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Author Jaume Garcia; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Regional motion patterns for the Left Ventricle function assessment Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2008 Publication Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition ICPR 2008 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-4  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Regional scores (e.g. strain, perfusion) of the Left Ventricle (LV) functionality are playing an increasing role in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases. A main limitation is the lack of normality models for complementary scores oriented to assessment of the LV integrity. This paper introduces an original framework based on a parametrization of the LV domain, which allows comparison across subjects of local physiological measures of different nature. We compute regional normality patterns in a feature space characterizing the LV function. We show the consistency of the model for the regional motion on healthy and hypokinetic pathological cases  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GCP2008 Serial 1510  
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Author Sandra Pujades;Francesc Carreras;Manuel Ballester; Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A Normalized Parametric Domain for the Analysis of the Left Ventricular Function Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2008 Publication Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications (VISAPP’08) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 1 Issue Pages 267-274  
  Keywords Helical Ventricular Myocardial Band; Myocardial Fiber; Tagged Magnetic Resonance; HARP; Optical Flow Variational Framework; Gabor Filters; B-Splines.  
  Abstract Impairment of left ventricular (LV) contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in LV motion patterns. The mechanics of any muscle strongly depends on the spatial orientation of its muscular fibers since the motion that the muscle undergoes mainly takes place along the fiber. The helical ventricular myocardial band (HVMB) concept describes the myocardial muscle as a unique muscular band that twists in space in a non homogeneous fashion. The 3D anisotropy of the ventricular band fibers suggests a regional analysis of the heart motion. Computation of normality models of such motion can help in the detection and localization of any cardiac disorder. In this paper we introduce, for the first time, a normalized parametric domain that allows comparison of the left ventricle motion across patients. We address, both, extraction of the LV motion from Tagged Magnetic Resonance images, as well as, defining a mapping of the LV to a common normalized domain. Extraction of normality motion patterns from 17 healthy volunteers shows the clinical potential of our LV parametrization.  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGP2008 Serial 1627  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Albert Teis edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title How Do Conservation Laws Define a Motion Suppression Score in In-Vivo Ivus Sequences? Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2007 Publication Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symp Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2231-2234  
  Keywords validation standards; IVUS motion compensation; conservation laws.  
  Abstract Evaluation of arterial tissue biomechanics for diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases is an active research field in the biomedical imaging processing area. IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) is a unique tool for such assessment since it reflects tissue morphology and deformation. A proper quantification and visualization of both properties is hindered by vessel structures misalignments introduced by cardiac dynamics. This has encouraged development of IVUS motion compensation techniques. However, there is a lack of an objective evaluation of motion reduction ensuring a reliable clinical application This work reports a novel score, the Conservation of Density Rate (CDR), for validation of motion compensation in in-vivo pullbacks. Synthetic experiments validate the proposed score as measure of motion parameters accuracy; while results in in vivo pullbacks show its reliability in clinical cases.  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HTG2007 Serial 1550  
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Author Enric Marti; Carme Julia; Debora Gil edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title A PBL Experience in the Teaching of Computer Graphics Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2007 Publication XVII Congreso Español de Informàtica Gráfica Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages 95-103  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Project-Based Learning (PBL) is an educational strategy to improve student’s learning capability that, in recent years, has had a progressive acceptance in undergraduate studies. This methodology is based on solving a problem or project in a student working group. In this way, PBL focuses on learning the necessary tools to correctly find a solution to given problems. Since the learning initiative is transferred to the student, the PBL method promotes students own abilities. This allows a better assessment of the true workload that carries out the student in the subject. It follows that the methodology conforms to the guidelines of the Bologna document, which quantifies the student workload in a subject by means of the European credit transfer system (ECTS). PBL is currently applied in undergraduate studies needing strong practical training such as medicine, nursing or law sciences. Although this is also the case in engineering studies, amazingly, few experiences have been reported. In this paper we propose to use PBL in the educational organization of the Computer Graphics subjects in the Computer Science degree. Our PBL project focuses in the development of a C++ graphical environment based on the OpenGL libraries for visualization and handling of different graphical objects. The starting point is a basic skeleton that already includes lighting functions, perspective projection with mouse interaction to change the point of view and three predefined objects. Students have to complete this skeleton by adding their own functions to solve the project. A total number of 10 projects have been proposed and successfully solved. The exercises range from human face rendering to articulated objects, such as robot arms or puppets. In the present paper we extensively report the statement and educational objectives for two of the projects: solar system visualization and a chess game. We report our earlier educational experience based on the standard classroom theoretical, problem and practice sessions and the reasons that motivated searching for other learning methods. We have mainly chosen PBL because it improves the student learning initiative. We have applied the PBL educational model since the beginning of the second semester. The student’s feedback increases in his interest for the subject. We present a comparative study of the teachers’ and students’ workload between PBL and the classic teaching approach, which suggests that the workload increase in PBL is not as high as it seems.  
