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Author Khanh Nguyen; Ali Furkan Biten; Andres Mafla; Lluis Gomez; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit  url
openurl 
  Title Show, Interpret and Tell: Entity-Aware Contextualised Image Captioning in Wikipedia Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 37th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 37 Issue 2 Pages 1940-1948  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Humans exploit prior knowledge to describe images, and are able to adapt their explanation to specific contextual information given, even to the extent of inventing plausible explanations when contextual information and images do not match. In this work, we propose the novel task of captioning Wikipedia images by integrating contextual knowledge. Specifically, we produce models that jointly reason over Wikipedia articles, Wikimedia images and their associated descriptions to produce contextualized captions. The same Wikimedia image can be used to illustrate different articles, and the produced caption needs to be adapted to the specific context allowing us to explore the limits of the model to adjust captions to different contextual information. Dealing with out-of-dictionary words and Named Entities is a challenging task in this domain. To address this, we propose a pre-training objective, Masked Named Entity Modeling (MNEM), and show that this pretext task results to significantly improved models. Furthermore, we verify that a model pre-trained in Wikipedia generalizes well to News Captioning datasets. We further define two different test splits according to the difficulty of the captioning task. We offer insights on the role and the importance of each modality and highlight the limitations of our model.  
  Address Washington; USA; February 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference AAAI  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ NBM2023 Serial (down) 3860  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Francesc Net; Marc Folia; Pep Casals; Lluis Gomez edit  url
openurl 
  Title Transductive Learning for Near-Duplicate Image Detection in Scanned Photo Collections Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication 17th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14191 Issue Pages 3-17  
  Keywords Image deduplication; Near-duplicate images detection; Transductive Learning; Photographic Archives; Deep Learning  
  Abstract This paper presents a comparative study of near-duplicate image detection techniques in a real-world use case scenario, where a document management company is commissioned to manually annotate a collection of scanned photographs. Detecting duplicate and near-duplicate photographs can reduce the time spent on manual annotation by archivists. This real use case differs from laboratory settings as the deployment dataset is available in advance, allowing the use of transductive learning. We propose a transductive learning approach that leverages state-of-the-art deep learning architectures such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs) and Vision Transformers (ViTs). Our approach involves pre-training a deep neural network on a large dataset and then fine-tuning the network on the unlabeled target collection with self-supervised learning. The results show that the proposed approach outperforms the baseline methods in the task of near-duplicate image detection in the UKBench and an in-house private dataset.  
  Address San Jose; CA; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ NFC2023 Serial (down) 3859  
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Author Mickael Coustaty; Alicia Fornes edit  url
openurl 
  Title Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2023 Workshops Type Book Whole
  Year 2023 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2023 Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14194 Issue 2 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address San Jose; USA; August 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CoF2023 Serial (down) 3852  
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Author Marwa Dhiaf; Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Kai Wang; Yuyang Liu; Yousri Kessentini; Alicia Fornes; Ahmed Cheikh Rouhou edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title CSSL-MHTR: Continual Self-Supervised Learning for Scalable Multi-script Handwritten Text Recognition Type Miscellaneous
  Year 2023 Publication Arxiv Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Self-supervised learning has recently emerged as a strong alternative in document analysis. These approaches are now capable of learning high-quality image representations and overcoming the limitations of supervised methods, which require a large amount of labeled data. However, these methods are unable to capture new knowledge in an incremental fashion, where data is presented to the model sequentially, which is closer to the realistic scenario. In this paper, we explore the potential of continual self-supervised learning to alleviate the catastrophic forgetting problem in handwritten text recognition, as an example of sequence recognition. Our method consists in adding intermediate layers called adapters for each task, and efficiently distilling knowledge from the previous model while learning the current task. Our proposed framework is efficient in both computation and memory complexity. To demonstrate its effectiveness, we evaluate our method by transferring the learned model to diverse text recognition downstream tasks, including Latin and non-Latin scripts. As far as we know, this is the first application of continual self-supervised learning for handwritten text recognition. We attain state-of-the-art performance on English, Italian and Russian scripts, whilst adding only a few parameters per task. The code and trained models will be publicly available.  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DSW2023 Serial (down) 3851  
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Author Pau Torras; Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Sanket Biswas; Alicia Fornes edit  url
openurl 
  Title Segmentation-Free Alignment of Arbitrary Symbol Transcripts to Images Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Document Analysis and Recognition – ICDAR 2023 Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 14193 Issue Pages 83-93  
  Keywords Historical Manuscripts; Symbol Alignment  
  Abstract Developing arbitrary symbol recognition systems is a challenging endeavour. Even using content-agnostic architectures such as few-shot models, performance can be substantially improved by providing a number of well-annotated examples into training. In some contexts, transcripts of the symbols are available without any position information associated to them, which enables using line-level recognition architectures. A way of providing this position information to detection-based architectures is finding systems that can align the input symbols with the transcription. In this paper we discuss some symbol alignment techniques that are suitable for low-data scenarios and provide an insight on their perceived strengths and weaknesses. In particular, we study the usage of Connectionist Temporal Classification models, Attention-Based Sequence to Sequence models and we compare them with the results obtained on a few-shot recognition system.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ TSS2023 Serial (down) 3850  
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Author Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Pau Torras; Jialuo Chen; Alicia Fornes edit  url
openurl 
  Title An Evaluation of Handwritten Text Recognition Methods for Historical Ciphered Manuscripts Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication 7th International Workshop on Historical Document Imaging and Processing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 7-12  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper investigates the effectiveness of different deep learning HTR families, including LSTM, Seq2Seq, and transformer-based approaches with self-supervised pretraining, in recognizing ciphered manuscripts from different historical periods and cultures. The goal is to identify the most suitable method or training techniques for recognizing ciphered manuscripts and to provide insights into the challenges and opportunities in this field of research. We evaluate the performance of these models on several datasets of ciphered manuscripts and discuss their results. This study contributes to the development of more accurate and efficient methods for recognizing historical manuscripts for the preservation and dissemination of our cultural heritage.  
