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Author Meysam Madadi; Sergio Escalera; Jordi Gonzalez; Xavier Roca; Felipe Lumbreras edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Multi-part body segmentation based on depth maps for soft biometry analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pattern Recognition Letters Abbreviated Journal (down) PRL  
  Volume 56 Issue Pages 14-21  
  Keywords 3D shape context; 3D point cloud alignment; Depth maps; Human body segmentation; Soft biometry analysis  
  Abstract This paper presents a novel method extracting biometric measures using depth sensors. Given a multi-part labeled training data, a new subject is aligned to the best model of the dataset, and soft biometrics such as lengths or circumference sizes of limbs and body are computed. The process is performed by training relevant pose clusters, defining a representative model, and fitting a 3D shape context descriptor within an iterative matching procedure. We show robust measures by applying orthogonal plates to body hull. We test our approach in a novel full-body RGB-Depth data set, showing accurate estimation of soft biometrics and better segmentation accuracy in comparison with random forest approach without requiring large training data.  
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  Notes HuPBA; ISE; ADAS; 600.076;600.049; 600.063; 600.054; 302.018;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MEG2015 Serial 2588  
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Author Daniel Ponsa; Antonio Lopez edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Variance reduction techniques in particle-based visual contour Tracking Type Journal Article
  Year 2009 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal (down) PR  
  Volume 42 Issue 11 Pages 2372–2391  
  Keywords Contour tracking; Active shape models; Kalman filter; Particle filter; Importance sampling; Unscented particle filter; Rao-Blackwellization; Partitioned sampling  
  Abstract This paper presents a comparative study of three different strategies to improve the performance of particle filters, in the context of visual contour tracking: the unscented particle filter, the Rao-Blackwellized particle filter, and the partitioned sampling technique. The tracking problem analyzed is the joint estimation of the global and local transformation of the outline of a given target, represented following the active shape model approach. The main contributions of the paper are the novel adaptations of the considered techniques on this generic problem, and the quantitative assessment of their performance in extensive experimental work done.  
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  Notes ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number ADAS @ adas @ PoL2009a Serial 1168  
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Author Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Mireia Brunat;Steven Jansen; Jordi Martinez-Vilalta edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Structure-preserving smoothing of biomedical images Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal (down) PR  
  Volume 44 Issue 9 Pages 1842-1851  
  Keywords Non-linear smoothing; Differential geometry; Anatomical structures; segmentation; Cardiac magnetic resonance; Computerized tomography  
  Abstract Smoothing of biomedical images should preserve gray-level transitions between adjacent tissues, while restoring contours consistent with anatomical structures. Anisotropic diffusion operators are based on image appearance discontinuities (either local or contextual) and might fail at weak inter-tissue transitions. Meanwhile, the output of block-wise and morphological operations is prone to present a block structure due to the shape and size of the considered pixel neighborhood. In this contribution, we use differential geometry concepts to define a diffusion operator that restricts to image consistent level-sets. In this manner, the final state is a non-uniform intensity image presenting homogeneous inter-tissue transitions along anatomical structures, while smoothing intra-structure texture. Experiments on different types of medical images (magnetic resonance, computerized tomography) illustrate its benefit on a further process (such as segmentation) of images.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0031-3203 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GHB2011 Serial 1526  
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Author Marçal Rusiñol; David Aldavert; Ricardo Toledo; Josep Llados edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Efficient segmentation-free keyword spotting in historical document collections Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal (down) PR  
  Volume 48 Issue 2 Pages 545–555  
  Keywords Historical documents; Keyword spotting; Segmentation-free; Dense SIFT features; Latent semantic analysis; Product quantization  
  Abstract In this paper we present an efficient segmentation-free word spotting method, applied in the context of historical document collections, that follows the query-by-example paradigm. We use a patch-based framework where local patches are described by a bag-of-visual-words model powered by SIFT descriptors. By projecting the patch descriptors to a topic space with the latent semantic analysis technique and compressing the descriptors with the product quantization method, we are able to efficiently index the document information both in terms of memory and time. The proposed method is evaluated using four different collections of historical documents achieving good performances on both handwritten and typewritten scenarios. The yielded performances outperform the recent state-of-the-art keyword spotting approaches.  
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  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.076; 600.077; 600.061; 601.223; 602.006; 600.055 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RAT2015a Serial 2544  
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Author Hannes Mueller; Andre Groeger; Jonathan Hersh; Andrea Matranga; Joan Serrat edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Monitoring war destruction from space using machine learning Type Journal Article
  Year 2021 Publication Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Abbreviated Journal (down) PNAS  
  Volume 118 Issue 23 Pages e2025400118  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Existing data on building destruction in conflict zones rely on eyewitness reports or manual detection, which makes it generally scarce, incomplete, and potentially biased. This lack of reliable data imposes severe limitations for media reporting, humanitarian relief efforts, human-rights monitoring, reconstruction initiatives, and academic studies of violent conflict. This article introduces an automated method of measuring destruction in high-resolution satellite images using deep-learning techniques combined with label augmentation and spatial and temporal smoothing, which exploit the underlying spatial and temporal structure of destruction. As a proof of concept, we apply this method to the Syrian civil war and reconstruct the evolution of damage in major cities across the country. Our approach allows generating destruction data with unprecedented scope, resolution, and frequency—and makes use of the ever-higher frequency at which satellite imagery becomes available.  
