Escalante; Isabelle Guyon; Marcel A. J. van Gerven; Rob van Lier; Sergio Escalera edit  doi
openurl 
  Title First Impressions: A Survey on Vision-Based Apparent Personality Trait Analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2022 Publication IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing Abbreviated Journal TAC  
  Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 75-95  
  Keywords Personality computing; first impressions; person perception; big-five; subjective bias; computer vision; machine learning; nonverbal signals; facial expression; gesture; speech analysis; multi-modal recognition  
  Abstract Personality analysis has been widely studied in psychology, neuropsychology, and signal processing fields, among others. From the past few years, it also became an attractive research area in visual computing. From the computational point of view, by far speech and text have been the most considered cues of information for analyzing personality. However, recently there has been an increasing interest from the computer vision community in analyzing personality from visual data. Recent computer vision approaches are able to accurately analyze human faces, body postures and behaviors, and use these information to infer apparent personality traits. Because of the overwhelming research interest in this topic, and of the potential impact that this sort of methods could have in society, we present in this paper an up-to-date review of existing vision-based approaches for apparent personality trait recognition. We describe seminal and cutting edge works on the subject, discussing and comparing their distinctive features and limitations. Future venues of research in the field are identified and discussed. Furthermore, aspects on the subjectivity in data labeling/evaluation, as well as current datasets and challenges organized to push the research on the field are reviewed.  
  Address 1 Jan.-March 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ Serial 3724  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Penny Tarling; Mauricio Cantor; Albert Clapes; Sergio Escalera edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Deep learning with self-supervision and uncertainty regularization to count fish in underwater images Type Journal Article
  Year 2022 Publication PloS One Abbreviated Journal Plos  
  Volume 17 Issue 5 Pages e0267759  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Effective conservation actions require effective population monitoring. However, accurately counting animals in the wild to inform conservation decision-making is difficult. Monitoring populations through image sampling has made data collection cheaper, wide-reaching and less intrusive but created a need to process and analyse this data efficiently. Counting animals from such data is challenging, particularly when densely packed in noisy images. Attempting this manually is slow and expensive, while traditional computer vision methods are limited in their generalisability. Deep learning is the state-of-the-art method for many computer vision tasks, but it has yet to be properly explored to count animals. To this end, we employ deep learning, with a density-based regression approach, to count fish in low-resolution sonar images. We introduce a large dataset of sonar videos, deployed to record wild Lebranche mullet schools (Mugil liza), with a subset of 500 labelled images. We utilise abundant unlabelled data in a self-supervised task to improve the supervised counting task. For the first time in this context, by introducing uncertainty quantification, we improve model training and provide an accompanying measure of prediction uncertainty for more informed biological decision-making. Finally, we demonstrate the generalisability of our proposed counting framework through testing it on a recent benchmark dataset of high-resolution annotated underwater images from varying habitats (DeepFish). From experiments on both contrasting datasets, we demonstrate our network outperforms the few other deep learning models implemented for solving this task. By providing an open-source framework along with training data, our study puts forth an efficient deep learning template for crowd counting aquatic animals thereby contributing effective methods to assess natural populations from the ever-increasing visual data.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Public Library of Science Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ Serial 3743  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Reza Azad; Maryam Asadi-Aghbolaghi; Shohreh Kasaei; Sergio Escalera edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Dynamic 3D Hand Gesture Recognition by Learning Weighted Depth Motion Maps Type Journal Article
  Year 2019 Publication IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology Abbreviated Journal TCSVT  
  Volume 29 Issue 6 Pages 1729-1740  
  Keywords Hand gesture recognition; Multilevel temporal sampling; Weighted depth motion map; Spatio-temporal description; VLAD encoding  
  Abstract Hand gesture recognition from sequences of depth maps is a challenging computer vision task because of the low inter-class and high intra-class variability, different execution rates of each gesture, and the high articulated nature of human hand. In this paper, a multilevel temporal sampling (MTS) method is first proposed that is based on the motion energy of key-frames of depth sequences. As a result, long, middle, and short sequences are generated that contain the relevant gesture information. The MTS results in increasing the intra-class similarity while raising the inter-class dissimilarities. The weighted depth motion map (WDMM) is then proposed to extract the spatio-temporal information from generated summarized sequences by an accumulated weighted absolute difference of consecutive frames. The histogram of gradient (HOG) and local binary pattern (LBP) are exploited to extract features from WDMM. The obtained results define the current state-of-the-art on three public benchmark datasets of: MSR Gesture 3D, SKIG, and MSR Action 3D, for 3D hand gesture recognition. We also achieve competitive results on NTU action dataset.  
  Address June 2019,  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes HUPBA; no proj Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ AAK2018 Serial 3213  
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Author Marina Alberti; Simone Balocco; Carlo Gatta; Francesco Ciompi; Oriol Pujol; Joana Silva; Xavier Carrillo; Petia Radeva edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Automatic Bifurcation Detection in Coronary IVUS Sequences Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering Abbreviated Journal TBME  
  Volume 59 Issue 4 Pages 1022-2031  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper, we present a fully automatic method which identifies every bifurcation in an intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) sequence, the corresponding frames, the angular orientation with respect to the IVUS acquisition, and the extension. This goal is reached using a two-level classification scheme: first, a classifier is applied to a set of textural features extracted from each image of a sequence. A comparison among three state-of-the-art discriminative classifiers (AdaBoost, random forest, and support vector machine) is performed to identify the most suitable method for the branching detection task. Second, the results are improved by exploiting contextual information using a multiscale stacked sequential learning scheme. The results are then successively refined using a-priori information about branching dimensions and geometry. The proposed approach provides a robust tool for the quick review of pullback sequences, facilitating the evaluation of the lesion at bifurcation sites. The proposed method reaches an F-Measure score of 86.35%, while the F-Measure scores for inter- and intraobserver variability are 71.63% and 76.18%, respectively. The obtained results are positive. Especially, considering the branching detection task is very challenging, due to high variability in bifurcation dimensions and appearance.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0018-9294 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ ABG2012 Serial 1996  
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