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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; E.N.Nofrerias edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Anisotropic processing of image structures for adventitia detection in intravascular ultrasound images Type Conference Article
  Year 2004 Publication (up) Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 31 Issue Pages 229-232  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The adventitia layer appears as a weak edge in IVUS images with a non-uniform grey level, which difficulties its detection. In order to enhance edges, we apply an anisotropic filter that homogenizes the grey level along the image significant structures (ridges, valleys and edges). A standard edge detector applied to the filtered image yields a set of candidate points prone to be unconnected. The final model is obtained by interpolating the former line segments along the tangent direction to the level curves of the filtered image with an anisotropic contour closing technique based on functional extension principles  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Chicago (USA) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2004 Serial 1555  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Petia Radeva; Joan Serrat; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A snake for model-based segmentation Type Conference Article
  Year 1995 Publication (up) Proc. Conf. Fifth Int Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 816-821  
  Keywords snakes; elastic matching; model-based segmenta tion  
  Abstract Despite the promising results of numerous applications, the hitherto proposed snake techniques share some common problems: snake attraction by spurious edge points, snake degeneration (shrinking and attening), convergence and stability of the deformation process, snake initialization and local determination of the parameters of elasticity. We argue here that these problems can be solved only when all the snake aspects are considered. The snakes proposed here implement a new potential eld and external force in order to provide a deformation convergence, attraction by both near and far edges as well as snake behaviour selective according to the edge orientation. Furthermore, we conclude that in the case of model-based seg mentation, the internal force should include structural information about the expected snake shape. Experiments using this kind of snakes for segmenting bones in complex hand radiographs show a signi cant improvement.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;ADAS;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RSM1995 Serial 1634  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Albert Teis edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title How Do Conservation Laws Define a Motion Suppression Score in In-Vivo Ivus Sequences? Type Conference Article
  Year 2007 Publication (up) Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symp Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2231-2234  
  Keywords validation standards; IVUS motion compensation; conservation laws.  
  Abstract Evaluation of arterial tissue biomechanics for diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases is an active research field in the biomedical imaging processing area. IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) is a unique tool for such assessment since it reflects tissue morphology and deformation. A proper quantification and visualization of both properties is hindered by vessel structures misalignments introduced by cardiac dynamics. This has encouraged development of IVUS motion compensation techniques. However, there is a lack of an objective evaluation of motion reduction ensuring a reliable clinical application This work reports a novel score, the Conservation of Density Rate (CDR), for validation of motion compensation in in-vivo pullbacks. Synthetic experiments validate the proposed score as measure of motion parameters accuracy; while results in in vivo pullbacks show its reliability in clinical cases.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HTG2007 Serial 1550  
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Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; David Rotger; Debora Gil edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Image-based ECG sampling of IVUS sequences Type Conference Article
  Year 2008 Publication (up) Proc. IEEE Ultrasonics Symp. IUS 2008 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1330-1333  
  Keywords Longitudinal Motion; Image-based ECG-gating; Fourier analysis  
  Abstract Longitudinal motion artifacts in IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) sequences hinders a properly 3D reconstruction and vessel measurements. Most of current techniques base on the ECG signal to obtain a gated pullback without the longitudinal artifact by using a specific hardware or the ECG signal itself. The potential of IVUS images processing for phase retrieval still remains little explored. In this paper, we present a fast forward image-based algorithm to approach ECG sampling. Inspired on the fact that maximum and minimum lumen areas are related to end-systole and end-diastole, our cardiac phase retrieval is based on the analysis of tissue density of mass along the sequence. The comparison between automatic and manual phase retrieval (0.07 ± 0.07 mm. of error) encourages a deep validation contrasting with ECG signals.  
