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Author Fernando Barrera; Felipe Lumbreras; Angel Sappa edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title (up) Multimodal Stereo Vision System: 3D Data Extraction and Algorithm Evaluation Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing Abbreviated Journal J-STSP  
  Volume 6 Issue 5 Pages 437-446  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper proposes an imaging system for computing sparse depth maps from multispectral images. A special stereo head consisting of an infrared and a color camera defines the proposed multimodal acquisition system. The cameras are rigidly attached so that their image planes are parallel. Details about the calibration and image rectification procedure are provided. Sparse disparity maps are obtained by the combined use of mutual information enriched with gradient information. The proposed approach is evaluated using a Receiver Operating Characteristics curve. Furthermore, a multispectral dataset, color and infrared images, together with their corresponding ground truth disparity maps, is generated and used as a test bed. Experimental results in real outdoor scenarios are provided showing its viability and that the proposed approach is not restricted to a specific domain.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-4553 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BLS2012b Serial 2155  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Amores edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title (up) Multiple Instance Classification: review, taxonomy and comparative study Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Artificial Intelligence Abbreviated Journal AI  
  Volume 201 Issue Pages 81-105  
  Keywords Multi-instance learning; Codebook; Bag-of-Words  
  Abstract Multiple Instance Learning (MIL) has become an important topic in the pattern recognition community, and many solutions to this problemhave been proposed until now. Despite this fact, there is a lack of comparative studies that shed light into the characteristics and behavior of the different methods. In this work we provide such an analysis focused on the classification task (i.e.,leaving out other learning tasks such as regression). In order to perform our study, we implemented
fourteen methods grouped into three different families. We analyze the performance of the approaches across a variety of well-known databases, and we also study their behavior in synthetic scenarios in order to highlight their characteristics. As a result of this analysis, we conclude that methods that extract global bag-level information show a clearly superior performance in general. In this sense, the analysis permits us to understand why some types of methods are more successful than others, and it permits us to establish guidelines in the design of new MIL
methods.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd. Essex, UK Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0004-3702 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 601.042; 600.057 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Amo2013 Serial 2273  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jose Carlos Rubio; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez; Daniel Ponsa edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) Multiple target tracking for intelligent headlights control Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 13 Issue 2 Pages 594-605  
  Keywords Intelligent Headlights  
  Abstract Intelligent vehicle lighting systems aim at automatically regulating the headlights' beam to illuminate as much of the road ahead as possible while avoiding dazzling other drivers. A key component of such a system is computer vision software that is able to distinguish blobs due to vehicles' headlights and rear lights from those due to road lamps and reflective elements such as poles and traffic signs. In a previous work, we have devised a set of specialized supervised classifiers to make such decisions based on blob features related to its intensity and shape. Despite the overall good performance, there remain challenging that have yet to be solved: notably, faint and tiny blobs corresponding to quite distant vehicles. In fact, for such distant blobs, classification decisions can be taken after observing them during a few frames. Hence, incorporating tracking could improve the overall lighting system performance by enforcing the temporal consistency of the classifier decision. Accordingly, this paper focuses on the problem of constructing blob tracks, which is actually one of multiple-target tracking (MTT), but under two special conditions: We have to deal with frequent occlusions, as well as blob splits and merges. We approach it in a novel way by formulating the problem as a maximum a posteriori inference on a Markov random field. The qualitative (in video form) and quantitative evaluation of our new MTT method shows good tracking results. In addition, we will also see that the classification performance of the problematic blobs improves due to the proposed MTT algorithm.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1524-9050 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RLP2012; ADAS @ adas @ rsl2012g Serial 1877  
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Author Cristhian Aguilera; Fernando Barrera; Felipe Lumbreras; Angel Sappa; Ricardo Toledo edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title (up) Multispectral Image Feature Points Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 12 Issue 9 Pages 12661-12672  
  Keywords multispectral image descriptor; color and infrared images; feature point descriptor  
