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Author (up) Patricia Marquez edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Conditions Ensuring Accuracy of Local Optical Flow Schemes Type Report
  Year 2010 Publication CVC Tehcnical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 157 Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Accurate computation of optical flow is a key-point in many image processing fields. Detection of anomalous and unpredicted agents (such as pedestrians, bikers or cars) in urban scenes or pathology discrimination in medical imaging sequences, to mention just a two. The above kinds sequences present two main difficulties for standard optical flow techniques. On one hand, variability in acquisition conditions (illuminance, medical imaging modality, ...) force an alterantive representation for images fulfilling the britghtness constancy constrain. On the hand, current variational schemes produce oversmoothed fields unable to properly model discontinuous behaviours such as collisions or functionless pathological areas. This master project explores the abilities and limitations of local and global optical flow approaches. The master student will put especial emphasis in the theoretical grounds behind in order to design a variational framework combining the theoretical advantages of the considered techniques. In particular an optical flow based on Gabor phase tracking (developed in the group for medical imaging) will be generalized to urban scenes.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Mar2010 Serial 1582  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Patricia Marquez edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Confidence Framework for the Assessment of Optical Flow Performance Type Book Whole
  Year 2015 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Optical Flow (OF) is the input of a wide range of decision support systems such as car driver assistance, UAV guiding or medical diagnose. In these real situations, the absence of ground truth forces to assess OF quality using quantities computed from either sequences or the computed optical flow itself. These quantities are generally known as Confidence Measures, CM. Even if we have a proper confidence measure we still need a way to evaluate its ability to discard pixels with an OF prone to have a large error. Current approaches only provide a descriptive evaluation of the CM performance but such approaches are not capable to fairly compare different confidence measures and optical flow algorithms. Thus, it is of prime importance to define a framework and a general road map for the evaluation of optical flow performance.

This thesis provides a framework able to decide which pairs “ optical flow – confidence measure” (OF-CM) are best suited for optical flow error bounding given a confidence level determined by a decision support system. To design this framework we cover the following points:

Descriptive scores. As a first step, we summarize and analyze the sources of inaccuracies in the output of optical flow algorithms. Second, we present several descriptive plots that visually assess CM capabilities for OF error bounding. In addition to the descriptive plots, given a plot representing OF-CM capabilities to bound the error, we provide a numeric score that categorizes the plot according to its decreasing profile, that is, a score assessing CM performance.
Statistical framework. We provide a comparison framework that assesses the best suited OF-CM pair for error bounding that uses a two stage cascade process. First of all we assess the predictive value of the confidence measures by means of a descriptive plot. Then, for a sample of descriptive plots computed over training frames, we obtain a generic curve that will be used for sequences with no ground truth. As a second step, we evaluate the obtained general curve and its capabilities to really reflect the predictive value of a confidence measure using the variability across train frames by means of ANOVA.

The presented framework has shown its potential in the application on clinical decision support systems. In particular, we have analyzed the impact of the different image artifacts such as noise and decay to the output of optical flow in a cardiac diagnose system and we have improved the navigation inside the bronchial tree on bronchoscopy.
 
  Address July 2015  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-943427-2-1 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Mar2015 Serial 2687  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil ; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Error Analysis for Lucas-Kanade Based Schemes Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication 9th International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7324 Issue I Pages 184-191  
  Keywords Optical flow, Confidence measure, Lucas-Kanade, Cardiac Magnetic Resonance  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in medical imaging sequences. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in medical sequences. This paper presents an error analysis of Lucas-Kanade schemes in terms of intrinsic design errors and numerical stability of the algorithm. Our analysis provides a confidence measure that is naturally correlated to the accuracy of the flow field. Our experiments show the higher predictive value of our confidence measure compared to existing measures.  
  Address Aveiro, Portugal  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Place of Publication Editor  
  Language english Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Campilho, Aurélio and Kamel, Mohamed Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-31294-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICIAR  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2012a Serial 1899  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title A Confidence Measure for Assessing Optical Flow Accuracy in the Absence of Ground Truth Type Conference Article
  Year 2011 Publication IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 2042-2049  
  Keywords IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops  
  Abstract Optical flow is a valuable tool for motion analysis in autonomous navigation systems. A reliable application requires determining the accuracy of the computed optical flow. This is a main challenge given the absence of ground truth in real world sequences. This paper introduces a measure of optical flow accuracy for Lucas-Kanade based flows in terms of the numerical stability of the data-term. We call this measure optical flow condition number. A statistical analysis over ground-truth data show a good statistical correlation between the condition number and optical flow error. Experiments on driving sequences illustrate its potential for autonomous navigation systems.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Place of Publication Barcelona (Spain) Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICCVW  
  Notes IAM; ADAS Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2011 Serial 1682  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Evaluation of the Capabilities of Confidence Measures for Assessing Optical Flow Quality Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication ICCV Workshop on Computer Vision in Vehicle Technology: From Earth to Mars Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 624-631  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Assessing Optical Flow (OF) quality is essential for its further use in reliable decision support systems. The absence of ground truth in such situations leads to the computation of OF Confidence Measures (CM) obtained from either input or output data. A fair comparison across the capabilities of the different CM for bounding OF error is required in order to choose the best OF-CM pair for discarding points where OF computation is not reliable. This paper presents a statistical probabilistic framework for assessing the quality of a given CM. Our quality measure is given in terms of the percentage of pixels whose OF error bound can not be determined by CM values. We also provide statistical tools for the computation of CM values that ensures a given accuracy of the flow field.  
  Address Sydney; Australia; December 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CVTT:E2M  
  Notes IAM; ADAS; 600.044; 600.057; 601.145 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MGH2013b Serial 2351  
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Author (up) Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Daniel Kondermann edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title When Is A Confidence Measure Good Enough? Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7963 Issue Pages 344-353  
  Keywords Optical flow, confidence measure, performance evaluation  
  Abstract Confidence estimation has recently become a hot topic in image processing and computer vision.Yet, several definitions exist of the term “confidence” which are sometimes used interchangeably. This is a position paper, in which we aim to give an overview on existing definitions,
thereby clarifying the meaning of the used terms to facilitate further research in this field. Based on these clarifications, we develop a theory to compare confidence measures with respect to their quality.
 
