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Author Sergio Vera edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Finger joint modelling from hand X-ray images for assessing rheumatoid arthritis Type Report
  Year 2010 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 164 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Rheumatoid arthritis; joint detection; X-ray; Van der Heijde score  
  Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune, systemic, inflammatory disorder that mainly af- fects bone joints. While there is no cure for this disease, continuous advances on palliative treatments require frequent verification of patient’s illness evolution. Such evolution is mea- sured through several available semi-quantitative methods that require evaluation of hand and foot X-ray images. Accurate assessment is a time consuming task that requires highly trained personnel. This hinders a generalized use in clinical practice for early diagnose and disease follow-up. In the context of the automatization of such evaluation methods we present a method for detection and characterization of finger joints in hand radiography images. Several measures for assessing the reduction of joint space width are proposed. We compare for the first time such measures to the Van der Heijde score, the gold standard method for rheumatoid arthritis assessment. The proposed method outperforms existing strategies with a detection rate above 95%. Our comparison to Van der Heijde index shows a promising correlation that encourages further research.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication (up) Bellaterra 01893, Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Ver2010 Serial 1661  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Albert Andaluz edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title LV Contour Segmentation in TMR images using Semantic Description of Tissue and Prior Knowledge Correction Type Report
  Year 2009 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 142 Issue Pages  
  Keywords Active Contour Models; Snakes; Active Shape Models; Deformable Templates; Left Ventricle Segmentation; Generalized Orthogonal Procrustes Analysis; Harmonic Phase Flow; Principal Component Analysis; Tagged Magnetic Resonance  
  Abstract The Diagnosis of Left Ventricle (LV) pathologies is related to regional wall motion analysis. Health indicator scores such as the rotation and the torsion are useful for the diagnose of the Left Ventricle (LV) function. However, this requires proper identification of LV segments. On one hand, manual segmentation is robust, but it is slow and requires medical expertise. On the other hand, the tag pattern in Tagged Magnetic Resonance (TMR) sequences is a problem for the automatic segmentation of the LV boundaries. Consequently, we propose a method based in the classical formulation of parametric Snakes, combined with Active Shape models. Our semantic definition of the LV is tagged tissue that experiences motion in the systolic cycle. This defines two energy potentials for the Snake convergence. Additionally, the mean shape corrects excessive deviation from the anatomical shape. We have validated our approach in 15 healthy volunteers and two short axis cuts. In this way, we have compared the automatic segmentations to manual shapes outlined by medical experts. Also, we have explored the accuracy of clinical scores computed using automatic contours. The results show minor divergence in the approximation and the manual segmentations as well as robust computation of clinical scores in all cases. From this we conclude that the proposed method is a promising support tool for clinical analysis.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication (up) Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ And2009 Serial 1667  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Patricia Marquez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Conditions Ensuring Accuracy of Local Optical Flow Schemes Type Report
  Year 2010 Publication CVC Tehcnical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 157 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Accurate computation of optical flow is a key-point in many image processing fields. Detection of anomalous and unpredicted agents (such as pedestrians, bikers or cars) in urban scenes or pathology discrimination in medical imaging sequences, to mention just a two. The above kinds sequences present two main difficulties for standard optical flow techniques. On one hand, variability in acquisition conditions (illuminance, medical imaging modality, ...) force an alterantive representation for images fulfilling the britghtness constancy constrain. On the hand, current variational schemes produce oversmoothed fields unable to properly model discontinuous behaviours such as collisions or functionless pathological areas. This master project explores the abilities and limitations of local and global optical flow approaches. The master student will put especial emphasis in the theoretical grounds behind in order to design a variational framework combining the theoretical advantages of the considered techniques. In particular an optical flow based on Gabor phase tracking (developed in the group for medical imaging) will be generalized to urban scenes.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication (up) Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Mar2010 Serial 1582  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; David Roche; Monica M. S. Matsumoto; Sergio S. Furuie edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Inferring the Performance of Medical Imaging Algorithms Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication 14th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6854 Issue Pages 520-528  
  Keywords Validation, Statistical Inference, Medical Imaging Algorithms.  
