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Author Carles Sanchez;F. Javier Sanchez; Antoni Rosell; Debora Gil edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title An illumination model of the trachea appearance in videobronchoscopy images Type Book Chapter
  Year 2012 Publication (up) Image Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 7325 Issue Pages 313-320  
  Keywords Bronchoscopy, tracheal ring, stenosis assesment, trachea appearance model, segmentation  
  Abstract Videobronchoscopy is a medical imaging technique that allows interactive navigation inside the respiratory pathways. This imaging modality provides realistic images and allows non-invasive minimal intervention procedures. Tracheal procedures are routinary interventions that require assessment of the percentage of obstructed pathway for injury (stenosis) detection. Visual assessment in videobronchoscopic sequences requires high expertise of trachea anatomy and is prone to human error.
This paper introduces an automatic method for the estimation of steneosed trachea percentage reduction in videobronchoscopic images. We look for tracheal rings , whose deformation determines the degree of obstruction. For ring extraction , we present a ring detector based on an illumination and appearance model. This model allows us to parametrise the ring detection. Finally, we can infer optimal estimation parameters for any video resolution.
 
  Address Aveiro, Portugal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-31297-7 Medium  
  Area 800 Expedition Conference ICIAR  
  Notes MV;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ SSR2012 Serial 1898  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Oriol Pujol; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Fundamentals of Stop and Go active models Type Journal Article
  Year 2005 Publication (up) Image and Vision Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 23 Issue 8 Pages 681-691  
  Keywords Deformable models; Geodesic snakes; Region-based segmentation  
  Abstract An efficient snake formulation should conform to the idea of picking the smoothest curve among all the shapes approximating an object of interest. In current geodesic snakes, the regularizing curvature also affects the convergence stage, hindering the latter at concave regions. In the present work, we make use of characteristic functions to define a novel geodesic formulation that decouples regularity and convergence. This term decoupling endows the snake with higher adaptability to non-convex shapes. Convergence is ensured by splitting the definition of the external force into an attractive vector field and a repulsive one. In our paper, we propose to use likelihood maps as approximation of characteristic functions of object appearance. The better efficiency and accuracy of our decoupled scheme are illustrated in the particular case of feature space-based segmentation.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Butterworth-Heinemann Place of Publication Newton, MA, USA Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0262-8856 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGR2005 Serial 1629  
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Author Ferran Poveda; Debora Gil ;Albert Andaluz ;Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Multiscale Tractography for Representing Heart Muscular Architecture Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication (up) In MICCAI 2011 Workshop on Computational Diffusion MRI Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Deep understanding of myocardial structure of the heart would unravel crucial knowledge for clinical and medical procedures. Although the muscular architecture of the heart has been debated by countless researchers, the controversy is still alive. Diffusion Tensor MRI, DT-MRI, is a unique imaging technique for computational validation of the muscular structure of the heart. By the complex arrangement of myocites, existing techniques can not provide comprehensive descriptions of the global muscular architecture. In this paper we introduce a multiresolution reconstruction technique based on DT-MRI streamlining for simplified global myocardial model generation. Our reconstructions can restore the most complex myocardial structures and indicate a global helical organization  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language english Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CDRMI  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ PGA2011 Serial 1681  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gemma Sanchez; Josep Llados; Enric Marti edit  url
openurl 
  Title Segmentation and analysis of linial texture in plans Type Conference Article
  Year 1997 Publication (up) Intelligence Artificielle et Complexité. Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Structural Texture, Voronoi, Hierarchical Clustering, String Matching.  
  Abstract The problem of texture segmentation and interpretation is one of the main concerns in the field of document analysis. Graphical documents often contain areas characterized by a structural texture whose recognition allows both the document understanding, and its storage in a more compact way. In this work, we focus on structural linial textures of regular repetition contained in plan documents. Starting from an atributed graph which represents the vectorized input image, we develop a method to segment textured areas and recognize their placement rules. We wish to emphasize that the searched textures do not follow a predefined pattern. Minimal closed loops of the input graph are computed, and then hierarchically clustered. In this hierarchical clustering, a distance function between two closed loops is defined in terms of their areas difference and boundary resemblance computed by a string matching procedure. Finally it is noted that, when the texture consists of isolated primitive elements, the same method can be used after computing a Voronoi Tesselation of the input graph.  
