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Author Albert Berenguel; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Josep Llados; Cristina Cañero edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title e-Counterfeit: a mobile-server platform for document counterfeit detection Type Conference Article
  Year 2017 Publication 14th IAPR International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents a novel application to detect counterfeit identity documents forged by a scan-printing operation. Texture analysis approaches are proposed to extract validation features from security background that is usually printed in documents as IDs or banknotes. The main contribution of this work is the end-to-end mobile-server architecture, which provides a service for non-expert users and therefore can be used in several scenarios. The system also provides a crowdsourcing mode so labeled images can be gathered, generating databases for incremental training of the algorithms.  
  Address Kyoto; Japan; November 2017  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.061; 600.097; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BRL2018 Serial 3084  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Albert Berenguel; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Josep Llados; Cristina Cañero edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Recurrent Comparator with attention models to detect counterfeit documents Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 15th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper is focused on the detection of counterfeit documents via the recurrent comparison of the security textured background regions of two images. The main contributions are twofold: first we apply and adapt a recurrent comparator architecture with attention mechanism to the counterfeit detection task, which constructs a representation of the background regions by recurrently condition the next observation, learning the difference between genuine and counterfeit images through iterative glimpses. Second we propose a new counterfeit document dataset to ensure the generalization of the learned model towards the detection of the lack of resolution during the counterfeit manufacturing. The presented network, outperforms state-of-the-art classification approaches for counterfeit detection as demonstrated in the evaluation.  
  Address Sidney; Australia; September 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.140; 600.121; 601.269 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BRL2019 Serial 3456  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sanket Biswas; Pau Riba; Josep Llados; Umapada Pal edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Graph-Based Deep Generative Modelling for Document Layout Generation Type Conference Article
  Year 2021 Publication 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12917 Issue Pages 525-537  
  Keywords  
  Abstract One of the major prerequisites for any deep learning approach is the availability of large-scale training data. When dealing with scanned document images in real world scenarios, the principal information of its content is stored in the layout itself. In this work, we have proposed an automated deep generative model using Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) to generate synthetic data with highly variable and plausible document layouts that can be used to train document interpretation systems, in this case, specially in digital mailroom applications. It is also the first graph-based approach for document layout generation task experimented on administrative document images, in this case, invoices.  
  Address Lausanne; Suissa; September 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.140; 110.312 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BRL2021 Serial 3676  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sanket Biswas; Pau Riba; Josep Llados; Umapada Pal edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title DocSynth: A Layout Guided Approach for Controllable Document Image Synthesis Type Conference Article
  Year 2021 Publication 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12823 Issue Pages 555–568  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Despite significant progress on current state-of-the-art image generation models, synthesis of document images containing multiple and complex object layouts is a challenging task. This paper presents a novel approach, called DocSynth, to automatically synthesize document images based on a given layout. In this work, given a spatial layout (bounding boxes with object categories) as a reference by the user, our proposed DocSynth model learns to generate a set of realistic document images consistent with the defined layout. Also, this framework has been adapted to this work as a superior baseline model for creating synthetic document image datasets for augmenting real data during training for document layout analysis tasks. Different sets of learning objectives have been also used to improve the model performance. Quantitatively, we also compare the generated results of our model with real data using standard evaluation metrics. The results highlight that our model can successfully generate realistic and diverse document images with multiple objects. We also present a comprehensive qualitative analysis summary of the different scopes of synthetic image generation tasks. Lastly, to our knowledge this is the first work of its kind.  
  Address Lausanne; Suissa; September 2021  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.140; 110.312 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BRL2021a Serial 3573  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Sanket Biswas; Pau Riba; Josep Llados; Umapada Pal edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Beyond Document Object Detection: Instance-Level Segmentation of Complex Layouts Type Journal Article
  Year 2021 Publication International Journal on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal IJDAR  
  Volume 24 Issue Pages 269–281  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Information extraction is a fundamental task of many business intelligence services that entail massive document processing. Understanding a document page structure in terms of its layout provides contextual support which is helpful in the semantic interpretation of the document terms. In this paper, inspired by the progress of deep learning methodologies applied to the task of object recognition, we transfer these models to the specific case of document object detection, reformulating the traditional problem of document layout analysis. Moreover, we importantly contribute to prior arts by defining the task of instance segmentation on the document image domain. An instance segmentation paradigm is especially important in complex layouts whose contents should interact for the proper rendering of the page, i.e., the proper text wrapping around an image. Finally, we provide an extensive evaluation, both qualitative and quantitative, that demonstrates the superior performance of the proposed methodology over the current state of the art.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.140; 110.312 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BRL2021b Serial 3574  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ayan Banerjee; Palaiahnakote Shivakumara; Parikshit Acharya; Umapada Pal; Josep Llados edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title TWD: A New Deep E2E Model for Text Watermark Detection in Video Images Type Conference Article
  Year 2022 Publication 26th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Deep learning; U-Net; FCENet; Scene text detection; Video text detection; Watermark text detection  
