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Author Christophe Rigaud; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Joost Van de Weijer; Jean-Christophe Burie; Jean-Marc Ogier edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Automatic text localisation in scanned comic books Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 814-819  
  Keywords Text localization; comics; text/graphic separation; complex background; unstructured document  
  Abstract (up) Comic books constitute an important cultural heritage asset in many countries. Digitization combined with subsequent document understanding enable direct content-based search as opposed to metadata only search (e.g. album title or author name). Few studies have been done in this direction. In this work we detail a novel approach for the automatic text localization in scanned comics book pages, an essential step towards a fully automatic comics book understanding. We focus on speech text as it is semantically important and represents the majority of the text present in comics. The approach is compared with existing methods of text localization found in the literature and results are presented.  
  Address Barcelona; February 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference VISAPP  
  Notes DAG; CIC; 600.056 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RKW2013b Serial 2261  
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Author Christophe Rigaud; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Jean-Christophe Burie; Jean-Marc Ogier edit  openurl
  Title Speech balloon contour classification in comics Type Conference Article
  Year 2013 Publication 10th IAPR International Workshop on Graphics Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Comic books digitization combined with subsequent comic book understanding create a variety of new applications, including mobile reading and data mining. Document understanding in this domain is challenging as comics are semi-structured documents, combining semantically important graphical and textual parts. In this work we detail a novel approach for classifying speech balloon in scanned comics book pages based on their contour time series.  
  Address Bethlehem; PA; USA; August 2013  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference GREC  
  Notes DAG; 600.056 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RKB2013 Serial 2429  
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Author Albert Berenguel edit  isbn
openurl 
  Title Analysis of background textures in banknotes and identity documents for counterfeit detection Type Book Whole
  Year 2019 Publication PhD Thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona-CVC Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Counterfeiting and piracy are a form of theft that has been steadily growing in recent years. A counterfeit is an unauthorized reproduction of an authentic/genuine object. Banknotes and identity documents are two common objects of counterfeiting. The former is used by organized criminal groups to finance a variety of illegal activities or even to destabilize entire countries due the inflation effect. Generally, in order to run their illicit businesses, counterfeiters establish companies and bank accounts using fraudulent identity documents. The illegal activities generated by counterfeit banknotes and identity documents has a damaging effect on business, the economy and the general population. To fight against counterfeiters, governments and authorities around the globe cooperate and develop security features to protect their security documents. Many of the security features in identity documents can also be found in banknotes. In this dissertation we focus our efforts in detecting the counterfeit banknotes and identity documents by analyzing the security features at the background printing. Background areas on secure documents contain fine-line patterns and designs that are difficult to reproduce without the manufacturers cutting-edge printing equipment. Our objective is to find the loose of resolution between the genuine security document and the printed counterfeit version with a publicly available commercial printer. We first present the most complete survey to date in identity and banknote security features. The compared algorithms and systems are based on computer vision and machine learning. Then we advance to present the banknote and identity counterfeit dataset we have built and use along all this thesis. Afterwards, we evaluate and adapt algorithms in the literature for the security background texture analysis. We study this problem from the point of view of robustness, computational efficiency and applicability into a real and non-controlled industrial scenario, proposing key insights to use these algorithms. Next, within the industrial environment of this thesis, we build a complete service oriented architecture to detect counterfeit documents. The mobile application and the server framework intends to be used even by non-expert document examiners to spot counterfeits. Later, we re-frame the problem of background texture counterfeit detection as a full-reference game of spotting the differences, by alternating glimpses between a counterfeit and a genuine background using recurrent neural networks. Finally, we deal with the lack of counterfeit samples, studying different approaches based on anomaly detection.  
  Address November 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis  
  Publisher Ediciones Graficas Rey Place of Publication Editor Oriol Ramos Terrades;Josep Llados  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-84-121011-2-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.140; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Ber2019 Serial 3395  
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Author Y. Patel; Lluis Gomez; Marçal Rusiñol; Dimosthenis Karatzas; C.V. Jawahar edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Self-Supervised Visual Representations for Cross-Modal Retrieval Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication ACM International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 182–186  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Cross-modal retrieval methods have been significantly improved in last years with the use of deep neural networks and large-scale annotated datasets such as ImageNet and Places. However, collecting and annotating such datasets requires a tremendous amount of human effort and, besides, their annotations are limited to discrete sets of popular visual classes that may not be representative of the richer semantics found on large-scale cross-modal retrieval datasets. In this paper, we present a self-supervised cross-modal retrieval framework that leverages as training data the correlations between images and text on the entire set of Wikipedia articles. Our method consists in training a CNN to predict: (1) the semantic context of the article in which an image is more probable to appear as an illustration, and (2) the semantic context of its caption. Our experiments demonstrate that the proposed method is not only capable of learning discriminative visual representations for solving vision tasks like classification, but that the learned representations are better for cross-modal retrieval when compared to supervised pre-training of the network on the ImageNet dataset.  
  Address Otawa; Canada; june 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICMR  
  Notes DAG; 600.121; 600.129 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ PGR2019 Serial 3288  
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Author Ali Furkan Biten; Lluis Gomez; Marçal Rusiñol; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Good News, Everyone! Context driven entity-aware captioning for news images Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 32nd IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 12458-12467  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Current image captioning systems perform at a merely descriptive level, essentially enumerating the objects in the scene and their relations. Humans, on the contrary, interpret images by integrating several sources of prior knowledge of the world. In this work, we aim to take a step closer to producing captions that offer a plausible interpretation of the scene, by integrating such contextual information into the captioning pipeline. For this we focus on the captioning of images used to illustrate news articles. We propose a novel captioning method that is able to leverage contextual information provided by the text of news articles associated with an image. Our model is able to selectively draw information from the article guided by visual cues, and to dynamically extend the output dictionary to out-of-vocabulary named entities that appear in the context source. Furthermore we introduce“ GoodNews”, the largest news image captioning dataset in the literature and demonstrate state-of-the-art results.  