  Address Beijing (China)  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HRG2008 Serial 1553  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Petia Radeva; Antonio Tovar; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Vessel structures alignment by spectral analysis of ivus sequences Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication (up) Proc. of CVII, MICCAI Workshop Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 39-36  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) allows to visualize and obtain volumetric measurements of coronary lesions through an exploration of the cross sections and longitudinal views of arteries. However, the visualization and subsequent morpho-geometric measurements in IVUS longitudinal cuts are subject to distortion caused by periodic image/vessel motion around the IVUS catheter. Usually, to overcome the image motion artifact ECG-gating and image-gated approaches are proposed, leading to slowing the pullback acquisition or disregarding part of IVUS data. In this paper, we argue that the image motion is due to 3-D vessel geometry as well as cardiac dynamics, and propose a dynamic model based on the tracking of an elliptical vessel approximation to recover the rigid transformation and align IVUS images without loosing any IVUS data. We report an extensive validation with synthetic simulated data and in vivo IVUS sequences of 30 patients achieving an average reduction of the image artifact of 97% in synthetic data and 79% in real-data. Our study shows that IVUS alignment improves longitudinal analysis of the IVUS data and is a necessary step towards accurate reconstruction and volumetric measurements of 3-D IVUS.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Copenhaguen (Denmark), Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title 1st International Wokshop on Computer Vision for Intravascular and Intracardiac Imaging (CVII’06) Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HRT2006 Serial 1552  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Ernest Valveny; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Learning of structural descriptions of graphic symbols using deformable template matching Type Conference Article
  Year 2001 Publication (up) Proc. Sixth Int Document Analysis and Recognition Conf Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 455-459  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Accurate symbol recognition in graphic documents needs an accurate representation of the symbols to be recognized. If structural approaches are used for recognition, symbols have to be described in terms of their shape, using structural relationships among extracted features. Unlike statistical pattern recognition, in structural methods, symbols are usually manually defined from expertise knowledge, and not automatically infered from sample images. In this work we explain one approach to learn from examples a representative structural description of a symbol, thus providing better information about shape variability. The description of a symbol is based on a probabilistic model. It consists of a set of lines described by the mean and the variance of line parameters, respectively providing information about the model of the symbol, and its shape variability. The representation of each image in the sample set as a set of lines is achieved using deformable template matching.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VMA2001 Serial 1654  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Josefina Mauri; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Reducing cardiac motion in IVUS sequences Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication (up) Proceeding of Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 33 Issue Pages 685-688  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiac vessel displacement is a main artifact in IVUS sequences. It hinders visualization of the main structures in an appropriate orientation and alignment and affects extracting vessel measurements. In this paper, we present a novel approach for image sequence alignment based on spectral analysis, which removes rigid dynamics, preserving at the same time the vessel geometry. First, we suppress the translation by taking, for each frame, the center of mass of the image as origin of coordinates. In polar coordinates with such point as origin, the rotation appears as a horizontal displacement. The translation induces a phase shift in the Fourier coefficients of two consecutive polar images. We estimate the phase by adjusting a regression plane to the phases of the principal frequencies. Experiments show that the presented strategy suppress cardiac motion regardless of the acquisition device. 1.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGM2006a Serial 1554  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Joel Barajas; Jaume Garcia; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title Angle Images Using Gabor Filters in Cardiac Tagged MRI Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication (up) Proceeding of the 2005 conference on Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 107-114  
  Keywords Angle Images, Gabor Filters, Harp, Tagged Mri  
  Abstract Tagged Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a non-invasive technique used to examine cardiac deformation in vivo. An Angle Image is a representation of a Tagged MRI which recovers the relative position of the tissue respect to the distorted tags. Thus cardiac deformation can be estimated. This paper describes a new approach to generate Angle Images using a bank of Gabor filters in short axis cardiac Tagged MRI. Our method improves the Angle Images obtained by global techniques, like HARP, with a local frequency analysis. We propose to use the phase response of a combination of a Gabor filters bank, and use it to find a more precise deformation of the left ventricle. We demonstrate the accuracy of our method over HARP by several experimental results.  
  Address Amsterdam; The Netherlands  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 1-58603-560-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIRD  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number BCNPCL @ bcnpcl @ BGC2005; IAM @ iam Serial 595  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title On the usefulness of supervised learning for vessel border detection in IntraVascular Imaging Type Conference Article
  Year 2005 Publication (up) Proceeding of the 2005 conference on Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 67-74  
  Keywords classification; vessel border modelling; IVUS  
  Abstract IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) imaging is a useful tool in diagnosis of cardiac diseases since sequences completely show the morphology of coronary vessels. Vessel borders detection, especially the external adventitia layer, plays a central role in morphological measures and, thus, their segmentation feeds development of medical imaging techniques. Deterministic approaches fail to yield optimal results due to the large amount of IVUS artifacts and vessel borders descriptors. We propose using classification techniques to learn the set of descriptors and parameters that best detect vessel borders. Statistical hypothesis test on the error between automated detections and manually traced borders by 4 experts show that our detections keep within inter-observer variability.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2005c Serial 1549  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Josep Llados; Enric Marti; Jaime Lopez-Krahe edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Hough-based method for hatched pattern detection in maps and diagrams Type Conference Article
  Year 1999 Publication (up) Proceeding of the Fifth Int. Conf. Document Analysis and Recognition ICDAR ’99 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 479-482  
  Keywords  
  Abstract A hatched area is characterized by a set of parallel straight lines placed at regular intervals. In this paper, a Hough-based schema is introduced to recognize hatched areas in technical documents from attributed graph structures representing the document once it has been vectorized. Defining a Hough-based transform from a graph instead of the raster image allows to drastically reduce the processing time and, second, to obtain more reliable results because straight lines have already been detected in the vectorization step. A second advantage of the proposed method is that no assumptions must be made a priori about the slope and frequency of hatching patterns, but they are computed in run time for each hatched area.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LIM1999b Serial 1580  
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