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Author (up) Oriol Ramos Terrades; Albert Berenguel; Debora Gil edit  doi
openurl 
  Title A Flexible Outlier Detector Based on a Topology Given by Graph Communities Type Journal Article
  Year 2022 Publication Big Data Research Abbreviated Journal BDR  
  Volume 29 Issue Pages 100332  
  Keywords Classification algorithms; Detection algorithms; Description of feature space local structure; Graph communities; Machine learning algorithms; Outlier detectors  
  Abstract Outlier detection is essential for optimal performance of machine learning methods and statistical predictive models. Their detection is especially determinant in small sample size unbalanced problems, since in such settings outliers become highly influential and significantly bias models. This particular experimental settings are usual in medical applications, like diagnosis of rare pathologies, outcome of experimental personalized treatments or pandemic emergencies. In contrast to population-based methods, neighborhood based local approaches compute an outlier score from the neighbors of each sample, are simple flexible methods that have the potential to perform well in small sample size unbalanced problems. A main concern of local approaches is the impact that the computation of each sample neighborhood has on the method performance. Most approaches use a distance in the feature space to define a single neighborhood that requires careful selection of several parameters, like the number of neighbors.
This work presents a local approach based on a local measure of the heterogeneity of sample labels in the feature space considered as a topological manifold. Topology is computed using the communities of a weighted graph codifying mutual nearest neighbors in the feature space. This way, we provide with a set of multiple neighborhoods able to describe the structure of complex spaces without parameter fine tuning. The extensive experiments on real-world and synthetic data sets show that our approach outperforms, both, local and global strategies in multi and single view settings.
 
  Address August 28, 2022  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; IAM; 600.140; 600.121; 600.139; 600.145; 600.159 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ Serial 3718  
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