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Author (up) Antonio Clavelli; Dimosthenis Karatzas; Josep Llados; Mario Ferraro; Giuseppe Boccignone edit   pdf
doi  openurl
  Title Modelling task-dependent eye guidance to objects in pictures Type Journal Article
  Year 2014 Publication Cognitive Computation Abbreviated Journal CoCom  
  Volume 6 Issue 3 Pages 558-584  
  Keywords Visual attention; Gaze guidance; Value; Payoff; Stochastic fixation prediction  
  Abstract 5Y Impact Factor: 1.14 / 3rd (Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence)
We introduce a model of attentional eye guidance based on the rationale that the deployment of gaze is to be considered in the context of a general action-perception loop relying on two strictly intertwined processes: sensory processing, depending on current gaze position, identifies sources of information that are most valuable under the given task; motor processing links such information with the oculomotor act by sampling the next gaze position and thus performing the gaze shift. In such a framework, the choice of where to look next is task-dependent and oriented to classes of objects embedded within pictures of complex scenes. The dependence on task is taken into account by exploiting the value and the payoff of gazing at certain image patches or proto-objects that provide a sparse representation of the scene objects. The different levels of the action-perception loop are represented in probabilistic form and eventually give rise to a stochastic process that generates the gaze sequence. This way the model also accounts for statistical properties of gaze shifts such as individual scan path variability. Results of the simulations are compared either with experimental data derived from publicly available datasets and from our own experiments.
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Springer US Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1866-9956 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes DAG; 600.056; 600.045; 605.203; 601.212; 600.077 Approved no  
  Call Number Admin @ si @ CKL2014 Serial 2419  
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