  Abstract Far-Infrared and Visible Spectrum images. It allows matching interest points on images of the same scene but acquired in different spectral bands. Initially, points of interest are detected on both images through a SIFT-like based scale space representation. Then, these points are characterized using an Edge Oriented Histogram (EOH) descriptor. Finally, points of interest from multispectral images are matched by finding nearest couples using the information from the descriptor. The provided experimental results and comparisons with similar methods show both the validity of the proposed approach as well as the improvements it offers with respect to the current state-of-the-art.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ ABL2012 Serial 2154  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fernando Barrera; Felipe Lumbreras; Angel Sappa edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title (up) Multispectral Piecewise Planar Stereo using Manhattan-World Assumption Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 34 Issue 1 Pages 52-61  
  Keywords Multispectral stereo rig; Dense disparity maps from multispectral stereo; Color and infrared images  
  Abstract This paper proposes a new framework for extracting dense disparity maps from a multispectral stereo rig. The system is constructed with an infrared and a color camera. It is intended to explore novel multispectral stereo matching approaches that will allow further extraction of semantic information. The proposed framework consists of three stages. Firstly, an initial sparse disparity map is generated by using a cost function based on feature matching in a multiresolution scheme. Then, by looking at the color image, a set of planar hypotheses is defined to describe the surfaces on the scene. Finally, the previous stages are combined by reformulating the disparity computation as a global minimization problem. The paper has two main contributions. The first contribution combines mutual information with a shape descriptor based on gradient in a multiresolution scheme. The second contribution, which is based on the Manhattan-world assumption, extracts a dense disparity representation using the graph cut algorithm. Experimental results in outdoor scenarios are provided showing the validity of the proposed framework.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.054; 600.055; 605.203 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BLS2013 Serial 2245  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Joan Serrat; Felipe Lumbreras; Francisco Blanco; Manuel Valiente; Montserrat Lopez-Mesas edit  url
openurl 
  Title (up) myStone: A system for automatic kidney stone classification Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Expert Systems with Applications Abbreviated Journal ESA  
  Volume 89 Issue Pages 41-51  
  Keywords Kidney stone; Optical device; Computer vision; Image classification  
  Abstract Kidney stone formation is a common disease and the incidence rate is constantly increasing worldwide. It has been shown that the classification of kidney stones can lead to an important reduction of the recurrence rate. The classification of kidney stones by human experts on the basis of certain visual color and texture features is one of the most employed techniques. However, the knowledge of how to analyze kidney stones is not widespread, and the experts learn only after being trained on a large number of samples of the different classes. In this paper we describe a new device specifically designed for capturing images of expelled kidney stones, and a method to learn and apply the experts knowledge with regard to their classification. We show that with off the shelf components, a carefully selected set of features and a state of the art classifier it is possible to automate this difficult task to a good degree. We report results on a collection of 454 kidney stones, achieving an overall accuracy of 63% for a set of eight classes covering almost all of the kidney stones taxonomy. Moreover, for more than 80% of samples the real class is the first or the second most probable class according to the system, being then the patient recommendations for the two top classes similar. This is the first attempt towards the automatic visual classification of kidney stones, and based on the current results we foresee better accuracies with the increase of the dataset size.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS: MSIAU; 603.046; 600.122; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SLB2017 Serial 3026  
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Author Javier Marin; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez; Jaume Amores; Ludmila I. Kuncheva edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) Occlusion handling via random subspace classifiers for human detection Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (Part B) Abbreviated Journal TSMCB  
  Volume 44 Issue 3 Pages 342-354  
  Keywords Pedestriand Detection; occlusion handling  
