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Author Josep Llados; Horst Bunke; Enric Marti edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Structural Recognition of hand drawn floor plans Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1996 Publication VI National Symposium on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Rotational Symmetry; Reflectional Symmetry; String Matching.  
  Abstract A system to recognize hand drawn architectural drawings in a CAD environment has been deve- loped. In this paper we focus on its high level interpretation module. To interpret a floor plan, the system must identify several building elements, whose description is stored in a library of pat- terns, as well as their spatial relationships. We propose a structural approach based on subgraph isomorphism techniques to obtain a high-level interpretation of the document. The vectorized input document and the patterns to be recognized are represented by attributed graphs. Discrete relaxation techniques (AC4 algorithm) have been applied to develop the matching algorithm. The process has been divided in three steps: node labeling, local consistency and global consistency verification. The hand drawn creation causes disturbed line drawings with several accuracy errors, which must be taken into account. Here we have identified them and the AC4 algorithm has been adapted to manage them.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Cordoba Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LIM1995 Serial 1565  
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Author Josep Llados; Horst Bunke; Enric Marti edit  openurl
  Title Using cyclic string matching to find rotational and reflectional symmetric shapes Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1996 Publication Dagstuhl Seminar on Modelling and Planning for Sensor–based Intelligent Robot Systems Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
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  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher World Scientific Place of Publication Saarbrucken (Germany). Editor R.C. Bolles, H.B.H.N.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LBM1996 Serial 1564  
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Author Josep Llados; Jaime Lopez-Krahe; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Hand drawn document understanding using the straight line Hough transform and graph matching Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1996 Publication Proceedings of the 13th International Pattern Recognition Conference (ICPR’96) Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 2 Issue Pages 497-501  
  Keywords  
  Abstract This paper presents a system to understand hand drawn architectural drawings in a CAD environment. The procedure is to identify in a floor plan the building elements, stored in a library of patterns, and their spatial relationships. The vectorized input document and the patterns to recognize are represented by attributed graphs. To recognize the patterns as such, we apply a structural approach based on subgraph isomorphism techniques. In spite of their value, graph matching techniques do not recognize adequately those building elements characterized by hatching patterns, i.e. walls. Here we focus on the recognition of hatching patterns and develop a straight line Hough transform based method in order to detect the regions filled in with parallel straight fines. This allows not only to recognize filling patterns, but it actually reduces the computational load associated with the subgraph isomorphism computation. The result is that the document can be redrawn by editing all the patterns recognized  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Vienna , Austria Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LLM1996 Serial 1579  
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Author Petia Radeva; A.Amini; J.Huang; Enric Marti edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Deformable B-Solids and Implicit Snakes for Localization and Tracking of SPAMM MRI-Data Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1996 Publication Workshop on Mathematical Methods in Biomedical Image Analysis Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 192-201  
  Keywords  
  Abstract To date, MRI-SPAMM data from different image slices have been analyzed independently. In this paper, we propose an approach for 3D tag localization and tracking of SPAMM data by a novel deformable B-solid. The solid is defined in terms of a 3D tensor product B-spline. The isoparametric curves of the B-spline solid have special importance. These are termed implicit snakes as they deform under image forces from tag lines in different image slices. The localization and tracking of tag lines is performed under constraints of continuity and smoothness of the B-solid. The framework unifies the problems of localization, and displacement fitting and interpolation into the same procedure utilizing B-spline bases for interpolation. To track motion from boundaries and restrict image forces to the myocardium, a volumetric model is employed as a pair of coupled endocardial and epicardial B-spline surfaces. To recover deformations in the LV an energy-minimization problem is posed where both tag and ...  
