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Ikechukwu Ofodile, Ahmed Helmi, Albert Clapes, Egils Avots, Kerttu Maria Peensoo, Sandhra Mirella Valdma, et al. (2019). Action recognition using single-pixel time-of-flight detection. ENTROPY - Entropy, 21(4), 414.
Abstract: Action recognition is a challenging task that plays an important role in many robotic systems, which highly depend on visual input feeds. However, due to privacy concerns, it is important to find a method which can recognise actions without using visual feed. In this paper, we propose a concept for detecting actions while preserving the test subject’s privacy. Our proposed method relies only on recording the temporal evolution of light pulses scattered back from the scene.
Such data trace to record one action contains a sequence of one-dimensional arrays of voltage values acquired by a single-pixel detector at 1 GHz repetition rate. Information about both the distance to the object and its shape are embedded in the traces. We apply machine learning in the form of recurrent neural networks for data analysis and demonstrate successful action recognition. The experimental results show that our proposed method could achieve on average 96.47% accuracy on the actions walking forward, walking backwards, sitting down, standing up and waving hand, using recurrent
Keywords: single pixel single photon image acquisition; time-of-flight; action recognition