  Address Paris, France  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Paris Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference AERFAI  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ SLM1997 Serial 1649  
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Author Josep Llados;Horst Bunke; Enric Marti edit  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Using Cyclic String Matching to Find Rotational and Reflectional Symmetries in Shapes Type Conference Article
  Year 1997 Publication (up) Intelligent Robots: Sensing, Modeling and Planning Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 164-179  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Dagstuhl Workshop  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher World Scientific Press Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9810231857 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LBM1997b Serial 1563  
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Author Petia Radeva; Enric Marti edit  url
openurl 
  Title Facial Features Segmentation by Model-Based Snakes Type Conference Article
  Year 1995 Publication (up) International Conference on Computing Analysis and Image Processing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Deformable models have recently been accepted as a standard technique to segment different features in facial images. Despite they give a good approximation of the salient features in a facial image, the resulting shapes of the segmentation process seem somewhat artificial with respect to the natural feature shapes. In this paper we show that active contour models (in particular, rubber snakes) give more close and natural representation of the detected feature shape. Besides, using snakes for facial segmentation frees us from the problem of determination of the numerous weigths of deformable models. Another advantage of rubber snakes is their reduced computational cost. Our experiments using rubber snakes for segmentation of facial snapshots have shown a significant improvement compared to deformable models.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RAM1995a Serial 1633  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Jordi Saludes; Josefina Mauri edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Automatic Segmentation of Artery Wall in Coronary IVUS Images: A Probabilistic Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2000 Publication (up) International Conference on Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 4 Issue Pages 352-355  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Intravascular ultrasound images represent a unique tool to analyze the morphology of arteries and vessels (plaques, restenosis, etc). The poor quality of these images makes unsupervised segmentation based on traditional segmentation algorithms (such as edge or ridge/valley detection) fail to achieve the expected results. In this paper we present a probabilistic flexible template to separate different regions in the image. In particular, we use elliptic templates to model and detect the shape of the vessel inner wall in IVUS images. We present the results of successful segmentation obtained from patients undergoing stent treatment. A physician team has validated these results.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRS2000a Serial 1537  
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Author Mariano Vazquez; Ruth Aris; Guillaume Hozeaux; R.Aubry; P.Villar;Jaume Garcia ; Debora Gil; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A massively parallel computational electrophysiology model of the heart Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication (up) International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering Abbreviated Journal IJNMBE  
  Volume 27 Issue Pages 1911-1929  
  Keywords computational electrophysiology; parallelization; finite element methods  
  Abstract This paper presents a patient-sensitive simulation strategy capable of using the most efficient way the high-performance computational resources. The proposed strategy directly involves three different players: Computational Mechanics Scientists (CMS), Image Processing Scientists and Cardiologists, each one mastering its own expertise area within the project. This paper describes the general integrative scheme but focusing on the CMS side presents a massively parallel implementation of computational electrophysiology applied to cardiac tissue simulation. The paper covers different angles of the computational problem: equations, numerical issues, the algorithm and parallel implementation. The proposed methodology is illustrated with numerical simulations testing all the different possibilities, ranging from small domains up to very large ones. A key issue is the almost ideal scalability not only for large and complex problems but also for medium-size meshes. The explicit formulation is particularly well suited for solving this highly transient problems, with very short time-scale.  
  Address Swansea (UK)  
  Corporate Author John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Thesis  
  Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VAH2011 Serial 1198  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Sandra Pujades; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Variational Framework for Assessment of the Left Ventricle Motion Type Journal Article
  Year 2008 Publication (up) International Journal Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue 6 Pages 76-100  
  Keywords Key words: Left Ventricle Dynamics, Ventricular Torsion, Tagged Magnetic Resonance, Motion Tracking, Variational Framework, Gabor Transform.  
  Abstract Impairment of left ventricular contractility due to cardiovascular diseases is reflected in left ventricle (LV) motion patterns. An abnormal change of torsion or long axis shortening LV values can help with the diagnosis and follow-up of LV dysfunction. Tagged Magnetic Resonance (TMR) is a widely spread medical imaging modality that allows estimation of the myocardial tissue local deformation. In this work, we introduce a novel variational framework for extracting the left ventricle dynamics from TMR sequences. A bi-dimensional representation space of TMR images given by Gabor filter banks is defined. Tracking of the phases of the Gabor response is combined using a variational framework which regularizes the deformation field just at areas where the Gabor amplitude drops, while restoring the underlying motion otherwise. The clinical applicability of the proposed method is illustrated by extracting normality models of the ventricular torsion from 19 healthy subjects.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GGC2008a Serial 1058  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Francesc Carreras; Jaume Garcia; Debora Gil; Sandra Pujadas; Chi ho Lion; R.Suarez-Arias; R.Leta; Xavier Alomar; Manuel Ballester; Guillem Pons-Llados edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title Left ventricular torsion and longitudinal shortening: two fundamental components of myocardial mechanics assessed by tagged cine-MRI in normal subjects Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication (up) International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging Abbreviated Journal IJCI  
  Volume 28 Issue 2 Pages 273-284  
  Keywords Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); Tagging MRI; Cardiac mechanics; Ventricular torsion  
  Abstract Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (Cardiac MRI) has become a gold standard diagnostic technique for the assessment of cardiac mechanics, allowing the non-invasive calculation of left ventric- ular long axis longitudinal shortening (LVLS) and absolute myocardial torsion (AMT) between basal and apical left ventricular slices, a movement directly related to the helicoidal anatomic disposition of the myocardial fibers. The aim of this study is to determine AMT and LVLS behaviour and normal values from a group of healthy subjects. A group of 21 healthy volunteers (15 males) (age: 23–55 y.o., mean:30.7 ± 7.5) were prospectively included in an obser- vational study by Cardiac MRI. Left ventricular rotation (degrees) was calculated by custom-made software (Harmonic Phase Flow) in consecutive LV short axis planes tagged cine-MRI sequences. AMT was determined from the difference between basal and apical planes LV rotations. LVLS (%) was determined from the LV longitudinal and horizontal axis cine-MRI images. All the 21 cases studied were interpretable, although in three cases the value of the LV apical rotation could not be determined. The mean rotation of the basal and apical planes at end-systole were -3.71° ± 0.84° and 6.73° ± 1.69° (n:18) respectively, resulting in a LV mean AMT of 10.48° ± 1.63° (n:18). End-systolic mean LVLS was 19.07 ± 2.71%. Cardiac MRI allows for the calculation of AMT and LVLS, fundamental functional components of the ventricular twist mechanics conditioned, in turn, by the anatomical helical layout of the myocardial fibers. These values provide complementary information about systolic ventricular function in relation to the traditional parameters used in daily practice.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Netherlands Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1569-5794 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ CGG2012 Serial 1496  
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