  Address San Francisco CA  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IEEE Computer Society Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 0-8186-7368-0 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference MMBIA ’96  
  Notes MILAB;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RAH1996 Serial 1630  
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Author Josep Llados; Enric Marti edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Interpretacio de dibuixos lineals mitjançant tècniques d isomorfisme entre grafs Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1995 Publication Trobada de Joves Investigadors Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract L’anàlisi de documents té com a objectiu la interpretació automàtica de documents impresos sobre paper, amb la finalitat d’obtenir una descripció simbòlica d’aquests, que permeti el seu emmagatzemament i posterior tractament computacional. Les tècniques basades en grafs relacionals d’atributs permeten representar de manera compacta la informació continguda en dibuixos lineals i mitjançant mecanismes d’isomorfisme entre grafs, reconèixer-hi certes estructures i d’aquesta manera, interpretar el document. En aquest treball es dóna una visió general de les tènciques de grafs aplicades al reconeixement visual d’objectes en problemes d’anàlisi de documents. Aquestes tècniques s’il·lustren amb un exemple de reconeixement de plànols dibuixats a mà alçada. Finalment es proposa la utilització de tècniques de Hough com a mecanisme per accelerar el procés de reconeixement aplicant un cert coneixement sobre el domini en el que es treballa  
  Address  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
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  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LlM1995 Serial 1578  
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Author Petia Radeva; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title An improved model of snakes for model-based segmentation Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1995 Publication Proceedings of Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 515-520  
  Keywords  
  Abstract The main advantage of segmentation by snakes consists in its ability to incorporate smoothness constraints on the detected shapes that can occur. Likewise, we propose to model snakes with other properties that reflect the information provided about the object of interest in a different extent. We consider different kinds of snakes, those searching for contours with a certain direction, those preserving an object’s model, those seeking for symmetry, those expanding open, etc. The availability of such a collection of snakes allows not only the more complete use of the knowledge about the segmented object, but also to solve some problems of the existing snakes. Our experiments on segmentation of facial features justify the usefulness of snakes with different properties.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CAIP  
  Notes MILAB;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RaM1995b Serial 1632  
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Author Petia Radeva; Enric Marti edit  url
openurl 
  Title Facial Features Segmentation by Model-Based Snakes Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1995 Publication International Conference on Computing Analysis and Image Processing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Deformable models have recently been accepted as a standard technique to segment different features in facial images. Despite they give a good approximation of the salient features in a facial image, the resulting shapes of the segmentation process seem somewhat artificial with respect to the natural feature shapes. In this paper we show that active contour models (in particular, rubber snakes) give more close and natural representation of the detected feature shape. Besides, using snakes for facial segmentation frees us from the problem of determination of the numerous weigths of deformable models. Another advantage of rubber snakes is their reduced computational cost. Our experiments using rubber snakes for segmentation of facial snapshots have shown a significant improvement compared to deformable models.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RAM1995a Serial 1633  
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Author Petia Radeva; Joan Serrat; Enric Marti edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title A snake for model-based segmentation Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1995 Publication Proc. Conf. Fifth Int Computer Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 816-821  
  Keywords snakes; elastic matching; model-based segmenta tion  
  Abstract Despite the promising results of numerous applications, the hitherto proposed snake techniques share some common problems: snake attraction by spurious edge points, snake degeneration (shrinking and attening), convergence and stability of the deformation process, snake initialization and local determination of the parameters of elasticity. We argue here that these problems can be solved only when all the snake aspects are considered. The snakes proposed here implement a new potential eld and external force in order to provide a deformation convergence, attraction by both near and far edges as well as snake behaviour selective according to the edge orientation. Furthermore, we conclude that in the case of model-based seg mentation, the internal force should include structural information about the expected snake shape. Experiments using this kind of snakes for segmenting bones in complex hand radiographs show a signi cant improvement.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MILAB;ADAS;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RSM1995 Serial 1634  
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Author Josep Llados; Enric Marti; Jordi Regincos edit  openurl
  Title Interpretación de diseños a mano alzada como técnica de entrada a un sistema CAD en un ámbito de arquitectura Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1993 Publication III National Conference on Computer Graphics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract En los últimos años, se ha introducido ámpliamente el uso de los sistemas CAD en dominios relacionados con la arquitectura. Dichos sistemas CAD son muy útiles para el arquitecto en el diseño de planos de plantas de edificios. Sin embargo, la utilización eficiente de un CAD requiere un tiempo de aprendizaje, en especial, en la etapa de creación y edición del diseño. Además, una vez familiarizado con un CAD, el arquitecto debe adaptarse a la simbología que éste le permite que, en algunos casos puede ser poco flexible.Con esta motivación, se propone una técnica alternativa de entrada de documentos en sistemas CAD. Dicha técnica se basa en el diseño del plano sobre papel mediante un dibujo lineal hecho a mano alzada a modo de boceto e introducido mediante scanner. Una vez interpretado este dibujo inicial e introducido en el CAD, el arquitecto sólo deber hacer sobre éste los retoques finales del documento.El sistema de entrada propuesto se compone de dos módulos principales: En primer lugar, la extracción de características (puntos característicos, rectas y arcos) de la imagen obtenida mediante scanner. En dicho módulo se aplican principalmente técnicas de procesamiento de imágenes obteniendo como resultado una representaci¢n del dibujo de entrada basada en grafos de atributos. El objetivo del segundo módulo es el de encontrar y reconocer las entidades integrantes del documento (puertas, mesas, etc.) en base a una biblioteca de símbolos definida en el sistema CAD. La implementación de dicho módulo se basa en técnicas de isomorfismo de grafos.El sistema propone una alternativa que permita, mediante el diseño a mano alzada, la introducción de la informaci¢n m s significativa del plano de forma rápida, sencilla y estandarizada por parte del usuario.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Granada Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG;IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ LMR1993 Serial 1571  
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Author Enric Marti; Jordi Regincos;Jaime Lopez-Krahe; Juan J.Villanueva edit  openurl
  Title Interpretación de dibujos lineales a mano alzada como objetos 3D Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 1992 Publication V Simposium Nacional de Reconocimiento de Formas y Análisis de Imágenes Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication València Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;ISE Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ MRL1992 Serial 1601  
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