  Abstract Text watermark detection in video images is challenging because text watermark characteristics are different from caption and scene texts in the video images. Developing a successful model for detecting text watermark, caption, and scene texts is an open challenge. This study aims at developing a new Deep End-to-End model for Text Watermark Detection (TWD), caption and scene text in video images. To standardize non-uniform contrast, quality, and resolution, we explore the U-Net3+ model for enhancing poor quality text without affecting high-quality text. Similarly, to address the challenges of arbitrary orientation, text shapes and complex background, we explore Stacked Hourglass Encoded Fourier Contour Embedding Network (SFCENet) by feeding the output of the U-Net3+ model as input. Furthermore, the proposed work integrates enhancement and detection models as an end-to-end model for detecting multi-type text in video images. To validate the proposed model, we create our own dataset (named TW-866), which provides video images containing text watermark, caption (subtitles), as well as scene text. The proposed model is also evaluated on standard natural scene text detection datasets, namely, ICDAR 2019 MLT, CTW1500, Total-Text, and DAST1500. The results show that the proposed method outperforms the existing methods. This is the first work on text watermark detection in video images to the best of our knowledge  
  Address Montreal; Quebec; Canada; August 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICPR  
  Notes DAG; Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BSA2022 Serial 3788  
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Author Kunal Biswas; Palaiahnakote Shivakumara; Umapada Pal; Tong Lu; Michel Blumenstein; Josep Llados edit  url
openurl 
  Title Classification of aesthetic natural scene images using statistical and semantic features Type Journal Article
  Year 2023 Publication Multimedia Tools and Applications Abbreviated Journal MTAP  
  Volume 82 Issue 9 Pages 13507-13532  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Aesthetic image analysis is essential for improving the performance of multimedia image retrieval systems, especially from a repository of social media and multimedia content stored on mobile devices. This paper presents a novel method for classifying aesthetic natural scene images by studying the naturalness of image content using statistical features, and reading text in the images using semantic features. Unlike existing methods that focus only on image quality with human information, the proposed approach focuses on image features as well as text-based semantic features without human intervention to reduce the gap between subjectivity and objectivity in the classification. The aesthetic classes considered in this work are (i) Very Pleasant, (ii) Pleasant, (iii) Normal and (iv) Unpleasant. The naturalness is represented by features of focus, defocus, perceived brightness, perceived contrast, blurriness and noisiness, while semantics are represented by text recognition, description of the images and labels of images, profile pictures, and banner images. Furthermore, a deep learning model is proposed in a novel way to fuse statistical and semantic features for the classification of aesthetic natural scene images. Experiments on our own dataset and the standard datasets demonstrate that the proposed approach achieves 92.74%, 88.67% and 83.22% average classification rates on our own dataset, AVA dataset and CUHKPQ dataset, respectively. Furthermore, a comparative study of the proposed model with the existing methods shows that the proposed method is effective for the classification of aesthetic social media images.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BSP2023 Serial 3873  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ali Furkan Biten; Ruben Tito; Lluis Gomez; Ernest Valveny; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title OCR-IDL: OCR Annotations for Industry Document Library Dataset Type Conference Article
  Year 2022 Publication ECCV Workshop on Text in Everything Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Pretraining has proven successful in Document Intelligence tasks where deluge of documents are used to pretrain the models only later to be finetuned on downstream tasks. One of the problems of the pretraining approaches is the inconsistent usage of pretraining data with different OCR engines leading to incomparable results between models. In other words, it is not obvious whether the performance gain is coming from diverse usage of amount of data and distinct OCR engines or from the proposed models. To remedy the problem, we make public the OCR annotations for IDL documents using commercial OCR engine given their superior performance over open source OCR models. The contributed dataset (OCR-IDL) has an estimated monetary value over 20K US$. It is our hope that OCR-IDL can be a starting point for future works on Document Intelligence. All of our data and its collection process with the annotations can be found in this https URL.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ECCV  
  Notes DAG; no proj Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BTG2022 Serial 3817  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ali Furkan Biten; R. Tito; Andres Mafla; Lluis Gomez; Marçal Rusiñol; M. Mathew; C.V. Jawahar; Ernest Valveny; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title ICDAR 2019 Competition on Scene Text Visual Question Answering Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 3rd Workshop on Closing the Loop Between Vision and Language, in conjunction with ICCV2019 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents final results of ICDAR 2019 Scene Text Visual Question Answering competition (ST-VQA). ST-VQA introduces an important aspect that is not addressed
by any Visual Question Answering system up to date, namely the incorporation of scene text to answer questions asked about an image. The competition introduces a new dataset comprising 23, 038 images annotated with 31, 791 question / answer pairs where the answer is always grounded on text instances present in the image. The images are taken from 7 different public computer vision datasets, covering a wide range of scenarios.
The competition was structured in three tasks of increasing difficulty, that require reading the text in a scene and understanding it in the context of the scene, to correctly answer a given question. A novel evaluation metric is presented, which elegantly assesses both key capabilities expected from an optimal model: text recognition and image understanding. A detailed analysis of results from different participants is showcased, which provides insight into the current capabilities of VQA systems that can read. We firmly believe the dataset proposed in this challenge will be an important milestone to consider towards a path of more robust and general models that
can exploit scene text to achieve holistic image understanding.
 
  Address Sydney; Australia; September 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CLVL  
  Notes DAG; 600.129; 601.338; 600.135; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BTM2019a Serial 3284  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ali Furkan Biten; R. Tito; Andres Mafla; Lluis Gomez; Marçal Rusiñol; C.V. Jawahar; Ernest Valveny; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Scene Text Visual Question Answering Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 18th IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 4291-4301  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Current visual question answering datasets do not consider the rich semantic information conveyed by text within an image. In this work, we present a new dataset, ST-VQA, that aims to highlight the importance of exploiting highlevel semantic information present in images as textual cues in the Visual Question Answering process. We use this dataset to define a series of tasks of increasing difficulty for which reading the scene text in the context provided by the visual information is necessary to reason and generate an appropriate answer. We propose a new evaluation metric for these tasks to account both for reasoning errors as well as shortcomings of the text recognition module. In addition we put forward a series of baseline methods, which provide further insight to the newly released dataset, and set the scene for further research.  
  Address Seul; Corea; October 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICCV  
  Notes DAG; 600.129; 600.135; 601.338; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number (up) Admin @ si @ BTM2019b Serial 3285  
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