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Author David Aldavert edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Efficient and Scalable Handwritten Word Spotting on Historical Documents using Bag of Visual Words Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2021 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Word spotting can be defined as the pattern recognition tasked aimed at locating and retrieving a specific keyword within a document image collection without explicitly transcribing the whole corpus. Its use is particularly interesting when applied in scenarios where Optical Character Recognition performs poorly or can not be used at all. This thesis focuses on such a scenario, word spotting on historical handwritten documents that have been written by a single author or by multiple authors with a similar calligraphy.
This problem requires a visual signature that is robust to image artifacts, flexible to accommodate script variations and efficient to retrieve information in a rapid manner. For this, we have developed a set of word spotting methods that on their foundation use the well known Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoVW) representation. This representation has gained popularity among the document image analysis community to characterize handwritten words
in an unsupervised manner. However, most approaches on this field rely on a basic BoVW configuration and disregard complex encoding and spatial representations. We determine which BoVW configurations provide the best performance boost to a spotting system.
Then, we extend the segmentation-based word spotting, where word candidates are given a priori, to segmentation-free spotting. The proposed approach seeds the document images with overlapping word location candidates and characterizes them with a BoVW signature. Retrieval is achieved comparing the query and candidate signatures and returning the locations that provide a higher consensus. This is a simple but powerful approach that requires a more compact signature than in a segmentation-based scenario. We first
project the BoVW signature into a reduced semantic topics space and then compress it further using Product Quantizers. The resulting signature only requires a few dozen bytes, allowing us to index thousands of pages on a common desktop computer. The final system still yields a performance comparable to the state-of-the-art despite all the information loss during the compression phases.
Afterwards, we also study how to combine different modalities of information in order to create a query-by-X spotting system where, words are indexed using an information modality and queries are retrieved using another. We consider three different information modalities: visual, textual and audio. Our proposal is to create a latent feature space where features which are semantically related are projected onto the same topics. Creating thus a new feature space where information from different modalities can be compared. Later, we consider the codebook generation and descriptor encoding problem. The codebooks used to encode the BoVW signatures are usually created using an unsupervised clustering algorithm and, they require to test multiple parameters to determine which configuration is best for a certain document collection. We propose a semantic clustering algorithm which allows to estimate the best parameter from data. Since gather annotated data is costly, we use synthetically generated word images. The resulting codebook is database agnostic, i. e. a codebook that yields a good performance on document collections that use the same script. We also propose the use of an additional codebook to approximate descriptors and reduce the descriptor encoding
complexity to sub-linear.
Finally, we focus on the problem of signatures dimensionality. We propose a new symbol probability signature where each bin represents the probability that a certain symbol is present a certain location of the word image. This signature is extremely compact and combined with compression techniques can represent word images with just a few bytes per signature.
 
  Address April 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Marçal Rusiñol;Josep Llados  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-122714-5-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Ald2021 Serial 3601  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Raquel Perez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Topological Radiomics (TOPiomics): Early Detection of Genetic Abnormalities in Cancer Treatment Evolution Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Extended Abstracts GEOMVAP 2019, Trends in Mathematics 15 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 15 Issue Pages 89–93  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Abnormalities in radiomic measures correlate to genomic alterations prone to alter the outcome of personalized anti-cancer treatments. TOPiomics is a new method for the early detection of variations in tumor imaging phenotype from a topological structure in multi-view radiomic spaces.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Nature Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; DAG; 600.120; 600.145; 600.139 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GRP2021 Serial 3594  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jialuo Chen; Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Alicia Fornes; Beata Megyesi edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Unsupervised Alphabet Matching in Historical Encrypted Manuscript Images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication 4th International Conference on Historical Cryptology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 34-37  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Historical ciphers contain a wide range ofsymbols from various symbol sets. Iden-tifying the cipher alphabet is a prerequi-site before decryption can take place andis a time-consuming process. In this workwe explore the use of image processing foridentifying the underlying alphabet in ci-pher images, and to compare alphabets be-tween ciphers. The experiments show thatciphers with similar alphabets can be suc-cessfully discovered through clustering.  
  Address Virtual; September 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference HistoCrypt  
  Notes DAG; 602.230; 600.140; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CSF2021 Serial 3617  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josep Llados edit  openurl
  Title The 5G of Document Intelligence Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication 3rd Workshop on Future of Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address Lausanne; Suissa; September 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference FDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3677  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida (eds) edit  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title 16th International Conference, 2021, Proceedings, Part I Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2021 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12821 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This four-volume set of LNCS 12821, LNCS 12822, LNCS 12823 and LNCS 12824, constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ICDAR 2021, held in Lausanne, Switzerland in September 2021. The 182 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 340 submissions, and are presented with 13 competition reports.

The papers are organized into the following topical sections: historical document analysis, document analysis systems, handwriting recognition, scene text detection and recognition, document image processing, natural language processing (NLP) for document understanding, and graphics, diagram and math recognition.
 