  Address St Petersburg; Russia; July 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer Link Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-642-39401-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICVS  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; 600.044; 600.057; 600.060; 601.145 Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2013a Serial 2218  
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Author (up) Patricia Marquez; Debora Gil; R.Mester; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Local Analysis of Confidence Measures for Optical Flow Quality Evaluation Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication 9th International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 3 Issue Pages 450-457  
  Keywords Optical Flow; Confidence Measure; Performance Evaluation.  
  Abstract Optical Flow (OF) techniques facing the complexity of real sequences have been developed in the last years. Even using the most appropriate technique for our specific problem, at some points the output flow might fail to achieve the minimum error required for the system. Confidence measures computed from either input data or OF output should discard those points where OF is not accurate enough for its further use. It follows that evaluating the capabilities of a confidence measure for bounding OF error is as important as the definition
itself. In this paper we analyze different confidence measures and point out their advantages and limitations for their use in real world settings. We also explore the agreement with current tools for their evaluation of confidence measures performance.
 
  Address Lisboa; January 2014  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference VISAPP  
  Notes IAM; ADAS; 600.044; 600.060; 600.057; 601.145; 600.076; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MGM2014 Serial 2432  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Patricia Marquez; H. Kause; A. Fuster; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; L. Florack; Debora Gil; Hans van Assen edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title Factors Affecting Optical Flow Performance in Tagging Magnetic Resonance Imaging Type Conference Article
  Year 2014 Publication 17th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 8896 Issue Pages 231-238  
  Keywords Optical flow; Performance Evaluation; Synthetic Database; ANOVA; Tagging Magnetic Resonance Imaging  
  Abstract Changes in cardiac deformation patterns are correlated with cardiac pathologies. Deformation can be extracted from tagging Magnetic Resonance Imaging (tMRI) using Optical Flow (OF) techniques. For applications of OF in a clinical setting it is important to assess to what extent the performance of a particular OF method is stable across di erent clinical acquisition artifacts. This paper presents a statistical validation framework, based on ANOVA, to assess the motion and appearance factors that have the largest in uence on OF accuracy drop.
In order to validate this framework, we created a database of simulated tMRI data including the most common artifacts of MRI and test three di erent OF methods, including HARP.
 
  Address Boston; USA; September 2014  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer International Publishing Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 978-3-319-14677-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference STACOM  
  Notes IAM; ADAS; 600.060; 601.145; 600.076; 600.075 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MKF2014 Serial 2495  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Patricia Marquez;Debora Gil;Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Complete Confidence Framework for Optical Flow Type Conference Article
  Year 2012 Publication 12th European Conference on Computer Vision – Workshops and Demonstrations Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 7584 Issue 2 Pages 124-133  
  Keywords Optical flow, confidence measures, sparsification plots, error prediction plots  
  Abstract Medial representations are powerful tools for describing and parameterizing the volumetric shape of anatomical structures. Existing methods show excellent results when applied to 2D objects, but their quality drops across dimensions. This paper contributes to the computation of medial manifolds in two aspects. First, we provide a standard scheme for the computation of medial manifolds that avoid degenerated medial axis segments; second, we introduce an energy based method which performs independently of the dimension. We evaluate quantitatively the performance of our method with respect to existing approaches, by applying them to synthetic shapes of known medial geometry. Finally, we show results on shape representation of multiple abdominal organs, exploring the use of medial manifolds for the representation of multi-organ relations.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer-Verlag Place of Publication Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012 Editor Andrea Fusiello, Vittorio Murino ,Rita Cucchiara  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-3-642-33867-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ECCVW  
  Notes IAM;ADAS; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MGH2012b Serial 1991  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author (up) Paula Fritzsche; C.Roig; Ana Ripoll; Emilio Luque; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Performance Prediction Methodology for Data-dependent Parallel Applications Type Conference Article
  Year 2006 Publication Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 1-8  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The increase in the use of parallel distributed architectures in order to solve large-scale scientific problems has generated the need for performance prediction for both deterministic applications and non-deterministic applications. In particular, the performance prediction of data dependent programs is an extremely challenging problem because for a specific issue the input datasets may cause different execution times. Generally, a parallel application is characterized as a collection of tasks and their interrelations. If the application is time-critical it is not enough to work with only one value per task, and consequently knowledge of the distribution of task execution times is crucial. The development of a new prediction methodology to estimate the performance of data-dependent parallel applications is the primary target of this study. This approach makes it possible to evaluate the parallel performance of an application without the need of implementation. A real data-dependent arterial structure detection application model is used to apply the methodology proposed. The predicted times obtained using the new methodology for genuine datasets are compared with predicted times that arise from using only one execution value per task. Finally, the experimental study shows that the new methodology generates more precise predictions.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ FRR2006 Serial 1497  
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