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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Shape Restoration via a Regularized Curvature Flow Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2004 Publication Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 21 Issue 3 Pages 205-223  
  Keywords  
  Abstract Any image filtering operator designed for automatic shape restoration should satisfy robustness (whatever the nature and degree of noise is) as well as non-trivial smooth asymptotic behavior. Moreover, a stopping criterion should be determined by characteristics of the evolved image rather than dependent on the number of iterations. Among the several PDE based techniques, curvature flows appear to be highly reliable for strongly noisy images compared to image diffusion processes.
In the present paper, we introduce a regularized curvature flow (RCF) that admits non-trivial steady states. It is based on a measure of the local curve smoothness that takes into account regularity of the curve curvature and serves as stopping term in the mean curvature flow. We prove that this measure decreases over the orbits of RCF, which endows the method with a natural stop criterion in terms of the magnitude of this measure. Further, in its discrete version it produces steady states consisting of piece-wise regular curves. Numerical experiments made on synthetic shapes corrupted with different kinds of noise show the abilities and limitations of each of the current geometric flows and the benefits of RCF. Finally, we present results on real images that illustrate the usefulness of the present approach in practical applications.
 
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GiR2004c Serial 1532  
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Author Fernando Vilariño; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
url  isbn
openurl 
  Title A Novel FLDA Formulation for Numerical Stability Analysis Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2004 Publication Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 113 Issue Pages 77-84  
  Keywords Supervised Learning; Linear Discriminant Analysis; Numerical Stability; Computer Vision  
  Abstract Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis (FLDA) is one of the most popular techniques used in classification applying dimensional reduction. The numerical scheme involves the inversion of the within-class scatter matrix, which makes FLDA potentially ill-conditioned when it becomes singular. In this paper we present a novel explicit formulation of FLDA in terms of the eccentricity ratio and eigenvector orientations of the within-class scatter matrix. An analysis of this function will characterize those situations where FLDA response is not reliable because of numerical instability. This can solve common situations of poor classification performance in computer vision.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Editor J. Vitrià, P. Radeva and I. Aguiló  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 978-1-58603-466-5 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes MV;IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ VGR2004 Serial 1663  
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Author Jaume Garcia edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Generalized Active Shape Models Applied to Cardiac Function Analysis Type Report
  Year (down) 2004 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue 78 Pages  
  Keywords Cardiac Analysis; Deformable Models; Active Contour Models; Active Shape Models; Tagged MRI; HARP; Contrast Echocardiography.  
  Abstract Medical imaging is very useful in the assessment and treatment of many diseases. To deal with the great amount of data provided by imaging scanners and extract quantitative information that physicians can interpret, many analysis algorithms have been developed. Any process of analysis always consists of a first step of segmenting some particular structure. In medical imaging, structures are not always well defined and suffer from noise artifacts thus, ordinary segmentation methods are not well suited. The ones that seem to give better results are those based on deformable models. Nevertheless, despite their capability of mixing image features together with smoothness constraints that may compensate for image irregularities, these are naturally local methods, i. e., each node of the active contour evolve taking into account information about its neighbors and some other weak constraints about flexibility and smoothness, but not about the global shape that they should find. Due to the fact that structures to be segmented are the same for all cases but with some inter and intra-patient variation, the incorporation of a priori knowledge about shape in the segmentation method will provide robustness to it. Active Shape Models is an algorithm based on the creation of a shape model called Point Distribution Model. It performs a segmentation using only shapes similar than those previously learned from a training set that capture most of the variation presented by the structure. This algorithm works by updating shape nodes along a normal segment which often can be too restrictive. For this reason we propose a generalization of this algorithm that we call Generalized Active Shape Models and fully integrates the a priori knowledge given by the Point Distribution Model with deformable models or any other appropriate segmentation method. Two different applications to cardiac imaging of this generalized method are developed and promising results are shown.  
  Address CVC (UAB)  
  Corporate Author Thesis Master's thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM; Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ Gar2004 Serial 1513  
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Author Jaume Garcia; Petia Radeva; Francesc Carreras edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Combining Spectral and Active Shape methods to Track Tagged MRI Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2004 Publication Recent Advances in Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 37-44  
  Keywords MR; tagged MR; ASM; LV segmentation; motion estimation.  