  Address  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference HIP  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ STC2023 Serial (down) 3849  
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Author Mohamed Ali Souibgui; Sanket Biswas; Andres Mafla; Ali Furkan Biten; Alicia Fornes; Yousri Kessentini; Josep Llados; Lluis Gomez; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit  url
openurl 
  Title Text-DIAE: a self-supervised degradation invariant autoencoder for text recognition and document enhancement Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication Proceedings of the 37th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 37 Issue 2 Pages  
  Keywords Representation Learning for Vision; CV Applications; CV Language and Vision; ML Unsupervised; Self-Supervised Learning  
  Abstract In this paper, we propose a Text-Degradation Invariant Auto Encoder (Text-DIAE), a self-supervised model designed to tackle two tasks, text recognition (handwritten or scene-text) and document image enhancement. We start by employing a transformer-based architecture that incorporates three pretext tasks as learning objectives to be optimized during pre-training without the usage of labelled data. Each of the pretext objectives is specifically tailored for the final downstream tasks. We conduct several ablation experiments that confirm the design choice of the selected pretext tasks. Importantly, the proposed model does not exhibit limitations of previous state-of-the-art methods based on contrastive losses, while at the same time requiring substantially fewer data samples to converge. Finally, we demonstrate that our method surpasses the state-of-the-art in existing supervised and self-supervised settings in handwritten and scene text recognition and document image enhancement. Our code and trained models will be made publicly available at https://github.com/dali92002/SSL-OCR  
  Address  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference AAAI  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SBM2023 Serial (down) 3848  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Asma Bensalah; Antonio Parziale; Giuseppe De Gregorio; Angelo Marcelli; Alicia Fornes; Josep Llados edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title I Can’t Believe It’s Not Better: In-air Movement for Alzheimer Handwriting Synthetic Generation Type Conference Article
  Year 2023 Publication 21st International Graphonomics Conference Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 136–148  
  Keywords  
  Abstract During recent years, there here has been a boom in terms of deep learning use for handwriting analysis and recognition. One main application for handwriting analysis is early detection and diagnosis in the health field. Unfortunately, most real case problems still suffer a scarcity of data, which makes difficult the use of deep learning-based models. To alleviate this problem, some works resort to synthetic data generation. Lately, more works are directed towards guided data synthetic generation, a generation that uses the domain and data knowledge to generate realistic data that can be useful to train deep learning models. In this work, we combine the domain knowledge about the Alzheimer’s disease for handwriting and use it for a more guided data generation. Concretely, we have explored the use of in-air movements for synthetic data generation.  
  Address Evora; Portugal; October 2023  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference IGS  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BPG2023 Serial (down) 3838  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ruben Tito; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Ernest Valveny edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Hierarchical multimodal transformers for Multipage DocVQA Type Journal Article
  Year 2023 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 144 Issue 109834 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Existing work on DocVQA only considers single-page documents. However, in real applications documents are mostly composed of multiple pages that should be processed altogether. In this work, we propose a new multimodal hierarchical method Hi-VT5, that overcomes the limitations of current methods to process long multipage documents. In contrast to previous hierarchical methods that focus on different semantic granularity (He et al., 2021) or different subtasks (Zhou et al., 2022) used in image classification. Our method is a hierarchical transformer architecture where the encoder learns to summarize the most relevant information of every page and then, the decoder uses this summarized representation to generate the final answer, following a bottom-up approach. Moreover, due to the lack of multipage DocVQA datasets, we also introduce MP-DocVQA, an extension of SP-DocVQA where questions are posed over multipage documents instead of single pages. Through extensive experimentation, we demonstrate that Hi-VT5 is able, in a single stage, to answer the questions and provide the page that contains the answer, which can be used as a kind of explainability measure.  
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  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ TKV2023 Serial (down) 3836  
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Author Souhail Bakkali; Zuheng Ming; Mickael Coustaty; Marçal Rusiñol; Oriol Ramos Terrades edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title VLCDoC: Vision-Language Contrastive Pre-Training Model for Cross-Modal Document Classification Type Journal Article
  Year 2023 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal PR  
  Volume 139 Issue Pages 109419  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Multimodal learning from document data has achieved great success lately as it allows to pre-train semantically meaningful features as a prior into a learnable downstream approach. In this paper, we approach the document classification problem by learning cross-modal representations through language and vision cues, considering intra- and inter-modality relationships. Instead of merging features from different modalities into a common representation space, the proposed method exploits high-level interactions and learns relevant semantic information from effective attention flows within and across modalities. The proposed learning objective is devised between intra- and inter-modality alignment tasks, where the similarity distribution per task is computed by contracting positive sample pairs while simultaneously contrasting negative ones in the common feature representation space}. Extensive experiments on public document classification datasets demonstrate the effectiveness and the generalization capacity of our model on both low-scale and large-scale datasets.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISSN 0031-3203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.140; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BMC2023 Serial (down) 3826  
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