  Abstract Evaluation of the performance and limitations of medical imaging algorithms is essential to estimate their impact in social, economic or clinical aspects. However, validation of medical imaging techniques is a challenging task due to the variety of imaging and clinical problems involved, as well as, the difficulties for systematically extracting a reliable solely ground truth. Although specific validation protocols are reported in any medical imaging paper, there are still two major concerns: definition of standardized methodologies transversal to all problems and generalization of conclusions to the whole clinical data set.
We claim that both issues would be fully solved if we had a statistical model relating ground truth and the output of computational imaging techniques. Such a statistical model could conclude to what extent the algorithm behaves like the ground truth from the analysis of a sampling of the validation data set. We present a statistical inference framework reporting the agreement and describing the relationship of two quantities. We show its transversality by applying it to validation of two different tasks: contour segmentation and landmark correspondence.
 
  Address Sevilla  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication (up) Berlin Editor Pedro Real; Daniel Diaz-Pernil; Helena Molina-Abril; Ainhoa Berciano; Walter Kropatsch  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title L Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIP  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2011 Serial 1676  
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Author Sergio Vera; Debora Gil; Agnes Borras; F. Javier Sanchez; Frederic Perez; Marius G. Linguraru; Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Computation and Evaluation of Medial Surfaces for Shape Representation of Abdominal Organs Type Book Chapter
  Year 2012 Publication Workshop on Computational and Clinical Applications in Abdominal Imaging Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7029 Issue Pages 223–230  
  Keywords medial manifolds, abdomen.  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D
objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial
manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our
method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs,
exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.
 
  Address Toronto; Canada;  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Link Place of Publication (up) Berlin Editor H. Yoshida et al  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-28556-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ABDI  
  Notes IAM;MV Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGB2012 Serial 1834  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Jordi Saludes; Josefina Mauri edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Automatic Segmentation of Artery Wall in Coronary IVUS Images: a Probabilistic Approach Type Conference Article
  Year 2000 Publication Proceedings of CIC’2000 Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Intravascular ultrasound images represent a unique tool to analyze the morphology of arteries and vessels (plaques, restenosis, etc). The poor quality of these images makes unsupervised segmentation based on traditional segmentation algorithms (such as edge or ridge/valley detection) fail to achieve the expected results. In this paper we present a probabilistic flexible template to separate different regions in the image. In particular, we use elliptic templates to model and detect the shape of the vessel inner wall in IVUS images. We present the results of successful segmentation obtained from patients undergoing stent treatment. A physician team has validated these results.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication (up) Cambridge, Massachussets Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CIC  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRS2000 Serial 1538  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Jaume Garcia; David Rotger; Francesc Carreras; R.Leta; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Contrast echography segmentation and tracking by trained deformable models Type Conference Article
  Year 2003 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue Pages 173-176  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The objective of this work is to segment the human left ventricle myocardium (LVM) in contrast echocardiography imaging and thus track it along a cardiac cycle in order to extract quantitative data about heart function. Ultrasound images are hard to work with due to their speckle appearance. To overcome this we report the combination of active contour models (ACM) or snakes and active shape models (ASM). The ability of ACM in giving closed and smooth curves in addition to the power of the ASM in producing shapes similar to the ones learned, evoke to a robust algorithm. Meanwhile the snake is attracted towards image main features, ASM acts as a correction factor. The algorithm was tested independently on 180 frames and satisfying results were obtained: in 95% the maximum difference between automatic and experts segmentation was less than 12 pixels.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication (up) Centre de Visió per Computador – Dept. Informàtica, UAB Edifici O – Campus UAB, 08193 Bellater Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0276-6547 ISBN 0-7803-8170-X Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2003 Serial 1512  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; E.N.Nofrerias edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Anisotropic processing of image structures for adventitia detection in intravascular ultrasound images Type Conference Article