  Address Zaragoza; September 2007  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CEDI  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MJG2007a Serial 1603  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; R.Leta edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Modelització 4-Dimensional de la Funció Siatólica del Ventricle Esquerre Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2007 Publication XIX Congrés de la Societat Catalana de Cardiologia de Barcelona Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 133-134  
  Keywords  
  Abstract L’evolució tecnològica en el tractament de les imatges mèdiques permet reconstruir, amb el software apropiat, imatges tridimensionals de les estructures cardiovasculars i dotar-les de moviment. Les imatges 4D resultants faciliten l’estudi de la fisiopatologia de la insuficiència cardíaca en base als transtorns de l’activació electromecànica ventricular, el que pot ser d’interès en el procés de selecció de pacients candidats a teràpies de resincronització. Presentem els resultats preliminars de la reconstrucció 4D del ventricle esquerre (VE) a partir de les seqüències de tagging miocàrdic del VE.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGC2007 Serial 1505  
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Author Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Debora Gil; Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias; H.Tizon; S.Montserrat; Vicente del Valle;Josefina Mauri edit  openurl
  Title Caracterització de la Perfusió Miocàrdica mitjançant anàlisi estadístic de l espectre en l angiografia de contrast Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2007 Publication XIX Congrés de la Societat Catalana de Cardiologia de Barcelona Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 130  
  Keywords  
  Abstract La valoració de la integritat de la microcirculació coronària aporta informació pronòstica en pacients amb infart agut de miocardi en els que es realitza angioplastia primària. Aquesta valoració és subjectiva i presenta una important variabilitat si no es duta a terme per personal experimentat. Presentem una eina d’anàlisi d’imatge que permet fer una valoració de la microcirculació coronària a partir de seqüències d’angiografia. Hem analitzat les variacions locals en el nivell de gris de la imatge durant la seqüència angiogràfica. Hem identificat els principals fenòmens observats (respiració, batec cardíac, tinció arterial, tinció miocàrdica i soroll radiològic) mitjançant un anàlisi estadístic de l’espectre de Fourier de l’evolució al llarg del temps de la mitja local. Aquest mateix anàlisis permet determinat la influència de cadascun d’ells en la extracció del patró de tinció i selecciona la respiració com el fenomen que més distorsiona el patró de tinció original. Els descriptors proposats s’obtenen fora del rang espectral respiratori. Hem testat la seva capacitat per a detectar els tres fenòmens principals (tinció miocàrdica (MS), tinció arterial (AS) i soroll (NS)) independentment de la respiració. La capacitat de discriminació dels descriptors ha estat valorada mitjançant un mètode de crossvalidation en 30 seqüències d’angiografia. Els descriptors emprats permeten caracteritzar la tinció miocàrdica amb una alta eficiència i fiabilitat. A més no hi ha diferències significatives en l’anàlisi de les seqüències obtingudes amb el pacient respirant amb normalitat o en apnea  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RGF2007 Serial 1639  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Josefina Mauri; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Reducing cardiac motion in IVUS sequences Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2006 Publication Proceeding of Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 33 Issue Pages 685-688  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiac vessel displacement is a main artifact in IVUS sequences. It hinders visualization of the main structures in an appropriate orientation and alignment and affects extracting vessel measurements. In this paper, we present a novel approach for image sequence alignment based on spectral analysis, which removes rigid dynamics, preserving at the same time the vessel geometry. First, we suppress the translation by taking, for each frame, the center of mass of the image as origin of coordinates. In polar coordinates with such point as origin, the rotation appears as a horizontal displacement. The translation induces a phase shift in the Fourier coefficients of two consecutive polar images. We estimate the phase by adjusting a regression plane to the phases of the principal frequencies. Experiments show that the presented strategy suppress cardiac motion regardless of the acquisition device. 