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Author Katerine Diaz; Jesus Martinez del Rincon; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil edit  doi
openurl 
  Title Continuous head pose estimation using manifold subspace embedding and multivariate regression Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication IEEE ACCESS Abbreviated Journal ACCESS  
  Volume 6 Issue Pages 18325 - 18334  
  Keywords Head Pose estimation; HOG features; Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors; B-splines; Multiple linear regression  
  Abstract In this paper, a continuous head pose estimation system is proposed to estimate yaw and pitch head angles from raw facial images. Our approach is based on manifold learningbased methods, due to their promising generalization properties shown for face modelling from images. The method combines histograms of oriented gradients, generalized discriminative common vectors and continuous local regression to achieve successful performance. Our proposal was tested on multiple standard face datasets, as well as in a realistic scenario. Results show a considerable performance improvement and a higher consistence of our model in comparison with other state-of-art methods, with angular errors varying between 9 and 17 degrees.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 2169-3536 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DMH2018b Serial (down) 3091  
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Author Katerine Diaz; Francesc J. Ferri; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit  url
doi  openurl
  Title An overview of incremental feature extraction methods based on linear subspaces Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Knowledge-Based Systems Abbreviated Journal KBS  
  Volume 145 Issue Pages 219-235  
  Keywords  
  Abstract With the massive explosion of machine learning in our day-to-day life, incremental and adaptive learning has become a major topic, crucial to keep up-to-date and improve classification models and their corresponding feature extraction processes. This paper presents a categorized overview of incremental feature extraction based on linear subspace methods which aim at incorporating new information to the already acquired knowledge without accessing previous data. Specifically, this paper focuses on those linear dimensionality reduction methods with orthogonal matrix constraints based on global loss function, due to the extensive use of their batch approaches versus other linear alternatives. Thus, we cover the approaches derived from Principal Components Analysis, Linear Discriminative Analysis and Discriminative Common Vector methods. For each basic method, its incremental approaches are differentiated according to the subspace model and matrix decomposition involved in the updating process. Besides this categorization, several updating strategies are distinguished according to the amount of data used to update and to the fact of considering a static or dynamic number of classes. Moreover, the specific role of the size/dimension ratio in each method is considered. Finally, computational complexity, experimental setup and the accuracy rates according to published results are compiled and analyzed, and an empirical evaluation is done to compare the best approach of each kind.  
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  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0950-7051 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ADAS; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DFH2018 Serial (down) 3090  
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Author Katerine Diaz; Jesus Martinez del Rincon; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Marçal Rusiñol; Francesc J. Ferri edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Fast Kernel Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors for Feature Extraction Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision Abbreviated Journal JMIV  
  Volume 60 Issue 4 Pages 512-524  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents a supervised subspace learning method called Kernel Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors (KGDCV), as a novel extension of the known Discriminative Common Vectors method with Kernels. Our method combines the advantages of kernel methods to model complex data and solve nonlinear
problems with moderate computational complexity, with the better generalization properties of generalized approaches for large dimensional data. These attractive combination makes KGDCV specially suited for feature extraction and classification in computer vision, image processing and pattern recognition applications. Two different approaches to this generalization are proposed, a first one based on the kernel trick (KT) and a second one based on the nonlinear projection trick (NPT) for even higher efficiency. Both methodologies
have been validated on four different image datasets containing faces, objects and handwritten digits, and compared against well known non-linear state-of-art methods. Results show better discriminant properties than other generalized approaches both linear or kernel. In addition, the KGDCV-NPT approach presents a considerable computational gain, without compromising the accuracy of the model.
 
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  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.086; 600.130; 600.121; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DMH2018a Serial (down) 3062  
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Author Joan Serrat; Felipe Lumbreras; Francisco Blanco; Manuel Valiente; Montserrat Lopez-Mesas edit  url
openurl 
  Title myStone: A system for automatic kidney stone classification Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Expert Systems with Applications Abbreviated Journal ESA  
  Volume 89 Issue Pages 41-51  
  Keywords Kidney stone; Optical device; Computer vision; Image classification  
  Abstract Kidney stone formation is a common disease and the incidence rate is constantly increasing worldwide. It has been shown that the classification of kidney stones can lead to an important reduction of the recurrence rate. The classification of kidney stones by human experts on the basis of certain visual color and texture features is one of the most employed techniques. However, the knowledge of how to analyze kidney stones is not widespread, and the experts learn only after being trained on a large number of samples of the different classes. In this paper we describe a new device specifically designed for capturing images of expelled kidney stones, and a method to learn and apply the experts knowledge with regard to their classification. We show that with off the shelf components, a carefully selected set of features and a state of the art classifier it is possible to automate this difficult task to a good degree. We report results on a collection of 454 kidney stones, achieving an overall accuracy of 63% for a set of eight classes covering almost all of the kidney stones taxonomy. Moreover, for more than 80% of samples the real class is the first or the second most probable class according to the system, being then the patient recommendations for the two top classes similar. This is the first attempt towards the automatic visual classification of kidney stones, and based on the current results we foresee better accuracies with the increase of the dataset size.  