  Year 2004 Publication Proc. Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 31 Issue Pages 229-232  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The adventitia layer appears as a weak edge in IVUS images with a non-uniform grey level, which difficulties its detection. In order to enhance edges, we apply an anisotropic filter that homogenizes the grey level along the image significant structures (ridges, valleys and edges). A standard edge detector applied to the filtered image yields a set of candidate points prone to be unconnected. The final model is obtained by interpolating the former line segments along the tangent direction to the level curves of the filtered image with an anisotropic contour closing technique based on functional extension principles  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication (up) Chicago (USA) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ HGR2004 Serial 1555  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Enric Marti; Carme Julia; Debora Gil edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A PBL Experience in the Teaching of Computer Graphics Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Computer Graphics Forum Abbreviated Journal CGF  
  Volume 25 Issue 1 Pages 95-103  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Project-Based Learning (PBL) is an educational strategy to improve student’s learning capability that, in recent years, has had a progressive acceptance in undergraduate studies. This methodology is based on solving a problem or project in a student working group. In this way, PBL focuses on learning the necessary tools to correctly find a solution to given problems. Since the learning initiative is transferred to the student, the PBL method promotes students own abilities. This allows a better assessment of the true workload that carries out the student in the subject. It follows that the methodology conforms to the guidelines of the Bologna document, which quantifies the student workload in a subject by means of the European credit transfer system (ECTS). PBL is currently applied in undergraduate studies needing strong practical training such as medicine, nursing or law sciences. Although this is also the case in engineering studies, amazingly, few experiences have been reported. In this paper we propose to use PBL in the educational organization of the Computer Graphics subjects in the Computer Science degree. Our PBL project focuses in the development of a C++ graphical environment based on the OpenGL libraries for visualization and handling of different graphical objects. The starting point is a basic skeleton that already includes lighting functions, perspective projection with mouse interaction to change the point of view and three predefined objects. Students have to complete this skeleton by adding their own functions to solve the project. A total number of 10 projects have been proposed and successfully solved. The exercises range from human face rendering to articulated objects, such as robot arms or puppets. In the present paper we extensively report the statement and educational objectives for two of the projects: solar system visualization and a chess game. We report our earlier educational experience based on the standard classroom theoretical, problem and practice sessions and the reasons that motivated searching for other learning methods. We have mainly chosen PBL because it improves the student learning initiative. We have applied the PBL educational model since the beginning of the second semester. The student’s feedback increases in his interest for the subject. We present a comparative study of the teachers’ and students’ workload between PBL and the classic teaching approach, which suggests that the workload increase in PBL is not as high as it seems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Computer Graphics Forum Place of Publication (up) Computer Vision CenterComputer Science Department Escola Tcnica Superior d’Enginyeria (UAB), Edifi Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MJG2006a Serial 1607  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Joel Barajas; Jaume Garcia; Karla Lizbeth Caballero; Francesc Carreras; Sandra Pujades; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Correction of Misalignment Artifacts Among 2-D Cardiac MR Images in 3-D Space Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication 1st International Wokshop on Computer Vision for Intravascular and Intracardiac Imaging (CVII’06) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3217 Issue Pages 114-121  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Cardiac Magnetic Resonance images offer the opportunity to study the heart in detail. One of the main issues in its modelling is to create an accurate 3-D reconstruction of the left ventricle from 2-D views. A first step to achieve this goal is the correct registration among the different image planes due to patient movements. In this article, we present an accurate method to correct displacement artifacts using the Normalized Mutual Information. Here, the image views are treated as planes in order to diminish the approximation error caused by the association of a certain thickness, and moved simultaneously to avoid any kind of bias in the alignment process. This method has been validated using real and syntectic plane displacements, yielding promising results.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication (up) Copenhagen (Denmark) Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-540-22977-3 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ BGC2006 Serial 1485  
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