1.  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGM2006a Serial 1554  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Petia Radeva; Antonio Tovar; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Vessel structures alignment by spectral analysis of ivus sequences Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2006 Publication Proc. of CVII, MICCAI Workshop Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 39-36  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) allows to visualize and obtain volumetric measurements of coronary lesions through an exploration of the cross sections and longitudinal views of arteries. However, the visualization and subsequent morpho-geometric measurements in IVUS longitudinal cuts are subject to distortion caused by periodic image/vessel motion around the IVUS catheter. Usually, to overcome the image motion artifact ECG-gating and image-gated approaches are proposed, leading to slowing the pullback acquisition or disregarding part of IVUS data. In this paper, we argue that the image motion is due to 3-D vessel geometry as well as cardiac dynamics, and propose a dynamic model based on the tracking of an elliptical vessel approximation to recover the rigid transformation and align IVUS images without loosing any IVUS data. We report an extensive validation with synthetic simulated data and in vivo IVUS sequences of 30 patients achieving an average reduction of the image artifact of 97% in synthetic data and 79% in real-data. Our study shows that IVUS alignment improves longitudinal analysis of the IVUS data and is a necessary step towards accurate reconstruction and volumetric measurements of 3-D IVUS.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Copenhaguen (Denmark), Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title 1st International Wokshop on Computer Vision for Intravascular and Intracardiac Imaging (CVII’06) Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HRT2006 Serial 1552  
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Author Debora Gil; Oriol Rodriguez; Josepa Mauri; Petia Radeva edit  openurl
  Title Statistical descriptors of the Myocardial perfusion in angiographic images Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2006 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 677-680  
  Keywords Anisotropic processing; intravascular ultrasound (IVUS); vessel border segmentation; vessel structure classification.  
  Abstract Restoration of coronary flow after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction does not always correlate with adequate myocardial perfusion. Recently, coronary angiography has been used to assess microcirculation integrity (Myocardial BlushAnalysis, MBA). Although MBA correlates with patient prognosis there are few image processing methods addressing objective perfusion quantification. The goal of this work is to develop statistical descriptors of the myocardial dyeing pattern allowing objective assessment of myocardial perfusion. Experiments on healthy right coronary arteries show that our approach allows reliable measurements without any specific image acquisition protocol.  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRR2006 Serial 1528  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Joel Barajas; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Characterization of ventricular torsion in healthy subjects using Gabor filters and a variational framework Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2006 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 877-880  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this work, we present a fully automated method for tissue deformation estimation in tagged magnetic resonance images (TMRI). Gabor filter banks, tuned independently for each left ventricle level, provide optimally filtered complex images which phase remains constant along the cardiac cycle. This fact can be thought as the brightness constancy condition required by classical optical flow (OF) methods. Pairs of these filtered sequences, together with a variational formulation are used in a second step to obtain dense continuous deformation maps that we call Harmonic Phase Flow. This method has been used to determine reference values of ventricular torsion (VT) in a set of 8 healthy volunteers. The results encourage the use of VT as a useful parameter for ventricular function assessment in clinical routine.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGB2006a Serial 1509  
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