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  Notes ADAS; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MGH2021 Serial 3584  
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Author Monica Piñol; Angel Sappa; Ricardo Toledo edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Adaptive Feature Descriptor Selection based on a Multi-Table Reinforcement Learning Strategy Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Neurocomputing Abbreviated Journal (down) NEUCOM  
  Volume 150 Issue A Pages 106–115  
  Keywords Reinforcement learning; Q-learning; Bag of features; Descriptors  
  Abstract This paper presents and evaluates a framework to improve the performance of visual object classification methods, which are based on the usage of image feature descriptors as inputs. The goal of the proposed framework is to learn the best descriptor for each image in a given database. This goal is reached by means of a reinforcement learning process using the minimum information. The visual classification system used to demonstrate the proposed framework is based on a bag of features scheme, and the reinforcement learning technique is implemented through the Q-learning approach. The behavior of the reinforcement learning with different state definitions is evaluated. Additionally, a method that combines all these states is formulated in order to select the optimal state. Finally, the chosen actions are obtained from the best set of image descriptors in the literature: PHOW, SIFT, C-SIFT, SURF and Spin. Experimental results using two public databases (ETH and COIL) are provided showing both the validity of the proposed approach and comparisons with state of the art. In all the cases the best results are obtained with the proposed approach.  
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  Notes ADAS; 600.055; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ PST2015 Serial 2473  
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Author Naveen Onkarappa; Angel Sappa edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Synthetic sequences and ground-truth flow field generation for algorithm validation Type Journal Article
  Year 2015 Publication Multimedia Tools and Applications Abbreviated Journal (down) MTAP  
  Volume 74 Issue 9 Pages 3121-3135  
  Keywords Ground-truth optical flow; Synthetic sequence; Algorithm validation  
  Abstract Research in computer vision is advancing by the availability of good datasets that help to improve algorithms, validate results and obtain comparative analysis. The datasets can be real or synthetic. For some of the computer vision problems such as optical flow it is not possible to obtain ground-truth optical flow with high accuracy in natural outdoor real scenarios directly by any sensor, although it is possible to obtain ground-truth data of real scenarios in a laboratory setup with limited motion. In this difficult situation computer graphics offers a viable option for creating realistic virtual scenarios. In the current work we present a framework to design virtual scenes and generate sequences as well as ground-truth flow fields. Particularly, we generate a dataset containing sequences of driving scenarios. The sequences in the dataset vary in different speeds of the on-board vision system, different road textures, complex motion of vehicle and independent moving vehicles in the scene. This dataset enables analyzing and adaptation of existing optical flow methods, and leads to invention of new approaches particularly for driver assistance systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1380-7501 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.055; 601.215; 600.076 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ OnS2014b Serial 2472  
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Author Marçal Rusiñol; J. Chazalon; Katerine Diaz edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Augmented Songbook: an Augmented Reality Educational Application for Raising Music Awareness Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Multimedia Tools and Applications Abbreviated Journal (down) MTAP  
  Volume 77 Issue 11 Pages 13773-13798  
  Keywords Augmented reality; Document image matching; Educational applications  
  Abstract This paper presents the development of an Augmented Reality mobile application which aims at sensibilizing young children to abstract concepts of music. Such concepts are, for instance, the musical notation or the idea of rhythm. Recent studies in Augmented Reality for education suggest that such technologies have multiple benefits for students, including younger ones. As mobile document image acquisition and processing gains maturity on mobile platforms, we explore how it is possible to build a markerless and real-time application to augment the physical documents with didactic animations and interactive virtual content. Given a standard image processing pipeline, we compare the performance of different local descriptors at two key stages of the process. Results suggest alternatives to the SIFT local descriptors, regarding result quality and computational efficiency, both for document model identification and perspective transform estimation. All experiments are performed on an original and public dataset we introduce here.  
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  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.084; 600.121; 600.118; 600.129 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RCD2018 Serial 2996  
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Author Joan Serrat; Felipe Lumbreras; Idoia Ruiz edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Learning to measure for preshipment garment sizing Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Measurement Abbreviated Journal (down) MEASURE  
  Volume 130 Issue Pages 327-339  
  Keywords Apparel; Computer vision; Structured prediction; Regression  
  Abstract Clothing is still manually manufactured for the most part nowadays, resulting in discrepancies between nominal and real dimensions, and potentially ill-fitting garments. Hence, it is common in the apparel industry to manually perform measures at preshipment time. We present an automatic method to obtain such measures from a single image of a garment that speeds up this task. It is generic and extensible in the sense that it does not depend explicitly on the garment shape or type. Instead, it learns through a probabilistic graphical model to identify the different contour parts. Subsequently, a set of Lasso regressors, one per desired measure, can predict the actual values of the measures. We present results on a dataset of 130 images of jackets and 98 of pants, of varying sizes and styles, obtaining 1.17 and 1.22 cm of mean absolute error, respectively.  
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  Notes ADAS; MSIAU; 600.122; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SLR2018 Serial 3128  
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Author Katerine Diaz; Jesus Martinez del Rincon; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Decremental generalized discriminative common vectors applied to images classification Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Knowledge-Based Systems Abbreviated Journal (down) KBS  
  Volume 131 Issue Pages 46-57  
  Keywords Decremental learning; Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors; Feature extraction; Linear subspace methods; Classification  
  Abstract In this paper, a novel decremental subspace-based learning method called Decremental Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors method (DGDCV) is presented. The method makes use of the concept of decremental learning, which we introduce in the field of supervised feature extraction and classification. By efficiently removing unnecessary data and/or classes for a knowledge base, our methodology is able to update the model without recalculating the full projection or accessing to the previously processed training data, while retaining the previously acquired knowledge. The proposed method has been validated in 6 standard face recognition datasets, showing a considerable computational gain without compromising the accuracy of the model.  
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  Notes ADAS; 600.118; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DMH2017a Serial 3003  
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