  Address Lausanne, Switzerland, September 5-10, 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Cham Place of Publication Editor Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-030-86548-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3725  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida (eds) edit  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title 16th International Conference, 2021, Proceedings, Part II Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2021 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12822 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This four-volume set of LNCS 12821, LNCS 12822, LNCS 12823 and LNCS 12824, constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ICDAR 2021, held in Lausanne, Switzerland in September 2021. The 182 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 340 submissions, and are presented with 13 competition reports.

The papers are organized into the following topical sections: document analysis for literature search, document summarization and translation, multimedia document analysis, mobile text recognition, document analysis for social good, indexing and retrieval of documents, physical and logical layout analysis, recognition of tables and formulas, and natural language processing (NLP) for document understanding.
 
  Address Lausanne, Switzerland, September 5-10, 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Cham Place of Publication Editor Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-030-86330-2 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3726  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida (eds) edit  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title 16th International Conference, 2021, Proceedings, Part III Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2021 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12823 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This four-volume set of LNCS 12821, LNCS 12822, LNCS 12823 and LNCS 12824, constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ICDAR 2021, held in Lausanne, Switzerland in September 2021. The 182 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 340 submissions, and are presented with 13 competition reports.

The papers are organized into the following topical sections: document analysis for literature search, document summarization and translation, multimedia document analysis, mobile text recognition, document analysis for social good, indexing and retrieval of documents, physical and logical layout analysis, recognition of tables and formulas, and natural language processing (NLP) for document understanding.
 
  Address Lausanne, Switzerland, September 5-10, 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Cham Place of Publication Editor Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-030-86333-3 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3727  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida (eds) edit  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title 16th International Conference, 2021, Proceedings, Part IV Type Book Whole
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2021 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12824 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This four-volume set of LNCS 12821, LNCS 12822, LNCS 12823 and LNCS 12824, constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ICDAR 2021, held in Lausanne, Switzerland in September 2021. The 182 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 340 submissions, and are presented with 13 competition reports.

The papers are organized into the following topical sections: document analysis for literature search, document summarization and translation, multimedia document analysis, mobile text recognition, document analysis for social good, indexing and retrieval of documents, physical and logical layout analysis, recognition of tables and formulas, and natural language processing (NLP) for document understanding.
 
  Address Lausanne, Switzerland, September 5-10, 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Cham Place of Publication Editor Josep Llados; Daniel Lopresti; Seiichi Uchida  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-030-86336-4 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3728  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lei Kang; Pau Riba; Marcal Rusinol; Alicia Fornes; Mauricio Villegas edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Content and Style Aware Generation of Text-line Images for Handwriting Recognition Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence Abbreviated Journal TPAMI  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Handwritten Text Recognition has achieved an impressive performance in public benchmarks. However, due to the high inter- and intra-class variability between handwriting styles, such recognizers need to be trained using huge volumes of manually labeled training data. To alleviate this labor-consuming problem, synthetic data produced with TrueType fonts has been often used in the training loop to gain volume and augment the handwriting style variability. However, there is a significant style bias between synthetic and real data which hinders the improvement of recognition performance. To deal with such limitations, we propose a generative method for handwritten text-line images, which is conditioned on both visual appearance and textual content. Our method is able to produce long text-line samples with diverse handwriting styles. Once properly trained, our method can also be adapted to new target data by only accessing unlabeled text-line images to mimic handwritten styles and produce images with any textual content. Extensive experiments have been done on making use of the generated samples to boost Handwritten Text Recognition performance. Both qualitative and quantitative results demonstrate that the proposed approach outperforms the current state of the art.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.140; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ KRR2021 Serial 3612  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Lei Kang; Pau Riba; Mauricio Villegas; Alicia Fornes; Marçal Rusiñol edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Candidate Fusion: Integrating Language Modelling into a Sequence-to-Sequence Handwritten Word Recognition Architecture Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2021 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 112 Issue Pages 107790  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Sequence-to-sequence models have recently become very popular for tackling
handwritten word recognition problems. However, how to effectively integrate an external language model into such recognizer is still a challenging
problem. The main challenge faced when training a language model is to
deal with the language model corpus which is usually different to the one
used for training the handwritten word recognition system. Thus, the bias
between both word corpora leads to incorrectness on the transcriptions, providing similar or even worse performances on the recognition task. In this
work, we introduce Candidate Fusion, a novel way to integrate an external
language model to a sequence-to-sequence architecture. Moreover, it provides suggestions from an external language knowledge, as a new input to
the sequence-to-sequence recognizer. Hence, Candidate Fusion provides two
improvements. On the one hand, the sequence-to-sequence recognizer has
the flexibility not only to combine the information from itself and the language model, but also to choose the importance of the information provided
by the language model. On the other hand, the external language model
has the ability to adapt itself to the training corpus and even learn the
most commonly errors produced from the recognizer. Finally, by conducting
comprehensive experiments, the Candidate Fusion proves to outperform the
state-of-the-art language models for handwritten word recognition tasks.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.140; 601.302; 601.312; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ KRV2021 Serial 3343  
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