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  Notes ADAS: MSIAU; 603.046; 600.122; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ SLB2017 Serial (down) 3026  
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Author Katerine Diaz; Jesus Martinez del Rincon; Aura Hernandez-Sabate edit  url
openurl 
  Title Decremental generalized discriminative common vectors applied to images classification Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Knowledge-Based Systems Abbreviated Journal KBS  
  Volume 131 Issue Pages 46-57  
  Keywords Decremental learning; Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors; Feature extraction; Linear subspace methods; Classification  
  Abstract In this paper, a novel decremental subspace-based learning method called Decremental Generalized Discriminative Common Vectors method (DGDCV) is presented. The method makes use of the concept of decremental learning, which we introduce in the field of supervised feature extraction and classification. By efficiently removing unnecessary data and/or classes for a knowledge base, our methodology is able to update the model without recalculating the full projection or accessing to the previously processed training data, while retaining the previously acquired knowledge. The proposed method has been validated in 6 standard face recognition datasets, showing a considerable computational gain without compromising the accuracy of the model.  
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  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.118; 600.121 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DMH2017a Serial (down) 3003  
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Author Katerine Diaz; Konstantia Georgouli; Anastasios Koidis; Jesus Martinez del Rincon edit  url
openurl 
  Title Incremental model learning for spectroscopy-based food analysis Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems Abbreviated Journal CILS  
  Volume 167 Issue Pages 123-131  
  Keywords Incremental model learning; IGDCV technique; Subspace based learning; IdentificationVegetable oils; FT-IR spectroscopy  
  Abstract In this paper we propose the use of incremental learning for creating and improving multivariate analysis models in the field of chemometrics of spectral data. As main advantages, our proposed incremental subspace-based learning allows creating models faster, progressively improving previously created models and sharing them between laboratories and institutions without requiring transferring or disclosing individual spectra samples. In particular, our approach allows to improve the generalization and adaptability of previously generated models with a few new spectral samples to be applicable to real-world situations. The potential of our approach is demonstrated using vegetable oil type identification based on spectroscopic data as case study. Results show how incremental models maintain the accuracy of batch learning methodologies while reducing their computational cost and handicaps.  
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  Notes ADAS; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ DGK2017 Serial (down) 3002  
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Author Marçal Rusiñol; J. Chazalon; Katerine Diaz edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Augmented Songbook: an Augmented Reality Educational Application for Raising Music Awareness Type Journal Article
  Year 2018 Publication Multimedia Tools and Applications Abbreviated Journal MTAP  
  Volume 77 Issue 11 Pages 13773-13798  
  Keywords Augmented reality; Document image matching; Educational applications  
  Abstract This paper presents the development of an Augmented Reality mobile application which aims at sensibilizing young children to abstract concepts of music. Such concepts are, for instance, the musical notation or the idea of rhythm. Recent studies in Augmented Reality for education suggest that such technologies have multiple benefits for students, including younger ones. As mobile document image acquisition and processing gains maturity on mobile platforms, we explore how it is possible to build a markerless and real-time application to augment the physical documents with didactic animations and interactive virtual content. Given a standard image processing pipeline, we compare the performance of different local descriptors at two key stages of the process. Results suggest alternatives to the SIFT local descriptors, regarding result quality and computational efficiency, both for document model identification and perspective transform estimation. All experiments are performed on an original and public dataset we introduce here.  