  Address Long beach; California; USA; june 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CVPR  
  Notes DAG; 600.129; 600.135; 601.338; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BGR2019 Serial 3289  
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Author Ruben Tito; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Ernest Valveny edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Document Collection Visual Question Answering Type Conference Article
  Year 2021 Publication 16th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 12822 Issue Pages 778-792  
  Keywords Document collection; Visual Question Answering  
  Abstract (up) Current tasks and methods in Document Understanding aims to process documents as single elements. However, documents are usually organized in collections (historical records, purchase invoices), that provide context useful for their interpretation. To address this problem, we introduce Document Collection Visual Question Answering (DocCVQA) a new dataset and related task, where questions are posed over a whole collection of document images and the goal is not only to provide the answer to the given question, but also to retrieve the set of documents that contain the information needed to infer the answer. Along with the dataset we propose a new evaluation metric and baselines which provide further insights to the new dataset and task.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICDAR  
  Notes DAG; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ TKV2021 Serial 3622  
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Author Ali Furkan Biten; R. Tito; Andres Mafla; Lluis Gomez; Marçal Rusiñol; C.V. Jawahar; Ernest Valveny; Dimosthenis Karatzas edit   pdf
url  doi
openurl 
  Title Scene Text Visual Question Answering Type Conference Article
  Year 2019 Publication 18th IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 4291-4301  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Current visual question answering datasets do not consider the rich semantic information conveyed by text within an image. In this work, we present a new dataset, ST-VQA, that aims to highlight the importance of exploiting highlevel semantic information present in images as textual cues in the Visual Question Answering process. We use this dataset to define a series of tasks of increasing difficulty for which reading the scene text in the context provided by the visual information is necessary to reason and generate an appropriate answer. We propose a new evaluation metric for these tasks to account both for reasoning errors as well as shortcomings of the text recognition module. In addition we put forward a series of baseline methods, which provide further insight to the newly released dataset, and set the scene for further research.  
  Address Seul; Corea; October 2019  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference ICCV  
  Notes DAG; 600.129; 600.135; 601.338; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ BTM2019b Serial 3285  
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Author Josep Llados;Horst Bunke; Enric Marti edit  url
isbn  openurl
  Title Using Cyclic String Matching to Find Rotational and Reflectional Symmetries in Shapes Type Conference Article
  Year 1997 Publication Intelligent Robots: Sensing, Modeling and Planning Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 164-179  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Dagstuhl Workshop  
  Address  
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  Publisher World Scientific Press Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 9810231857 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LBM1997b Serial 1563  
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Author Adria Molina; Lluis Gomez; Oriol Ramos Terrades; Josep Llados edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A Generic Image Retrieval Method for Date Estimation of Historical Document Collections Type Conference Article
  Year 2022 Publication Document Analysis Systems.15th IAPR International Workshop, (DAS2022) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 13237 Issue Pages 583–597  
  Keywords Date estimation; Document retrieval; Image retrieval; Ranking loss; Smooth-nDCG  
  Abstract (up) Date estimation of historical document images is a challenging problem, with several contributions in the literature that lack of the ability to generalize from one dataset to others. This paper presents a robust date estimation system based in a retrieval approach that generalizes well in front of heterogeneous collections. We use a ranking loss function named smooth-nDCG to train a Convolutional Neural Network that learns an ordination of documents for each problem. One of the main usages of the presented approach is as a tool for historical contextual retrieval. It means that scholars could perform comparative analysis of historical images from big datasets in terms of the period where they were produced. We provide experimental evaluation on different types of documents from real datasets of manuscript and newspaper images.  
  Address La Rochelle, France; May 22–25, 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference DAS  
  Notes DAG; 600.140; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ MGR2022 Serial 3694  
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Author Anjan Dutta; Pau Riba; Josep Llados; Alicia Fornes edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title Hierarchical Stochastic Graphlet Embedding for Graph-based Pattern Recognition Type Journal Article
  Year 2020 Publication Neural Computing and Applications Abbreviated Journal NEUCOMA  
  Volume 32 Issue Pages 11579–11596  
  Keywords  
  Abstract (up) Despite being very successful within the pattern recognition and machine learning community, graph-based methods are often unusable because of the lack of mathematical operations defined in graph domain. Graph embedding, which maps graphs to a vectorial space, has been proposed as a way to tackle these difficulties enabling the use of standard machine learning techniques. However, it is well known that graph embedding functions usually suffer from the loss of structural information. In this paper, we consider the hierarchical structure of a graph as a way to mitigate this loss of information. The hierarchical structure is constructed by topologically clustering the graph nodes and considering each cluster as a node in the upper hierarchical level. Once this hierarchical structure is constructed, we consider several configurations to define the mapping into a vector space given a classical graph embedding, in particular, we propose to make use of the stochastic graphlet embedding (SGE). Broadly speaking, SGE produces a distribution of uniformly sampled low-to-high-order graphlets as a way to embed graphs into the vector space. In what follows, the coarse-to-fine structure of a graph hierarchy and the statistics fetched by the SGE complements each other and includes important structural information with varied contexts. Altogether, these two techniques substantially cope with the usual information loss involved in graph embedding techniques, obtaining a more robust graph representation. This fact has been corroborated through a detailed experimental evaluation on various benchmark graph datasets, where we outperform the state-of-the-art methods.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.140; 600.121; 600.141 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DRL2020 Serial 3348  
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