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Author Katerine Diaz; Jesus Martinez del Rincon; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Marçal Rusiñol; Francesc J. Ferri edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Fast Kernel Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors for Feature Extraction Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision Abbreviated Journal JMIV  
  Volume 60 Issue (up) 4 Pages 512-524  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents a supervised subspace learning method called Kernel Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors (KGDCV), as a novel extension of the known Discriminative Common Vectors method with Kernels. Our method combines the advantages of kernel methods to model complex data and solve nonlinear
problems with moderate computational complexity, with the better generalization properties of generalized approaches for large dimensional data. These attractive combination makes KGDCV specially suited for feature extraction and classification in computer vision, image processing and pattern recognition applications. Two different approaches to this generalization are proposed, a first one based on the kernel trick (KT) and a second one based on the nonlinear projection trick (NPT) for even higher efficiency. Both methodologies
have been validated on four different image datasets containing faces, objects and handwritten digits, and compared against well known non-linear state-of-art methods. Results show better discriminant properties than other generalized approaches both linear or kernel. In addition, the KGDCV-NPT approach presents a considerable computational gain, without compromising the accuracy of the model.
 
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.086; 600.130; 600.121; 600.118; 600.129 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DMH2018a Serial 3062  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Akhil Gurram; Onay Urfalioglu; Ibrahim Halfaoui; Fahd Bouzaraa; Antonio Lopez edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Semantic Monocular Depth Estimation Based on Artificial Intelligence Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine Abbreviated Journal ITSM  
  Volume 13 Issue (up) 4 Pages 99-103  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Depth estimation provides essential information to perform autonomous driving and driver assistance. A promising line of work consists of introducing additional semantic information about the traffic scene when training CNNs for depth estimation. In practice, this means that the depth data used for CNN training is complemented with images having pixel-wise semantic labels where the same raw training data is associated with both types of ground truth, i.e., depth and semantic labels. The main contribution of this paper is to show that this hard constraint can be circumvented, i.e., that we can train CNNs for depth estimation by leveraging the depth and semantic information coming from heterogeneous datasets. In order to illustrate the benefits of our approach, we combine KITTI depth and Cityscapes semantic segmentation datasets, outperforming state-of-the-art results on monocular depth estimation.  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.124; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ GUH2019 Serial 3306  
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Author Joan Serrat; Ferran Diego; Felipe Lumbreras; Jose Manuel Alvarez; Antonio Lopez; C. Elvira edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Dynamic Comparison of Headlights Type Journal Article
  Year 2008 Publication Journal of Automobile Engineering Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 222 Issue (up) 5 Pages 643–656  
  Keywords video alignment  
  Abstract  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ SDL2008a Serial 958  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fadi Dornaika; Angel Sappa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Instantaneous 3D motion from image derivatives using the Least Trimmed Square Regression Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal PRL  
  Volume 30 Issue (up) 5 Pages 535–543  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents a new technique to the instantaneous 3D motion estimation. The main contributions are as follows. First, we show that the 3D camera or scene velocity can be retrieved from image derivatives only assuming that the scene contains a dominant plane. Second, we propose a new robust algorithm that simultaneously provides the Least Trimmed Square solution and the percentage of inliers-the non-contaminated data. Experiments on both synthetic and real image sequences demonstrated the effectiveness of the developed method. Those experiments show that the new robust approach can outperform classical robust schemes.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Elsevier Science Inc. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0167-8655 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ DoS2009a Serial 1115  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author David Geronimo; Angel Sappa; Daniel Ponsa; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title 2D-3D based on-board pedestrian detection system Type Journal Article
  Year 2010 Publication Computer Vision and Image Understanding Abbreviated Journal CVIU  
  Volume 114 Issue (up) 5 Pages 583–595  
  Keywords Pedestrian detection; Advanced Driver Assistance Systems; Horizon line; Haar wavelets; Edge orientation histograms  
  Abstract During the next decade, on-board pedestrian detection systems will play a key role in the challenge of increasing traffic safety. The main target of these systems, to detect pedestrians in urban scenarios, implies overcoming difficulties like processing outdoor scenes from a mobile platform and searching for aspect-changing objects in cluttered environments. This makes such systems combine techniques in the state-of-the-art Computer Vision. In this paper we present a three module system based on both 2D and 3D cues. The first module uses 3D information to estimate the road plane parameters and thus select a coherent set of regions of interest (ROIs) to be further analyzed. The second module uses Real AdaBoost and a combined set of Haar wavelets and edge orientation histograms to classify the incoming ROIs as pedestrian or non-pedestrian. The final module loops again with the 3D cue in order to verify the classified ROIs and with the 2D in order to refine the final results. According to the results, the integration of the proposed techniques gives rise to a promising system.  