  Abstract This paper describes a general method to address partial occlusions for human detection in still images. The Random Subspace Method (RSM) is chosen for building a classifier ensemble robust against partial occlusions. The component classifiers are chosen on the basis of their individual and combined performance. The main contribution of this work lies in our approach’s capability to improve the detection rate when partial occlusions are present without compromising the detection performance on non occluded data. In contrast to many recent approaches, we propose a method which does not require manual labelling of body parts, defining any semantic spatial components, or using additional data coming from motion or stereo. Moreover, the method can be easily extended to other object classes. The experiments are performed on three large datasets: the INRIA person dataset, the Daimler Multicue dataset, and a new challenging dataset, called PobleSec, in which a considerable number of targets are partially occluded. The different approaches are evaluated at the classification and detection levels for both partially occluded and non-occluded data. The experimental results show that our detector outperforms state-of-the-art approaches in the presence of partial occlusions, while offering performance and reliability similar to those of the holistic approach on non-occluded data. The datasets used in our experiments have been made publicly available for benchmarking purposes  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2168-2267 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 605.203; 600.057; 600.054; 601.042; 601.187; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ MVL2014 Serial 2213  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Angel Sappa; David Geronimo; Fadi Dornaika; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title (up) On-board camera extrinsic parameter estimation Type Journal
  Year 2006 Publication Electronics Letters Abbreviated Journal EL  
  Volume 42 Issue 13 Pages 745–746  
  Keywords  
  Abstract An efficient technique for real-time estimation of camera extrinsic parameters is presented. It is intended to be used on on-board vision systems for driving assistance applications. The proposed technique is based on the use of a commercial stereo vision system that does not need any visual feature extraction.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEE Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ SGD2006a Serial 655  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Zhijie Fang; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title (up) On-Board Detection of Pedestrian Intentions Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 17 Issue 10 Pages 2193  
  Keywords pedestrian intention; ADAS; self-driving  
  Abstract Avoiding vehicle-to-pedestrian crashes is a critical requirement for nowadays advanced driver assistant systems (ADAS) and future self-driving vehicles. Accordingly, detecting pedestrians from raw sensor data has a history of more than 15 years of research, with vision playing a central role.
During the last years, deep learning has boosted the accuracy of image-based pedestrian detectors.
However, detection is just the first step towards answering the core question, namely is the vehicle going to crash with a pedestrian provided preventive actions are not taken? Therefore, knowing as soon as possible if a detected pedestrian has the intention of crossing the road ahead of the vehicle is
essential for performing safe and comfortable maneuvers that prevent a crash. However, compared to pedestrian detection, there is relatively little literature on detecting pedestrian intentions. This paper aims to contribute along this line by presenting a new vision-based approach which analyzes the
pose of a pedestrian along several frames to determine if he or she is going to enter the road or not. We present experiments showing 750 ms of anticipation for pedestrians crossing the road, which at a typical urban driving speed of 50 km/h can provide 15 additional meters (compared to a pure pedestrian detector) for vehicle automatic reactions or to warn the driver. Moreover, in contrast with state-of-the-art methods, our approach is monocular, neither requiring stereo nor optical flow information.
 
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.085; 600.076; 601.223; 600.116; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ FVL2017 Serial 2983  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Daniel Ponsa; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title (up) On-board image-based vehicle detection and tracking Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control Abbreviated Journal TIM  
  Volume 33 Issue 7 Pages 783-805  
  Keywords vehicle detection  
  Abstract In this paper we present a computer vision system for daytime vehicle detection and localization, an essential step in the development of several types of advanced driver assistance systems. It has a reduced processing time and high accuracy thanks to the combination of vehicle detection with lane-markings estimation and temporal tracking of both vehicles and lane markings. Concerning vehicle detection, our main contribution is a frame scanning process that inspects images according to the geometry of image formation, and with an Adaboost-based detector that is robust to the variability in the different vehicle types (car, van, truck) and lighting conditions. In addition, we propose a new method to estimate the most likely three-dimensional locations of vehicles on the road ahead. With regards to the lane-markings estimation component, we have two main contributions. First, we employ a different image feature to the other commonly used edges: we use ridges, which are better suited to this problem. Second, we adapt RANSAC, a generic robust estimation method, to fit a parametric model of a pair of lane markings to the image features. We qualitatively assess our vehicle detection system in sequences captured on several road types and under very different lighting conditions. The processed videos are available on a web page associated with this paper. A quantitative evaluation of the system has shown quite accurate results (a low number of false positives and negatives) at a reasonable computation time.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ PSL2011 Serial 1413  
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