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  Notes DAG; ADAS; 600.084; 600.121; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ RCD2018 Serial (down) 2996  
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Author Antonio Lopez; Gabriel Villalonga; Laura Sellart; German Ros; David Vazquez; Jiaolong Xu; Javier Marin; Azadeh S. Mozafari edit  url
openurl 
  Title Training my car to see using virtual worlds Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Image and Vision Computing Abbreviated Journal IMAVIS  
  Volume 38 Issue Pages 102-118  
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  Abstract Computer vision technologies are at the core of different advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and will play a key role in oncoming autonomous vehicles too. One of the main challenges for such technologies is to perceive the driving environment, i.e. to detect and track relevant driving information in a reliable manner (e.g. pedestrians in the vehicle route, free space to drive through). Nowadays it is clear that machine learning techniques are essential for developing such a visual perception for driving. In particular, the standard working pipeline consists of collecting data (i.e. on-board images), manually annotating the data (e.g. drawing bounding boxes around pedestrians), learning a discriminative data representation taking advantage of such annotations (e.g. a deformable part-based model, a deep convolutional neural network), and then assessing the reliability of such representation with the acquired data. In the last two decades most of the research efforts focused on representation learning (first, designing descriptors and learning classifiers; later doing it end-to-end). Hence, collecting data and, especially, annotating it, is essential for learning good representations. While this has been the case from the very beginning, only after the disruptive appearance of deep convolutional neural networks that it became a serious issue due to their data hungry nature. In this context, the problem is that manual data annotation is a tiresome work prone to errors. Accordingly, in the late 00’s we initiated a research line consisting of training visual models using photo-realistic computer graphics, especially focusing on assisted and autonomous driving. In this paper, we summarize such a work and show how it has become a new tendency with increasing acceptance.  
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  Notes ADAS; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ LVS2017 Serial (down) 2985  
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Author Zhijie Fang; David Vazquez; Antonio Lopez edit  doi
openurl 
  Title On-Board Detection of Pedestrian Intentions Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Sensors Abbreviated Journal SENS  
  Volume 17 Issue 10 Pages 2193  
  Keywords pedestrian intention; ADAS; self-driving  
  Abstract Avoiding vehicle-to-pedestrian crashes is a critical requirement for nowadays advanced driver assistant systems (ADAS) and future self-driving vehicles. Accordingly, detecting pedestrians from raw sensor data has a history of more than 15 years of research, with vision playing a central role.
During the last years, deep learning has boosted the accuracy of image-based pedestrian detectors.
However, detection is just the first step towards answering the core question, namely is the vehicle going to crash with a pedestrian provided preventive actions are not taken? Therefore, knowing as soon as possible if a detected pedestrian has the intention of crossing the road ahead of the vehicle is
essential for performing safe and comfortable maneuvers that prevent a crash. However, compared to pedestrian detection, there is relatively little literature on detecting pedestrian intentions. This paper aims to contribute along this line by presenting a new vision-based approach which analyzes the
pose of a pedestrian along several frames to determine if he or she is going to enter the road or not. We present experiments showing 750 ms of anticipation for pedestrians crossing the road, which at a typical urban driving speed of 50 km/h can provide 15 additional meters (compared to a pure pedestrian detector) for vehicle automatic reactions or to warn the driver. Moreover, in contrast with state-of-the-art methods, our approach is monocular, neither requiring stereo nor optical flow information.
 
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  Notes ADAS; 600.085; 600.076; 601.223; 600.116; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ FVL2017 Serial (down) 2983  
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Author David Vazquez; Jorge Bernal; F. Javier Sanchez; Gloria Fernandez-Esparrach; Antonio Lopez; Adriana Romero; Michal Drozdzal; Aaron Courville edit   pdf
url  openurl
  Title A Benchmark for Endoluminal Scene Segmentation of Colonoscopy Images Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Journal of Healthcare Engineering Abbreviated Journal JHCE  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Colonoscopy images; Deep Learning; Semantic Segmentation  
  Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third cause of cancer death world-wide. Currently, the standard approach to reduce CRC-related mortality is to perform regular screening in search for polyps and colonoscopy is the screening tool of choice. The main limitations of this screening procedure are polyp miss- rate and inability to perform visual assessment of polyp malignancy. These drawbacks can be reduced by designing Decision Support Systems (DSS) aim- ing to help clinicians in the different stages of the procedure by providing endoluminal scene segmentation. Thus, in this paper, we introduce an extended benchmark of colonoscopy image segmentation, with the hope of establishing a new strong benchmark for colonoscopy image analysis research. The proposed dataset consists of 4 relevant classes to inspect the endolumninal scene, tar- geting different clinical needs. Together with the dataset and taking advantage of advances in semantic segmentation literature, we provide new baselines by training standard fully convolutional networks (FCN). We perform a compar- ative study to show that FCN significantly outperform, without any further post-processing, prior results in endoluminal scene segmentation, especially with respect to polyp segmentation and localization.  
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  Notes ADAS; MV; 600.075; 600.085; 600.076; 601.281; 600.118 Approved no  
  Call Number VBS2017b Serial (down) 2940  
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