  Address Computer Vision and Image Understanding (Special Issue on Intelligent Vision Systems), Vol. 114(5):583-595  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1077-3142 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ GSP2010 Serial 1341  
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Author Fernando Barrera; Felipe Lumbreras; Angel Sappa edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Multimodal Stereo Vision System: 3D Data Extraction and Algorithm Evaluation Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing Abbreviated Journal J-STSP  
  Volume 6 Issue (up) 5 Pages 437-446  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper proposes an imaging system for computing sparse depth maps from multispectral images. A special stereo head consisting of an infrared and a color camera defines the proposed multimodal acquisition system. The cameras are rigidly attached so that their image planes are parallel. Details about the calibration and image rectification procedure are provided. Sparse disparity maps are obtained by the combined use of mutual information enriched with gradient information. The proposed approach is evaluated using a Receiver Operating Characteristics curve. Furthermore, a multispectral dataset, color and infrared images, together with their corresponding ground truth disparity maps, is generated and used as a test bed. Experimental results in real outdoor scenarios are provided showing its viability and that the proposed approach is not restricted to a specific domain.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1932-4553 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BLS2012b Serial 2155  
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Author Jiaolong Xu; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez; Javier Marin; Daniel Ponsa edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Learning a Part-based Pedestrian Detector in Virtual World Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems Abbreviated Journal TITS  
  Volume 15 Issue (up) 5 Pages 2121-2131  
  Keywords Domain Adaptation; Pedestrian Detection; Virtual Worlds  
  Abstract Detecting pedestrians with on-board vision systems is of paramount interest for assisting drivers to prevent vehicle-to-pedestrian accidents. The core of a pedestrian detector is its classification module, which aims at deciding if a given image window contains a pedestrian. Given the difficulty of this task, many classifiers have been proposed during the last fifteen years. Among them, the so-called (deformable) part-based classifiers including multi-view modeling are usually top ranked in accuracy. Training such classifiers is not trivial since a proper aspect clustering and spatial part alignment of the pedestrian training samples are crucial for obtaining an accurate classifier. In this paper, first we perform automatic aspect clustering and part alignment by using virtual-world pedestrians, i.e., human annotations are not required. Second, we use a mixture-of-parts approach that allows part sharing among different aspects. Third, these proposals are integrated in a learning framework which also allows to incorporate real-world training data to perform domain adaptation between virtual- and real-world cameras. Overall, the obtained results on four popular on-board datasets show that our proposal clearly outperforms the state-of-the-art deformable part-based detector known as latent SVM.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1931-0587 ISBN 978-1-4673-2754-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ XVL2014 Serial 2433  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Fadi Dornaika; Angel Sappa edit  openurl
  Title Evaluation of an Appearance-based 3D Face Tracker using Dense 3D Data Type Journal
  Year 2008 Publication Machine Vision and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 19 Issue (up) 5-6 Pages 427–441  
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  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ DoS2008b Serial 1018  
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Author Ferran Diego; Joan Serrat; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Joint spatio-temporal alignment of sequences Type Journal Article
  Year 2013 Publication IEEE Transactions on Multimedia Abbreviated Journal TMM  
  Volume 15 Issue (up) 6 Pages 1377-1387  
  Keywords video alignment  
  Abstract Video alignment is important in different areas of computer vision such as wide baseline matching, action recognition, change detection, video copy detection and frame dropping prevention. Current video alignment methods usually deal with a relatively simple case of fixed or rigidly attached cameras or simultaneous acquisition. Therefore, in this paper we propose a joint video alignment for bringing two video sequences into a spatio-temporal alignment. Specifically, the novelty of the paper is to formulate the video alignment to fold the spatial and temporal alignment into a single alignment framework. This simultaneously satisfies a frame-correspondence and frame-alignment similarity; exploiting the knowledge among neighbor frames by a standard pairwise Markov random field (MRF). This new formulation is able to handle the alignment of sequences recorded at different times by independent moving cameras that follows a similar trajectory, and also generalizes the particular cases that of fixed geometric transformation and/or linear temporal mapping. We conduct experiments on different scenarios such as sequences recorded simultaneously or by moving cameras to validate the robustness of the proposed approach. The proposed method provides the highest video alignment accuracy compared to the state-of-the-art methods on sequences recorded from vehicles driving along the same track at different times.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1520-9210 ISBN Medium  
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  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DSL2013; ADAS @ adas @ Serial 2228  
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Author Alejandro Gonzalez Alzate; Zhijie Fang; Yainuvis Socarras; Joan Serrat; David Vazquez; Jiaolong Xu; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Pedestrian Detection at Day/Night Time with Visible and FIR Cameras: A Comparison Type Journal Article
  Year 2016 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 16 Issue (up) 6 Pages 820  
  Keywords Pedestrian Detection; FIR  
  Abstract Despite all the significant advances in pedestrian detection brought by computer vision for driving assistance, it is still a challenging problem. One reason is the extremely varying lighting conditions under which such a detector should operate, namely day and night time. Recent research has shown that the combination of visible and non-visible imaging modalities may increase detection accuracy, where the infrared spectrum plays a critical role. The goal of this paper is to assess the accuracy gain of different pedestrian models (holistic, part-based, patch-based) when training with images in the far infrared spectrum. Specifically, we want to compare detection accuracy on test images recorded at day and nighttime if trained (and tested) using (a) plain color images, (b) just infrared images and (c) both of them. In order to obtain results for the last item we propose an early fusion approach to combine features from both modalities. We base the evaluation on a new dataset we have built for this purpose as well as on the publicly available KAIST multispectral dataset.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1424-8220 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.085; 600.076; 600.082; 601.281 Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ GFS2016 Serial 2754  
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