  Abstract Tagged magnetic resonance is a very usefull and unique tool that provides a complete local and global knowledge of the left ventricle (LV) motion. In this article we introduce a method capable of tracking and segmenting the LV. Spectral methods are applied in order to obtain the so called HARP images which encode information about movement and are the base for LV point-tracking. For segmentation we use Active Shapes (ASM) that model LV shape variation in order to overcome possible local misplacements of the boundary. We finally show experiments on both synthetic and real data which appear to be very promising.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher IOS Press Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference CCIA  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRC2004 Serial 1488  
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Author Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Josefina Mauri;Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias; Antonio Tovar; Vicente del Valle; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit  openurl
  Title Utilización de la Estructura de los Campos Vectoriales para la Detección de la Adventicia en Imágenes de Ecografía Intracoronaria Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2004 Publication Revista Internacional de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares Revista Española de Cardiología Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 57 Issue 2 Pages 100  
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  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference SEC  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RMF2004 Serial 1642  
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Author Oriol Rodriguez-Leon; Josefina Mauri;Eduard Fernandez-Nofrerias; Antonio Tovar; Vicente del Valle; Aura Hernandez-Sabate; Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit  openurl
  Title Utilizacion de la estructura de los campos vectoriales para la deteccion de la Adventicia en imagenes de Ecografia Intracoronaria Type Journal
  Year (down) 2004 Publication Revista Española de Cardiología Abbreviated Journal REC  
  Volume 57 Issue 2 Pages 100  
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  Abstract  
  Address  
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  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
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  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference SEC  
  Notes MILAB;IAM Approved no  
  Call Number BCNPCL @ bcnpcl @ RMF2004 Serial 566  
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Author David Rotger; Misael Rosales; Jaume Garcia; Oriol Pujol ; Josefina Mauri; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
openurl 
  Title Active Vessel: A New Multimedia Workstation for Intravascular Ultrasound and Angiography Fusion Type Journal Article
  Year (down) 2003 Publication Computers in Cardiology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 30 Issue Pages 65-68  
  Keywords  
  Abstract AcriveVessel is a new multimedia workstation which enables the visualization, acquisition and handling of both image modalities, on- and ofline. It enables DICOM v3.0 decompression and browsing, video acquisition,repmduction and storage for IntraVascular UltraSound (IVUS) and angiograms with their corresponding ECG,automatic catheter segmentation in angiography images (using fast marching algorithm). BSpline models definition for vessel layers on IVUS images sequence and an extensively validated tool to fuse information. This approach defines the correspondence of every IVUS image with its correspondent point in the angiogram and viceversa. The 3 0 reconstruction of the NUS catheterhessel enables real distance measurements as well as threedimensional visualization showing vessel tortuosity in the space.  
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  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB;HuPBA Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ RRG2003 Serial 1647  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit  openurl
  Title Curvature based Distance Maps Type Report
  Year (down) 2003 Publication CVC Technical Report Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue 70 Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Computer Vision Center Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GIR2003a Serial 1534  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva edit   pdf
url  doi
isbn  openurl
  Title Curvature Vector Flow to Assure Convergent Deformable Models for Shape Modelling Type Book Chapter
  Year (down) 2003 Publication Energy Minimization Methods In Computer Vision And Pattern Recognition Abbreviated Journal LNCS  
  Volume 2683 Issue Pages 357-372  
  Keywords Initial condition; Convex shape; Non convex analysis; Increase; Segmentation; Gradient; Standard; Standards; Concave shape; Flow models; Tracking; Edge detection; Curvature  
  Abstract Poor convergence to concave shapes is a main limitation of snakes as a standard segmentation and shape modelling technique. The gradient of the external energy of the snake represents a force that pushes the snake into concave regions, as its internal energy increases when new inexion points are created. In spite of the improvement of the external energy by the gradient vector ow technique, highly non convex shapes can not be obtained, yet. In the present paper, we develop a new external energy based on the geometry of the curve to be modelled. By tracking back the deformation of a curve that evolves by minimum curvature ow, we construct a distance map that encapsulates the natural way of adapting to non convex shapes. The gradient of this map, which we call curvature vector ow (CVF), is capable of attracting a snake towards any contour, whatever its geometry. Our experiments show that, any initial snake condition converges to the curve to be modelled in optimal time.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer, Berlin Place of Publication Lisbon, PORTUGAL Editor Springer, B.  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Lecture Notes in Computer Science Abbreviated Series Title LNCS  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0302-9743 ISBN 3-540-40498-8 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GIR2003b Serial 1535  
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Author Debora Gil; Petia Radeva; Fernando Vilariño edit   pdf
isbn  openurl
  Title Anisotropic Contour Completion Type Conference Article
  Year (down) 2003 Publication Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Image Processing Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract In this paper we introduce a novel application of the diffusion tensor for anisotropic image processing. The Anisotropic Contour Completion (ACC) we suggest consists in extending the characteristic function of the open curve by means of a degenerated diffusion tensor that prevents any diffusion in the normal direction. We show that ACC is equivalent to a dilation with a continuous elliptic structural element that takes into account the local orientation of the contours to be closed. Experiments on contours extracted from real images show that ACC produces shapes able to adapt to any curve in an active contour framework. 1.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Barcelona, Spain Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN 0-7803-7751-6 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes IAM;MV;MILAB Approved no  
  Call Number IAM @ iam @ GRV2003 Serial 1539  
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